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CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

The first class, cereals and cereal products, comprises all grains ad grain preparations such as flour, meal, and biscuits. During 910-1914 this class made up a little over a third of the total foodcuffs exported from the United States. During the past three years ne proportions have been 48.5 per cent (1922), 36.2 per cent (1923), ad43.8 per cent (1924). The next table shows the total exports of he principal cereals and cereal products from the United States.

RINCIPAL CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS EXPORTED FROM THE UNITED

STATES

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56, 913 $55, 063

166, 302 $237, 114

10.679 $51, 127

15, 990 $91, 210 35, 666 $30, 233

855 $598

$22

219 $971

39, 810 $25, 231

18,366 $17, 825

400 $1,351

435 $2, 226

8

29, 893

$659

beat, grain:

Bushels.

Value. heat flour:

Barrels..

Value. Eye, grain:

Bushels.

Value.. Eye flour:

Barrels.

Value. Corn, grain:

Bushels.

Value.
Corn meal and flour:

Barrels..

Value. Hominy and grits:

Pounds

Value. Barley, grain:

Bushels

Value Barley malt:

Bushels.

Value Dats, grain:

Bushels.

Value.
Oatmeal and rolled oats:

Pounds.

Value Rice, grain:

Pounds.

Value.
Rice flour, meal, and broken rice:

Pounds..

Value
Biscuits, crackers, etc.:

Pounds.
Value..
Total value of cercals and cereal

products..

(1) 7, 896 $5, 073

218, 287 280, 058 164, 692 98, 533 $596, 597 $433,063 $206, 338 $116, 490

19,854 16, 801 15, 025 16,310 $224, 472 $117, 698

$85, 483 $88, 151 57,070 29, 812 47, 260 30, 850 $122, 240 $44, 214 $45, 786 $28, 215 364 56 57

194 $3,638 $374 $289 $806 17, 761 128, 975 163, 609 42, 188 $26, 454 $92, 767 $115, 095 $36, 806 867 803

630

624 $7, 478 $3,694 $2,115 $2,627

250, 429 49, 382 (1)

$4, 186 $943 17,854 25, 834 18, 781

11,983 $27, 165

$20, 687 $13, 749 $9, 322 4, 251 8, 834

4, 650 3, 221 $7,595 $11, 236 $4, 431 $3, 222 12,878 3, 224 30,011 3, 227 $12, 338 $1,610 $15,060 $1,695 65, 921 98, 839 114, 123 160, 628 $3,891

$3,745 $3,986 $5, 634 392, 613 600, 059 358, 827 292, 852 $37, 469 $20, 727 $14, 379 $11,574

52, 716 55, 987

20,712 $22, 302

3, 946 $4, 287

211 $178

8, 304 $3, 345

3,953 $2,387

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$1, 147 $1,300 18, 755 9, 060 7, 479 11, 161 $3,732 $1, 525

$1,000 $1,577

13, 0-18

$749

$147, 263 $1,085, 936 $758, 938 $515, 912 $311, 302

$433, 741

Not separately stated. * Included with rice grain prior to 1922.

Wheat grain and flour are the outstanding items in this class, followed by rye, barley, and corn. With the exception of corn and oats, all cereals and cereal products were exported in larger volume during the past five years than before the war. The exports of corn meal and flour and of oatmeal and rolled oats have been materially larger. The increase in the exports of rye is particularly note

worthy. Exports of rice have also been much larger than before the war, but there is a decided tendency towards smaller shipments.

ANIMAL FATS AND OILS

The second largest class in the United States foodstuffs exports is made up of animal fats and oils. Some of the products in this class are inedible in the form in which they are shipped. The following table shows the total exports from the United States of the principal fats and oils:

PRINCIPAL ANIMAL FATS AND Oils EXPORTED FROM THE UNITED STATES

(All figures represent thousands)

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1.

474, 355 612, 250 868, 942 766, 950 1,035, 382
$52, 098 $143, 371 $112, 533 $91, 485 $130, 172 $123
1 43, 572 23, 238 23, 951

20, 497

24, 122 1 $4,797

$5, 806 $3, 438 $2,587 $3, 161 29, 099 20, 692 13,798 31, 396 35, 129 $1,803

$2, 951 $1, 017 $2,211 $2,879 2 116, 225 74,368 127, 978 109, 387 98, 955 2 $12, 484 $16, 585 $14, 618 $11, 465 $11, 841

15, 596 10, 301

$1,523 $1, 173 $1.711 32, 051 48, 207 16, 286 7, 451

$7, 219 $5,549 $1,952 $1,015 $84, 475 $191, 994 $146, 017 $118, 432 $158, 416 $152, 117

Total value of animal fats and oils..

1 Four-year average, 1911-1914.
2 Includes “neutral lard” for 1910.
3 Not separately stated.

Lard is the only item in this class to show appreciably larger exports since the war than before. During 1910–1914 lard made up 62 per cent of the value of the total exports of animal fats and oils, whereas during the past three years this product has comprised almost 80

cent of the total. The exports of tallow are on a somewhat higher level, but shipments of neutral lard and oleo oil have been much smaller.

