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that the safety-valves are of suitable dimensions, sufficient in number, well arranged, and in good working order, (one of which may, if neces- One of the sary in the opinion of the inspectors, to secure safety, be taken wholly
may be taken from the control of all persons engaged in navigating such vessel;) that from the control there is a suitable number of gauge-cocks properly inserted, and a suitable of the navigator. water-gauge and steam-gauge indicating the height of the water and the pressure of the steam ; that in or upon the outside flue of each outside high-pressure boiler, there is placed in a suitable manner alloyed metals, fusible by the heat of the boiler when raised to the highest working pressure allowed, and that in or upon the top of the flues of all other highpressure boilers in the steamer, such alloyed metals are placed, as aforesaid, fusing at ten pounds' greater pressure than said metals on the outside boilers, thereby, in each case, letting steam escape ; and that adequate and certain provision is made for an ample supply of water to feed the boilers at all times, whether such vessel is in motion or not ; so that, in high-pressure boilers, the water shall not be less than four inches above the flue: Provided, however, In steamers hereafter supplied with new high-pressure. Proviso as to boilers, if the alloy fuses on the outer boilers at a pressure of ten pounds
fusible plugs. exceeding the working pressure allowed, and at twenty pounds above said pressure on the inner boilers, it shall be a sufficient compliance with this act. Third. That in subjecting to the hydrostatic test aforesaid, boilers called . Mode of sub
jecting highand usually known under the designation of high-pressure boilers, the in
pressure boilers spectors shall assume one hundred and ten pounds to the square inch as to hydrostatic the maximum pressure allowable as a working power for a new boiler pressure. forty-two inches in diameter, made of inspected iron plates at least one fourth of an inch thick, in the best manner, and of the quality herein required, and shall rate the working power of all high-pressure boilers, whether of greater or less diameter, old or new, according to their strength compared with this standard : and in all cases the test applied shall exceed the working power allowed, in the ratio of one hundred and sixtyfive to one hundred and ten, and no high-pressure boilers hereafter made shall be rated above this standard: and in subjecting to the test aforesaid, that class of boilers usually designated and known as low-pressure boilers,
Low-pressure the said inspectors shall allow as a working power of each new boiler a pressure of only three fourths the number of pounds to the square inch to which it shall have been subjected by the hydrostatic test and found to be sufficient therefor, using the water in such tests at a temperature not excceding sixty degrees Fahrenheit; but should such inspectors be of the opinion, that said boiler by reason of its construction or material will not safely allow so high a working pressure, they may, for reasons to be stated specifically in their certificate, fix the working pressure of said boiler at less than three fourths of said test pressure, and no low-pressure boiler hereafter made shall be rated in its working pressure above the aforesaid standard ; and provided that the same rules shall be observed in regard to boilers heretofore made, unless the proportion between such boilers and the cylinders or some other cause renders it manifest that its application would be unjust, in which cases the inspectors may depart from these rules, if it can be done with safety ; but in no case shall the working pressure allowed exceed the hydrostatic test, and no valve under any circum- be worked bestances shall be loaded or so managed in any way as to subject a boiler sure allowed. to a greater pressure than the amount allowed by the inspectors, nor shall Defects in
other respects. any boiler or pipe be approved which is made in whole or in part of bad material, or is unsafe in its form, or dangerous from defective workmanship, age, use, or any other cause.
