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feet will be insufficient to accommodate the increasing coasting and local traffic, and a plan has been prepared for an enlarged beating channel in this part of the river:

300 feet wide.... 500 feet wide... 700 feet wide..

Feet deep.

25 18 14

With proper enlargements at the angles.

The estimated cost of this channel, excluding the cost of the 25-foot channel now in progress, is $115,000, making an estimated total cost for the entire river $790,000. Of this amount there has been appropriated $355,000, leaving $435,000 as the amount necessary to complete the improvement.

Since the improvement of Providence River was commenced by Lieutenant Rosecrans, United States Engineers, in 1853, the navigable depth has been increased from 41 to 25 feet at mean low-water,

During the fiscal year until the 6th of June this work was under the immediate supervision of Assistant Engineer H. A. Bentley, and since that date of Assistant Engineer J. P. Cotton.

Providence River is in the collection district of Providence, which is a port of entry. The amount of revenue collected during the last fiscal year was $286, 443.80. The nearest light-houses are the six light-houses in Providence River The nearest fortifications are fort on Dutch Island and Fort Adams, R. I.

MONEY STATEMENT.

July 1, 1882, amount available, ...
Amount appropriated by act passed August 2, 1882.

$3,464 49 125,000 00

128,464 49

July 1, 1883, amount expended during fiscal year, ex

clusive of outstanding liabilities July 1, 1882.. July 1, 1883, outstanding liabilities...

$75,378 67
16,921 84

92,300 51

July 1, 1883, amount available.....

$36,163 98

Amount (estimated) required for completion of existing project.... $320,000 00 Amount (estimated) required for additional work.......

000 00 Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending June 30, 1885....

150,000 00 $631,000,000 Vermont ..

LETTER OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD OF TRADE OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE

ISLAND

PROVIDENCE BOARD OF TRADE,

SECRETARY'S OFFICE,

PROVIDENCE, R. I., June 5, 1883. Sir: With this I have the honor to hand you some statistics of the port of Providence for the year 1882; also, copy of report made to me by Mr. C. H. Salisbury (the keeper of Pombam lights) of the number and character of vessels passing his lighthouse for several years. I send the report entire, as it will serve to illustrate the important fact that the increasing numbers of heavy-draught vessels, such as steamships and barges, has caused a decrease in the aggregate number of vessels entering the port. This is due in a great measure to the coaling business, which you will note by statistics attached is of great importance, and which formerly employed large numbers of small schooners and sloops, which are now being driven from the business by heavy-draught barges and tbree-masted schooners. This coaling business bids fair to increase largely in the near future, contracts having already been given out for better facilities for handling cargoes at our wharves.

It is difficult to give any statistics of the exports of this city. They are of great value, but consist largely of manufactures of iron, steel, cotton, wool, &c., and are shipped mainly by the steamship lines between this port and New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Norfolk, which lines also transport large quantities of freight from the interior cities of New England such as Worcester, Nashua, Lowell, and Lawrence. There are no means of getting at the actual value of these exports, but they undoubtedly would aggregate several hundreds of millions of dollars annually.

In pursuing a liberal policy of improvement in our bay and narbor the General Government is not merely fostering a local interest. The merchants of all sections of the country have an interest in the matter, for merchandise from every State in the Union here finds a market or an outlet.

If I can be of any further service to you I shall be pleased to receive your commands, and am,

Your obedient servant,

Chas. H. MERRIMAN,

President. Geo. H. ELLIOT,

Lieut. Col. of Engineers. P. S.-On reviewing my letter, it occurs to me that you may regard the statement of the immense value of the exports of this port as an exaggerated one. The estimate is intended, however, to cover the coastwise trade, and as the census of 1880 gives the value of manufactured goods as followsMassachusetts

31,000,000 New Hampshire

74,000,000 Rhode Island.

104,000,000

Total......

840,000,000

and the railroad lines terminating in Providence tap the manufacturing centres of these States, and bring immense quantities of their goods to the freight lines here, it appears that my figures are not unreasonable. Very respectfully,

C. H. MERRIMAN.

STATISTICS OF THE PORT OF PROVIDENCE FOR YEAR 1882.

Vessels arrived from foreign countries, ninety-four, of which nineteen were

American vessels. Coastwise arrivals..

