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TABLE 367.—Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by years in the United States and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 40 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all nonEnglish-speaking races.]

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In this locality 33.1 per cent of the foreign-born persons for whom information was secured, who have been in the United States under five years, as compared with 69.7 per cent of those who have been. here from five to nine years, and 86.5 per cent of those who have been here ten years or over, can speak English. In other words, there is an increase in the proportion of persons who speak English with years of residence in the United States. This is true, not only of all the foreign-born, but of all the races for which the percentages are given with the exception of the Bohemians and Moravians. A slightly larger proportion of Bohemians and Moravians who have been in this country from five to nine years than of those who have been here ten years or over can speak English.

LIST OF TEXT TABLES.

PART I-GENERAL SURVEY OF EMPLOYEES ENGAGED IN DIVERSIFIED

CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

INDUSTRIES.

Page.

Table 1.-Total number of employees in 16 industries for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race, and by industry..... 4-10 CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

Table 2.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.-Carpet manufacturing. (Study of employees).

Table 3.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race. -Car building and repairing-East. (Study of employees)...

Table 4.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.—Car building and repairing—Middle West. (Study of employees).

Table 5.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general
nativity and race.-Car building and repairing South. (Study of
employees)..

Table 6.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general
nativity and race.-Industry as a whole. (Study of employees).
Table 7.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general
nativity and race.-Cutlery and tools. (Study of employees).
Table 8.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and gen-

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eral nativity and race. Electrical supplies. (Study of employees).... 19, 20 Table 9.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.—Electric railways. (Study of employees).

Table 10.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.-Firearms. (Study of employees).

Table 11.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.-Foundry and machine-shop products. (Study of employees)..

Table 12.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.-Knit goods and hosiery. (Study of employees). Table 13.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.-Locomotive building and repairing East. (Study of employees)...

Table 14.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.—Locomotive building and repairing-South. (Study of employees).

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Table 15.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.-Industry as a whole. (Study of employees).. Table 16.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.-Paper and wood pulp. (Study of employees). Table 17.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.-Paper products. (Study of employees).... 30, 31 Table 18.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.—Rope, twine, and hemp. (Study of employees)..

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Table 19.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and
general nativity and race.-Sewing machines. East. (Study of
employees)..
Table 20.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general
nativity and race. Sewing machines-Middle West. (Study of
employees).

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CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements-Continued.

Table 21.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.-Industry as a whole. (Study of employees). Table 22.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race. Steam railways. (Study of employees). Table 23.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race.-Typewriters. (Study of employees).. Table 24.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.-Zinc smelting and refining. (Study of employees).. CHAPTER III.-Racial displacements:

Table 25.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.- -Carpets. (Study of employees)...

United States

Table 26. Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the
each specified number of years, by race. -Cars-East. (Study of em-
ployees)....

Table 27.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States
each specified number of years, by race.- Cars-Middle West. (Study
of employees)..

Table 28.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.—Industry as a whole. (Study of employees)..........

Table 29.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.-Cutlery and tools. (Study of employees).

Table 30.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.- -Electrical supplies. (Study of employees).

Table 31.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.- Electric railways. (Study of employees).

Table 32.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.-Firearms. (Study of employees)..

Table 33.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.-Foundry and machine-shop products. (Study of employees).

Table 34.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.-Knit goods and hosiery. (Study of employees).

Table 35.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.-Locomotives-East. (Study of employees).

Table 36.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.-Industry as a whole. (Study of employees)..

Table 37.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.-Paper and wood pulp. (Study of employees).

Table 38.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex.-Paper products. (Study of employees)....

Table 39.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.—Rope, twine, and hemp. (Study of employees).

Table 40.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.—Sewing machines-East. (Study of employees)

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Table 41.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.-Sewing machines-Middle West. (Study of employees)...

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Table 42.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.-Industry as a whole. (Study of employees)

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Table 43.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.-Steam railways. (Study of employees)..

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CHAPTER III.-Racial displacements-Continued.

Table 44.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race.— -Typewriters. (Study of employees).

Table 45.-Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race.-Zinc smelting and refining. (Study of employees)....

REPRESENTATIVE COMMUNITY A.

CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

Table 46.-Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 47.-Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

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Table 48.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households). Table 49.-Persons for whom detailed information was cured, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)... CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

Table 50.-Per cent of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number of years, by race of individual. (Study of households). CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Table 51.-Industrial condition before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households)

Table 52.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 53.-Industrial condition before coming to the United States of foreign-born females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 54.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 55.-General occupation of males 16 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

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Table 56.-General occupation of females 16 years of age or over, by general
nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).
Table 57.-Per cent of males 16 years of age or over in each specified occu-
pation, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of indi-
vidual. (Study of households)..

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Table 58.-Per cent of females 16 years of age or over in each specified occupation, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of individual. (Study of households).

Table 59.-Husbands at work, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 60.-Earnings per year of male heads of families, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 61.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).. Table 62.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households). Table 63.-Per cent of families having a total yearly income of each specified amount, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)....

Table 64.-Wives at work, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..

Table 65.-Number of families in which wife has employment or keeps boarders or lodgers, by yearly earnings of husband and by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households).

Table 66.-Per cent of families in which wife has employment or keeps boarders or lodgers, by yearly earnings of husband and by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..........

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CHAPTER III.-Economic status-Continued.

Table 67.-Per cent of families having an income within the year from
husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by gen-
eral nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..
Table 68.-Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race
of head of family. (Study of households)..

Table 69.-Per cent of total family income within the year from husband,
wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general na-
tivity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..........
CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions:

Table 70.-Months worked during the past year by males 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 71.-Months worked during the past year by females 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 72.-Affiliation with trade unions of males 21 years of age or over who are working for wages, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

CHAPTER VI.-Housing and living conditions:

Table 73.-Average rent per month, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)......

Table 74.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month per apartment, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 75.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month
per room, by general nativity and race of head of household. * (Study of
households)..

Table 76.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month
per person, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of
households)..
Table 77.-Number and per cent of households keeping boarders or lodgers,
by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of house-
holds).

Table 78.-Average number of boarders or lodgers per household, by gen-
eral nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..
Table 79.-Per cent of households occupying apartments of each specified
number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household.
(Study of households).

Table 80.-Per cent of households of each specified number of persons, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households). Table 81.-Average number of persons per apartment, per room, and per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

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Table 82.-Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

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Table 83.-Persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

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Table 84.-Number and per cent of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

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CHAPTER VII.-Salient characteristics:

Table 85.-Per cent of persons 10 years of age or over who read and per cent who read and write, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)

Table 86.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who read
and per cent who read and write, by years in the United States and race
of individual. (Study of households).

Table 87.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who read
and per cent who read and write, by age at time of coming to the United
States and race of individual. (Study of households)..
Table 88.-Per cent of persons in each conjugal condition, by sex, age groups,
and by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).
Table 89.-Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general
nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

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