Fourth. That when the inspection in detail is completed, and the inspectors approve of the vessel and lier equipment throughout, they shall inspectors. make and subscribe a certificate to the collector of the district, substantially as follows:
Boilers not to
Application having been made in writing by
to the subscribers, inspectors for said district, to examine the steamer
is master, we having
do certify, that she was built in the year is in all respects staunch, seaworthy, and in good condition for navigation, having suitable means of escape in case of accident from the main to the upper deck, that she is provided with [here insert the number of staterooms, the number of berths therein, the number of other permanent berths for cabin passengers, the number of berths for deck or other classes of passengers, the number of passengers of each class for whom she has suitable accommodations, and in case of steamers sailing to or from any
European port or to or from any port on the Atlantic or the Pacific, a distance of one thousand miles or upwards, the number of each she is permitted to carry, — and in case of a steamer sailing to any other port, a distance of five hundred miles or upwards, the number of deck passengers she is permitted to carry, also the number of boilers, and the form, dimensions, and material of which each boiler is made, the thickness of the metal, and when made — if made after this act takes effect, and of iron, whether they are such in all respects as the act requires, whether each boiler has been tried by hydrostatic test, the amount of pressure to the square inch in pounds applied to it, whether the amount allowed as the maximum working power was determined by the rule prescribed by this act, if not, the reason for a departure from it; also the number of safety valves required, their capacity, the load prescribed for each valve, how many are left in the control of the persons navigating the vessel, whether one is withdrawn, and the manner of securing it against interference, also the number and dimensions of supply pipes, and whether they and the other means provided are sufficient at all times and under all circumstances, when in good order, to keep the water up four inches at least above the top of the flue ; also the number and dimensions of the steampipes, the number and kind of engines, the dimensions of their cylinders, the number and capacity of the forcing-pumps, and how worked, the number and kind of gauge-cocks, water and steam gauges, where situate, and how secured; also the manner of using alloyed etals, and the pressure at which they are known by the inspectors to fuse ; the equipments for the extinguishment of fires, including hose, fire-buckets, and axes ; the provisions for saving life in case of accident, including boats, life-preseryers, and substitutes therefor, where kept, and all other provisions made on board for the security of the lives of passengers.] And we further certify, that the equipment of the vessel throughout, including pipes, pumps, and other means to keep the water up to the point aforesaid, hose, boats, life-preservers, and other things, is in conformity with the provisions of law; and that we declare it to be our deliberate conviction, founded upon the inspection which we have made, that the vessel may be employed as a steamer upon the waters named in the application, without peril to life, from any imperfection of form, materials, workmanship, or arrangement of the several parts, or from age or use. And we further certify, that said vessel is to run within the following limits, to wit: from
to and back, touching at intermediate places. Certificate to And which certificate shall be verified by the oaths of the inspectors be sworn to.
In case of re- signing it, before a person competent by law to administer oaths. And in fusal to certify, case the said inspectors do not grant a certificate of approval, they shall the reasons to be state, in writing, and sign the same, their reasons for their disapproval. assigned in writing.
Fifth. Upon the application of the master or owner of any steamer emProvision for ployed in the carriage of passengers, for a license to carry gunpowder, oil licenses to carry of turpentine, oil of vitriol, camphene, or other explosive burning-fluids, certain dangerous articles. and materials which ignite by friction, or either of them, the inspectors
shall examine such vessel, and if they find that she is provided with chests or safes composed of metal, or entirely lined therewith, or one or more apartments thoroughly lined with metal at a secure distance from any fire, they may grant a certificate to that effect, authorizing such vessel to License. carry as freight any of the articles aforesaid, those of each description to be secured in such chest, safe, or apartment, containing no other article, and carried at a distance from any fire to be specified in the certificate: Provided, That any such certificate may be revoked or annulled at any time by the inspectors, upon proof that either of the said articles have license. been carried on board said vessel, at a place or in a manner not authorized by such certificate, or that any of the provisions of this act in relation thereto have been violated. Sixth. The said inspectors shall keep a regular record of certificates of Record of cer
tificates of ininspections of vessels, their boilers, engines, and machinery, whether of
spection and liapproval or disapproval, and when recorded, the original shall be delivered censes to carry
said articles. to the collector of the district; they shall keep a like record of certificates, authorizing gunpowder, oil of turpentine, oil of vitriol, camphene, or other explosive burning-fluids and materials which ignite by friction, or either of them, to be carried as freight, by any such vessel; and when recorded Originals to be deliver the originals to said collector; they shall keep a like record of all delivered to the
. licenses to pilots and engineers, and all revocations thereof, and shall from Licenses to time to time report to the supervising inspector of their respective districts, pilots
, and engiin writing, their decisions on all applications for such licenses, or proceed- cations thereof. ings for the revocation thereof, and all testimony received by them in such Report to suproceedings.
pervising inspec. Seventh. The inspectors shall license and classify all engineers and pilots of steamers carrying passengers.
classification of Eighth. Whenever any person claiming to be qualified to perform the pilots and engiduty of engineer upon steamers carrying passengers, shall apply for a Engineers. certificate, the board of inspectors shall examine the applicant, and the proofs which he produces in support of his claim; and if, upon full consideration, they are satisfied that his character, habits of life, knowledge, and experience in the duties of an engineer, are all such as to authorize the belief that the applicant is a suitable and safe person to be intrusted with the powers and duties of such a station, they shall give him a certif- Certificate for
one year. icate to that effect, for one year, signed by them, in which certificate they shall state the time of the examination, and shall assign the appointee to the appropriate class of engineers.
