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friendly manner through the diplomatic channel, provided said claims are of sufficient importance to warrant the expenses of arbitration.

The award shall be rendered in conformity with the principles of international law.

ART. 2. The high contracting parties agree to submit to the decision of the permanent arbitration court of The Hague all such controversies as may be included in the purposes of this treaty, unless the interested parties shall come to an agreement to constitute a special jurisdiction.

In case the pending question should be submitted to the permanent court of The Hague the high contracting parties accept the provisions established by the convention relating to the organization of the arbitral tribunal, to the procedures to which the same may be subject, and to the obligations of complying with the award.

ART. 3. Should there be an agreement to constitute a special jurisdiction, the rules in conformity with which the tribunal shall have take cognizance of the questions arising from the claims referred to in article 1 of the present treaty, shall be specified in the agreement providing the same.

ART. 4. This treaty shall commence to be in force immediately after the 31st of December, 1912, when the convention on pecuniary claims, which was signed in Mexico on the 31st of January, 1902, and extended by the convention which was signed in Rio de Janeiro on the 12th of August, 1906, expires.

It shall remain in force for an indefinite period with regard to the countries which at that date have ratified the same, as well as with regard to those which may ratify it subsequently.

The ratifications shall be forwarded to the Government of the Argentine Republic, which shall communicate the same to the other contracting parties.

Art. 5. Any of the countries which ratify the present treaty shall have the right to denounce the same on its own account, notifying in writing its desire two years in advance.

This notice shall be forwarded to the Government of the Argentine Republic and through the latter to the other contracting parties.

ART. 6. The treaty of Mexico shall continue in force even after the 31st of December, 1912, in so far as concerns any controversy that may have been submitted to arbitration before said date under the stipulations of the treaty.

RESOLUTION (August 11, 1910).

(The International American Scientific Congress.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled in Buenos Aires, resolves :

To congratulate the Argentine Government for having decreed and the Argentine Scientific Society for having organized and carried out with such brilliant success the meeting of the International American Scientific Congress in Buenos Aires, and earnestly hopes that such assemblies may be of frequent occurrence in America, and also that in the next Pan American Scientific Congress, which is to meet in the city of Washington in 1912, the American Republics be fully represented in order to secure closer relations between and the general diffusion of knowledge and science throughout the world.

RESOLUTION (August 11, 1910).

(Future conferences.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled at Buenos Aires, resolves :

(1) That the governing board of the Union of American Republics be empowered, within a term of five years, to convoke the meeting of the Fifth International American Conference. It is at the same time authorized to appoint the city which shall be the place of meeting of the conference, to draw up the programme, and to arrange all details in conformity with the provisions of the resolution organizing the “Union of American Republics.” If the assembling of the conference within the period fixed should not be possible, the governing board of the Union may appoint another date.

(2) It is recommended to the said governing board that one year's notice be given of the date and place appointed for the Fifth Conference and that the programme for the said conference be communicated not less than six months previous to the appointed date.

RESOLUTION (August 12, 1910).

(Steamship communication.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled at Buenos Aires, resolves :

(1) That there should be established, as soon as possible, direct commercial relations among the American nations, always subject to the rules and regulations reciprocally issued by the nations directly interested.

(2) To recommend to the countries represented in this conference to enter into reciprocal conventions for the purpose of establishing direct steamship services adequate to the respective wants of trade, and favoring the construction for said services of steamers of as great capacity and speed as may be consistent with commercial economy.

(3) To recommend that in all cases where any of the countries represented in this conference shall establish by its own initiative a steamship line or lines for traffic with one or more of said countries, the vessels designated to such service shall enjoy, in such ports where they may touch, all the privileges granted to ships which fly the flag or flags of said port or ports of entry.

(4) To recommend that henceforth there shall not be granted to any railroad company, whether it be private or controlled by the Government, any concession by means of which it is authorized to establish, in favor of ships entering in or going out of the ports of the respective State, privileges or rebates that are not also granted to vessels employed in the direct trade with other States represented in this conference.

