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our animal tissues. One trilling example istution. If the present heat were to conoften given. The material image by which tinue, half the members would be panting the Southern nations instinctively represent like wearied dogs, and the other half snapthe penalties of a future world is that of ping like the same animals in incipient intense heat. The Esquimaux, on the hydrophobia. The dignity of the assembly other hand, consider hell to be a region of would disappear: the Speaker must abandon bitter and never-ceasing cold. In our nor- his wig; the Ministers must take off their mally changeable climate, the more appro- coats; messengers must be admitted with priate conception seems to be that in Para-cooling drinks; and irritable tempers would dise Lost, where the damned are carried by find the ordinary modes of warfare insuffisudden changes from one extreme to the cient, and take to the bowie-knife and reother. Just now it is impossible for any volver as a more emphatic relief to their person of average constitution to dissociate feelings. If a nearer approximation has the ideas of cold and comfort. Though we not been made to this state of things, it is cannot quite console ourselves by thinking partly because many members have fled, on the frosty Caucasus, we can derive some and because the remainder are too much pleasure from the thoughts of American jaded to be capable of any vigorous action. cooling drinks; there is a music about the They snap, but they have not enough envery sound of smashers and cobblers and ergy to bite. The House of Commons, in cocktails. And in the opposite direction, short, is an assembly emphatically suited to our ideas of the infernal regions conform moderate degrees of heat. A great statiswith singular accuracy to the ordinary images tician proved that a certain flower blossomed derived from Oriental sources. We have when the sum of the squares of the mean simply to fancy ourselves pacing Pall Mall daily temperatures was equal to a given for ever under the heat of a London July. quantity. Some similar law may probably But in more important matters than the con- be discovered showing at what moment the crete symbols by which we choose to inter- bands of party restraint would infallibly pret theological doctrines, the disintegration burst, and Parliament dissolve into an incoof our national creeds is beginning to mani-herent mass of demoralized units rising only fest itself. Take, for example, the British to spasmodic quarrels. The same causes Constitution, that palladium of our liberties, affect even more deeply the national spirit the British jury, the glorious system of from which even Parliament derives its auparty government, or any other topic of thority. What is the sacred institution English complacency. We have been ac whose peril would rouse us to descend into customed to speak of them as eternal and the streets at midday ? Could Mr. Beales immutable, founded upon the solid rock of collect a public meeting under this sun to human nature; and yet it is becoming mani- vindicate a great constitutional principle ? fest that in our exultation we have forgotten The very odour of a collected mob would the necessary proviso that the thermometer drive off all persons possessed of olfactory should not habitually exceed (say) 80°. organs, and the orator could hardly find When it rises distinctly above that limit voice to speak, or the masses to raise a lanparty government becomes a mockery. The guid cheer. Nay, if a French despot were House of Commons is a purgatory to which to land upon our shores, and propose to reno patriotism could reconcile a man for lieve us of all the bother of governing the more than a limited period. The few heroic country, we could almost find it in our persons who adhere to their benches become hearts to bless him for his benevolence and as languid as an Oriental council, with oc- public spirit. In spite of enthusiasts at casional outbursts of intense irritability. Wimbledon, patriotism is too exciting a Absolute submission is possible under such passion to be welcome at a temperature of circumstances, or a fierce quarrel, succeeded over 80°. by utter prostration; but that which is not. The morality which has for its object the possible is a spirited and long-continued social relations is, if possible, a still more contest, in which a succession of combatants irksome burden. During the hot hours of comes up fresh and smiling, each man hit- the day one feels that the duty of Christian ting his hardest, and yet never losing his charity should be to a certain extent retemper. To maintain a vigorous struggle laxed. One ought of course to love one's the constitution must be elastic, and the neighbour as oneself; but then it must be muscles braced. The temperature must be admitted that “ oneself” is anything but an such as to allow of persistent effort; a cer- object of unqualified affection. So far as tain temperate heat is necessary for a party a man's body is concerned, he is a nuisance fight as for an athletic performance, for it to himself and to all his neighbours. He is makes at least an equal drain on the consti- I simply a moist mass of unpleasant matter, absorbing a considerable share of a limited the noblest people on the face of the earthy, atmosphere, and certainly giving out noth- and the English climate, in spite of vain ing agreeable to make up for it. We can objectors, the most admirable climate; not not follow Sydney Smith's advice of taking indeed that Englishmen have not their off our flesh and sitting in our bones; but faults, and that even our climate is not ocwe become vividly sensible that flesh is on casionally distressing in its more normal the whole a mistake. A fat man becomes manifestations. But the climate has, until ipso facto a criminal; a certain fiendlike 1868, always enjoyed this undeniable praise, consolation may be derived from the spec- that it is moderate enough to admit on every tacle of his sufferings by those who can day of healthy exercise. It is singularly complacently give thanks that they are not favourable, so far, to physical energy. For even as this sinner; but the pleasure is cer- once it has signally broken down, and we tainly immoral. The duty which a fat man may now judge for ourselves how much the owes to society at the present moment is to excellence of the climate is a necessary retire to some cool cellar, and there hide condition of some of the political and moral his sufferings from mankind until the re- advantages on which we pride ourselves. turn of frost gives an undeniable advantage The Americans, as it is often remarked, to the oleaginous compounds of humanity. have developed a new type of character The spiritual part of our nature is not so with singular rapidity. For the particular directly interested; some of the virtues may direction which the change has taken we be considered to retain their obligation even may be unable to account; but it is easy to when an unprincipled thermometer rises to imagine that if we were to take a hundred 100° in the shade. But a large number of average Englishmen, to broil them all the the moral commands become ambiguous. summer and freeze them all the winter, All that collection of axioms about procras- some decided modifications would be protination being the thief of time, and its con- duced in a generation or two. When in geners, should be temporarily repealed. future we see the long sallow Yankee, we Busy men are a nuisance. We ought to do should remember to what a process he and nothing that can be put off till to-morrow. his forefathers have been subjected; a proInstead of snatching the fleeting moments cess of natural selection has altered his as they pass, we should be thankful that one whole physiognomy. We may reflect how more day has passed with no work of any completely the fresh-coloured, succulent, kind accomplished. How sweet it is to juicy Englishman is a product of the clipause, to make an end, to rest unburnished, mate. In one where the extremes were not to shine in use, as though to breathe greater he would not only be directly modiwere not life enough for any reasonable hu- fied, as if he were kept at one time in an man being! Utter and complete laziness oven and at another in an ice-house, but he should be the ideal of reasonable men, and would actually tend to die out. He would the only permissible work that which pre- be at a disadvantage in contending against vents some other person from doing more. the influences of the climate, and his less

