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and the people ; for having refused to conduct the people, he now consents to lead them, and postpone the visitation of their iniquities. “And the Lord said unto Moses, whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book : therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken, to thee. Behold, mine Angel shall go before thee : nevertheless in the day when I visit, I will visit their sin upon them." Exod. xxxii. 31-35.

Job said, “ though he slay me, yet will I trust in him." Job. xiii. 15. Hence it is inferred, that Job was willing to be damned for the glory of God. It is denied that Job intended damnation by being slain. Let those who affirm it prove it if they can. He declares, that his great afflictions have not destroyed his confidence in God; and then resolves to continue his trust in Jehovah, even should his sorrows and pains terminate in death. Vee rily, he trusted in God that he should not be finally rejected.

It is granted to Dr. Emmons, as an unquestionable fact, that most “ dramatic writers” have attempted to form their amiable characters upon the principle of disinterested benevolence.” It is believed, however, that these writers, instead of using a privative particle, compound the Greek Acc with the word interested, so as to read Arc-interested ; that is, twice-interested; for the characters which they commonly exhibit for imitation are either enthusiastically or selfishly interested in their exploits. At any rate it is to be hoped, that neither Cicero, nor a dramatist, nor a writer of romance, will give a decided cast to theologir cal expression.

Every child of God will be benevolent; and even when he doubts of his own good estate, will desire to promote the glory of God. He will say, “ if I perish, let others be saved : if I belong to the kingdom of Satan, (and possibly I may deceive my. self,) my present prayer is, “thy kingdom come.” Would to God that such benevolence as this pervaded every heart !

29

CHAPTER XII.

OF SANCTIFICATION.

AND

OTHERS.

CALVIN, 1. Regeneration, by the gift 1. In effectual calling, or reof the saving grace of faith, is generation, is commenced the the commencement of sanctific process of making the elece cation.

holy. Inst. passim. Con. C. Scot. Con. P. C. U.

S. and Say. Plat. ch. 13. sec. 1.et

passim. 2. Believers in this life are 2. In this life sanctification is sanctified but in part.

not perfect in any. Inst. B. 3. ch. 2. sec. 20, C.

Con. C. Scot. Con. P. C. U. S. Say. Plat. ch. 13. sec. 2. Larger Cat. Q. 77. Canons R.

D. C. Head 5. Art. 1. 3. Sanctification is a pro

3. All the above quoted congressive work.

fessions teach the same. Inst. B. 3. ch. 2. pas. 4. Of the nature of the be- 4. On the same subjects. liever's imperfection ; and of “ Sanctification is that real the manner in which this holic work of God, by which they ness is increused. In order to who are chosen, regenerated be perfect, the christian must and justified, are continually have restored to him the whole more and more transformed of the image of God, which from the turpitude of sin, to was lost by the fall. This is the purity of the divine image. . not restored at once, and never We distinguish this work of perfectly in this life. By faith, God from the first regenerawhich increases, and causes all tion, and first effectual calling the christian graces to flourish, to Christ. For the immediate we become gradually, after re- effect of regeneration is a pringeneration, more like God. ciple of spiritual life, which in By beholding the glory of the a moment is put into the soul,

CHAPTER XII.

OF SANCTIFICATION.

AND

HOPKINS,

OTHERS. 1. Regeneration, or the first 1. The first creation of a ho, production of disinterested af- ly volition, is the commencefection, is the beginning of ment of sanctification. sanctification.

Emmons, Spring, and Wil. Syst. Vol. 1. p. 540. et pas. liams, passim. sim.

2. Dr. Hopkins said the

2. And the same say all his followers.

same.

Part. 2. ch. 4. sec. 13.

3. Where a work of sanctifi. 3. All Hopkinsians say, that cation has been commenced, God who has begun the work the promise God renders it of holiness in the hearts of his certain that it will be carried on. peopie, wil', not utterly abanVol. 2. p. 131. et passim. don it; but finally make them

constantly holy.

