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States. They shall be entitled to quarters, subsistence, and medical attendance during illness, and they may be granted leaves of absence for thirty days, with pay, for each calendar year; and when serving as chief nurses their pay may be increased by authority of the Secretary of War, such increase not to exceed twenty-five dollars per month. Payments to the nurse corps shall be made by the Pay Department.
SEC. 20. That the grade of veterinarian of the second class in cavalry regiments, United States Army, is hereby abolished, and hereafter the two veterinarians authorized for each cavalry regiment and the one veterinarian authorized for each artillery regiment shall receive the pay and allowances of second lieutenants mounted. Such number of veterinarians as the Secretary of War may authorize shall be employed to attend animals pertaining to the quartermaster's or other departments not directly connected with the cavalry and artillery regiments, at a compensation not exceeding one hundred dollars per month.
Sec. 21. That the Pay Department shall consist of one Paymaster-General with the rank of brigadier-general, three assistant paymasters-general with the rank of colonel, four deputy paymasters-general with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, twenty paymasters with the rank of major, and twenty-five paymasters with the rank of captain, mounted: Provided, That all vacancies in the grade of colonel and lieutenantcolonel' created or caused by this section shall be filled by promotion according to seniority, as now prescribed by law, and no more appointments to the grade of major and paymaster, shall be made until the number of majors and paymasters is reduced below twenty: And provided, That persons who have served in the Volunteer Army since April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, as additional paymasters may be appointed to positions in the grade of captain, created by this section. So long as there remain surplus majors an equal number of vacancies shall be held in the grade of captain, so that the total number of paymasters authorized by this section shall not be exceeded at any time.
Sec. 22. That the Corps of Engineers shall consist of one Chief of Engineers with the rank of brigadier-general, seven colonels, fourteen lieutenant-colonels, twentyeight majors, forty captains, forty first lieutenants, and thirty second lieutenants. The enlisted force provided in section eleven of this act and the officers serving therewith shall constitute a part of the line of the Army: Provided, That the Chief of Engineers shall be selected as now provided by law, and hereafter vacancies in the Corps of Engineers in all other grades above that of second lieutenant shall be filled, as far as possible, by promotion according to seniority from the Corps of Engineers: And provided also, That vacancies remaining in the grades of first and second lieutenant may be filled by transfer of officers of the Regular Army, subject to such professional examination as may be approved by the Secretary of War. Vacancies in the grade of second lieutenant not filled by transfer shall be left for future promotions from the corps of cadets at the United States Military Academy:
Sec. 23. That the Ordnance Department shall consist of one Chief of Ordnance with the rank of brigadier-general, four colonels, six lieutenant-colonels, twelve majors, twenty-four captains, and twenty-four first lieutenants, the ordnance storekeeper, and the enlisted men, including ordnance sergeants, as now authorized by law. All vacancies created or caused by this section shall, as far as possible, be filled by promotion according to seniority, as now prescribed by law.
SEC. 24. That the Signal Corps shall consist of one Chief Signal Officer with the rank of brigadier-general, one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, four majors, fourteen captains, fourteen first lieutenants, eighty first-class sergeants, one hundred and twenty sergeants, one hundred and fifty corporals, two hundred and fifty first-class privates, one hundred and fifty second-class privates, and ten cooks: Provided, That vacancies created or caused by this section shall be filled by promotion of officers of the Signal Corps according to seniority, as now provided by law. Vacancies remaining after such promotions may be filled by appointment of persons who have served in the Volunteer Signal Corps since April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninetyeight: Provided, That the President is authorized to continue in service during the present emergency, for duty in the Philippine Islands, five volunteer signal officers with the rank of first lieutenant and five volunteer signal officers with the rank of second lieutenant. This authority shall extend only for the period when their services may be absolutely necessary.
Sec. 25. That the officers of the Record and Pension Office of the War Department shall be a chief of said office with the rank of brigadier-general, and an assistant chief of said office with the rank of major: Provided, That any person appointed to be Chief of the Record and Pension Office after the passage of this act shall have the rank of colonel.
SEC. 26. That so long as there remain any officers holding permanent appointments in the Adjutant-General's Department, the Inspector-General's Department, the
Quartermaster's Department, the Subsistence Department, the Pay Department, the Ordnance Department, and the Signal Corps, including those appointed to original vacancies in the grades of captain and first lieutenant under the provisions of sections sixteen, seventeen, twenty-one, and twenty-four of this act, they shall be promoted according to seniority in the several grades, as now provided by law, and nothing herein contained shall be deemed to apply to vacancies which can be filled by such promotions or to the periods for which the officers so promoted shall hold their appointments, and when any vacancy, except that of the chief of the department or corps, shall occur, which can not be filled by promotion as provided in this section, it shall be filled by detail from the line of the Army, and no more permanent appointments shall be made in those departments or corps after the original vacancies created by this act shall have been filled. Such details shall be made from the grade in which the vacancies exist, under such system of examination as the President may from time to time prescribe.