It must be admitted that some of these sanguine relatives would become the ances remarks have a superficially immoral sound. tors of the next generation. This type of They are contrary to accepted doctrines, constitution has undoubtedly its defects, and tend to sanction that weakness of the even in England; but it is a most essential flesh by which we are sufficiently liable to element in our political institutions. The be conquered. The effort of discovering compromises on which we pride ourselves the deeper ground which would reconcile do not really rest upon the system of them to the ordinary exhortations is too checks and balances described by judicious great for the weather. Metaphysical inqui-writers, but on the honest, burly, thickries, at least, may be suspended until a headed, and unexcitable race who work more moderate temperature sets in. We them. If it were possible to suppose that will only remark that when the laws of na- a permanent change was taking place in our ture undergo so strange an alteration, it climate of which the present summer is the would be pedantic to suppose that the laws commencement, we should be compelled to of morality should not show a certain ca- anticipate a corresponding extinction of the pacity of adapting themselves to the condi- good old English Tory. The thin, eager tion of the world. Meanwhile we may en- race of democrats and revolutionary chardeavour to draw one or two conclusions acters would increase and multiply, and we more in harmony with accepted theories. should lose an element of steadiness which The most obvious is the necessity of a large no constitution-monger could replace. Let allowance of human charity. The English us be thankful for the national fog, and people, we are accustomed to remark, is I pity rather than condemn those who have to conduct their affairs without its softening | pared in this as in some other contingencies. influence. No wonder if under the unceas- A bright summer comes upon us as though ing glare they become restless, impatient we had never heard of sunshine. We feel of compromises, and disposed to settle it trebly because we have none of the matters by sharp and decisive measures. proper appliances. Old Indians complain

We are going perhaps a little too fast. that they are hotter in England than in the Perhaps by the time this is before our read-tropics, because neither houses nor style of ers the glorious uncertainty of the British living are adapted to meet so rare an enemy climate may have once more vindicated it as the English sun. It would be some gain self. The Gulf Stream, of which scientific if we had learnt some humble lessons which persons are disposed to make an intolera- are familiar in countries of no greater averble bore, may have brought back our be- age heat than our own, as, for example, the loved mists. We may feel like owls retir- real value of ice. It has made its appearing from the uncongenial glare of day to ance more frequently than of old upon our their habitual twilight. And perhaps the tables, but we still scarcely appreciate the most practical moral we can take with us is amount of luxury to be derived from ice the singular extent to which we are unpre- even in moderate weather.

From Macmillan's Magazine.'

A DEAD LETTER.

"A coeur blessé- l'ombre et le silence." – H. DE BALZAC.

I.

I DREW it from its china tomb;

It came out feebly scented
With some thin ghost of past perfume

That dust and days had lent it.

And tossed beside the Guelder rose

A heap of rainbow knitting,
Where, blinking in her pleased repose,

A Persian cat was sitting.
“ A place to love in, - live,--for aye,

If we too, like Tithonus,
Could find some god to stretch the gray,

Scant life the Fates have thrown us;
“ But now by steam we run the race

With buttoned heart and pocket;
Our Love's a gilded, surplus grace,

Just like an empty locket.
“ The time is out of joint.' Who will,

May strive to make it better;
For me, this warm old window-sill,

And this old dusty letter.”

