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OTHERS. The divine law requires per

" That the moral character fect obedience, under penalty of God should be truly delineaof punishment, proportioned to ted in his government, is what the demerit of transgression. is of primary and principal im“ Man by transgression has in- portance ; because with this is curred the penalty of this law certainly connected the order, and fallen under the curse of the harmony, and the greatest it.”

“ This curse cannot be good of the universe. The chataken off, and man released, un- racter of God being infinitely til it has its effect, and all the excellent, and in itself most per-' evil implied in it be suffered.” fectly harmonious; when it is

Syst. Vol. 1. p. 465. truly delineated in his govern" The law of God does admit ment, must of necessity be proof a substitute, both in obeying ductive of the greatest good the precepts, and suffering the and harmony among his creapenalty of it.”

tures. To manifest the real Syst. Vol. 1. p. 492. excellencies of the divine cha« Christ suffered for sin, was racter, therefore, it was that the made a curse, that is, suffered law was originally given ; and the curse of the law, the curse for the same end was it estaof God; and in his sufferings blished by such awful sanctions. he, in a sense, suffered and felt The honour of the law of course the displeasure and wrath of is evidently maintained, and the God; and the anger of God ends of government answered, against sin and the sinner was when that character, with which in a high and eminent degree the supreme ruler invests himmanifested and expressed in self in the various parts of his the sufferings and death of law, is exhibited and supported Christ.”

Ibid. p. 491. in administration. So « The law could not be ful. whenever God's just and real filled by Jesus Christ without displeasure against sin, is exbis suffering the penalty of it, hibited in some other way, to

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OTHERS. righteous. And in another perfectly fulfil it; endured most place, (Gal, iv. 4.) he extendeth grievous torments immediately the cause of the pardon that de- in his soul, and most painful livereth us from the curse of sufferings in his body; was cruthe law, to the whole life of cified, and died; was buried, Christ, saying; when the ful- and remained under the power ness of time was come, God of death, yet saw no corruption. sent his Son, made of a woman, On the third day he arose from subject to the law, to redeem the dead," « ascended into heathem that were under the law: ven,” “ maketh intercession; and so affirmed that in his very and shall return, to judge men baptism, (Matt. iii. 25.) was ful- and angels." filled one part of righteousness,

" The Lord Jesus, by his perthat he obediently did the com- fect obedience and sacrifice of mandment of his Father. Fi. himself, which he through the nally, from the time that he eternal Spirit once offered up took upon him the form of a unto God, hath fully satisfied servant, he began to pay the the justice of his Father; and ransom to redeem us. But the purchased not only reconcil. scripture, to set out the manner iation, but an everlasting inheof our salvation more certainly, ritance in the kingdom of heavdoth ascribe this as peculiar and en, for all those whom the Faproperly, belonging to the death ther hath given unto him." of Christ.” " And yet, is not " To all those for whom Christ the rest of his obedience excluhath purchased redemption, he ded, which he performed in his doth certainly and effectually life: as Paul comprehendeth it apply and communicate the wholly, (Phil. i. 7.) from the be. same." ginning to the end, in saying, Say. Plat. Con. C. Scot. Con. that he abased himself, taking P. C. U. S. ch. 8. sec. 3, 4, 5, 8. upon him the form of a servant, and Larger Cat. Q. 59. and was obedient to his Father 6 As God hath appointed the to death, even the death of the elect unto glory, so hath he, by

And truly, even in the the eternal and most free pursame death his willing submis- pose of his will, foreordained sion hath the first degree, be- all


thereunto. cause the sacrifice, unless it had Wherefore, they who are electbeen willingly offered, had ed, being fallen in Adam, are




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OTHERS. and obeying it perfectly. For equal advantage as it would be to give up the penalty, and not in the destruction of the sinner; execute the threatening of the atonement is then made for his law, when it is transgressed, is sins, and a door opened for the to dissolve and destroy the law; exercise of pardoning mercy." for a penalty is essential to a West on Atonement, p. 29. law."

« Therefore had the Redeemer " The true reason why God undertaken to save man, with- required an atonement for sin, out regard to the penalty of the was, that the real disposition of law, and suffering it himself, he his own infinite mind, toward would have come to make void such an object, might appear ; the law and destroy it, to all in- even though he pardoned and tents and purposes. He could saved the sinner. Could the not make reconciliation for sin, character of God, the disposi. and bring in everlasting right. tion of the divine mind both toeousness,' which it was pre- ward holiness and sin, otherwise dicted he should, without suf- appear to equal advantage ; fering the penalty of the law, there is not the least reason to the everlasting rule of right imagine that he would ever eousness."

have required an atonement." Syst. Vol. 1. p. 468.