Ninth. Whenever any person claiming to be a skilful pilot for any Pilots. such vessel shall offer himself for a license, the said board shall make diligent inquiry as to his character and merits ; and if satisfied that he possesses the requisite skill, and is trustworthy and faithful, they shall give him a certificate to that effect, licensing him for one year to be a License for pilot of any such vessels within the limit prescribed in the certificate ; one year. but the license of any such engineer or pilot may be revoked upon proof of negligence, unskilfulness, or inattention to the duties of the station : Provided, however, If in cases of refusal to license engineers or pilots, Appeal (in and in cases of the revocation of any license by the local board of in- case of refusall, spectors, any engineer or pilot deeming himself wronged by such refusal gineer's license) or revocation, may, within thirty days after notice thereof, on application to supervising
inspector. to a supervising inspector, bave his case examined anew by such supervising inspector, upon producing a certified copy of the reasons assigned by the local board for their doings in the premises; and such supervising inspector may revoke the decision of such local board of inspectors and license such pilot or engineer; and like proceedings, upon the same con- Appeal from ditions may be had by the master or owner of any such vessel, or of any
ing steamboats, steamboat-boiler, for which the said local board shall have refused, upon or boilers. inspection, to give a certificate of approval, or shall have notified such master or owner of any repairs necessary after such certificate has been granted.
cases of neces
Employment Tenth. It shall be unlawful for any person to employ, or any person of unlicensed pilots and engi
to serve as engineer or pilot, on any such vessel, who is not licensed by neers, forbidden the inspectors; and any one so offending shall forfeit one hundred dollars except in certain for each offence: Provided, however, That if a vessel leaves her port with sity.
a complement of engineers and pilots, and on her voyage is deprived of their services, or the services of any of them, without the consent, fault, or collusion of the master, owner, or any one interested in the vessel, the de
ficiency may be temporarily supplied, until others, licensed, can be obtained. Provision for Eleventh. In addition to the annual inspection, it shall be the duty of other than annu- said board to examine, seasonably, steamers arriving and departing, so al inspections.
often as to enable them to detect any neglect to comply with the requirements of law, and also any defects or imperfections becoming apparent after the inspection aforesaid, and tending to render the navigation of the
vessel unsafe, which service may be performed by one of the board ; and Repairs may if he shall discover an omission to comply with the law or that repairs be ordered.
have become necessary to make the vessel safe, he shall at once notify the master, stating in the notice what is required; and if the master deems
the requirements unreasonable or unnecessary, he may take the opinion Appeal from of the board thereon, and if dissatisfied with the decision of such board such order.
may apply for a re-examination of the case to the supervising inspector as is hereinbefore provided ; and if he shall refuse or neglect to comply with the requirements of the local board, and shall, contrary thereto, and
while the same remains unreversed by the supervising inspector, employ Master and the vessel by navigating her, the master and owner shall be liable for any owners made re- damage to the passengers and their baggage which shall occur from any sponsible for damages from defects so as aforesaid stated in said notice, which shall be in writing, and neglect to com- all inspections and orders shall be promptly made by the inspectors; and ply with such order.
where it can be safely done in their judgment, they shall permit repairs Repairs where to be made where those interested can most conveniently do them; and to be made.
no inspectors of one district shall modify or annul the doings of the inDoings of one board when they spectors of another district, in regard to repairs, unless there is a change may be modified in the state of things demanding more repairs than were thought neces
Persons reject- sary when the order was made ; nor shall the inspectors of one district ed by one bönrd appoint a person coming from another, if such person has been rejected not to be licensed for unfitness or want of qualifications. by any other. Inspection of
Twelfth. The said board, when thereto requested, shall inspect steamsteamboats ers belonging to districts where no such board is established ; and if a where there is
certificate of approval is not granted, no other inspection shall be made no local board.
No new in- by the same or any other board, until the objections made by the inspectors spection to be are removed; and if any vessel shall be navigated after a board of inmade until former defects are
spectors have refused to make the collector a certificate of approval, she remedied. shall be liable to the same penalties as if she had been run without a Penalty for
license: Provided, however, That nothing herein contained shall impair navigating after refusal to certify.
the right of the inspectors to permit such vessel to go to another port for Permit to go repairs, if, in their opinion, it is safe so to do. to another dis
Thirteenth. The said board of inspectors shall have power to sumtrict for repairs.
