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No. 1265. - August 29, 1868.
CONTENTS. 1. COLERIDGE AS A POET, . . . . . . Quarterly Review, . 2. GLEANINGS FROM FRENCH GARDENS, . . . . Spectator, . . 3. FLIRTING AS AN ART, . . . . . . . Leader, · · 4. BREACH OF PROMISE, . . . . . . Leader, . . . 5. THE CHILD MARTYR, . .
. . Good Words, . . 6. HISTORY OF LACE, .
• Quarterly Review, . 7. CHARLES SPRAGUE, THE BANKER POET, . . N. Y. Evening Post, 8. A Fall, . . . . . . . . . Spectator, . . 9. A HOUSE OF CARDS, . . . . . . . Tinsley's Magazine, 10. THE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM, . . . . . Spectator, . . 11. AMERICA, . . . . . . . . . Saturday Review, . 12. ' THE DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM, . . . . . Economist, . , 13. THE HUNTING GROUNDS OF THE OLD WORLD, . Saturday Review, . 14. THE WEATHER, . . . . . . . . Saturday Review, .
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SALE OF SIR WALTER SCOTT'S AUTOGRAPH | in the autograph of the author. Russia, estra, MANUSCRIPTS.
uncut. £15. (Toovey.) The original autograph manuscripts of Scott's
13. “Peveril of the Peak,” 4 vols. in 2, 8vo.
The proof sheets of the first edition, with MS. novels and poems, the proof sheets of the “ Lifen
ite notes by Ballantyne, and numerous corrections of Napoleon,” and many of his other works, were and additions in the autograph of the author. sold by auction in London on the 2nd instant, by Russia, extra, uncut. £26. (H. Stevens.) order of the trustees of the late Mr. Robert Cadell 14.“ The Pirate,” 4 vols, in 2, 8vo. The proof of Edinburgh. The sale created a sensation in sheets of the first edition, with MS. notes by Balliterary circles, and each lot was keenly contested.
lantyne, and corrections and additions in the auThe following is the result of the sale :
tograph of the author. Russia, extra, uncut.
£27.“ (Boone.) 1. “Quentin Durward.” The original auto-1.
15. « Ivanhoe,” “Bride of Lammermoor," graph MS., 4to, Russia, extra, uncut. £142.
CI“ Legend of Montrose,” 8vo. Fragments of the
proof sheets, with MS. notes by Ballantyne, and (Mr. Toovey of Piccadilly.) . 2. « The Abbot.” The original autograph
| corrections and additions in the autograph of the MS., 4to, Russia, extra, uncut. Pp. 31-53 in vol. |
"] author. Russia, extra, uncut. £21. (Toovey.) 1, and 29-31 in vol. 2, deficient. £50. (Mr. J.
Mr. Ballantyne's notes to all these works are Murray, Albermarle street.)
very interesting, as they contain the corrections 3. “Chronicles of the Cannongate.” First and which he suggested during the printing, as well second series, 4to, Russia, extra, uncut. £51.
1 as occasional criticisms and remarks. Sir Walter (Melville.)
appears generally to have adopted the advice of 4. “Woodstock.” The original autograph
his friend; but sometimes they did not agree, MS., 4to, Russia, extra, uncut. £120. (Thorpe.)
and some of his notes in reply are very character5. “The Betrothed." The original autograph
istic. MS., bound up with No. 6, 4to, Russia, extra.
16. “Tales of a Grandfather," being stories £77. (Lauder.)
from the History of Scotland, 6 vols., 12mo, in6. “ "The Talisman.” The original autograph |
terleaved, with numerous corrections and addiMS., 4to. £70. (Lauder.)
tions by the author. Half Russia, extra, uncut. 7. “ St. Ronan's Well. The original auto-1 Edinburgh, 1828. graph MS., 4to, extra, uncut. £119. (Lauder.) 8. “The Vision of Don Roderick," and other
| There was a great competition for the last lot pieces. 4to. Russia, extra, uncut. (Stanzas 19 in the sale. It was put up at £5. The biddings to 54 in “Don Roderick” deficient.) £57. went on till they reached £60, when it was (A. W. Elrick.)
knocked down to Mr. Toovey; but there being 9. “ Life of Napoleon Bonaparte," 9 vols., two bidders at the latter sum it was put up 8vo. The proof sheets, with MS. notes by Siram
sir again, and ultimately it was adjudged to Mr. Walter Scott's friend and printer, Mr. James
| Beet, of Bond street, at £100. The total amount Ballantyne, the margins covered with corrections and additions in the autograph of the author. i obtained was t1,078. Russia, extra, uncut. In these interesting volumes is inserted Sir Walter Scott's correspondence with the printer during the progress of the work, comprising 57 autograph letters. £69. A WET-NURSE WANTED FOR AN EXPECTED (Bret.)
