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Canned fruits, of which pears, peaches, pineapples, and apricots are the leading items, make up the largest group in the exports of canned food. Shipments of canned fruit as a whole were much larger in 1924 than in the two preceding years.
Exports of canned milk are increasing steadily. Evaporated milk leads and amounted to 142,254,000 pounds valued at $12,885,000 in 1924. Condensed milk, a certain percentage of which is shipped in bulk to the bakery trade, amounted in the same year to 64,025,000 pounds valued at $9,250,000.
The increase in the exports of canned sardines is the feature of the trade in canned fish. Canned salmon has been for many years an important export commodity, but only within recent years have sardines attained prominence in this trade. In 1922, the first year for which separate statistics were compiled, exports of canned sardines amounted to 20,060,000 pounds valued at $1,781,000, as compared with 51,261,000 pounds valued at $4,279,000 in 1924.
Canned asparagus and vegetable soups are the only items among canned vegetables of which exports exceed a million dollars a year. Canned vegetables, in general, however, show a tendency to increase.
With the exception of sausage, exports of canned meat show : tendency to decrease. Exports of canned sausage amounted to 3,532,000 pounds valued at $950,000 in 1924.
Next to cereals and canned foods, fresh fruits show the largest lative gain in the foodstuffs trade of the United States. In the re-war years 1910–1914 fresh fruit made up about 2.4 per cent
the total exports of foodstuffs, whereas in 1924 the proportion as 4.4 per cent. Exports of the principal fresh fruits are shown the table below:
Apples are the most important of the fruit exports and show the rgest increase. In 1924 exports of this fruit reached the record gure of $24,287,000, as compared with $14,089,000 in 1920 and 5,670,000 for the pre-war average. Boxed apples, for which statistics ave been compiled separately only since 1922, show a particularly pid growth. Boxed apples are exported principally from the Pacific orthwest of the United States, whereas barreled apples come from he Eastern States.
The exports of the other principal fresh fruits-oranges, pears, and erries—also have shown noteworthy increases during the past two ears.
The notable features of the export trade in dried fruits have been
Exports of prunes from the United States in 1924 reached the record
Of the various items of trade in dried fruit raisins show the largest
Exports of dried apricots have averaged somewhat less since the
FEEDS AND FODDERS
Exports of feeds and fodders, of which cottonseed and linseed
The total exports of cottonseed cake and meal averaged 933,288,000
The exports of other feedstuffs have been much smaller since the
The principal items of the export trade in vegetables are potatoes, onions, and dried beans and peas. Exports of all these products have been larger since the war than in 1910–1914. Near-by countries --Cuba, Canada, and Mexico-take most of these shipments.
Fresh vegetables other than those shown in the table were exported in 1924 to the amount of 92,074,000 pounds, valued at $3,307,538. Certain vegetable preparations are also included in this class. The exports of yeast, which is the principal vegetable preparation, amounted to 2,699,000 pounds, valued at $701,000, in 1924. In the same year exports of vinegar were valued at $111,000.
The principal dairy products (with the exception of canned milk, which was considered under canned foods) exported from the United States are butter and cheese. Eggs are also included in this class.
Eggs show the largest gain over the pre-war trade. Exports of butter have been considerably larger in postwar years. The postwar exports of cheese, with the exception of those of 1924, have also been larger than during 1910–1914.