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THE

THIRD BOOK

ОР

PARADISE REGAINED.

Satan, in a speech of much flattering commendation,

endeavours to awaken in Jesus a passion for glory, by particularising various instunces of conquests achieved, and great actions performed, by persons at an early period of life. Our Lord replies, by showing the vanity of worldly fame, and the improper means by which it is generally uttained ; anil contrasts with it the true glory of religious patience and virtuous wisdom, as exemplifid in the character of Job. Satun justifies the love of glory from the example of God himself, who requires it from all his creatures. Jesus detects the falla y of this argument, by showing that, as goodness is the true ground on ich glory is due to the great Creator of all things, sinful Man can have no right whatever to it. --Satan then urges our Lord respecting his claim to the throne of David; he tells him thợt the kingdom of Judea, being at that time a province of Rome, cannot be got possession of without inuch personal exertion on his part, and presses him to lose no time in beginning to reign. Jesus refers him to the time allotted for this, ais for all other things ; and, after intimating somewhat respecting his own previous sufferings, asks Satan, why he should be so solicitous for ihe exaltation of one, whose rising wus destined to be his fall. Satan replies, that his own desperate state, by excluding all hope, leaves little room for fear : and that, us his own punishment was equally doomed, he is not interested in preventing the reign of one, from those apparent benevolence he might rather hope for some interference in his favour.com Satan still pursues his former incitements ; and, supposing that the seeming reluctance of Jesus to be thus advanced might arise from his being unacquainted with the world and its glories, conveys him to to the summit of a high mountain, and from thence shows him most of the kingdoms of Asia, particularly pointing out to his notive some extraVOL. IV.

ordinary military preparations of the Parthians to resist the incursions of the Scythians. He then informs our Lord, that he showed him this purposely that he might see how necessary military exertions are to retain the possession of kingdoms, as well as to subdue them at first, and advise him to consider how impossible it was to maintain Judea against two such powerful neighbours as the Romans and Parthians, and how necessary it would be to form an alliance with one or other of them. At the same time he recommends, and engages to secure to him, that of the Parathians; and tells him thai by this means his power will be defended from any thing that Rome or Cæsar might attempt against it, and that he will be able to extend his glory wide, and especially to accomplish, what was particularly necessary to make the throne of Judea really the throne of David, the deliverance and restoration of the ten tribes, still in a state of captivity. Jesus, having briefly noticed the vanity of military efforts and the weakness of the urm. of flesh, says, that when the time comes for ascending his allotted throne he shall not be slack; he remarks on Satan's extraordinary zeal for the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom he had always showed himself an enemy, and declares their servitude to be the consequence of their idolatry; but adds, that at a future time it may perhaps please God to recall them, and restore them to their liberty and native land.

PARADISE REGAINED.

BOOK III.

SO SPAKE the Son of God; and Satan stood
A while, as mute, confounded what to say,
What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd
Of his weak arguing and fallacious drift;
At length, collecting all his serpent wiles,
With soothing words renew'd him thus accosts.

I see thou know'st what is of use to know,
What best to say canst say, to do canst do;
Thy actions to thy words' accord, thy words
To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart
Contains' of good, wise, just, the perfect shape.
Should kings and nations from thy mouth consult,
Thy counsel would be as the oracle
Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems

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