All officers so detailed shall serve for a period of four years, at the expiration of which time they shall return to duty with the line, and officers below the rank of lieutenant-colonel shall not again be eligible for selection in any staff department until they shall have served two years with the line.
That when vacancies shall occur in the position of chief of any staff, corps, or department the President may appoint to such vacancies, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, officers of the Army at large not below the rank of lieutenantcolonel, and who shall hold office for terms of four years. When a vacancy in the position of chief of any staff, corps, or department is filled by the appointment of an officer below the rank now provided by law for said office, said chief shall, while so serving, have the same rank, pay, and allowances now provided for the chief of such corps or department. And any officer now holding office in any corps or department who shall hereafter serve as chief of a staff, corps, or department and shall subsequently be retired, shall be retired with the rank, pay, and allowances authorized by law for the retirement of such corps or department chief: Provided, That so long as there remain in service officers of any staff, corps, or department holding permanent appointments, the chief of such staff, corps, or department shall be selected from the officers so remaining therein.
Sec. 27. That each position vacated by officers of the line, transferred to any department of the staff for tours of service under this act, shall be filled by promotion in the line until the total number detailed equals the number authorized for duty in each staff department. Thereafter vacancies caused by details from the line to the staff shall be filled by officers returning from tours of staff duty. If under the operation of this act the number of officers returned to any particular arm of the service at any time exceeds the number authorized by law in any grade, promotions to that grade shall cease until the number has been reduced to that authorized.
Sec. 28. That vacancies in the grade of field officers and captain, created by this act, in the cavalry, artillery, and infantry shall be filled by promotion according to seniority in each branch, respectively. Vacancies existing after the promotions have been made shall be provided for as follows: A sufficient number shall be reserved in the grade of second lieutenant for the next graduating class of the United States Military. Academy.
Persons not over forty years of age who shall have at any time served as volunteers subsequent to April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, may be ordered before boards of officers for such examination as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War, and those who establish their fitness before these examining boards may be appointed to the grades of first or second lieutenant in the Regular Army, taking rank in the respective grades according to seniority as determined by length of prior commissioned service; but no person appointed under the provisions of this section shall be placed above another in the same grade with longer commissioned service, and nothing herein contained shall change the relative rank of officers heretofore commissioned in the Regular Army.
Enlisted men of the Regular Army or Volunteers may be appointed second lieutenants in the Regular Army to vacancies created by this act, provided that they shall have served one year, under the same conditions now authorized by law for enlisted men of the Regular Army.
SEC. 29. That to fill vacancies occurring from time to time in the several organizations serving without the limits of the United States with trained men, the President is authorized to enlist recruits in numbers equal to four per centum in excess of the total strength authorized for such organizations.
Sec. 30. That the President is authorized to maintain the enlisted force of the several organizations of the Army at their maximum strength as fixed by this act during the present exigencies of the service, or until such time as Congress may here
after otherwise direct: Provided, That in the event of the enlistment of a soldier in the Army for the period required by law, and after the expiration of one year of service, should either of his parents die, leaving the other solely dependent upon the soldier for support, such soldier may, upon his own application, be honorably discharged from the service of the United States upon due proof being made of such condition to the Secretary of War.
SEC. 31. That the Secretary of War is authorized to detach from the Army at large such number of enlisted men as may be necessary to perform duty at the various recruiting stations, and while performing such duty one member of each party shall have the rank, pay, and allowances of sergeant, and one the rank, pay, and allowances of corporal, of the arm of the service to which they respectively
belong. SEC. 32. That when the exigencies of the service of any officer who would be entitled to promotion upon examination require him to remain absent from any place where an examining board could be convened, the President is hereby authorized to promote such officer, subject to examination, and the examination shall take place as soon thereafter as practicable. If upon examination the officer be found disqualified for promotion he shall, upon the approval of the proceedings by the Secretary of War, be treated in the same manner as if he had been examined prior to promotion.
SEC. 33. The President of the United States is hereby authorized to select from the brigadier-generals of volunteers two volunteer officers, without regard to age, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint them brigadier-generals, United States Army, for the purpose of placing them on the retired list.