Provision to mon before them witnesses, and to compel their attendance by the same compel attend process as in courts of law; and after reasonable time given to the alleged ance of witnesses, and their ex
delinquent, at the time and place of investigation, to examine said witnessamination under es under oath, touching the performance of their duties by engineers and oath.
pilots of any such vessel; and if it shall appear satisfactorily that any such engineer or pilot is incompetent, or that life has been placed in peril
by reason of such incompetency, or by negligence or misconduct on the Suspension or part of any such person, the board shall immediately suspend or revoke revocation of li- his license, and report their doings to the chief officer of the customs ; censes of pilots, and the said chief officer of the customs shall pay out of the revenues and engineers.
Payment of herein provided such sums to any witness so summoned under the proviswitnesses.
ions of this act, for his actual travel and attendance, as shall be officially certified, by an inspector hearing the case, upon the back of the summons,
not exceeding the rates allowed to a witness for travel and attendance in the circuit and district courts of the United States.
Fourteenth. That the said board shall report promptly all their doings Reports of said to the chief officer of the customs, as well as all omissions or refusals board. to comply with the provisions of law on the part of any owner or master of any such vessel, propelled in whole or in part by steam, carrying passengers.
Fifteenth. That it shall at all times be the duty of all engineers and Mates, and pilots licensed under this act, and all mates, to assist the inspectors in the and engineers to
, examination of any such vessels to which any such engineer, mate, or assist said board pilot belongs, and to point out all defects and imperfections in the hull or and give them apparatus for steaming, and also to make known to them at the earliest penalty of revoopportunity, all accidents occasioning serious injury to the vessel or her cation of license. equipment, whereby life may be in danger, and in default thereof the license of any such engineer or pilot shall be revoked. Sec. 10. That in those cases where the number of passengers is limited
Provisions reby the inspector's certificate, it shall not be lawful to take on board of specting the
number of pasany steamer a greater number of passengers than is certified by the in- sengers, detenspectors in the certificate; and the master and owners, or either of them, tions on the passhall be liable, to any person suing for the same, to forfeit the amount of modations, and passage money and ten dollars for each passenger beyond the number penalties. allowed. And moreover, in all cases of an express or implied undertaking to transport passengers, or to supply them with food and lodging, from place to place, and suitable provision is not made of a full and adequate supply of good and wholesome food and water, and of suitable lodging for all such passengers, or where barges, or other craft, impeding the progress, are taken in tow, for a distance exceeding five hundred miles, without previous and seasonable notice to such passengers, in all such cases the owners and the vessel shall be liable to refund all the money paid for the passage, and to pay also the damage sustained by such default or delay : Provided, however, That if in any such case a satisfactory bond is given
Vessel to be to the marshal for the benefit of the plaintiff, to secure the satisfaction of released on bond
. such judgment as he may recover, the vessel shall be released.
Sec. 11. That if the master of a steamer, or any other person, whether Penalty for acting under orders or not, shall intentionally load or obstruct, or cause to deranging the be loaded or obstructed, in any way or manner, the safety valve or valves means of reguof a boiler, or shall employ any other means or device whereby the boiler lating or indicat
ing the pressure shall be subjected to a greater pressure than the amount allowed by the of steam. certificate of the inspectors, or shall be exposed to a greater pressure, or shall intentionally derange or hinder the operation of any machinery or device employed to denote the state of the water or steam in any boiler, or to give warning of approaching danger, it shall, in any such case, be a misdemeanor, and any and every person concerned therein, directly or indirectly, shall forfeit two hundred dollars, and may, at the discretion of the court, be in addition thereto imprisoned not exceeding eighteen months.
Sec. 12. That if at any time there be a deficiency of water in a boiler, Penalty for by suffering it to fall below three inches above the fue as prescribed in allowing the wathis act, unless the same happens through inevitable accident, the master, a certain line. if it be by his order, assent, or connivance, and also the engineer, or other person, whose duty it is to keep up the supply, shall be guilty of an offence for which they shall severally be fined one hundred dollars each; and if an explosion or collapse happens in consequence of such deficiency, they, or any of them, may be further punished by imprisonment, for a period of not less than six nor more than eighteen months.
Sec. 13. That hereafter all boilers of steamboats made of iron shall be Boilers to be constructed of plates which have been stamped according to the provisions made of stamped of this act. Sec. 14. That it shall be the duty of such inspectors to ascertain the