Imágenes de páginas

been the writer of a miracle-play. It is | learning Scripture or geography in this certainly old enough to have been the freak fashion, it should not be thought of. The of such an author, and the costumes of time for liking toys is too precious and Shem and his brethren suggest — like Mr. short to be wasted upon the pursuit of Pickwick's gaiters at the soirée — the Dark knowledge. Ages. Or was it the genius who alighted The period when toys are given up for on the design of the willow pattern plate games is marked probably by the taste for who constructed the first child's ark? He the first kite and fairy-story book. Girls would have made the elephant and the duck stick to dolls until they can play a quad(not according to their kind) of exactly the rille on the piano; but a boy who has a same proportions as you may now see them, kite and has once flown it, and held the and he would have sacrificed a custom of string in his own hand, from that moment old standing to economy, by freighting the regards whistles, drums, and Jacks-in-theark with only one animal of each species. box as vanities. In his Robert Falconer" But let all that pass. Noah's Ark is im- Mr. George MacDonald gives the following mortal, although the constituents are occa- description of the manner in which his hero sionally swallowed. If the flock thins they used to send up his “Dragon":are easily replaced.

" The dragon flew splendidly now, and its What a joy is a whip with a whistle at the strenoth wasom

at the strength was mighty. It was Robert's custom end of it to a child! There is a combina- to drive a stake in the ground, slanting against tion of delights: you may have a sly lash at the wind, and thereby tether the animal, as it the cat or at the pet dog, and when blasé of were, up there grazing in its own natural rethese luxuries the whistle still remains to gion. Then he would lie down by the stake, the good. A whistle with a small pea in it and read the Arabian Nights,' every now and is an improvement, giving a tremolo and then casting a glance upwards at the creature artistic air to'the instrument; but then it is alone in the waste air, yet all in his power by likely to choke it now and then, so that per

the string at his side. While he lay there gazhaps the whistle pure and simple is to be ing, all at once he would find that his soul was preferred. This, too, is within the reach of up

hof up with the dragon, feeling as it felt, tossing the poor child; so is a drum, or at least a

about with it in the torrents of air. Out at his small one, out of which a good deal can be

eyes it would go, traverse the dim stairless space, got with perseverance. To see a half

and sport with the wind-blown monster.” clothed archin with a drum, albeit a paltry And most poor boys can make a kite when and diminutive drum, whacking it until living in the country. It is only in the he falls asleep over it, is a more enjoya- crowded cities and factories that toys and ble sight than the appearance of Master games are scarce, and this is to be regretted. Howard with an expensive affair that might Yet even there children will make the greatbe played in an orchestra. Master How- est efforts to satisfy their natural craving. ard's drum has a hole in it months before Dirt-pies 'cost nothing, and oyster-shells and the youngest of Brown's children has broken glass, with lovely garnishes of the yielded to an impulse to see what was mak- wire topping of soda-water flasks, will deing the noise inside the sheepskin of his light a group of poor children for a whole

We doubt whether a spade and a small day. A story is told of a poor child putcart may be considered as genuine toys. ting a paper cap on its head, and sitting We are inclined to think not. They are of contented in the sun for hours, quieted by modern growth. A poor child would not the luxurious feeling of enacting something see much fun in a spade and cart : perhaps or other — who knows? and the story may it has a dim notion of its own future at be true and the cap no fool's-cap either. the tail of a plough or the side of a real Childhood is a mystery which genius can waggon. A sword however, or a gun, may only touch without profaning. We may be be included in the catalogue. Those sym- content with observing its surface and with bols reveal the common masculine disposi- making one practical note at least. Chartion. The boy who prefers a sword to a itable people might give more toys and less transparent slate recommends himself to tracts to the children of the working classes any student of children. What visions a when they visit and teach at Sunday schools. child has, pulling this bit of tin or iron from A prize at one of these latter institutions of its case and flourishing it over a geranium ! a drum or a doll would often be more acPuzzles, so called, are abominations. Aceptable and useful than a tract containing a child's intellect will quicken itself without goody lie, enforcing obedience or trath by such dry forcing. As for a boy or a girl some nonsensical story.


