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no new extensions are contemplated. A present capacity of 90,000 cubic feet is available.

The Belfast Pure Ice & Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), 112 Great Victoria Street, Belfast, originally was controlled by the same Scottish interest as the Ulster Co., and the present managing director of the Ulster Co. for many years was in charge of the Belfast Co. The controlling interest is still largely Scottish, but not in any way connected with the management of the Ulster Co. The plant is old and out of date and reconstruction, particularly of the ice-making section, is contemplated. It has no railway or wharf connections, and all distribution is by motor truck. Maximum capacity is reported as about 80,000 cubic feet, of which only 40,000 to 50,000 at present are utilized.

Messrs. J. & T. Sinclair & Co. (Ltd.), 7 and 11 Tomb St., Belfast, a very large firm of ham and bacon curers, operate the largest coldstorage plant in the city, exclusively for their own products. The equipment is modern and the concern well managed. The installation is known as the Hassler compression system, manufactured by a firm of that name in England. Motor trucks are used for distri. bution and haulage, although the plant is situated close to rail and water connections. It has a cold-storage capacity of 117,400 cubic feet, but the mean temperature is high, ranging from 40 to 50° F. No freezing of the products is permitted during the curing process nor is it considered necessary.

There are no firms, dealers, or agents handling refrigerating equipment in Belfast. The shipyards are large consumers, but obtain their equipment from manufacturers in the Liverpool and Glasgow districts.

MUNSTER DISTRICT

Consul John A. Gamon, Cobh (Queenstown and Cork), June 28 and 30 and August 16, 1923

ICE-MAKING PLANTS Two plants in the Munster district, Ireland, make ice for public consumption, both Irish concerns. Their output is sufficient to meet all local requirements and but a small amount is shipped to outlying points. A better understanding of the use of ice would increase demand. At present no extensions are contemplated and no new plants proposed. All equipment is purchased direct from the manufacturer. There are no local dealers. The Linde machines made in England prevail, although tanks and equipment are partially made locally.

The size of blocks and operation of the two Munster plants are as follows:

The Cork Warehousing, Cold Storage & Pure Ice Co. (Ltd.), Beasley Street, Cobh : Capacity, 17 tons in 24 hours. Blocks, 3 feet 8 inches by 11.5 inches by 8 inches. Filtered water system, 320 cans, can and air agitation, compression, nonabsorption.

Henry Denny & Sons (Ltd.), Waterford: Blocks, 2 feet 9 inches by 9 inches by 7 inches. Plant has a 6-ton horizontal compression machine and is operated on a 200-can filtered-water, nonagitation, compressed, nonabsorption system.

COLD-STORAGE ESTABLISHMENTS Cold storage is used in the Munster district solely for butter, eggs, margarine, and, to a small extent, for meat produced locally and stored for exportation and local demands. No products from outside

of the district are handled. The business has suffered considerably from the disturbed conditions in southern Ireland during the past year, and present facilities are far in excess of actual requirements. No local dealers handle cold-storage equipment, tenders usually being sent to the Haslam Foundry & Engineering Co., Derby; the Lightfoot Refrigeration Co. (Ltd.), London; or some other English firm. Description of Stores.

A summary of the cold stores in the Munster district follows: Shandon Castle Margarine Factory (James Daly & Sons (Ltd.), Cobh): Chills butter and margarine--all domestic produce. Located 0.5 to 1 mile from station; no direct connection with wharf or railroad; products handled by cart or motor trucks. Ammonia system. Linde machinery (London). Capacity at 10 to 32° F., 13,500 cubic feet; lowest temperature usually about 25° F.

Cork Warehousing Cold Storage & Pure Ice Co. (Ltd.), Beasley Street, Cobh: Principal products handled include eggs, meat, and butter. No direct connection with wharf or railway but stores within a few minutes' distance of principal quays and railways. Plant consists of two ammonia compressors of 20 tras' each refrigeration, and three CO2 compressors, 12 tons' each refrigeration. Capacity : 40° F. or above, 100,000 cubic feet; 10 to 32° F., 130,000; lowest temperature obtainable, 0° F. if necessary.

M. E. Shanaban & Son, 34 Dunbar Street, Cobh: Butter chiefly handled. No further information.

Charles Xolan & Sons, Devonshire Street, Cobh: Principal product, butter. Located about 1 mile from boats and railway; good road; carts and motor trucks used. Capacity, 13,000 cubic feet; usual temperature, 28 to 32° F. Machinery, Linde system, known since the war as Lightfoot.

Joseph Sullivan & Sons (Ltd.), Grenville Place, Cobh: Eggs stored, on own account only. Plant erected by Lightfoot Refrigeration Co., London. Temperature, 28 to 32° F.

