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TABLE 290.-Occupation, by race, in representative mines in Community B.

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TABLE 290.-Occupation, by race, in representative mines in Community B-Continued.

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As regards the earnings of the various races, a detailed statement is submitted showing, by race, the classified wages per day of male employees 18 years of age or over. The highest amounts are earned by the native-born. Sixty out of a total of 124, or, if percentages be computed, 48.4 per cent, of the whites native-born of native father receive $2.50 or over per day. Of those native-born of foreign father 41.5 per cent earn $2.50 or over per day, while 19.1 per cent of all native-born and 11.7 per cent of all foreign-born receive $3 or over per day. Forty-three and three-tenths per cent of the foreign-born earn between $2 and $2.50 per day, and 29.5 per cent earn $2.50 or over per day. Among the foreign-born there seems to be a well-marked tendency for earnings to increase with number of

years in the United States. Only 15.5 per cent of those reporting who have been in the country under five years earn $2.50 or over per day; 28.3 per cent of those who have been in the United States between five and nine years earn $2.50 or over; and 38.2 per cent who have been in the country ten years or over are in the same wage class. This last-named class has not much significance in connection with races from southern and eastern Europe, however, because, with the exception of the Slovaks and Poles, the miners reporting a residence of more than ten years are mainly from Great Britain and northern Europe.

The detailed statement as to earnings is presented below:

TABLE 291.-Number of male employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified amount per day, by general nativity and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES).

*

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*This table shows wages or earnings for the period indicated, but no account is taken of voluntary lost time or lost time from shutdowns or other causes. In the various tables in this report showing annual earnings allowance is made for time lost during the year.

a Not computed, owing to small number involved.

The percentage of persons receiving $2.50 or over per day for each general nativity class, is as follows:

Native-born of native father, White

Native-born of foreign father.......
Foreign-born....

Per cent.

48. 4

41. 5

29.5

The per cents in each general nativity class receiving $3 or over per day are:

Native-born of native father, White
Native-born of foreign father..
Foreign-born.....

Per cent.

21.0

17.6

11. 7

The following table shows earnings for employees 14 and under 18 years of age:

TABLE 292.-Number of male employees 14 and under 18 years of age earning each specified amount per day, by general nativity and race.*

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This table shows wages or earnings for the period indicated, but no account is taken of voluntary lost time or lost time from shutdowns or other causes. In the various tables in this report showing annual earnings allowance is made for time lost during the year.

• Not computed, owing to small number involved.

MONEY SENT ABROAD.

The Italians in the community save more than do the Slavic races. The greater part of the money thus accumulated by them is sent abroad. The accompanying table, which is taken from the records of the borough post-office, shows that about 70 per cent of the money

sent abroad during the year ending August 19, 1908, was sent by Italians, who constitute about 30 per cent of the foreign population. The Italian, therefore, sends back home about five and one-half times as much money per capita as do the other races in the community. The table showing international money orders issued by the local post-office during the period from August 20, 1907, to August 19, 1908, follows:

TABLE 293.-International post-office money orders issued at Community B from August 20, 1907, to August 19, 1908.

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