From The London Review. to be the genuine collectors, who are well SHAM ANTIQUITIES.

tersed in the matter; these they avoid. WHEN Jonathan Oldbuck was holding The casual passer-by, however, is sure to forth to Lovel upon the outline of the sup- fall into the snare prepared before with rare posed entrenchment, as marking without art. It is as necessary for these knaves to doubt the situation of a Roman outwork on have the appropriate scenery for the little the site of the decisive battle-ground between play they have in hand as it is for the actor. Agricola and the Caledonians, the unex- The actual fabricator, however, never appected interruption of Edie Ochiltrees —pears upon the scene. The ancient relics “I was at the digging of it,” might be taken are beforehand given to the navigators, as a warning to other antiquarians than he who share in the plunder, and just as the of Monkbairns. When once the mind stranger passes by, they are carelessly tossed allows itself to travel back to past ages, it up by the spade. “That's a curious thing, is difficult to recall it; we canter along so master," the rogue remarks; the other narsmoothly upon the nag Imagination, that vies crowd round, and the mise en scène is it seems an offence to be suddenly recalled complete. As “ seeing is believing," there by the voice of Common Sense. Hence we are very few that are able to resist the bait; suppose the ease with which we lend our- it is gorged, in fact, for fear of another purselves so often to be duped in the matter of chaser appearing as a competitor. ancient relics by designing rascals, whose The river Thames is, at the same time, opinions upon any ordinary question would the conservator of many genuine relics of a not weigh with us a rush. Never was the say- | past age, and the prolific mother of many basing, “ a little knowledge is a dangerous thing," tards. The shorerakers, as they are termed, more applicable than to those persons who are well versed in all the arts of getting out have a momentary antiquarian craze upon of this river articles that were never legitithem. This is a complaint we are liable to mately deposited there. In the celebrated take just like the measles, and there are trial of Eastwick against the Athenæum, quacks ever upon the watch to profit by the some years since, two of these worthies – contagion.

| Billy and Charley — proved how lucrative Inquiring of the hall porter at the British the game is in experienced hands. These Museum the other day if forged antiquities cunning fellows, “put up" in the matter by were ever offered there, he gave a grim still more cunning fellows behind,“ dissmile, “Lord bless ye, sir, never a day covered " no less than two thousand “pilpasses over without our being brought them grims' signs" in the mud of the dock then sort of tackle ;” and suiting the action to being dug at Shadwell, and, what was more the word, he pulled out a box from under cunning still, they managed to sell them to his desk containing a miscellaneous assort- the extent of £100 to one of the largest ment of daggers, vases with confused in-dealers in curiosities in London. In scriptions upon them, knives, and other “ Quentin Durward " we all remember the articles that had evidently not been long leaden image Louis XI. placed in his cap; cast in lead, subjected to an acid, and these images, it was asserted, were of a smeared with mud. “The gent as brought similar nature, used by pilgrims when visitthese very important ancient relics' was ing any particular shrine. In what manner quite mad because we told him they was upwards of two thousand of them could forged — went away in a pet, and we never have fairly got into the Thames in one consaw him again." In all probability this fined spot near the present swing bridge, credulous individual had boasted to his puzzled the members of the British Archæofriends that these things which he had pur- logical Society, and upon an examination chased as they were dug up, as he said, by the whole of them were pronounced to be some navigators in the excavations going on forgeries, apparently cast in chalk moulds, at Shadwell, were very valuable, and find the graving tools being nails and pening out his mistake, thought it best to leave knives. Bishops were equipped in mitres them, and cover his retreat by saying they of different forms, some of them dating back were now in the Museum.

to the twelfth century. The military figures We understand the art of manufacturing were equally absurd. It was asserted that relics has become in the metropolis a regular these relics were of the fourteenth and fifoccupation. No sooner is some great pub-teenth centuries, hence they bore upon their lic work decided upon, — some dock to be own face the proof of their having been excavated, some ancient building to be de- forged. How many of these signs have molished, – than these gentry prepare for found their way into private collections we the occasion. Their game has long ceased know not; some of them were purchased by Mr. Franks for the British Museum, but | From an article on Proverbs, Ancient and Modern, they have never been exhibited.


in The Quarterly Review. Our country friends, however, cannot PROVERBS FROM THE TALMUD. afford to grin at the Cockneys for the facil-| BEFORE quitting these antique realms, ity with which they are imposed upon. They should remember the exploit in the same

we cannot but allude to those classical proline of the celebrated Flint Jack, by whom

verbs from the Talmud' which have lately Yorkshire and the northern counties have

appeared in these pages.* Their wisdom been flooded with fraudulent flintinstruments.

