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CHAPTER VIII.-General progress and assimilation:

Table 90.-Number and per cent of families owning home, by general
nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households).
Table 91.-Number and per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at
home, at school, and at work, by general nativity and race of father and
by birthplace of child. (Study of households)
Table 92.-Present political condition of foreign-born males who have been
in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over
at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households).
Table 93.-Per cent of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by
sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).
Table 94.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak
English, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of indi-
vidual. (Study of households)..

Table 95.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak
English, by years in the United States and race of individual. (Study of
households)...

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REPRESENTATIVE COMMUNITY B.

CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

Table 96.-Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

Table 97.-Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed
information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of house-
hold. (Study of households)..

Table 98.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by
general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..
Table 99.-Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and
general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..
Table 100.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and
general nativity and race. (Study of employees)..

CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

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Table 101.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race. (Study of employees)...... Table 102.-Per cent of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number of years, by race of individual. (Study of households)...

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135

Table 103.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race..

136

CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Table 104.-Industrial condition before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households).

139

Table 105.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households)...

140

Table 106.-Industrial condition before coming to the United States of foreign-born females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households)..

140

Table 107.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 108.-General occupation of males 16 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

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142

Table 109.-General occupation of females 16 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

143

Table 111.-Husbands at work, by general nativity and race. (Study of households)...

Table 110.-Per cent of males 16 years of age or over in hardware and cutlery, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of individual. (Study of households)..

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145

Table 112.-Earnings per year of male heads of families, by general nativity and race. (Study of households)...

146

Table 113.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)....

147

CHAPTER III.-Economic status-Continued.

Table 114.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households). Table 115.-Per cent of families having a total yearly income of each specified amount, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)....

Table 116.-Wives at work, by general nativity and race of head of family.
(Study of households).

Table 117.-Number of families in which wife has employment or keeps
boarders or lodgers, by yearly earnings of husband and by general nativity
and race of head of family. (Study of households).
Table 118.-Per cent of families in which wife has employment or keeps
boarders or lodgers, by yearly earnings of husband and by general nativity
and race of head of family. (Study of households).
Table 119.-Per cent of families having an income within the year from
husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general
nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households).
Table 120. Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race
of head of family. (Study of households)..

Table 121.-Per cent of total family income within the year from husband,
wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity
and race of head of family. (Study of households).
CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions:

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Table 122.-Months worked during the past year by males 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households). .

155

CHAPTER V.-Industrial effects of immigration:

Table 123.-Months worked during the past year by females 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..

156

Table 124.-Affiliation with trade unions of males 21 years of age or over working for wages, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)...

156

CHAPTER VI.-Housing and living conditions:

Table 125.-Average rent per month, by general nativity and race of head of houeshold. (Študy of households)...

161

Table 126.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month per apartment, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 127.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month per room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)

Table 128.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month per person, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

Table 129.-Number and per cent of households keeping boarders or lodgers, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 130.-Average number of boarders or lodgers per household, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households). Table 131.-Per cent of households occupying apartments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 132.-Per cent of households of each specified number of persons, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).. Table 133.-Average number of persons per apartment, per room, and per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

Table 134.—Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

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Table 135.-Persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

171

Table 136.-Number and per cent of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)...

172

CHAPTER VII.-Salient characteristics:

Table 137.-Per cent of persons 10 years of age or over who read and per cent who read and write, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)...

Table 138.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who
read and per cent who read and write, by years in the United States and
race of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 139.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who
read and per cent who read and write, by age at time of coming to the
United States and race of individual. (Study of households).
Table 140.-Per cent of persons in each conjugal condition, by sex, age
groups, and by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of
households).

Table 141.-Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general
nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).
Table 142.-Crime record of adults, by race, Community B-1908..
Table 143.-Summary of crime record of adults, by race, Community B-
1908..

Table 144.-Crime record of minors, by race, Community B-1908...
CHAPTER VIII.-Immigrants in business and the professions:

Table 145.-Native Americans and immigrants in business, by race..
Table 146.-Native Americans and immigrants in professions, by race....
CHAPTER IX.-General progress and assimilation:

Table 147.-Number and per cent of families owning home, by general
nativity and race of head of family. (Study of hou eholds).
Table 148.-Per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at
school, and at work, by genera nativity and race of individual. (Study
of households).

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Table 149.-Present political condition of foreign-born males who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households).. Table 150.-Per cent of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 151.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 152.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by years in the United States and race of individual..........

REPRESENTATIVE COMMUNITY C.

CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

Table 153.-Community C, industries-1905..