LITTLE STRANGER. — Her Majesty the Queen of 10. Woodstock,” 3 vols. in 2, 8vo. The proof Greece being in an interesting condition, the sheets of the first edition, with numerous MS. King has nominated a commission, composed of notes by Mr. John Ballantyne, and very exten- three medical men, to select a wet-nurse for the sive corrections and additions in the autograph expected little stranger, and has laid down cerof the author. Russia, extra, uncut. Inserted tain stringent rules for their guidance. For inare 14 autograph letters written to Ballantyne stance, the nurse is to come either from Arachova, during the printing of the work. £59. (Boone.) at the foot of Mount Parnassus, or from Kyriaki,
11. “ Tales of the Crusaders,” “ The Be- close to the Helicon. Having thus appeased the trothed,” and “ The Talisman.” 4 vols. in 2, most classical and poetic spirits even in his fas8vo. The proof sheets of the first edition, with tidious kingdom, the King turns his attention MS. notes by James Ballantyne, and numerous to the bodily condition of the wet-nurse, who corrections and additions in the autograph of the must have“ blond or black hair, white and regauthor. Russia, extra, uncut. Inserted are ular teeth,” and “a good supply of food for eight autograph letters written to Ballantyne the Royal infant's consumption. She must not during the progress of the work. £10. (Bret.) have more than two children, of whom the
12. “Fortunes of Nigel,” and “ Quentin Dur- youngest should be about two months old; she ward,” 6 vols. in 3, 8vo. The proof sheets of the must not be more than eight-and-twenty; and first edition, with MS. notes by Mr. James Bal- ! her husband must be certified to be strong and lantyne, and numerous corrections and additions healthy."
From The Quarterly Review. I were gathered into his net; no thought was The Poems of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. too subtlt, no imagination too wild, to beEdited by Derwent and Sara Coleridge. come a part of his vast and sensitive mind. A New Edition. London, 1854. There was, indeed, one class of his contem
On Coleridge as a philosopher much has poraries with whom he shared this quality, been written, and excellently; on Coleridge and much else besides. These were the as a poet comparatively little, and that little German philosophers, Fichte, Schelling, and has not, as a rule, been remarkable for Hegel. To explain the universe — that, in either subtle appreciation or accurate dis- brief, was the object which these thinkers crimination. Should we be far wrong if we proposed to themselves. It seemed to them went further and said that the poetry of a small thing merely to lay the foundation Coleridge is in reality not much read at all ? | of a science, or even of the science, as they Those who confine their attention to the imagined it to themselves; they must be • Ancient Mariner' and `Christabel' will its entire architects, they must witness its probably think that we are in error. But completion. But this was much as if one we judge by this fact, among others, that in man were to undertake with his own hands a late edition of his works the whole series to build a cathedral. Accordingly, all that of poems written in later life, containing they have handed down for the benefit of some of his most exquisite and characteris- posterity is a vast conception, a magnificent tic pieces, is unceremoniously omitted. Teffort; the details of their philosophy have
The first point which strikes us in Cole- been found practically of hardly any value, ridge's character, and which has not, we from the entire absence of explanation and think, been sufficiently observed, is his am- illustration. Had they worked more slowbitious temper, which led him to plan so ly, they would have effected much more in much more than he or any man could ac- the end. To these men, both iu spirit and complish. It is true that all men who make in form, belonged Coleridge, yet with a a great figure in the world must have a difference; for besides being a philosopher, share of ambition, a desire for power and he was a poet. for the estimation of power, larger than is The influence which Coleridge's ambition found among their fellow men. But in exercised on his poetry was to some extent most it is overlaid and hidden by other feel-injurious, for his great defect is the maniings. Thus in Wordsworth it was overlaid fest strain which he puts on himself, often by pride and a certain narrowness of intel- in passages even of his most beautiful polect; in Byron it was in a great measure ems; as, for instance, in the Ode to