5,014

Imports.

Lumber ..
Shingles....
Laths..
Pickets.
Potatoes.
Salt ...
Logwood....
Scrap iron...
Brimstone.
Molasses,
Cotton*.....
Wool*
Flour*.
Grain*
Coal.

.feet.. 4,122,000

6,111,000 10,866,000

119,675 .bushels.. 2,137 ..pounds.. 6,907,826

do... 3,944,000 .tons..

3,474 ...do... 1,244 ...gallons.. 100,032

.. bales.. 189,526

..do... 39,226 .barrels.. 15,685 .bushels.. 1,275,902

.. tons.. 829,613

Tonnage of this Port December 31, 1882.

Tons. 122 sail vessels....

15,538.81 25 steamers...

20,701.10 This does not include the great quantities of manufactured goods of States south of us which come through this port on their way to Boston and Central New England.

LIST OF VESSELS, INCLUDING STEAMERS, PASSING POMHAM ROCK LIGHT (SUN

RISE TO SUNSET) FROM DECEMBER 10, 1871, TO SEPTEMBER 30, 1882. December, 1871

350 Year 1872...

13,789 Year 1873..

17,406 Year 1874.

16,115

*There articles are also received very largely by railroad.

Year 1875......
Year 1876.
Year 1877..
Year 1878..
Year 1879..
Year 1880..
Year 1881..
January 1 to September, 1882.

13,884 14,872 12,481 13,363 12,857 12,926 11,965 9,071

Total......

149,079

LETTER OF MR. GEORGE R. PHILLIPS.

PROVIDENCE, R. I., June 8, 1883. DEAR SIR: With this I send you the commercial statistics of Providence for the year ending December 31, 1882, showing the imports of general merchandise, &c., which I hope will be satisfactory to you and give you the desired information.

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IMPORTS INTO THE PORT OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND, FOR THE YEAR 1882.

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.feet.. 24,520,980

9,070,480 1,611,655 12,498,000

22,000,000 .casks.. 27,000 ...do... 31,500 ..tons.. 821,837 .bales.. 237,983

100,434 .. barrels..

258.085 .bushels.. 1,658,091

.do... 893,097 ...do... 460,064

do... 133,247 ...do... 6,865

6,624

90,000 ....pounds.. 6,296,000

.do... 1,500

Cotton Wool. Flour.. Corn. Bran.. Oats

...do...

Malt....

.do...

...do...

Meal.
Wheat and rye
Salt......
Logwood
Brimstone.
Iron:

Scrap.

..tons.. 5,500

Bar Pig.

..do... 16,000
.do... 13,000

Molasses ...
Number of vessels arriving.

.hogsheads..

34,500 14,000 5,094

NAMES OF STEAMERS RUNNING TO PROVIDENCE, AND DRAUGHT OF WATER.

Wilkesbarre, carries 2,000 tons coal
Nianza, carries 1,800 tons iron..
C. W. Lord, carries 900 tons coal
Allentown, carries 1,900 tons coal...
Redding, carries 1,850 tons coal..
Pokomea, carries 1,400 tons coal.
Kanawba, carries 850 tons coal.....
Panther, carries 1,000 tons coal
Centipede, carries 600 tons of coal..
Berks, carries 900 tons coal.....
Rattlesnake, carries 600 tons coal..
Blackstone.....
George Appold.....
William Kennedy.
William Lawrence
Alleghany..
Berkshire..
C. Whiting...
Tonawanda
Electra....
Stonington....
Narragansett

Draught, feet.

22 22 181 18 18 17 16 13 12 13 12 15 18 15 16 21 21 15 16 15 12 12

SAIL VESSELS.

Balch, four-masted, carries 1,400 tons
Church, four-masted, carries 1,800 tons.
Williams, three-masted, carries 1,400 tons
Lawrence, three-masted, carries 1,300 tons...
Angell, three-masted, carries 1,310 tons......
Phillips, three-masted, carries 1,300 tons.
Briggs, carries 1,300 tons..
Simmons, carries 1,200 tons.
Walker, carries 1,260 tons...

16 17 18 16 16 16 16 16 17

BARGES.

Cuba, carries 1,450 tons coal..
Expounder, carries 1,400 tons.

18 181

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