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Table 154.-Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

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Table 155.-Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 156.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).. Table 157.-Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)... Table 158.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race. (Study of employees). . . . .

CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

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Table 159.-Population of Community C, by general nativity, 1900.... Table 160.-Number of foreign-born persons in Community C, by country of birth, 1900.....

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Table 161. Population of Community C, by general nativity and age periods, 1900....

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Table 162.-Number of persons in Community C, by general nativity and by birthplace of parents, 1900...

Table 163.-Per cent of foreign-born employees in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race. (Study of employees).. Table 164.-Per cent of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number of years, by race of individual. (Study of households). Table 165.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and by general nativity and race. (Study of employees)...

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CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements—Continued.

Table 166.-Industrial condition before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 167.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-
born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of
individual. (Study of households).

Table 168.-Industrial condition before coming to the United States of
foreign-born females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming,
by race of individual. (Study of households).
Table 169.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-
born females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race
of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 170.-General occupation of males 16 years of age or over, by general
nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)...
Table 171.-General occupation of females 16 years of age or over, by gen-
eral nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..
Table 172.-Per cent of males 16 years of age or over engaged in the manu-
facture of hardware and cutlery, by general nativity and race of father
and by birthplace of individual. (Study of households).

Table 173.-Husbands at work, by general nativity and race of individual.
(Study of households).

Table 174.-Earnings per year of male heads of families, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 175.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)... Table 176.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households). Table 177.-Per cent of families having a total yearly income of each specified amount, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)

Table 178.-Wives at work, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households).

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Table 179.-Number of families in which wife has employment or keeps
boarders or lodgers, by yearly earnings of husband and by general na-
tivity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..
Table 180.-Per cent of families in which wife has employment or keeps
boarders or lodgers, by earnings of husband and by general nativity
and race of head of family. (Study of households)...

250

Table 181.-Per cent of families having an income within the year from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)... Table 182.-Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..

Table 183.-Per cent of total family income within the year from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..

CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions:

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Table 184.-Months worked during the past year by males 16 years of age or
over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individ-
ual.
(Study of households)..

258

Table 185.-Months worked during the past year by females 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

259

Table 186.-Affiliation with trade unions of males 21 years of age or over working for wages, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)...

260

CHAPTER V.-Housing and living conditions:

Table 187.-Average rent per month, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

263

Table 188.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month per apartment, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

264

Table 189.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month per room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)

.....

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CHAPTER V.-Housing and living conditions-Continued.
Table 190.-Per cent of households paying each specified rent per month
per person, by general nativity and race of head of household. * (Study of
households).
Table 191.-Number and per cent of households keeping boarders or lodgers,
by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of house-
holds).

Table 192.-Average number of boarders or lodgers per household, by gen-
eral nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)...
Table 193.-Per cent of households occupying apartments of each specified
number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household.
(Study of households).

Table 194.-Per cent of households of each specified number of persons, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).. Table 195.-Average number of persons per apartment, per room, and per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 196.-Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

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Table 197.-Persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

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Table 198.-Number and per cent of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

CHAPTER VI.-Salient characteristics:

Table 199.-Per cent of persons 10 years of age or over who read and per cent who read and write, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)...

Table 200.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who
read and per cent who read and write, by years in the United States and
race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 201.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who
read and per cent who read and write, by age at time of coming to the
United States and race of individual. (Study of households)..
Table 202.-Per cent of persons in each conjugal condition, by sex, age
groups, and by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of house-
holds)

Table 203.-Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and by gen-
eral nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).
Table 204.-Arrests during the year ending December 31, 1908, by race
and offense charged, Community C.

Table 205.-Arrests of persons under 21 years of age, year ending December 31, 1908, by race and offense charged, Community C......

CHAPTER VIII.-General progress and assimilation:

Table 206.-Number and per cent of families owning home, by general
nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)....
Table 207.-Per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at
school, and at work, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.
(Study of households)..

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284

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290, 291

Table 208.-Number and per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age,
at home, at school, and at work, by general nativity and race of father
and by birthplace of child. (Study of households).
Table 209.-Present political condition of foreign-born males who have
been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or
over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households)..
Table 210.-Per cent of persons 6 years of age or over who speak English,
by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of house-
holds).

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292

293

Table 211.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual. (Study of households)...

294

Table 212. Per cent of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over who speak English, by years in the United States and race of individual. (Study of households)..

295

Table 213.—Immigrants and their children in business, by race and kind of business (street trades not included)..

295, 296

Table 214.-Immigrants and their children in the professions, by race.....

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