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CALVIN,

OTHLRS, into destruction : and that it was so done because he so will, ed: but why he willed, it is not our part to ask a reason of it, who cannot comprehend it : neither is it meet that the will of God should come down into controversy among us.”

B. 3. ch. 23. sec. 5. 7 66 God hath from the be7. The decrees were not ginning, freely, and of his meere formed in consequence of any grace, without any respect of foresight of sin or holiness, in men, predestinated or elected the reprobate or elect.

the saints." B. 3. ch. 22. sec. ll. and B. Latter Con. Helvetia, ch. 10. 3. ch. 24. sec. 11, 12, 13, 14. French Con. Say. Plat p 23.

Con. P. C. U S p. 19. and Con.
C. Scot, ch. 3 sec. 5. Witsius'

Economy, B. 3. ch. 4. sec. 24. 8. The works of creation and 8. All the confessions of the providence are the execution of Reformed churches agree that the decrees. B. 1. ch. 5. the decrees are executed by

creation and providence ; and that means as well as ends are predestinated.*

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* The Calvinists conceive, that man is so blind in his understanding, so corrupted in his affections, and so completely dead to all good, that God need not exert a positive influence to create more sin in him, in order to his reprobation. They would rather say, that if God does not bestow his grace, the sinner is already under the sentence of condemnation : if God does not sanctify him completely, corruption will rage and reign even to eternal damnation. When God's gracious will prevents our will from having its course, then we are saved; but when God says concerning any one, “ he is joined to idols ; let him alone: I am weary with repenting ; my Spirit shall no longer strive with him," then the sinner is carried along, by the current of his own propensities, to the bottomless abyss. Cast a lifeless body into the water above the cataract of Niagara. You need not apply your hand to propel it down the precipice. A living person would require your aid to make effectual resistance, and escape the brink of ruin ; but the natural course of the foods will bear the dead to the gulf, and grind them, on the rocky bed, to atoms.

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7. « The elect are not cho- 7. « There can be no more sen to salvation, rather than reasons to induce God to save others, because of any moral the righteous at the day of excellence in them, or out of judgment, than there were to respect to any foreseen faith induce him in eternity to deand repentance."

cree that they should be saved. Syst. Vol. 2. p. 174. Nor can there be any more rea

sons to induce God to destroy 8. God began to execute his the wicked at the day of judgdecrees, by the creation, and ment, than there were in eterhe continues his work by pro- nity to induce him to decree vidential government.

Syst, that the wicked should be deVol. 1. p. 224 and 243. Both stroyed.” Williams, f. 136, 221. the means and ends are predestinated in every event.

Syst. passim.

CHAPTER IV.

OF CREATION.

OTHERS.

CALVIN,

AND God created all things which « It pleased God the Father, exist, by the immediate agency Son and Holy Ghost, for the of his power, according to the manifestation of the glory of his design of his wisdom, and for eternal power, wisdom and the purposes of his goodness. goodness, in the beginning, to The question, why did not God create, or make of nothing, the make the world before ? is im- world, and all things therein, pertinent, “and well did that whether visible or invisible, in pious old man speak, who when the space of six days, and all a wanton fellow did in scorn de- very good. After God had mand of him, what God had made all other creatures, he done before the foundation of created man, male and female, the world, answered that he with reasonable and immortal builded hell for curious fools.” souls, endued with knowledge,

B. 1. ch. 14. sec. 1. righteousness and true holi. Having formed the earth and ness, after his own image, havits inhabitants, in the space of ing the law of God written in six days, rather than instantly, their hearts, and power to fulfil for our instruction, he made the it ; and yet under a possibility first man, of the dust of the of transgressing, being left earth. Angels were previ- to the liberty of their own ously made.