An old, stained letter, - folded still!

To read with due composure
I sought the sun-lit window-sill

Above the gray inclosure,

That, glimmering in the sultry haze,

Faint-flowered, dimly shaded,
Slumbered, like Goldsmith's Madam Blaize,

Bedizened and brocaded.

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“My dear, I don't think that I thought of Crowns like a wreath of autumn leaf
- much

With tender tints of fading.
Before we knew each other, I and you;
And now, why, John, your least, least Finger Peace to your soul! You died unwed
touch

Despite this loving letter.
Gives me enough to think a Summer through. | And what of John? Of John be said
See, for I send you Something! There, 'tis The less, I think, the better.
gone!

AUSTIN DOBSON. Look in this Corner, - mind you find it, John!"

III.

From Good Words. A LOVE MATCH.

I am happy: I do not show it,

You say, but I have my will At last, and if we two know it,

It is better to be quite still.

This was the matter of the note,

A long-forgot deposit,
Dropped in a Chelsea Dragon's throat,

Deep in a fragrant closet,
Piled with a modish Dresden world,

Beaux, beauties, prayers, and poses,
Bonzes with squat legs undercurled,

And great jars filled with roses. Ah, heart that wrote! Ah, lips that kissed !

You had no thought or presage
Into what keeping you dismissed

Your simple old-world message !
A reverent one. Though we to-day

Distrust beliefs and powers,
The artless, ageless things you say

Are fresh as God's own flowers,
Starring some pure primeval spring,

Ere Gold had grown despotic,
Ere Life was yet a selfish thing,

Or Love a mere exotic.
I need not search too much too find

Whose lot it was to send it,
That feel upon me yet the kind,

Soft hand of her who penned it;
And see, through two-score years of smoke,

In prim, bygone apparel,
Shine from yon time-black Norway oak

The face of Patience Caryl, -
The pale, smooth forehead, silver-tressed;

The gray gown, quaintly flowered;
The spotless, stately coif whose crest

Like Hector's horse-plume towered; And still that sweet half-solemn look

Where some past thought was clinging,
As when one shuts a serious book

To hear the thrushes singing.
I kneel to you! Of those you were

Whose kind old hearts grow mellow,-
Whose fair old faces grow more fair

As Point and Flanders yellow;
Whom some old store of garnered grief,

Their placid temples shading,

Once I set my face as a flint,

Once I sharpened my tongue like a sword; Then I battled and did not stint,

Now, now I have my reward –
In the peace that has nothing to tell,

In the life that has only to live;
We know one another so well,

The rest we know too, and forgive. What is it you wish us to say

Or to do? is it rapture you miss ? Should we always be fainting away,

In your sight, in an exquisite kiss? Do not think we have secrets to hide,

Or a treasure we fear will be spent ; I have all when I sit by his side,

There is no more love to invent. A hush more sweet than I sought

Has fallen on him and on me : You ask, is it all as I thought ?

No, why should I wish it to be? Would I barter the trance of noonday

For the stormy glimpses of morn, And the height of the level highway

For steep thickets of flowering thorn? Though the flowers unplucked lie behind,

The white sun goes shining before, Where we follow and drink up the wind

That pants to a far-away shore. But you think we shall weary too,

When the weary sun sinks from the skies; But the twilight will come, and the dew

Will fall like a seal on our eyes. Do not think that I find it lonely

In the hush of the hot sunbeam; Though the child at my breast seems only A dream growing out of a dream.

G. A. SIMCOX.

No. 1266. - September 5, 1868.

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CONTENTS. 1. RÉCIT D'UNE SEUR, . . . . . . . Blackwood's Magazine, . 579 2. PHINEAS FINN, THE IRISH MEMBER. Part XI.. . St. Paul's, . . . 595 3. A HOUSE OF CARDS. Part II. . . . . . Tinsley's Magazine, . 610 4. THE HEAT, . . . . . . . Spectator, . . . 627 5. MATTHEW ARNOLD vs. THOMAS CARLYLE, ., . Spectator, . . . 629 6. PATHETIC Toys, . . . . . . . . London Review, . . 632 7. SHAM ANTIQUITIES, . . . . . . . London Review, . . 634 8. PROVERBS FROM THE TALMUD, . . . . . Quarterly Review, . . 635 9. FRENCH MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURE, . . . . Macmillan's Magazine, · 636 10. A HOUSEHOLD Book of English POETRY, . . Spectator, . . . 637

POETRY.
WHERE TO GO TO, by Samuel Lover, . 578 | HAPPINESS, . .

. . 626 PAUL ON MARS Hill, by Alfred B. Street, 578 THE New Song, . . . . 626 THE RELIEF, . . . .

. . 609

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