4. On the same subjects. 4. On the same subjects.

All sin consists in self-love, « The want love cannot be or selfishness, and consequente a transgression of the law of ly the remaining sinfulness of a love." Emmons, p. 260. believer consists entirely in his « Whosoever loves God, remaining selfish exercises. So loves him with all his heart, far as any man possesses disin- and to the extent of his natural terested benevolence of feeling capacity. Hence every saint is and action he is holy : and so conscious, that he feels perfar as he has opposite volitions fectly right, so long as he is he is unsanctified.

conscious, that he loves God Syst. Part 2. ch. 4. sec. 4, for his real excellence. And 10 and 13.

he cannot tell, nor can he be

AND

OTHERS.

CALVIN, Lord more and more, the trans- by the immediate energy of the formation into his image be- Holy Spirit. The effect of the comes more perfect. “ So we effectual calling is the mystical

“ see that the mind enlightened union and communion with with the knowledge of God, is Christ. But the effects of first holden wrapped in much sanctification are the habits of ignorance, which by little and spiritual graces and their lively little is wiped away.”

exercise ; and thus sanctificaInst. B. 3. ch. 2. sec. 19.et tion follows upon regeneration passim.

and effectual calling, at least in the order of nature, and supposes those actions of God as going before it.”

Witsius' Econ. B. 3. ch. 12,

sec. 11, 12. " Therefore we affirm again

“ They who are effectually that which we have above spo- called and regenerated, havken, that the root of faith is never ing a new heart and a new plucked out of a godly heart, spirit created in them, are but sticketh so fast in the bot- farther sanctifed really and tom, that howsoeverit be shaken

personally, through the vir. and seem to bend this that

tue of Christ's death and reway, the light ther-bf is never surrection, by his word and so quenched or choaked up, spirit dwelling in them; the but that it lieth at least hidden dominion of the whole body of under some embers : and by sin is destroyed, and the several this token is plainly shewed,

lusts thereof are

more and that the rd which is an incor

more weakened and mortified, ruptible seed, bringing forth

and they more and more quickseed like itself, the spring ened and strengthened in all whereof doth never wither and

saving graces, to the practice perish."

of true holiness.” B, 3. ch. 2, sec. 21.

46 This sanctification is throughout in the whole man, yet imperfect in this life; there abideth still some remains of cor

ruption in every part: whence The same means which were ariseth a continual and irreconof use effectually to call the cilable war ; the flesh lusting

way or

а

AND

OTHERS.

HOPKINS, The work of sanctification is told, wherein he is to blame for carried on, as it was commen- not feeling a higher or stronger ced; by the divine efficiency in affection towards God, than he producing benevolent volitions; actually feels.” in which holiness entirely con

Emmons, p. 440. sists.

The imperfect obedience of Vol. 1. p. 205. and the last believers consists, not in low, quoted places.

weak, or languid affections, or “ He conducts all things, ex

in affections partly holy and ternal and internal, with re

partly sinful, arising from mix

ed principles in the human spect to every christian; and so orders the degree and manner heart; but in their having, by and time of his influence and an unequal alternation, perfectassistance, as to keep them from ly holy and perfectly sinful voli

, falling totally and finally.” “It tions, which are of the creative requires infinite skill and wis. energy of the Holy Ghost : so

that saints are at different modom, to sanctify a corrupt heart, and to order every thing

ments, according to the nature

of their exercises, entirely hoso, with respect to each individual, at all times and every mo. ly, or entirely sinful.

Emmons' 18th and 19th Ser. ment, as effectually to prevent his falling away, though he walks upon the

God neither gives nor imof ruin."

verge Hop. Syst. Vol. 2. p. 203. plants any bias, taste, or habit,

or gracious principle, or princi66 That believers will never ple of grace, in any of the retotally and finally fall away, so newed, nor do men ever act as to porish, is not owing to the from any thing but an immedinature of true grace, or any ate, divine impulse. power or sufficiency in them

Emmons, p. 283, 454, 462. selves to persevere unto the Sanctification consists in end; but this depends wholly God's continuing to create hoon the will, and constant influ- ly exercises. He creates good ence and energy of God, work, and bad actions of the heart ; ing in them to will and to do. but when he creates good voThey are kept by the power of litions more frequently than God, through faith unto salya- formerly, and more frequently tion."

than bad ones, then sanctificaa: Vol. 2. p. 131. tion is progressive.

mons.

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