MEATS

Meats make up the third largest class in the foodstuffs exports, and pork products predominate in this trade. Canned meats are considered under canned foods and are not included in this class. The succeeding table shows the exports of the principal items of the meat trade.

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ms and shoulders:

Pounds. Value son: Pounds.

Value. rcasses and other fresh pork:

Pounds..

Value isage, not canned: Pounds.

Value. esh beef: Pounds.

Value ef and veal, pickled and cured: Pounds.

Value ckled pork:

Pounds.
Value.

Total value of meats

323, 877 $49, 469 314, 103 $41, 046 32,803 $4,652 8,565 $2,070

166, 813 185, 247 232, 324 289, 613 372, 093
$21, 788 $50, 888 $47, 750 $57,070 $59, 319
182, 474 636, 676 415, 356 341, 839 456, 797
$23, 205 | $156, 297 $68, 180 $51, 989 $60, 084
2,024 38, 305 56, 083 26, 974 54, 691
$251

$9, 090 $9, 337 $4, 308 $8,000
5, 856 10, 509 6,352 7, 613 7,937

$794 $4, 188 $2, 116 $2, 185 $2,030 29, 452 89, 649 10, 341 3, 626 3, 028 $3, 100 $17, 565 $1,798

$522 $473 32, 873 25, 771 24, 591 26, 210 23,042 $2, 799 $3, 660 $2,584 $2, 333 $2,340 48, 275 38, 709 32, 843 38,506 41, 841 $5,062 $7, 670 $4, 216

$4, 644

$4, 894 $64, 391 $263, 903 $169, 618 $135, 248 $149, 090

2, 415 $416

21, 923 $2, 229 28, 280

$3, 353 $117, 104

Bacon, hams, and shoulders are the outstanding meat exports, aking up about 80 per cent of this class in recent years and over 5 per cent of the meat exports before the war. Exports of bacon nd ham have been materially larger during the past five years than uring 1910-1914, but shipments of fresh beef, and pickled and cured eef, veal, and pork have diminished. Exports of uncanned sausage nd fresh pork are much larger than be ore the war.

CANNED [FOODS Canned foods as a group have shown the greatest relative increase mong exports of the various classes of foodstuffs. In the five pre-war ears, 1910-1914, canned food made up 3.8 per cent of the total value f foodstuffs exports, whereas in 1924 this class made up 7.3 per cent of he total. Canned fruit, fish, and milk have made particularly noteorthy increases. The following table gives the exports of all canned oods from the United States during the past three years.

years. Comparion with earlier years is not possible, since few of the items were tated separately. EXPORTS OF CANNED FOODS FROM THE UNITED STATES

(All figures represent thousands)

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Total canned fruit ?

204, 973

22, 324

147, 576

15, 076

224, 313

22, 634

1 Not separately stated.

* Total does not include preserved fruit.

EXPORTS OF CANNED FOODS FROM THE UNITED STATES—Continued

(All figures represent thousands)

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Canned fruits, of which pears, peaches, pineapples, and apricots are the leading items, make up the largest group in the exports of canned food. Shipments of canned fruit as a whole were much larger in 1924 than in the two preceding years.

Exports of canned milk are increasing steadily. Evaporated milk leads and amounted to 142,254,000 pounds valued at $12,885,000 in 1924. Condensed milk, a certain percentage of which is shipped in bulk to the bakery trade, amounted in the same year to 64,025,000 pounds valued at $9,250,000.

The increase in the exports of canned sardines is the feature of the trade in canned fish. * Canned salmon has been for many years an important export commodity, but only within recent years have sardines attained prominence in this trade. In 1922, the first year for which separate statistics were compiled, exports of canned sardines amounted to 20,060,000 pounds valued at $1,781,000, as compared with 51,261,000 pounds valued at $4,279,000 in 1924.

Canned asparagus and vegetable soups are the only items among canned vegetables of which exports exceed a million dollars a year Canned vegetables, in general, however, show a tendency to increase.

With the exception of sausage, exports of canned meat show : tendency to decrease. Exports of canned sausage amounted to 3,532,000 pounds valued at $950,000 in 1924.

FRESH FRUITS

Next to cereals and canned foods, fresh fruits show the largest elative gain in the foodstuffs trade of the United States. In the re-war years 1910–1914 fresh fruit made up about 2.4 per cent f the total exports of foodstuffs, whereas in 1924 the proportion ras 4.4 per cent. Exports of the principal fresh fruits are shown 1 the table below:

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Apples are the most important of the fruit exports and show the irgest increase. In 1924 exports of this fruit reached the record gure of $24,287,000, as compared with $14,089,000 in 1920 and 5,670,000 for the pre-war average. Boxed apples, for which statistics ave been compiled separately only since 1922, show a particularly ipid growth. Boxed apples are exported principally from the Pacific orthwest of the United States, whereas barreled apples come from he Eastern States.

The exports of the other principal fresh fruits-oranges, pears, and erries—also have shown noteworthy increases during the past two ears.

51458—257-4-2

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