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HOPKINS,

OTHERS. World ; and in this sense has it appear grace in God, to partasted death for every man, has don and save the sinner.” taken away the sin of the world,

West on Aton. p. 119. has given himself a ransom for 6 Here the direct end of the all, and is the propitiation for atonement is answered; and the sins of the whole world, so such a manifestation made of that whosoever believeth in him divine righteousness, as premay be saved, and God can now pared the way for a consistent be just, and the justifier of him exercise of mercy. Now, God that believeth in Jesus." would not appear to give up his Syst. Vol. 1. p. 527. law, even though he pardoned

the sinner: or, to exhibit a disposition diverse from that which he expressed in the law. But,

merely from the exhibition By the atonement Christ has

which was made of divine wrath opened the door of salvation for

in the sufferings of Christ, the every sinner, by “ what he has

pardon, even of one sinner, done and suffered he has ob

could, with no certainty be intained a righteousness as suffi

ferred : unless it might be incient for the salvation of one as

ferred from the highest eviof another, of all as well as of

dences of the reality of God's one, or of any part," but, by his

displeasure against us, that obedience he has obtained the

therefore he would, certainly saving influences of the Holy

not punish, but pardon us. UpGhost, and the blessing of a re

on atonement being made, the conciled heart, for those only,

situation and circumstances are: who shall in time be actually

such, that the great Governor Fedeemed.

of the world may consistently Syst. Vol. 1. p. 372. and Vol.

bestow, or withhold mercy, just 2. p. 63. et passim,

as shall tend most effectually to answer the purposes of divine goodness."

West on Aton.p. 140, 141. “ The atonement and right- « Christ died not for a select eousness of Christ are sufficient number of men only, but for for the justification and salva- mankind universally, and withtion of all them who believe, out exception or limitation." be they ever so many, even all Şef te number in the « The.

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“So we

CALVIN,

OTHÉRS. JUSTIFICATION is an act of ed to seek for another rightGod, in which he judicially pro- eousness of justification, to be nounces the person before his received at God's own hands, judgment-seat, to be in the view that is to say, the forgiveness of the law, a just person, against of his sins and trespasses, in whom justice has no demand, such things as he hath offended. and in favour of whom justice And this justification, or rightde mands acceptance.

eousness, which we so receive simply expound justification to of God's mercy and Christ's be an acceptation, whereby God merits, embraced by faith, is tareceiveth us into favour and ac- ken, accepted, and allowed of cepteth us for righteous, and God, for our perfect and full we say, that the same consisteth justification." “Although this in the forgiveness of sins, and justification be free unto us, an imputation of the right- yet it cometh not so freely unto eousness of Christ.”

us, that there is no ransom paid B. 3. ch. 11. sec. 2. therefor at all.” It is of grace, We are justified, in conse- because God (provided the quence

of all which Christ does, ransom for us, that was, the either by obedience, suffering, most precious body and blood or intercession, to merit justifi- of his own most dear and best cation.

beloved Son, Jesus Christ, who, B. 3. ch. 11. sec. 3. besides this ransom, fulfilled Whatever procured merito- the law for us perfectly." "In riously, justification, is the re

our justification, there is not onconciliation, or atonement, by ly God's mercy and grace, but Christ.

also his justice, which the aposB. 3. ch. 11. sec. 4. and ch. 16. tle calleth the justice of God, 5.

and it consisteth in paying our “What, I pray you,* hath ransom, and fulfilling of the

“ Christ done for us if we are still law, and so the grace of God

gec.

*“What, I pray you,” reader, would be the venerable Calvin's indigna. tion, could he now hear one say, “ I am a Calvinist ; and believe that Christ opened a door of mercy, so that God can pardon or punish ; and the atonement does not absolutely secure one simmer from damnation ?" Would he thank such an one, for assuming his naine, the more effectually, without exciting suspicions of heterodoxy, to propagate doctrines which he deonounced?

AND

HOPKINS,

OTHERS. the human race. Therefore ological Magazine," printed, the offer of salvation is made to and re-printed by CORNELIUS all, without exception, and pro- DAVIS, entitled, “Redemption mised to all who believe." and Atonement not the same."

Syst. Vol. 2. p. 105.

.

JUSTIFICATION consists in « Atonement does not imply the pardon of sin, the acquitting a purchase of God's mercy; it of the sinner's person from the does not imply satisfaction to condemnation and curse of the justice as a cancellation of debt; law, together with restoration nor does it infer any obligation to favour, and the bestowment on justice for the liberation of a title to eternal life.

of sinners." Syst. Vol. 2. p. 54.

