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from the inesy times of the Apostles. But it will not follow from hence, that our Saviour did not give an equal Power to all the Apofties; which iso what I am contending for. And accordingly, che fama Equalicy amoogst their Successors, as originally conferred by our Saviour upon the Apostles, rand fo most naturally defcending from chemi ro adlı following a Generations, is what San Jeram here afferts. This, I say, is S. Jerom's Doctrine, That the Power of thele leve al Bi, fhops, mentioned by: him, was originally, and according to our Saviour's Commission, the same. And now, I refer it to your self, and to your own determination, E, If this bę not his meaning, be pleased to let us know what is. And if it be, you, may try then to reconcile it to S. Peter's Sua premacy, if you can tell how,

IRIG, it is not the Imperial Greatness, or Riches of Rome, that gave it's Bishops ibeir Supremacy: Ibid. FC E. Then Irenæus must have been foully miftakep, when he asserts, that whatsoever Supremacy Rome enjoyed, was propter potenti rem Principalitatem, because of its more powerful Principality; andсhe Council of Chalcedon, when it tauglit, thatva Primacy of Order was given to che Bishop of Rome,: Για το βασιλεύειν τίω πόλιν εκείνω, b, caufe of Rome's being the Imperial City. As the Vindicator puoi you in mind, p.7. of the Case truly Jated. As also of the Third Canon of the Council of Constantinaple; together with the Question chat Nilus of Thesalonica raises hereupon what else do we learn from bence, but that the Pope had bis Primacy above other Churches given him, not by the Apostles, but by the Fathers. And that it was because Rome was the Imperial City. And again, that Barlaam, the learned Monk, speaks also to the same purpose. All which might have deserved some Considerari




and no doubt would, if you had not found it too hard for you.

R. C. Mr. L. of late, and his Vindicator, bave undertaken to make Š. Gregory both a good Proteftant, and a good Protestant Pope, p. 129.

C. E. They have both own'd, that he utterly condemned the Ticle of Universal Bisloop; as he most certainly did. And if that will make him a Protestant Pope, you may call him so, as oft as you please. I add, if Jobn of Conftantinople meant, by the Title of Oecumenical Bishop, no more, but the First Patriarch of the East, as you seem here to admit from Mr. Du Pin, p. 130. and was so severely condemned by Gregory, only because he apprehended him to aim at advancing himfelf over the Western, as well as the Eastern Part of Christendom, is it, not the fame Fault in Bonin face III. and the Popes fince, to advance themfelves over the Eaftern, as well as the Weftern Part. Do what I can, I am not able to find out a Difference in the Cafe, and I shall readily own your Ingenuity, if you can.

R. C. S. Gregory, as the Vindicator quotes him, p. 8. savs, I boldly affirm, that whosoever calls bimself Universal Bifhop, or desires to be fo called by others, fhews bimself, by such bis Haughtiness, to be a Forerunner of Antichrift, inasmuch as be proudly advances bimself above all others, p. 133;

c. E. And what is it displeafes you here?

R. C. l. The Translation is not fo exact as it should be. Ibid.

C. E. Well, let us see then, the great Faults you find in it; and instead of, Sbews bimself by fuch bis Haughtiness, to be a Forerunner of Antichrift, let it be read, Dotb in bis Llation forerun Antichrift ; instead of, inasmuch as be proudly advances himself, let it be as you would have it, because he pridingly dotb



Set himself; and again instead of, above all others, render it, if you please, before all orbers. And let the Reader judge whac you would get by all this, or wherein lies the Defed of the Translati. on. All I can find in it is, that you had a mind to present us with a touch of your Critical Skill, how little soever it fignified.

R. C. 2. If John of Conftantinople had taken it to mean so as to be the only Bishop, or that all other Bishops were his Vicars, he might very well be a Forerunner of Antichrif, p. 134.

C. E. So likewise, p. 8. you affirm, that Thus the Title cannot, without Blasphemy, be attributed to the Pope. And yet I have already desired, and now again defire you to consider, whether this has been the Case of none of your Popes; and in particular, whether Laynez the Jesuite's Speech, (a) in the Council of Trent, does not intimate it to have been the Case of Pius IV; and how then, by your own Confeffion, will you bring him off from being a Forerunner of Antichrist?