Dequenched by the admiration which was sojection,' the last stanza but one of which is early poured upon him, so that for the rest entirely spoiled by this fault. It is, howof his life he alternated between vanity, the ever, far more manifest in his earlier than complacent satisfaction at this admiration, in his later poems; the Religious Musand cynicism, which is the satiety of it; in ings' are scarcely anything but tumid exShelley there is not enough of definite aim travagance; nor is the 'Ode to the Departto render the word ambition applicable to ing Year' much better, in spite of the praise him - he had no determinate wish to sub- which has been lavished on it by eminent due to himself the realities of the world, he critics. was merely urged onward by an incessant. But there was another result, which, craving, the demon of discontent. But though less apparent, was a far better one. Coleridge was definitely ambitious. His For the reaction from ambition is not that endeavour, consciously pursued and to the petty shame which is the reaction from self
end of his life never laid aside nor des-conceit; it is self-humiliation, the acknowl· paired of, was to survey and arrange in edgment of inferiority before a power
system the whole world of realities; he des- which at once comprehends and baffles the pised the restrictions which had been laid combatant. And next in dignity to the acon this investigation by the narrower spirit complishment of a great design is the resof the philosophy of the eighteenth century; ignation which leaves it unaccomplished, all things, spiritual as well as material, and yet does not cease to believe in the possibility of its accomplishment. The traces blended in the harmony of that wide expeof such a resignation, impressed upon a rience which comes with declining years: most tender and sensitive spirit, are to be O'er wayward childhood would'st thou hold found in all the later poems of Coleridge. I firm mule. Take, for instance, the following, which is And sun thee in the light of happy faces; indeed deficient in that imaginative power Love, Hope, and Patience, these must be thy which is Coleridge's most striking excel- graces, lence, but for that very reason exhibits more and in thine own heart let them first keep school. clearly those qualities which we have just For as old Atlas on his broad neck places been ascribing to him :
Heaven's starry globe, and there sustains it,-80 • How seldom, friend! a good great man inherits
Do these upbear the little world below Honour or wealth, with all his worth and pains !
Of education,- Patience, Love, and Hope. It sounds like stories from the land of spirits,
Methinks I see them grouped, in seemly show, If any man obtain that which he merits,
The straightened arms upraised, the palms aslope, Or any merit that which he obtains.
And robes that, touching as adown they flow, For shame, dear friend! renounce this canting
Distinctly blend, like snow embossed in snow. strain!
Oh, part them never! If Hope prostrate lie, What would'st thou have a good great man ob
Love too will sink and die. tain?
But Love is subtle, and doth proof derive Place - titles - salary - a gilded chain - From her own life that Hope is yet alive; Or throne of corses which his sword hath slain? And bending o'er with soul-transfusing eyes, Greatness and goodness are not means, but ends! And the soft murmurs of the mother Love, Hath he not always treasures, always friends, Woos back the fleeting spirit and half-supplies; The good great man?-three treasures, love, and Thus Love repays to Hope what Hope first gave light,
to Love. And calm thoughts, regular as infant's breath;- Yet haply there will come a weary day, And three firm friends, more sure than day and
When overtasked at length night
Both Love and Hope beneath the load give way. Himself, his Maker, and the angel Death. Then with a statue's smile, a statue's strength,
It must be admitted that the middle of Stands the mute sister, Patience, nothing loth, the above poem does not correspond in dig- | And both supporting does the work of both.' nity and beauty to the beginning and end Can any other poem of this century be (and it was perhaps a half-consciousness of produced in which, with so small a compass, this that induced the poet to use his notes there is so wide a range? It begins with of admiration so profusely), but, as we have the schoolroom, and ends with principles just said, passages of inferior merit are com- that are applicable to all men and all times. mon even in Coleridge's most remarkable The truths which it expresses are seen at pieces.
