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not with thee scatters.' And which of these words are they that prove St Peter's univerfal Jurisdi&i on? Sure not the first, I am join'd. in Communion with your Holiness, that is, with the Chair of Peter: For these can signify no more than that he acknowledgʻd the Pope to be St. Peter's Succeffor, and held Communion with him as a lawful, Orthodox, Catholick Bishop, and if you will, one of a principal Station in the Church, Your own Cardinal Culanus (a) tells you, as the Vindicator (6) has' observed from an Author of your own, whom because he is against you in this, and fome other of your Errors and Corruptions, you profess to disown, (c) though for no other Reason that I can learn: The Cardinal I say tells you, That as we read that the three first Patriarchs of Rome, Alexandria and Antioch, fate in St. Peter's Chair (d) fo likewise did all the Bishops subject to them yer I hope these had not each of them an univers Íal Supremacy. Nexe follows, upon that Rock I know the Church is built. 'Which Words would seem most naturally to imply that the Church was built upon St. Peter's Chair : but I fuppose you will not admit of that, because it is the constant Plea of your party, that St. Peter himself was the Rock, and upon his Person, not his Chair, the Church was built: Against this I have fhewn that many of the Fathers declare, profesling not St. Peter himself, but his Faith and Profeflion to be the Rock. But nevertheless, admitting St. Peter to be the Rock, the Vindicator has mewn you, in what 'sense

(a) De Concord, Cath, l. 1. c. 14. (6) Case truly ftated, p. 42:

(c) The Authar of our English Translation afirms; and quotes his Authority for it, that this Treatise was reprinted by the Order of the Arch-bishop of Tholouse. And so I am afraid his Grace must come likewise under the same Condemnation. (d) B. 19.


the Church was really built upon him, and how liccle its being so built serves your Purpose. And you have not

ventur'd to undertake a Disproof of him in that Point, though of principal Confes quence in our present Debate. As neither have you attempted to answer those several Authorities brought by him (a) to fhew, that St. Peten was not thought to be indeed the Rock spoken of in the Text. Hitherto therefore I cannot see how the Papal Pretences can be supporced by this place of the Father.

As neither can they from the following Words, Whofoever çats the Lamb out of this House is profane ; wbofoever gathers not with thee Jcatters ; this being no more than might be said to any other right orthodox Bishop, and more especially to a truly Christian Patriarch, such as Damalus is supposid to have been. From such an one a man cannot separate himself with out the guilç of Schism or Heresy, or both; and if he did, he might very well be term'd a Scatteren and Profane. But what proof is this of the Supremacy so zealously contended for, and which you boast to have been f. fuly clear'd by these three Fathers : I can discover nothing of it yet, yet I hope these had not each of them at universal Supremacy. Let us see therefoc that your only remaining Voucher says for it. St.Crian's Words are there; They dare cross the Seas and carry Letters from their Faction, to the Chair of Peter, and the principal Church from which the Unity of the Priestbood. is risen. - Thele are the Words in your own Translation, but I doubt they will prove indiife. rent Evidence for what you would extort from them, ' The Chair of St. Peter cati anc vou prove the Pope, or even St. Peter himself, to have had an universal Supremacy : the principal Churcb, that is

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says Rigaltius, in urbe principali conftitutam, which was settled in the principal City Rome, the Searof the Empire, and most famous Capital of the World ; which had (a) potentiorem principalitatem, á more eminent Principality, and was accordingly ftild' (b) caput Orbis, the Head of the World, (c) και τα παντός κεραλή η τ Ρωμαίων βασιλδεσα πόλις, the Imperial City of Rome, the Head of the Universe, (d) quæ principatum album caput obtineat nationām, which has acquir'd the Pre'heminence and Headship of the Nations. And being the Seat of the Emperor, and by consequence there being a great Confluence thither from all parts of his Dóminions, and sometimes of Strangers too, no wonder that a peculiar regard was fhewn to the Bishop there, but this will never prove an univerfal Supremacy to have been annext to that See by our Blessed Saviour; which is what you pretend to. That which looks most favourably on your side, is in the remaining Words, Unde unitas facerdotalis exorta eft, whence the Unity of Priesthood had its Rife. And yet to this Polydore Virgil answer'd long since, (e) that the Order of Priefthood can no other way be said to have arisen from the Bishop of Rome, but as understood of Italy only; and gives this substancial Reason for his Opinion, that 'the Priesthood was duly instituted at Jerusalem, Several Years before St. Peter came to Rome. For it is plain, that if the Order of Priesthood had its Rise before St. Peter ever saw Rome, it could not poffibly be first deriv'd from him, or any of his Successors there. He could not be the first Inftitutor of it in that place, if it was really instituted in another feveral Years before he came