Munster Cold Storage Co., Anderson's Quay, Cobh: Butter, frozen meat, cases of bacon, and cases of dead poultry handlel. Frontage on the river alongside the wharf capable of berthing steamers up to 10,000 tons' bunden; no direct connection with wharf and stores for receiving goods; siding between wharf and stores connecting principal railways; cartage of about 60 feet required to corey goods to store from steamer. Machinery, one 75 B. H. P. suction gas plant used for driving 0.2 ton (approximately); horizontal ammonia compressors made and supplied by the Haslam Foundry and Engineering Co. (Ltd.), Derby. Capacity, 10 to 32° F., 42,820 cubic feet.

Lunbam Bros., Dunbar Street, Cobh: No information.

SCOTLAND

DUNFERMLINE DISTRICT

Consul H. D. Van Sant, July 16 and 25, 1923

ICE-MAKING PLANTS

There is little use for ice boxes and refrigerators in the Dunfermline district. The summer usually lasts about six weeks, but the climate is moist and the nights are generally cool and pleasant. A few ice-cream vendors, mostly Italians, and proprietors of fish and meat shops in the more important towns and villages are the chief purchasers of ice. Ice water is seldom, if ever, used in private homes or restaurants. Ice-cream sodas, however, are sold to some extent by the leading ice-cream shops. Public houses and saloons keep beer and ale in cool underground cellars or in stone-built closets during the summer, claiming that both are better without ice.

Messrs. Gilbert Rae (Ltd.) are the sole owners of the only icemanufacturing plant in the district. The firm is Scotch, and its address is Golfdrum Street, Dunfermline. Production amounts to 5 tons daily during the summer season, the plant closing down in the winter months. The ice is made into cakes of 100 pounds each for distribution and cut into smaller pieces as required by consumers. The water used is made as clear as possible, practically distilled. Part compression and part absorption are employed, 5 cans of 1 ton of water each.

There appears to be no necessity for extension of the present plant, although, with the growth of the city, the demand for ice may expand. There are apparently no cold-storage establishments in the district.

DUNDEE DISTRICT

Consul H. A. Johnson, June 25 and October 30, 1923

ICE-MAKING PLANTS

Practically no home in this section of the country is provided with an ice box or refrigerator. Frozen desserts or beverages when wanted are obtained from local confectionery and catering establishments, but rarely is the summer temperature high enough to stimulate a desire for them. The use of ice as an article of domestic consumption is unknown. The only consumers are the confectioners and the shopkeepers who handle perishable food.

The North Eastern Ice Co. (Ltd.), Commercial Quay, Aberdeen, is the largest of the three ice-making plants in the district, having a capacity of 168 tons per 24 hours. Blocks measure 4 feet 1 inch by 2 feet 2 inches by 5 to 7 inches and weigh 250 pounds. The company is installing a new plant.

The Aberdeen Ice Works, Peynernook Road, Aberdeen, has a capacity of 75 tons per 24 hours; manufactures blocks 3 feet 10 inches by 1 foot 11 inches to 2 feet by 5 to 6 inches, and weighing 224 pounds.

The Dundee Ice & Cold Storage Co., Carolina Port, Dundee, can produce 24 tons daily. Blocks are 4 feet 3 inches long, 3 feet 6 inches wide, and 9 inches thick; weight, 560 pounds. This concern has recently installed a high-speed compressor and expects to have an up-to-date tank room with 12-inch ice, air agitated, in the near future.

All three plants use the raw-water can system, and compression. Their equipment was manufactured by L. Sterne & Co., Crown Iron Works, Glasgow.

COLD-STORAGE ESTABLISHMENTS

There are two cold-storage plants in the Dundee district. No information is available concerning the Bon-Acord Ice & Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), Poynernook Road, Aberdeen.

The Dundee Ice & Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), Carolina Port, Dundee, stores only frozen meat and butter imported from Argentina, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia. The plant is located near the wharves and has direct rail connection with them. When proposed

extensions are completed the establishment will be sufficiently large to handle all of the cold-storage business in Dundee for some time to come. A capacity of 120,000 cubic feet is reported, between 10 and 32° F.; lowest temperature, 14° F., 20,000 cubic feet thus equipped.

EDINBURGH DISTRICT

Consul Hunter Sharp, August 6 and 7, 1923

ICE-MAKING PLANTS

There are four ice-making plants operating in the Edinburgh district, all British. A description follows:

The North British Storage & Ice Co. (Ltd.), Tower Street, Leith-Edinburgh. Capacity, 30 tons daily. Ammonia compression system; all tanks. Compressors made by L. Sterne & Co. (Ltd.), Glasgow ; Pontifex & Sons, London; and Haslam Foundry & Engineering Co., Derby.

The Edinburgh Ice & Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), Lochrin Place, Edinburgh. Capacity, 25 tons per day. Ammonia compression system.