and their tenderness do indeed speak louder This celebrated individual, who has not

than any other argument for the exceptionlong since come out of prison, manages,

ally high state of culture among those who with a piece of bent iron rod, a soft ham

used them as their household words. Anxmer, and a bradawl, to manufacture adze

ious to produce some specimens, and yet beads and arrow-heads which cannot be dis

Le not wishing to repeat what has already be

come familiar to our readers, we have obtinguished from the genuine articles. We believe, indeed, that it is impossible to dis

tained from the author of the article on the

• Talmud' the following new budget, which tinguish them from the undoubted speci

he has translated from Talmudical sources. mens of the Stone Age that are occasionally found in barrows and other places of sepul

Those who wish for further information ture of the inhabitants of that period. The

must consult certain portions of the Mishflint is so hard that any amount of time is

nah,' together with the labors of Buxtorf, insufficient to mar the sharpness of its edges

Drusius, Landau, Dukes, &c. when buried in a state of rest; neither does Between the wolf and the shepherd the lamb time tell upon the material in any other has come to grief. One thing acquired with way; hence the only guarantee of the genu-pain, is better than a hundred with ease. Let ineness that can be obtained for any flint the grapes pray for the welfare of the branches ; adze or arrow head, is the fact that it has without branches there would be no grapes. been obtained from a barrow that has never

Silence is beautiful in a wise man ; but how been disturbed. Flint Jack knows this much more in a fool.. More than the calf wishes well, and the proof of his having manufac

to drink, the cow wishes to give it suck. If they tured them, independently of his confession

tell you that your friend is dead — believe it :

that he has come into a fortune, doubt it. An of the fact and public exhibition of the

ass feels chilly in July. He who lends money to method in which he made them before the the

the the poor is often better than he who gives them Geological Society, rests upon his indiscre

alms. Here is a table, and meat, and knives; tion in having on one occasion stuck upon but we have no mouths to eat. Be prudent and an arrow-head he had made, by the aid of be silent. The world is like the wheel of the alum, some chips inadvertently broken off. well, with its two buckets : the full one is ever Upon these specimens being boiled, to free emptied, and the empty one is ever filled. A them from the dirt in which they were in- quarrel is like a squirt of water issuing from a crusted, these pieces fell off and discovered cleft ; wider and wider gets the cleft, more and the cheat.

more powerful the squirt. Here is the sack, the This clever vagabond has been going corn, and the money ; now you go and measure. about the northern counties for the last five- | He who has been legally deprived of his ill-gotand-twenty years, not only manufacturing

ten garment should go on his way rejoicing.

" He who has learnt and does not teach is like a false Celts, but making British pottery.

:: myrtle in the desert. There is threefold death For this purpose he has been in the babit

in the slanderer's tongue: it kills him who slanof visiting various local museums to note

ders, him who is slandered, and him who receives the ornamentation and the lettering occa- the slander. Some people's judgment is that of sionally to be found on such articles — forg- a blind man at a window. You cannot touch a ing in fact in clay, just as the forger of fool: a dead man's body does not feel the knife. bank-notes works with the real paper cur- For a man who has been ruined by woman, rency before him. Some of the dealers in there is no law and no judge. Many an arrowantiquities, unknowingly of course, some- smith is shot by his own arrows. Greater times sell these clever vagabonds old coins, is he who causes good deeds than he who does who hide, in order to find them at an ap- them. Great is peace : it is to the land what propriate moment. Mr. Eastwood admit- | leaven is to the dough. He who struts about the ted that he sold coins to navigators, and ma

market in the philosopher's toga, will not come such-like. He was not aware what they did

lid into the dwelling-place of God. Where song (joy

of life) is dead, a hundred geese may be had for with them; but reading as we do, by the

a brass farthing, and a hundred bushels of wheat light of these transactions in sham antiquities, there can be little doubt they are not

• October, 1867 (Living Age, No. 1231]. purchased for any honest purpose.