(5) To recommend to the States represented in this conference the study of the means and conditions under which there may be established among the American Republics the reciprocal freedom in the coasting trade, and to endeavor to submit said report to the next International American Conference.

(6) To recommend to the countries which at present have contracts in force relating to steam communication of an optional character in regard to certain ports of other American countries to take steps in order to make said communication of an obligatory character in the shortest time possible.

(7) To recommend the establishment of national steamship lines between such ports as do not have said service by steamers of American register, for the purpose of securing continuous and thorough lines of communication from the north to the south, both on the Pacific and on the Atlantic coasts, at the same time, governmental action to be taken in order that the companies which own the shorter lines may coordinate their services in such way as to avoid loss of time and intermissions in the transportation of merchandise, mail, and passengers.

(8) To recommend that in all cases where vessels complete their itinerary, making port calls in one direction, proper measures be taken to provide sufficient return freight to assure trips in the opposite direction.

(9) In view of their unquestionable importance as factors which will contribute to facilitate and render permanent favorable conditions for a flourishing international commerce, the establishment of banking and direct cable services and the adoption of a common system of weights and measures is hereby recommended.

RESOLUTION (August 12, 1910).

(Coffee Congress.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled at Buenos Aires, resolves that:

Whereas the resolution of Rio de Janeiro relative to the meeting of the Coffee Congress at Sao Paulo is in force, the appointment of the date for the convocation of the said Congress shall rest with the Government of Brazil.

MOTION (August 17, 1910). (Homage to the memory of His Excellency Don PEDRO Montt, President of Chile.)

The Fourth International American Conference, assembled as a token of respect to the memory of His Excellency Don PEDRO MONTT, President of Chile, sends, through its chairman, the expression of its condolence to the Government and people of Chile, on account of the death of said illustrious statesman.

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(Sanitary police.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled at Buenos Aires, resolves :

I. To recommend to those Governments which have not already done so, to adopt the International Sanitary Convention of Washington.

II. To recommend, likewise, that they adopt the recommendations of the Third and Fourth Sanitary Conferences.

III. To re-write Article IX of the Washington Convention thus:

That an area shall no longer be considered as infected, official proof must be furnished satisfactory to both interested parties :

First. That there have been no deaths nor new cases of plague or cholera for five days after the isolation, death, or cure of the last plague or cholera case. In the case of yellow fever the period shall be eighteen days, but the Governments may reserve the right to extend this period against those countries where methods of isolation, disinfection, and destruction of mosquitoes are not practiced.

Second. That all the measures of disinfection have been applied; in the case of plague, that the precautions against rats have been observed, and in the case of yellow fever, that the measures against mosquitoes have been put in operation.

IV. To request all the Republics to be represented in the next Sanitary Conference which shall take place in Santiago, Chile.

RESOLUTION (August 18, 1910).

(Interchange of professors and students.) The Fourth International American Conference, assembled at Buenos Aires, resolves :


To recommend to the Governments of America, with regard to such universities over which they exercise control to recommend such universities as are recognized by said Governments to establish an interchange of professors upon the following bases:

(1) The aforesaid universities shall provide facilities in order that the visiting professors may give courses or lectures therein.

(2) The courses of study or lectures shall mainly treat of scientific subjects of American interest or relating to the conditions of some one of the American countries, and specially of that from whence the professor comes.

(3) Every year the universities shall communicate to those with which they wish to establish an interchange the subjects which their professors can teach and those they would prefer to be taught in their own classes.

(4) The remuneration of the professor shall be paid by the university which has selected him unless his services are expressly requested, in which case his salary shall be paid by the university which has solicited his services.

(5) The universities, out of their own funds, should they have such available, or upon obtaining them from the respective Governments, shall fix the annual amounts to be applied to the payment of such expenses as the compliance of the present resolution may require.

(6) It would be desirable that the universities of America assemble themselves in a congress in order to secure university extension and other means of American intellectual cooperation.

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