The Granton Ice Co. (Ltd.), Granton, Edinburgh. Capacity, 60 tons daily. Blocks, 4 feet by 2 feet by 7 inches and 6 feet 6 inches by 4 feet by 12 inches. Raw-water, can, and Pluperfect systems without agitation; compression. Present plant meets all demands. Equipment from The Lightfoot Refrigeration Co. (Ltd.), London, and the pluperfect Co. (Ltd.), Jeansgate, Manchester.

The Crystal Ice Co., Canon Street, Edinburgh: Capacity, 20 tons daily. Blocks, 5 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 6 inches by 9.5 inches; weight, 5 hundredweight. Raw-water system with Pluperfect direct expansion and air agitation; compression. Equipment from Sterne & Co. (Ltd.), Glasgow, and the Pluperfect Co., Manchester.

COLD-STORAGE ESTABLISHMENTS

Two cold-storage establishments, both British, meet the present requirements of the Edinburgh district. So far as can be ascertained there are no extensions under consideration. No local dealers supply equipment. Details obtainable for the two concerns follow:

The North British Cold Storage & Ice Co. (Ltd.), Tower Street, Leigh : Handles principally eggs and butter from Denmark, New Zealand, and Argentina; beef from South America, New Zealand, Australia (Queensland), and Canada ; and lamb and mutton from New Zealand and Australia ; also a smaller quantity from Argentina. Also stores various other commodities, including fish, fruit, flowers, and game. Railway siding connects with all railway systems in Great Britain. Capacity, 25 chambers, about 300,000 cubic feet, of varying temperatures.

Edinburgh Ice & Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), Lochrin Place, Edinburgh : Capacity, 70,000 cubic feet.

GLASGOW DISTRICT

Consul George E. Chamberlin, August 13 and 14, 1923

ICE-MAKING PLANTS Few homes in the Glasgow district use ice, on account of the moderate temperature which prevails throughout most of the year. Consumption, therefore, is limited largely to meat and fish markets, hotels, and restaurants. Cold-storage plants and brewers have their own ice machines.

William McLachlan & Co., 6 Merchant Lane, Glasgow, can produce 33 tons per 24 hours; size of blocks, 3 feet by 1 foot 6 inches by

1 foot; weight, about 240 pounds. Raw-water can system with air agitation and ammonia compression is used. Equipment was manufactured and installed by L. Sterne & Co., Glasgow.

Messrs. Sawers (Ltd.), Rutherford Lane, Glasgow, report a capacity of 23.5 tons per 24 hours; size of blocks, 4 feet 4 inches by 3 feet 8 inches by 1 foot 2 inches; weight, about 1,120 pounds. Plant is operated throughout the year, surplus being stored in cold weather. Raw-water cell system is used, with mechanical agitation and ammonia compression. Lightfoot Refrigeration Co. (Ltd.), London, supplied the equipment.

No information is available concerning the Clyde Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), 10 Commerce Street, Glasgow; the Union Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), 223 George Street, Glasgow; and William Milne, 40 Old Wynd, Glasgow. The existing plants meet all present demands, and no extensions are contemplated.

COLD-STORAGE ESTABLISHMENTS Cold-storage facilities in the Glasgow district are sufficient to handle additional business, and no new extensions are contemplated for the near future. The following five establishments and their respective capacities are listed:

The Union Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), 223 George Street, Glasgow : 219 George Street, 337,000 cubic feet; 39 Hill Street, 800,000; 130 Cheaps de Street, 160,000. (See also Union Co. under London, Liverpool, and Hull.) William Milne, 40 Old Wynd, Glasgow, 580,000 cubic feet.

Clyde Cold Storage Co. (Ltd.), 10 Commerce Street, Glasgow, 700,000 cubic feet.

William McLachlan & Co., Logan Street, Glasgow: Small capacity. chiefly for fish and game.

Sawers (Ltd.), Rutherford Lane, Glasgow: Small capacity, chiefly for fish and game.

The principal products stored by the first three concerns are meats, fruits, vegetables, fish, butter, and eggs, practically all imported. Meats come chiefly from South America, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States; fruits from Southern Europe, the United States, and Canada; and butter and eggs from Denmark, the Netherlands, and Ireland. Fish and game are largely of local origin and constitute practically all the local products placed in cold storage.

No plant has direct connection with wharves or railroads. The Union Cold Storage, the Clyde, and Milne plants, however, are conveniently located, and only short cartage is necessary over excellent streets by horse-drawn vehicles or motor trucks.

WALES

CARDIFF DISTRICT
Consul E. C. Soule, June 18 and 20, 1923

ICE-MAKING PLANTS The Cardiff Pure Ice and Cold Storage Co., a British concern, operates three ice-making plants in the Cardiff district. One establishment, located at Tresillian Terrace, Cardiff, has a reported capacity of 103 tons per day, but 20 tons are made at the company's plant at Barry Docks, Glamorgan County, Wales. Blocks weigh 244

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