for the asking; but no one asks. Woman spins comes a blessing; to him who does not, it grows her little web, while she talks. Throw no stones into a poison. Why is the lobe of the ear soft? into the well whence you have drunk. A small al- ' that you may close up the ear when you hear ·lowance at home is much better than a large one aught improper. A bad wife is like a hailstorm. abroad. He is a book-case, not a scholar. Cut Do not dwell too long upon your friend's praises : off his head, but mind you don't kill him. It is you will end by saying things against him. Do the hole that makes the thief. When the camel much or little — so that you do it for a good kicks the scorpion away with its heel, the scor- ' purpose. Refined music is liked by refined peo pion swears' that the camel shall perceive it in its ple -- weavers do not much care for it. Three head. In his own house the weaver is king. cry out but get no pity: he who lends out his The salt of money is almsgiving. A hundred money without witnesses, the hen-pecked hus shillings invested in trade will give a man meat band, and he who cannot get on in one place and and wine ; in acres it will give him cabbage and does not try another. Even the common talk of salt. To move from one house into another costs the wise should be pondered over. One goose gen& garment ; from one country into another, a erally follows another. Bad servants first ask life. When the axe already touches thy neck, only when they have already committed the blun still hope in God's saving grace. Flight is the der. The load is laid upon the camel according beginning of defeat. Hang the sweetest grass to its strength. If a word is worth a pound, siround a pig's neck, it will still go and wallow in lence is worth two. A pig is the richest animal : its native mire. The lives of three are no lives ; everything is a piece of goods to him. Who that of the too compassionate, of the man with a ever does too much, does too little. The greater temper, and the misanthrope. Three men are a man, the greater his passions. He who press beloved by God : he who is of a sweet temper, he es the hour, the hour will press him. May our who is moderate in his habits, and he who does future reward be like that of him who remains not always obstinately adhere to his first resolves. silent under a false imputation. One peppercorn Poor is only he who lacks common sense. If the ' is better than a hundred gourds. A learned old people tell you to pull down, and the young man whose deeds are evil is like a man who has ones to build up: pull down. You must not a door but no house. He who prays for his drink out of one cup, and look at another. He neighbour, will be heard first for himself. He who cannot moderate his grief will soon have a who marries his daughter to an unelucated new grief to weep over. Where Satan cannot go man, throws her before a wild beast. He who himself, he takes wine as his messenger. Who- throws out suspicions, should at once be suspectever has been bitten by a serpent is afraid of a ed himself. Three keep good fellowship: stranrope. He who has bread in his basket should gers, slaves, and ravens. A fool always rushes not be compared to him who has not : (though to the fore. Do not cry out before the calamity neither be hungry at the time). When the jack- has really happened. The hatred the unlearned al has his day, make him a bow. Would you bear toward the learned is even greater than that carry sorcery to Egypt ? Pharoah said to Moses. of the heathens against Israel. The righteous is The way man wishes to go, thither his feet will greater after his death than during his life. If a carry him. An old man in the house is a sorrow great man says something strange, beware to to the house ; an old woman in the house is a mock at it wantonly. Passion is at first like a blessing to it. Seven years lasted the famine, thin thread, by-and-by it becomes like a cable. but no workman starved. Seven years lasted the Woe is me when I speak, woe is me when I keep plague, but no one died before his time. He silence.' who rents one garden, may eat birds ; who rents many, the birds will eat him. If you hired yourself out to him, you must beat out his wool. Part of an article in Macmillan's Magazine. Honour your wives ; they will enrich you. Eat|

FRENCH MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURE. below your means, dwell according to your means ; but spend upon your wife and children EVERY traveller, it may be presumed, above your means. First understand, then ar- cares about something. Every place, too, gue. Heart and eye are the twin go-betweens. contains something that would interest someYou must not refute a lion after his death. body, could the thing and the body be Much have I learnt from my masters, more brought into juxtaposition. There are, of from my colleagues, most from my disciples. course, some tastes the want of which must In a quarrel it is always the well-born who will render all continental travelling more or first give way. Do not stand in a place of dan-iin ger, trusting in miracles. Tron sharpens iron ; . There is one. failing which the non-commer

an- i less wearisome and altogether unprofitable. scholar, the scholar. Man has been created on

cial traveller will do well never to cross the the last day ; even the gnat is of a more ancient linea ce. The thought of the sin is worse than French frontier. I speak of a taste for, regthe sin. Eat quickly, drink quickly : this world ulated too by some knowledge of, architecis but a brief wedding-feast. The older the ture, and especially the architecture of the wise man gets, the wiser he grows; the fool, Middle Ages. In the abundance and the when he ages, becomes but an old fool. He who splendour of its examples of this phase of studies for a good purpose, to him his study be art, the French is not merely richer beyond