(a) Iren.c, hær. l. 3. c. 3. (o) Vinc. Lirin. Commonit. par. 2. p. 366. (c) Euseb. de vit. Conftant, l. 1. c. 26. (d) Max. Taurin. Hom 5. in natali B. Petri & Pauli. De rerum invent, 1. 4. c. 6.



thither : Nor could its Unity be properly said to begin from thence, in any other than Virgil's Senfe, unless you will suppose it from its first Inftitution to have been all along without Unity till St. Peter came to Rome. This I take to be very plain.

R. C. But might not St. Peter bring this Unity with him from Antioch, where he had his Chair for some Years before he came to Rome?

C. E. That he did fo is gratis di&tum, nor can you ever prove it: and besides there are two other Objections that you can never get over. For oft, St. Cyprian says not a Word of Antiocb, or any Privilege brought from thence. And 2dly, if he had, the same Difficulty would rccur that was urgʻd in relation to Rome; namely, that if the Unity of the Priesthood arose from St. Peter's Chair at Antioch, then could there'' be no such Unity amongst the Clergy till his Chair was seta tled there: which though not for so long a time, as if it had not arisen till his removal to Rome, is equally absurd to be fuppos'd for its time.

R. Ć. It seems then you question St. Cyprian's Testimony.

C. E. No, but I have shewn you, that I have good Reason to question your Sense of his Words, since it is what they cannot in Reason bear.

R. C. Methinks these few Quotations are fufficient to answer Dr. Barrow's whole Discourse of 428 Pages, and shew with what Spirit Mr. Tillotson was die reated when he told his credulous Reader, that the Pope's Supremacy was not only an indefensible, but an impudent Cause, p. 16.

R. C. I hope your Courage will begin to abate, and you will see cause to alter vouc Opinion, when you find that as your Wicnesses hitherco produc'd are very few, and in nowife to compare with Dr. Barrow's large and learn'd Colle&ion, so upon Examination it aps pears, that not one of those very few speaks home to the Point ; and by consequence no impartial. Jury but upon a fair Hearing, mụst inevitably give their Verdict against you especially if it shall be farther consider'd: chat these three Fathers bear apparent Evidence against you, as I shall briefly observe in these following In: ftances,


As to the first of them, St. Auguftine declares, That (a) amongst them all Peter Justains the Person of the Catholick Church ; for to this Church are the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven given : And, when it is said to him, it is said to all, lovest thou me, feed my Sheep. Which does not look as if St. Augustine any way apprehended our Saviour to have

given St. Peter a Supremacy over all by these Words, but only St. Peter being chosen to represent the Church, these Words were directed to him in particular as such, but with a Design to be applied to all the other Paftors of the Church wheresoever plac's, or howsoever dispers’d. And again, (b) Si in Petro non effet Ecclesia sacramentum, &c. if in Peter there was not a mystical Representation of the Church, the Lord would not Jay to bim, I will give to thee the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven; whatsoever thou shalt loose on Earth, shall be loosed also in Heaven, and wbatsoever thou shalt bind on Earth, Mall be bound in Heaven if this is said only to Peter, it is not the Church that does this. But if it be effected in the Church, that what things are bound on Earib, are also bound in Heaven, and what things are hoofed on Earth, are loosed'in Heaven ; because when the Church Excommunicates the Excommunicate is bound in Heaven ; when he is reconcil'd by the Church, being

(a) De agone Chrift. c. 30. (6) In Evang. Joan. tractat.go.


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