And the President is hereby also authorized to select from the retired list of the Army an officer not above the rank of brigadier-general who may have distinguished himself during the war with Spain, in command of a separate army, and to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, the officer so selected to be major-general, United States Army, with the pay and allowances established by law for officers of that grade on the retired list.
Sec. 34. That all officers who have served during the war with Spain, or since, as officers of the Regular or Volunteer Army of the United States, and have been honorably discharged from the service by resignation or otherwise, shall be entitled to bear the official title, and upon occasions of ceremony, to wear the uniform of the highest grade they have held by brevet or other commission in the regular or volunteer service.
SEC. 35. That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to cause preliminary examinations and surveys to be made for the purpose of selecting four sites with a view to the establishment of permanent campgrounds for instruction of troops of the Regular Army and National Guard, with estimates of the cost of the sites and their equipment with all modern appliances, and for this purpose is authorized to detail such officers of the Army as may be necessary to carry on the preliminary work; and the sum of ten thousand dollars is hereby appropriated for the necessary expense of such work, to be disbursed under the direction of the Secretary of War: Provided, That the Secretary of War shall report to Congress the result of such examination and surveys, and no contract for said sites shall be made nor any obligation incurred until Congress shall approve such selections and appropriate the money therefor.
Sec. 36. That when, in his opinion, the conditions in the Philippine Islands justify such action, the President is authorized to enlist natives of those islands for service in the Army, to be organized as scouts, with such officers as he shall deem necessary for their proper control, or as troops or companies, as authorized by this act, for the Regular Army. The President is further authorized, in his discretion, to form companies, organized as are companies of the Regular Army, in squadrons or battalions, with officers and noncommissioned officers corresponding to similar organizations in the cavalry and infantry arms. The total number of enlisted men in said native organizations shall not exceed twelve thousand, and the total enlisted force of the line of the Army, together with such native force, shall not exceed at any one time one hundred thousand.
The majors to command the squadrons and battalions shall be selected by the President from captains of the line of the Regular Army, and while so serving they shall have the rank, pay, and allowances of the grade of major. The captains of the troops or companies shall be selected by the President from first lieutenants of the line of the Regular Army, and while so serving they shall have the rank, pay, and allowances of captain of the arm to which assigned. The squadron and battalion staff officers, and first and second lieutenants of companies, may be selected from the noncommissioned officers or enlisted men of the Regular Ármy of not less than two years' service, or from officers or noncommissioned officers or enlisted men serving, or who have served, in the volunteers subsequent to April twenty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, and officers of those grades shall be given provisional appoint
ments for periods of four years each, and no such appointment shall be continued for a second or subsequent term unless the officer's conduct shall have been satisfactory in every respect. The pay and allowances of provisional officers of native organizations shall be those authorized for officers of like grades in the Regular Army. The pay, rations, and clothing allowances to be authorized for the enlisted men shall be fixed by the Secretary of War, and shall not exceed those authorized for the Regular Army.
When, in the opinion of the President, natives of the Philippine Islands shall, by their services and character, show fitness for command, the President is authorized to make provisional appointments to the grades of second and first lieutenants from such natives, who, when so appointed, shall have the pay and allowances to be fixed by the Secretary of War, not exceeding those of corresponding grades of the Regular Army.
SEC. 37. That the President is authorized to organize and maintain one provisional regiment of not exceeding three battalions of infantry for service in Porto Rico, the enlisted strength thereof to be composed of natives of that island as far as practicable. The regiment shall be organized as to numbers as authorized for infantry regiments of the Regular Army. The pay, rations, and clothing allowances to be authorized for the enlisted men shall be fixed by the Secretary of War, and shall not exceed those authorized for the Regular Army. The field officers shall be selected from offcers of the next lower grades in the Regular Army and shall, while so serving in the higher grade, have the rank, pay, and allowances thereof. The company and regimental and battalion staff officers shall be appointed by the President. The President may, in his discretion, continue with their own consent the volunteer officers and enlisted men of the Porto Rico regiment, whose term of service expire by law July first, nineteen hundred and one. Enlistments for the Porto Rico regiment shall be made for periods of three years, unless sooner discharged. The regiment shall be continued in service until further directed by Congress.
Sec. 38. The sale of or dealing in, beer, wine, or any intoxicating liquors by any person in any post exchange or canteen or army transport or upon any premises used for military purposes by the United States, is hereby prohibited. The Secretary of War is hereby directed to carry the provisions of this section into full force and effect.
Sec. 39. That nothing in this act shall be held or construed so as to discharge any officer from the Regular Army or to deprive him of the commission which he now holds therein.