Maxcy.

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When a sinner is justified, “The sufferings of Christ "he is pardoned on account of did not satisfy distributive justhe atonement, and accepted as tice, since that respects pera just one, on account of the sonal character only ; and meritorious obedience of his therefore with respect to dissubstitute,

tributive justice, salvation is an Syst. Part 2. ch. 4. sec. 7. act of perfectgrace."

Maxcy,

The death of Christ is to be considered as a great, im

portant and public transaction, In order to be justified, the respecting God and the whole sinner must first be morally system of rational beings ;** united to Christ by a sanctified and public justice alone is satisheart. The sinner must so be- fied by the atonement. come one with Christ by love

Махсу:

AND

5

CALVIN,

OTHERS. liable to suffer punishment for doth not shut out the justice of our sins ? For when we say God in our justification, but onthat he bore our sins upon his ly shutteth out the justice of body on the tree, (1 Pet. ii. 24.) man, that is to say, the justice we mean nothing else thereby of our works, as to be merits but that he suffered all the pain of deserving our justification.” and punishment that was due “So that Christ is now the unto our sins. And the same righteousness of all them that hath Isaiah more lively decla- truiy do believe in him. He red, when he saith, the chastise- for them paid their ransom by ment, for correction) of our his death. He for them fulfilpeace was upon him. Isa. liii. led the law in his life. So that

What is the correction of now, in him, and by him, every our peace but the punishment true Christian man may be calldue to sin; and which we ed a fulfiller of the law." should have suffered before we Homilies of the chh. England, could have been reconciled to B 1. sec. 3. part 1. God, unless he had stood in “ Justification is an act of our room? Here you see plain- God's free grace unto sinners, ly, that Christ suffered the pains in which he pardoneth all their due to sin, to deliver them that sins, accepteth and accounteth are his, from them.!!

their persons righteous in his Inst. B. 3. ch. 4. sec. 30. sight; not for any thing wrought Hence, believers are never

in them, or done by them, but punished because justice de- only for the perfect obedience

and full satisfaction of Christ, mands it; but are corrected with parental kindness. Their by God imputed to them, and afflictions are not vindictive received by faith alone. Alcurses, but the blessings of love. though Christ, by his obedience It is not God's design to take and death did make a proper, vengeance on them, but to make real, and full satisfaction to them more dutiful children.

God's justice in behalf of them B. 3. ch. 4. sec. 31, 32, 33.

that are justified; yet inas

much as God accepteth the saNeither our own good works, tisfaction from a surety, which nor the holy nature of that he might have demanded of faith, which is produced in us, them, and did provide this sureis the ground of justification, ty, his own only Son, imputing or the reason why one sinner is his righteousness to them, ianul

HOPKINS,

AND

OTHERS of him, “ that it is proper to “ Legal justification is an act reckon or impute the righteous. in favour of one who is actually ness of the Redeemer to the just ; but gospel justification is sinner.” “ The righteousness an act in favour of a transgressof the Mediator comes upon or. This act of justification men, or is imputed to them for does not pronounce him to be their justification, by their uni- undeserving of punishment; ting themselves to him, in a but it delivers him from puncordial approbation of his right- ishment which he actually deeousness, and his holy charac- serves. It does not declare

him to be entitled to divine fa-
vour, on account of his own per-

fect obedience; but it secures
" Sinners are united to Christ to him that favour to which he
by faith ;” or by such a benevo- is not thus entitled.”
lent disposition as includes all Mass. Miss. Mag. Vol. 2. fi.
the christian graces.

ter:"

198..

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« Faith so ünites the be

“ As perfect obedience was liever to Christ, that it is fit the condition of legal justificaand proper that he should be tion, so faith is the condition of considered and treated as so far gospel justification."

6 The one with him, as to pardon and faith of Christ, or believing in justify him for the sake of Christ is made to stand in the Christ, out of respect to his suf- same place in respect to gospel ferings and obedience, by which justification, in which the works. he has merited such favour for of the law stand in a legal justiall his; for all who are thus

fication." united to him.” 26 The believer

Mass. Miss. Mag. Vol 2. p. is so united to him that it is 201. proper and fit that his righteousness should be improved in the sinner's favour.”

Christ did not so take the place of the sinner that fustice

could require his sufferings, for Faith however is by no means “ if justice could demand his the meritorious cause of justi“ sufferings, he was treated acfication

cording to his own personal

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