once to be true; yet they are new, if not Ambition, tenderness, imagination — these individually, at least in the colligation, the are the three key-notes to the character of unity which binds them together. There is Coleridge. Doubtless there were in the no outcropping of intellectual effort, of concomplexity of his nature other veins also, scious observation; yet the results of both and some of inferior metal, whereby he has intellect and observation are there. And been a problem of no small difficulty to the whole is not like a philosophical thesis, those who have tried honestly to understand requiring time to understand it, but is imhim. But these three are his predominant pressed on the mind at once by the imagery qualities, those which first strike a sympa- with which it is conjoined. It is a sort of thetic reader of his works; and the others vision, flashing on the mind at once; and we believe to have been more or less super- undoubtedly it must have so flashed on the ficial, and the result of weakness : but we mind of the poet; yet for such a vision to shall have more to say of them presently. have presented itself to him, a long exerIn none of his poems do his distinctive cise of the faculties must have been necesmerits appear more prominently than in the sary This is what is, meant by imagination. following, entitled Love, Hope, and Pa- Compare with this any of the most admired tience in Education;! and here they are pieces of Tennyson — almost anything in
• In Memoriam' will do — whether we take felt any impulse so fervid, as to carry him the first half, in which observation is pre- out of himself, and make him wholly forget dominant, or the latter half, which abounds every predetermined purpose and will of in thought on abstruse subjects. For in- his own, under the influence of the force stance, the following:
that bears him along in his unpremeditated • Calm is the morn without a sound,
flight. Of such an impulse there are partial · Calm as to suit a calmer grief,
traces in one work of Tennyson, and in one And only thro' the faded leaf
only; and that is • Maud.' In his other The chesnut pattering to the ground;
poems he is never touched by that “frenzy
of the Muses' of which Plato speaks. TenCalm and deep peace on this high wold,
nyson cannot fail to be admired; but his And on these dews that drench the furze,
admirers have confounded overcarefulness And all the silvery gossamers
with perfection, and have assigned him a That twinkle into green and gold;
rank among our greatest poets, which, we Calm and still light on yon great plain are convinced, he will not permanently re
That sweeps with all its autumn bowers, tain.* And crowded farms and lessening towers | But to return to Coleridge. Before leavTo mingle with the bounding main.' ing the poem on which we were comment
Can any one say that there is spontaneity (ing, there is one more remark that we must in such lines as these? It is quite clear make respecting it. Since Milton wrote that they are thought out; the observation. • Samson Agonistes,' there has not been, however delicate and beautiful (and it has except this, any poem of the first rank these qualities in a high degree), has been written in English by a man beyond middle collected and put together with conscious age. This is well worth noticing, for the knowledge; the poet is quite aware of the endurance of a man's powers is the best fact that he is a poet; he has never lost test of the capacity of his mind. Of two of himself in any sudden vision, such as com- the greatest geniuse
the greatest geniuses of the century, Wordspels utterance. The lines are expressive worth and Scott, it is certain that they had of passion certainly of observation cer exhausted their powers some time before tainly - but not of spiritual truth. Still. I their death. And if this cannot be said such softness of pathos, such originality of with equal confidence of Byron and Shelley, description, must command our admiration. who died comparatively young, it at any however we may think it to fall short of the rate must be allowed that they had shown highest attainment possible. But what shall no decisive signs of adding to the passion be said of the abstruse thinking which occu- and exuberance, which are the merits of pies the latter half of . In Memoriam ? early writings, those other excellencies which Such lines as these:
are the characteristics of maturer life. If
we except Keats, whose promise of excelThat which we dare invoke to bless;
lence was great, but whose performance is Our dearest hope, our ghastliest doubt;
too undeveloped to produce the same vigHe, They, One, All : within, without ;
orous impression as the others whom we The Power in darkness whom we guess.
have mentioned, these are the great poetiI found him not in world or sun,
cal names of the beginning of the century. Or eagle's wing, or insect's eye ; Nor thro’ the questions men may try,
• Tennyson and his imitators would do well to
| ponder upon the words of Plato: ôc d'uv úvev uavias The petty cobwebs we have spun :'
Μουσών επι ποιητικές θύρας αφίκηται, πεισθείς ώς and those which follow, are not poetry but upa
at noetry hnt. I ápa ék téxvnikavos TomTIS égóuevos, utens aú
τός τε και η ποίησις υπό της, των μαινομένων ή του philosophy; and to say the truth, the phil
owopovoŰVTOS hoavioun. – Phædrus, p. 245, A. We osophy is neither very original nor very subjoin the translation of this passage by the Master good. And here again, as in the former
of Trinity in his admirable edition of the Phædrus' recently published:- Whoso knocks at the door of Poesy untouched with the Muse's frenzy - fondly persuading himself that art alone will make him a thorough poet - neither he nor his works will ever attain perfection : but are destined, for all their cold
propriety, to be eclipsed by the effusions of the inanything so transcendently wonderful, nor spired madman.'