West on Aton. p. 15. Sinful men were under the curse of the law; and in order

Should God pardon without to redeem them, the Redeemer an atonement, he would appear must take their place under the to his rational creatures, not to law, and suffer the penalty, bear hate sin, to be defective in his the curse for them, and in their regard for the public good, and

to violate the spirit of his own Syst. Vol. 1. p. 469. law. Hence his government By “ inflicting the threaten- could not be respected. ed penalty on him, “God has West on Aton. ch. 2. head agreeable to the strictest truth, 1, 2, 3, 4. executed the threatening of his law, according to the true in- It was necessary that God tent and meaning of it; and by should express his regard to this has opened a way for recon- the penal and preceptive parts ciliation and peace with man, of the law, by making an exhiwhile his truth and righteous. bition in actions of his hatred of

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CALVIN, nothing profited towards right- redeemed by Christ, are efcousness."

fectually called unto faith in B. 2. ch. 16. sec. 5. Christ, by his Spirit working in


season ; justified, adopted, sanctified, and kept

by his power through faith unto 66 We should learn that which salvation. Neither

any Isaiah teacheth, (Isa. lii. 9.) other redeemed by Christ-but that the chastisement of our the elect only." peace was upon him, and that Con. P. C. U. S. Say. Plat. by his stripes we are healed. and Con. C. Scot. ch. 3. Sec. 6. For to take away our damna- “ Christ executeth the office tion, every kind of death suffi- of a priest, in his once offering ced not for him to suffer, but to himself a sacrifice without spot. finish our redemption, one spe- to God, to be a reconciliation for cial kind of death was to be the sins of his people ; and in chosen, wherein both drawing making continual intercession away our damnation to himself, for them." and taking our guiltiness upon Larger Cat. p. 44. Shorter, himself, he might deliver us Q. 25. from them both.” It was ne- “ The only Redeemer of cessary that he should be “ac- God's elect, is the Lord Jesus counted among the wicked. Christ.” Shorter Cat. Q. 21. (Isa. liii. 21.) Why so ? Even to " Neither is there salvation take upon him the stead of a in any other, but in Christ sinner, not of a man righteous, alone, who is the Saviour only or innocent, (Matt. xv. 18.) be- of his body, the church.” cause he suffered death, not for

Larger Cat. Q. 60. the cause of innocency, but for 6 Furthermore, by his passin.”

“ This is our acquital, sion or death, and by all those that the guiltiness which made things which he did and sufus subject to punishment, is fered for our sakes, from the removed upon the head of the time of his coming in the flesh, Son of God. For this setting our Lord reconciled his Father of one against the other, we to all the faithfull, purged their ought principally to hold fast, sinne, spoiled death, broke in lest we tremble and be careful sunder condemnation and hell, all our life long, as though the and by his resurrection from just vengeance of God did hang the dead he brought againe and


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AND ness are maintained, and glori. vice and love of virtue, as well ously manifested."

as in his words. Syst. Vol. 1. p. 494. West on Aton. p. 23, 24, 26,

and 27. The work of Christ, as Re. “ The penalties of the law, deemer, consists in atoneinent we are to remember, express and meritorious obedience. Al- the displeasure of the law-giver though his death was an act of in the pain and sufferings of the obedience, yet these are two transgressor." distinct things. Atonement con

West on Aton. p. 27. sists in fulfilling the penal part

« The honour of the divine of the law by suffering, to pro- law, agreeably to the true spirit vide the way for pårdon only; and import of it, is fully preserwhile meritorious obedience is ved in the government of God, : such conformity to the precen- when his displeasure against tive part of the law as procures sin is made to appear, to equal positive righteousness.

advantage, as it doth in the ex

ecution of the penalties of the « The atonement made by law; in whatever way it be Christ, in his suffering the pen- done." alty of the law, has respect only

West on Aton. p. 28. to the threatening of the law, that The atonement particularly by suffering what was threaten- regarded the penal part of the ed, and what sin deserves, sin- law, and was designed to disners who believe in him might play God's anger against transbe delivered from the curse. gression. No atonement was Thus Christ died for sin ; was needed to display God's love of sacrificed or offered to bear the obedience. sins of many ; and he shed his West on A. p. 30, 31, and 32. blood for the remission of sins, “ As far as God's love of as the scripture asserts. This righteousness, and hatred of atonement therefore only deli- iniquity can be separately viewvers from the curse of the law, cd and distinguished from each and procures the remission of other; the great end of the their sins who believe in him ; death of Christ was to exhibit but does not procure for them the latter, not the former." any positive good: it leaves Hence the life of Christ was tathem under the power of sin, ken away, by natural evil, to disand without any title to eternal play the divine hatred of moral

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