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Sicily, acknowledg’d not the Pope's Authority, and bad Power to Absolve, Punish, and Excommunicate all forts of Persons, whether Laicks or Ecclefiafticks, Monks, Priests, Abbots, Bishops, and even Cardinals, residing in bat Kingdom.

R. Ć. But this Spiritual Power was lodg'd next in a Child. Ibid.

C. E. I hope whatever Power was lodg'd in King Edward the Vich, you will not allow to be compar'd with what your Popes pretend to, and in particular with that of Pope Fohn XI. of whom yet your own zealous Historian Baronius Inews, (a) that he must necessarily havę been Pope, and possibly some Years, under the Age of Eighteen.. Or if this be not sufficient, it were easy to remind you, from the same Raropius, of another Pope, I mean Benedict IX. invested with the Pontifical Power, and so made Head of the Church, in a far higher Sense chan King Edward pretended to, at (b) Ten or Twelve Years of Age. So that you might as well have let this Reflection alone, for any thing you will get by it ; for you see it is no fuch wonder amongst yourselves, to have a Boy made Head of the Church (6) and owned as such. But any thing serves for an Objection against us, though at the same time it bear ever lo much harder upon your felves.

R: C. But once more, You have not only given this Prerogative to a bluffering King, and to a Child, but to a Woman likewise. lbid.

C. E. And why I pray might not a Queen be calla,“ The Head of the English Church, with as little Offence, as a Pope Foan could be Head of the Roman, and according to the Mo

4? Anmol q$s. ' ço) Anno 1633. VI.

(O) VIL.

dern

dern Do&rine avowed by you all, of all other Churches ? Yet the learned Marefius cites neat Eighty Authors, and almost all of them your own, for the Proof of your having had such a Pope. And I am very confident, you will not be able to name any one Writer of any Authosity, that ever took upon him to deny i, till the time of the Reformation. Besides that, it is worth your while to observe, what the fores cited F. Simon relates of the Queens of Sicily ; (a) That seeing in the Kingdom of Sicily, the Female fucceeded as well as in England, a Princess might take the Title of Head of the Church of Sicily, and of Beatissimo & Santissimo Padre, Nay, fays he, # bath happened so already in the time of Joan of Arragon and Caftile, the Mother of Charles V. Look now Sir, try whether you do not plainly see your own Face, naturally and lively reprefented, in the Picture you been drawing for us. The truth is, it fits you much the better of the two; not only becaufe we give not now that Title of Head of the Church to our Princes, but because when they had it, it was always allow'd po imply much less in it, than has been for many Centuries assumed by your Popes, and ascribd to them by their Flatterers, whosoever or howsoever qualified they have been. As will plainly appear, if you will but be pleased to cast your Eye upon the XXXVIIth Article of the Church of England, in which you will find (b) these words;

" Where

(4) Hift. of Eccl. Reven. p. 117.

(b) Whereto also agrees, what we find in the Admoni. tion to fomple Men deceived by malicious, towards the end of the Queen's Injunctions, in the Year 1559. “ And further, “ her Majesty forbiddeth all manner her Subjets, to give

ear or credit to such perverse and malicious Perlons, ” which most finifterly and miliciously labour to notify, to

her

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es Where we attribute to the Queen's Majesty as the chief Government, by which Titles we « understand the Minds of some dangerous of Folks to be offended : We give not our Prin.

ces, the miniftring either of God's Word, or of of the Sacraments, the which thing the In

jundions also set forth by Elizabeth our Queen “ do most plainly testify; but that only Prero“ gative, which we see to have been given al"E ways to all Godly Princes in Holy Scriptures, « by God himself, that is, that they should rule « all Estates and Degrees, committed to their “ charge by God, whether they be Ecclefiaftia " cal or Temporal, and restrain with the civil « Sword the stubborn and evil doers. Whence it appears, to a Demonstration, that if by a Spla ritual Supremacy given to our Princes, you mean a Power to act as a Spiritual Person, to Ordain,

“ her loying Subjects, how by words of the faid Oath it "may be collected,' that the Kings or Queens of this « Realm, Possessors of the Crown, may challenge Autho.