R. C. S. Jerom, Ep. 57. gives the Title of Heretick, to all tbar wilfully separate themselves from S. Peter's See.

C. E. And very juftly he might give the Title of either Heretick. or Schismatick, to all that leparated from the Church of Rome, whilst in the State wherein it was in S. Ferom's time. But since it has admitted of fuch foul Corruptions, as have render'd it's Communion utterly unlaw. ful, and which can with no safety be complied with, the case is quite changed. And s. Ferom, had he lived a little before the Reformation, would have wondered as much to see the World become Popish, as' ever he did formerly to see it (a) become Arian. And instead of condemning

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{) & Paul's Hift. l. 7 (b) Adv. Luciferianas, p. 168. H.

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a Separation from it, would have been sure to advise to come out from among them, and be separate.


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R. C. HE Vindicator affirms, that It is too

well known to those who have bad occaa fion to travel into Italy, and some other Parts, that many counterfeit Miracles are pretended to be wrought òn Some of our Solemn Festivals, and even by our Priests themselves, in the Publick Church, and in the face of numerous Congregations, p. 7.

C. E. And are you sure they are not ?

R. C. I answer, there are none such ; and tell you it is direally to the Tune of

The Truth of my Story, if any Man doubt,

We have Witnesses ready to wear it all out. C. E. 'This is a serious and a heavy Charge against you, and I should not have expected you would make a matter of Pleasantry, and a Jeft. of it. However you positively affirm there are hone.

But this you can never prove, nor is it to be expected from you. But then you ought to consider on the other hand, what Evidence can be required, fupposing the Charge. to be true, and well grounded. Your own People cannot be expected to publish the Cheat, tho' possibly - they may acknowledge it in private Conversacion, as a Physician did at Naples, to a Friend of mine of unquestionable Veracity; who being at the Solemnicy on S. Januarius's Day, when the Saint's Blood, in a Vial, turns Liquid in the light of the Congregation, enquired of his friend the Doctor, if he did not believe that might be done by Art, and was assured by him, he knew it might, and


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could do it himself. Now such private Evidence as this you may laugh at, as long as you please : But I am sure you can never justify your doing fo, fince it is many times the beft and only Evidence the thing is capable of, by reason of the great care that is taken amongst you, to prevent a Discovery. And yet, though this be many times the only Evidence that may be had, and just at present I know no better ; yet it is no contemprible Argument for proving such false Miracles now; though it is not long since they have been no rarities among you, as the Vindicator gives you to see (a). Whereto you make no manner of Reply. And many more like Instances might have been added, out of Dr. Beard's Antichrist the Pope of Rome, Part III. Chap. 1. H. Scephens's Apologie pour Herodote ; Bishop Moreton's Appeal, 1. 3. c. 19 sect. 4. Purgatory proved by Miracles; The School of the Eucharift ; Dr. Brevint's Saul and Samuel at Endor, Ch. 3. Decrees of Pope Innocent XI. concerning the Supprefion of an Office of the Virgin Mary, and of the Multitude of Indulgences, P. 3 - -46. Archbishop Usher's Religion of the Ancient Irish, p. 71. Reflections on the Devotions of Roman Church, p. 308, doc. Mede's Apoft acy of ibe latter times, P. 119. Edit. 3. N. Lyra in Danielem, c. 14. Sykes's Bibliotheça novorum Librorum, co: S. p. 727, 728. Sir James Ware's hunting ibé Romih Fox, Ch. 5. p. 85, &c. Sir E. Sandy's Europa Špeculum, 167, 168, 169. and Casaubon's Epiltlè ad Front-Duc. p. 146, 147. Which places, whosoever shall be at the pains of consulting, will find no cause for your being sorry for the Vindicator, to think him so Soft, as to believe it.

R. C. Tbo' our Catechisms teach, tbat Pi&luzes and Images are not to be prayed to, the Vindicator bas (a) Case truly stated, p. 89. go.


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