To the animal will, which was subject unto body of man, God joined an change." immortal, but created soul, of Con. C. Scot. ch. 4. Con. P. two constituent parts, under. C. U. S. p. 23, 24. Say. Plat. standing, or mind, and heart, or ch. 4. will. The soul is immaterial “ We believe that God creaand can exist in a separate state ted man out of the dust of the from the body. It is called a earth, and made and formed spirit, when considered as dis- him after his own image and joined from the body.

likeness, good, righteous and The image of God in which holy, capable in all things to Adam was created, consisted, will, agreeable to the will of not in the erect form of his bo- God." Con. R. D. C. Art. 14.

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CHAPTER IV.

OF CREATION:

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OTHERS.

HOPKINS, God spake the whole crea- To the works of creation, tion into being, from nothing, usually enumerated by divines, with infinite ease. He formed Dr. Emmons has added holiness angels and men, and it is very and sin. He says, “it is agreeimprobable that there are any able to the nature of virtue, or other orders of created beings. holiness, to be created. The The creation of the world from volitions or moral exercises of chaos, was emblematical of the the mind are virtuous or vi. new creation out of confusion cious, in their own nature, withand moral darkness The grad- out the least regard to the cause, ual increase of light and order, by which they are produced." was emblematical of the dawn “I may further observe, that and rising of the Sun of right- holiness is something which bousness upon the moral world. has a real and positive exist

Six days were employed in ence, and which not only may; the creation, to divide our time, but must be created.and give us an example of holy Adam before and after the rest on the Sabbath. The six fall, in his understanding had days were also emblematical of the natural image of Jehovah; the six thousand years of the but it was a MORAL IMAGE, parpreparatory work of redemp- ticularly referred to when God tion, antecedent to the seventh said, “ let us make man in our millennium, or sabbath in the image, after our likeness." age of the world and church. Adam's heart was so created as The question, why was not the to resemble the heart of God; creation begun sooner? is im- or his moral exercises, which pertinent and absurd.

were of a benevolent nature Adam was made of the dust, were created in him. in the latter end of September; His primitive rectitude conwhen the fruits were prepared sisted in the nature of his choice, for his use; and Eve was taken and not in any power to choose, out of his side, to intimate the or“ power of free will,” for this relation which should subsist he never had. 6 Such a debetween the sexes. Man was pendent creature could no more

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CALVIN,

OTHERS. dy, or beauty of his face, but « Man, in his state of innochiefly in a clearunderstanding, cency, had freedom, and power affections framed according to to will and to do that which is reason, senses governed in good and well pleasing to God; right order, and soundness of but yet mutably, so that he

“ Though the might fall from it.” principal seat of the image of Con. C. Scot. ch. 9. Say. God was in the mind and heart, Plat. ch. 9. sec. 2. and Con. P. or in the soul, and powers there. C. U. S. p. 51. 6 God of the of, yet was there no part of slime of the earth created man, man, not so much as his body, after his image, that is to say, wherein did not some sparks good, just, and holy, who had thereof appear." There was power by his own free will, to a perfection of powers, as well frame and conforme his will unas wisdom and holiness. He to the will of God.”

Con. of had understanding to discern Belgia. « Man was before his good from evil, and power of fall, upright and free, who free-will, whereby he might might both continue in goodhave attained to eternal life. nesse, and decline to evill." Inst. B. 1. ch. 5 and 15. Latter Con. of Helvetia. He

made our first parents, Adam and Eve, the root of mankind, both upright and able to keep the law written in their heart.” Con. C. Scot. p. 446. “ Man was created of God, just, wise, indued with free will, adorned with the Holy Ghost, and happie." Con. of Wertemberge, ch. 4.

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* “ He is as holy, wise and good in creating unholy beings as he is in creating holy beings. That God creates unholy as well as holy beings, is evident from his own words. He says, “ I form the light and create darkness; I make peace and create evil ; I, the Lord, do all these things." Williams, o 193.

It remains still to be proved, that evil here means any thing more than that natural evil, which God brings upon the wicked, to punish them. “ Shall there be evil in the city," such as pestilence, "and the Lord hath not done it !!!

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