comparison than any other nation, but richer | Ruskin, some years ago, said that he had than all other European nations combined. more than once been engaged in drawing It is not merely that Amiens, Soissons, one side of a building the other side of Noyon, Laon, Rheims, Chartres, Le Mans, which workmen were busily engaged in pullPoitiers, Sens, Auxerre - it is useless to ing down. Be assured this was no figure multiply examples — contain cathedrals or of speech, no rhetorical artifice by which to other churches altogether unrivalled in size, call attention to a hidden truth, but a plain proportion, or detail, beyond the Rhine or account of a not uncommon incident. the Alps; but that, the Revolution of 1791 But the interest of French travelling does notwithstanding, the rage for improvement not depend exclusively on, however much it (more destructive than a hundred revolu- may be increased by, French towns. . With tions), nay, restoration itself notwithstand-great deference to those whose knowledge ing, it is hardly possible to pass over ten of France is derived from an annual trip by miles of French soil without coming upon railway from Boulogne to Paris, and from some monument, generally great and always Paris to Basle, France is as highly favoured beautiful, of French mediæval genius and by nature as it has been by art, and on the constructive skill. For the most part, with whole richly deserves her old epithet, la the magnificent exceptions of a few military belle. Were some of our autumn tourists, structures, such as Coucy-le-Château, these on their way back even from Switzerland, are exclusively ecclesiastical monuments, for to alight at Dijon, and, turning westward, there is comparatively little domestic archi- make their way by carriage or on foot toward tecture in France older than the Renais- Nevers or La Charité, they would pass over sance; but such is the number of ecclesias- a country altogether unlike that which they tionl monuments, and such is their variety had left, no doubt, but unsurpassed in its of style, that the most accomplished French own kind, - a country made up of hills alarchæologist might, in a week's tour in some most worthy of a nobler title, and these parts of France, meet with a hundred struc-covered, not by woods, but vast forests of tures of whose existence as yet no account magnificent timber, and watered by numerhas been got in— structures which have ous and rapid streams, the tributaries of one blushed unseen for centuries, structures still of the most pleasing and beneficent of French unknown, unmeasured, and unsketched, and rivers, the Yonne. happily unrestored. Nor are there many towns in France (a few years ago there were none) albeit no longer rich in domestic

From The Spectator. Gothic, which are altogether deficient in

A HOUSEHOLD BOOK OF ENGLISH examples of that rapidly disappearing ele

POETRY.* ment, the picturesque. True, the Prefect is abroad. There are Baron Hausmanns

To produce a fine selection of English (Hausmännerchen) in the provinces. His

poetry is perhaps one of the most difficult of

So editorial labours. The mine from whence torical Paris is not the only French city |

this wealth must be extracted is so vast, which, in the recollection of all but the

and contains so much of what seems like youngest inhabitant thereof, has been im

gold but is in reality mere pinchbeck, that proved off the face of the earth. Rouen I mean the Rouen of five-and-twenty years hard work is requisite, before it is even

not only critical insight, but downright ago — is a thing of the past. A quartier of gabled houses and the choir of a fourteenth-11

I possible to separate the counterfeit from

the pure metal. And this sifting process, century church lay in ruins, necessitated by

infinitely wearisome though it be, is but one a new alignement, the last time I visited it: while the existing ancient dwellings, once has been cast aside, the gold itself requires

step in the investigation. When the dross glorying in their construction — their cross

to be weighed with the most careful and timbered, herring-boned façades, and visible

delicate precision. So much wealth has to roofs — are now masked under plaster of Ibé compressed within a narrow compass, Paris and parapets; wanting alike the fresh-lih

that the labourer is forced to reject much ness of youth and the dignity of age — like

of sterling worth for the sake of what he old ladies with paint on their cheeks and “* fronts” on their temples. Hasten, then, I to

deems worthier. His aim should be to bring

en: together not what is intrinsically good, but ye lovers of mediæval architecture! lose not

se not what is unquestionably best; to meet the a season, nay, lose not a day, in securing a

8 a reasonable demands of readers capable of last look at the glories of which the clever and tasteful French people are despoiling • A Household Book of English Poetry. Selected their country - the rich inheritance which I and arranged with Notes. By Richard Chenevis

Trench, D.D., Archbishop of Dublin. London: they are busy scattering to the winds. Mr. Macmillan & Co.

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