Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

in which he oontinued until 1777. In 1777, he was made a brigadier general of the New Hampshire militia, and used great exertions to call out and equip the troops of the state, for that memorable campaign; which troops he commanded at the battles of Still. water and Saratoga. He, with Colonel Wilkinson, was deputed by General Gates to negotiate Bur. goyne's capitulation; and was one of the officers appointed to conduct the captured army to Cambridge, according to the terms of its surrender. He was alterwards conspicuous in public lite in his state, and in 1782, was appointed a judge of the superior court He died on the 28th of November, 1785, in the 55th year of his age.

WILLIAM WILLIAMS, Was born in Connecticut, on the 18th of April 1731, and graduated at Harvard college in 1751. He commenced the study of theology with his father; but in 1755, when his brother, Col. Ephraim Williams, was sent to the frontiers to join Major General Johnson, he accompanied him as one of the staff of the regiment. He was in the battle of the 8th of September, of that year, when Colonel Williams, and the celebrated Indian chief, Hendrick, were slain. After the campaign, he returned to his native town, of which he was chosen clerk, an office which he held for nearly half a century. For forty-five years, he was a member of the legislature of Connecticut, and was present at every session, except when attending Congress. In 1776, when the question of indepen dence was debated, he was a member of Congress, and joined heart and hand in the cause, and cheerfully affixed his signature to the declaration. He died on the 20th of August, 1811, in the 81st year of his age.

JAMES WILSON, Was a native of Scotland, and was born in 1742. He received his education at St. Andrews and Edinburgh, under some of the first teachers of the age. He removed to this country in 1776, and became a tutor in the Philadelphia college. He commenced the study of the law, and soon acquired a high reputation as a practitioner. In 1764 he was sent to the provincial congress at Philadelphia ; and in 1775, was elected a member of the continental congress, in which body he continued for several years. In 1776, he voted for the declaration of independence, to which instrument he affixed his signature. In 1789, he was appointed an assistant judge of the supreme court of the United States, an office he held until his death, which occurred on the 28th of Aug. 1798, in the 56th year of his age.

JOHN WITI ER SPOON, Was a native of Scotland, and was born on the 5th of February, 1722. He was educated at Edinburgh, and aster the completing his course, entered on the study of divinity. He removed to this country in 1768 and was soon inaugurated president of Nassau College, at Princeton, New Jersey. In this situation he became highly popular. His patriotic spirit led him to enter deeply into the affairs of the country, and he showed himself well versed in all the great doctrines of freedom. He was a delegate to congress in 1776, and took an active part in the deliberations on the question of independence, to the declaration of which he had the honour of affixing his name. He continued in congress several years, in 'which body he was a highly efficient member. He died on the 15th of November, 1794, aged 72 years.

OLIVER WOLCOTT, Was born in Connecticut, in the year 1726. He was educated at Yale College, from which he graduated in 1747. In 1774, he was appointed one of the council of state, to which office he was re-elected annually until 1786. In 1776, he was sent from his native state as a delegate to the continental congress, and participated in all the debates relative to independence, and had the honour of recording his vote in its favour, and affixing his name to the instrument. Mr. Wolcott was an active officer through the rev. olutionary contest, having filled every station, from the command of a platoon, to that of a division. In 1777, he was re-elected to congress, and from this period to 1786, was either in attendance on that body, or in the field, fighting the battles of his country. In 1786, he was elected lieutenant governor of his native state, an office which he filled for ten years, when he was called to the chief magistracy, but held this only for a short time, as he died on the 1st. of December, 1797, in the 72d year of his age.

GEORGE W Y T HE, Was born in Virginia, in 1726. His early education was not very extensive, but a love of literature induced him to continue his reading after he left school. He decided on the law as a profession, and

made amends for his early neglect, by a most assiduous attention to his studies. He was a member of the legislature of Virginia previous to our revolutionary struggle. In 1775, Mr. Wythe was elected a member of the continental congress, and was there the following year, when he had the honour of affixing his name to the declaration of independence. During the revolution, Mr. Wythe suffered much with respect to property, as his votion to public services left him but little time to attend to his private affairs. He was elected speaker of the house of delegates of Virginia, in 1777, and was appointed judge of the high court of chancery the same year. In a subsequent year, on a new organization of the equity court, he was appointed sole chancellor, which situation he filled for upwards of twenty years. He died on the 8th of June, 1806, after a short but excrutiaLing illness, in the 81st year of his age.

OF THE

UNITED STATES.

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfeet union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I. Sec. 1.-1. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Rep resentatives.

SEC. 2.-1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year, by the people of the several states; and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.

2. No person shall be a representative who shal! not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term ol years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the con.

« AnteriorContinuar »