SEC. 40. That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized to prescribe the kinds and quantities of the component articles of the army ration, and to direct the issue of substitutive equivalent articles in place of any such components whenever, in his opinion, economy and a due regard to the health and comfort of the troops may so require.
SEC. 41. That the distinctive badges adopted by military societies of men "who served in the armies and navies of the United States during the Spanish-American war and the incident insurrection in the Philippines” may be worn upon all occasions of ceremony by officers and men of the Army and Navy of the United States who are members of said organizations in their own right.
SEC. 42. That all laws and parts of laws inconsistent with the provisions of this act be, and the same are, hereby repealed.
Approved February 2, 1901.
H. C. CORBIN,
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
Washington, February 8, 1901. By direction of the Secretary of War the following is published to the Army for the information and guidance of all concerned:
1. The transport quartermaster on each United States Army transport engaged in Atlantic or Pacific traffic shall at the beginning of each voyage, or as soon thereafter as practicable, forward through the general superintendent of the home port to the Quartermaster-General of the Army a complete passenger list of all officers of the Army and their servants, and of all persons not belonging to any military organization aboard who were transported as passengers on such voyage, giving a copy of the authority under which he furnished transportation to each, or making proper
references to such authority if previously furnished. He shall at the same time forward to the Commissary-General of Subsistence, through the subsistence superintendent of the home port, a copy of such passenger list, unaccompanied by copies of authority but giving notations of the same. The names of officers of the Army and their servants and of passengers not entitled to free subsistence aboard will be grouped together in one class on these lists, and the names of those entitled to subsistence free will be grouped in another. Transport quartermasters on United States Army transports engaged in interisland traffic will forward similar passenger lists through the chief quartermaster and chief commissary of the department in which employed.
2. The transport commissary will file with his monthly account current, as a voucher thereto, a list giving the name of each officer of the Army and his servant, if any, and the name of each person not belonging to any military organization aboard, who were transported during the month and who were chargeable for meals, together with the amounts collected by him from each on account of meals furnished Meals will be charged from the first meal served after embarkation of the passenger until the last meal served before debarkation. In reckoning for parts of a day each meal will be considered as one-third of a day's
subsistence. Deductions will not be allowed for meals not taken during a voyage. The list will be made out on form No. 74, Subsistence Department. By command of Lieutenant-General Miles:
H. C. CORBIN,
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
Washington, February 8, 1901. I. By direction of the Secretary of War, the following changes in stations of troops are ordered:
Fifth U. S. Cavalry: The colonel, staff, noncommissioned staff, band, first and third squadrons, from the Departments of the East and Colorado, not later than March 9, 1901, to the Presidio of San Francisco, Department of California, preparatory to immediate service in the Division of the Philippines; these squadrons will by transfers and recruitment be filled to the maximum of 100 men per troop.
The second squadron, which will constitute the depot squadron of the regiment, will be relieved from its present stations, Fort Ethan Allen, Vt., and Jefferson Barracks, Mo., and proceed not later than March 1, 1901, to the Department of the Colorado and take station, relieving the first squadron, as follows: The major, staff, and Troops E and G to Fort Grant, Ariz.; Troop F to Fort Huachuca, Ariz.; Troop H to Fort Wingate, N. Mex.
Privates serving in the first year of their first enlistment and fit for tropical service will be transferred to troops of the active squadrons. Enlisted men having less than six months to serve, and who have not signified their intention to reenlist, will be transferred to the depot squadron. The exchanges and transfers directed in General Orders, No. 153, 1899, Adjutant-General's Office, will also be made. The foregoing transfers will be made under the direction of the regimental commander.
Noncommissioned officers shall not be reduced in consequence of transfer, but shall be carried as detached from their organizations until the transfers are completed by assignments to vacancies in their new commands.
The department commanders concerned will by concert of action arrange the details of the movement, send to their proper commands the officers and men who have been transferred, provide troops for posts which would be left without sufficient garrisons, and report by telegraph to the Adjutant-General of the Army the dates of departures and arrivals and strength of organizations.
Company commanders will make every proper effort to induce enlisted men going to the Philippine Islands who have relatives dependent upon them to make allotments of pay, as provided by General Orders, No. 149, August 17, 1899, from this office, reporting their names to the Adjutant-General of the Army.
Property left behind by the troops will be securely packed, marked, and listed in duplicate.
The Quartermaster's Department will furnish the necessary transportation, the Subsistence Department suitable subsistence, and the Medical Department proper medical attendance and supplies.
II. By direction of the Secretary of War, the first and second provisional battalions of infantry, now organized at the Presido of San Francisco, are assigned as the first battalions of the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Regiments, U. Š. Infantry,