rity and Power of Ministry of Divine Service in the • Charch, wherein her faid Subjects be much abused by “ such evil disposed Persons. For certainly Her Majesty “ neither doth, nor ever will challenge any Authority, than " what was challenged, and lately used by the said noble “ Kings of famous Memory, King Henry VIII. and King “ Edward VI. which is, and was of antient time due to " the Imperial Crown of this Realm, that is, under God, “ to have the Soveraignty and Rule over all manner of “ Persons born within these her Realms, Dominions, and " Countries, of what Estate, either Ecclesiastical or Teme

poral foever they be, so as no other Foreign Power “ hhall, or ought to have any. Superiority over them, “And if any person that hath conceived any

other Sense “ of the form of the said Oath, shall accept the fame! “ Oath with this Interpretation, Sense or Meaning, Her " Majesty is well pleased to accept every such in that be

half, as her good and obedient Subjects and shall accquit " them of all manner of Penaltics contain'd in the said " Ad, er

Confirm,

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Confirm, Excommunicate, &c. you are most
grolly mistaken. If you mean only a Civil Su-
premacy over all Persons, as well Ecclesiasticks
as Laicy, with a Power and Authority, to see
that they all in their several Stations perform
their Ducy, and faithfully discharge the Offices
committed to them, and inflict all necessary
Civil Penalties upon the refractory and disobe-
dient, you may give this as many hard Names
as you please, but will never prove it a greater
Power, than justly belongs to all Christian
Princes.

As for Mr. St. the Author of the observatie
ons upon the Elay, &c. as he professed not to be of
our Church, so neither was he a Man of that
either Learning or Prudence, that his Judgment
was ever had any regard to, amongst those that
knew him much better than you can be sup-
posed to have done. And therefore till you can
produce some other more considerate, and less
prejudiced Writer against us, I shall not need
to concern my felf, for any thing he was pleased
co charge us with. Yet you frequently produce
him, and I know not what Author of the English
Atlas against us, as if they were Men of Figure
amongst us. But it is only for want of such as

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R. C. The Reformation of the Church of England was ushered in, and confirm d, by the Spiritual Supremacy of Kings, and Auibority of Parliaments, p. 6.

c. E. The learned Bishop of Derry, and afterwards of Armagh, Bishop Brambal, (b) has told you long ago, That tbe Secession and Substrakti. on of Obedience, [to the Pope] was not made by our Reformers, or by any of their Friends or Favourers, but

(6) Fuft Vindication of the Church of England from Crie minal Schifm. Ch. 3.

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by their capital Enemies and Persecutors, by Zealots of the Roman Religion. And this was not done secretly in a Corner, but openly in the light of the Sun, disputed publickly, and determined beforehand in both our Universities, which after long deliberation, and much difputation, sone with all Diligence, Zeal, and Conscience, made this final Resolution and Profesji in. Tandem in hanc fententiam unanimiter convenimus ac concordes fuimus, videlicet, Romanum Epifcopum, &c. That the Roman Bishop had no

greater Jurisdi&ion, within the Kingdom of England, conferr'd upon him by God in holy Şcripture, than any other foreign Bishop. After this, the same was voted and decreed in our National Synods; and lastly, after all this receiv'd and establisid in full Parliament [a Popish Parliament] by the free Consent of all the Orders of the Kingdom, the Concurrence and Approbation of Four and Twenty Eishops, and Nine and Twenty sbbots, then and there present, &c. He adds moreover, that these very Papists declar'd, That the King, as Head of the Body Politick, confifiing of Spirituality and Timporality, bath plenary Power to render final Justice for all Matters. Now you see who they were that first gave this high Title to King. Henry VIII, and by consequence how little concern we have in it.

And as to what you urge, of our Religion being brought in by King and Parliament, I own chis we often hear of, but I would beg of you to tell me to whac purpose ? For is there any more faule in this, than in Febu's destroying kaal and his Worshippers? 2 Kings 10. 29, &c. or in Hezekiah's banishing Idolacry out of Fudab? 2 Kings 18. 4. And yet I hope you will not blame either of these for so doing. I am sure the one of them is highly commended for it in Scripture, in the two Verses next following that now refer'd to, in these words. After him was none like him, among

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