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Cocoa and tea.—The imports of cocoa and tea are small compared with those of coffee. In 1923 the receipts of cocoa amounted to 246,006 pounds, valued at $56,225, and tea imports amounted to 292,000 pounds, valued at $49,377. In 1913 cocoa imports amounted to 220,400 pounds, valued at 44,551, and tea to 195,601 pounds, valued at $20,378. The cocoa comes principally from Venezuela and Ecuador via the United States. China is the chief source of tea.
Olive oil.— The imports of olive oil into Cuba are classified as gallons and dozens of bottles. In 1913 Cuba imported 1,058,714 gallons and 78,541 dozen bottles, to the total value of $802,000. In 1923 the imports amounted to 2,353,000 gallons and 9,303 dozen bottles, to the value of $1,880,000. The tendency seems to be, therefore, in the direction of importation in bulk rather than bottled form. Olive oil is obtained principally from Spain, while France and Italy supply small amounts, and a considerable quantity is obtained indirectly through the United States.
78, 541 $76, 020
41, 668 $266, 872
7, 530 $23, 117
9, 303 $22, 419
Cottonseed oil.--Cottonseed oil imports vary between 500,000 an 700,000 gallons annually, although in 1923 total imports fellt 335,000 gallons. Practically all of this oil is obtained from the Unite States, but small quantities are obtained from Spain.
Eggs.-In spite of the fact that poultry is raised on the island in large numbers, Cuba imports an average of over 10,000,000 dozei eggs from the United States annually. The value of these import has fluctuated between $6,298,000 in 1921 and $2,790,000 in 1923 A few thousand dozen eggs are obtained from Canada and China
Oleomargarine.--Imports of oleomargarine into Cuba seem to be decreasing. In 1923 they amounted to 358,000 pounds, but in 1921 they were only 191,000 pounds, and in 1923 they were less than 9,000 pounds. With the exception of a few thousand pounds fron Denmark and the Netherlands, all of the oleomargarine is obtained from the United States.
Sugar. Strange as it may seem, several hundred thousand pounds of refined sugar are imported into Cuba from the United States annually. In 1922 total imports were 579,000 pounds, valued at $25,000, and in 1923 6,625,000 pounds were imported to the value of $431,000.
EXPORTS OF FOODSTUFFS FROM THE UNITED STATES TO CUBA
Cuba was, in 1923, the fifth largest market for foodstuffs exported from the United States, being exceeded in this respect only by the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, and the Netherlands. In 1923 the exports of food products, including live animals, from the United States to Cuba totaled about $55,000,000 as compared with about $48,600,000 in 1922. Cuba took about 642 per cent of the total foodstuffs exported from the United States in 1923.
MEATS AND MEAT PRODUCTS
The following table shows the exports of meats and meat products from the United States to Cuba over a period of years:
PRINCIPAL MEATS AND MEAT PRODUCTS EXPORTED FROM THE UNITED STATES
Pork products predominate in this trade. Very little beef is imported from the United States, although Cuba obtains large quantities of jerked beef from Uruguay and Argentina. Lard is, both in value and quantity, the most important single item in the United States foodstuffs trade with Cuba. Postwar figures show larger exports of every meat product except pickled pork, pickled beef, and canned beef. As a market for United States meat exports, Cuba is exceeded only by the United Kingdom, Germany, and Canada.
CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS The following table shows the principal cereals and cereal product exported from the United States to Cuba. PRINCIPAL CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS EXPORTED FROM THE
UNITE STATES TO CUBA (In thousands; 000 omitted)
Exports of rice from the United States to Cuba have been de creasing steadily, although in 1923 they were still on a much highei level than before the war. The peak year for rice exports was 1919 when almost 79,000,000 pounds were exported to Cuba. In 192: the amount was 9,500,000 pounds.
Wheat flour is the leading cereal product in the export trade with Cuba and, in point of value, the exports of wheat flour are exceeded only by those of lard.
Cuba was surpassed only by the United Kingdom, China, Germany, and the Netherlands as a market foi flour in 1923.
DAIRY PRODUCTS AND EGGS That Cuba is a large market for dairy products and eggs from the United States is shown in the following table:
DAIRY PRODUCTS AND EGGS EXPORTED FROM THE UNITED STATES TO CUBA
[In thousands; 000 omitted)
786 $316 $381
5,721 $1, 226
10, 463 $4, 607
12, 441 $6,348
15, 016 $4,892
11, 454 $2,782
1 Fiscal year 1912–13.
2 Calendar ve
The United States, sends more eggs to Cuba than to any other country. In 1923 egg exports to Cuba amounted to 12,206,000 dozen. Cuba was second to Mexico as a market for butter and second to the United Kingdom as a market for cheese in 1923.
Taking canned foods as a whole, Cuba is the United States' second largest market, being exceeded only by the United Kingdom. Cuba is the second largest market for canned vegetables and meat, the third largest market for canned fruit and milk, and the fourth largest market for canned fish. Out of a total of 505,000,000 pounds of canned foods exported from the United States in 1923, Cuba took almost 50,000,000 pounds, or about 10 per cent.
The exports of canned goods from the United States to Cuba during 1922 and 1923 follow:
EXPORTS OF CANNED GOODS FROM THE UNITED STATES TO CUBA
78, 570 26,613 23, 802 125, 997
18, 081 327, 419 15, 884
Salmon. Sardines Tuna.. Other
Total.. Canned meat:
Beef. Pork. Bausage. Poultry. Other Total.
6, 702 314, 590 355, 724
1, 440 2,040, 61, 498 22, 445
82, 169 155, 519
1, 127 36, 336
2, 214 434, 816
12, 057 144, 938
Included in "Other” in 1922.
. Excluding shellfish.
The outstanding feature of the table is the large increase in 1923 exports over 1927. The increase was particularly noteworthy in canned fruit and milk. Peaches and pears are the principal canned fruits exported to Cuba, tomatoes and peas are the outstanding vege