Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.

Salary.
•$1,500 Assistant Librarian...

Librarian

Salary. $1,150

Salaries in the different Departments of the General Government.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
Salary.

Salary. Secretary $6,000 Another

•$1,000 Chief Clerk... .2,000 Another.

.900 Diplomatic Bureau. One Clerk. .1,600 Translator .....

.1,600 Another.

.1,500 | Distributing Agent........1,400 Another....

.1,400

Patent Office.
Consular Bureau.

Commissioner of Patents..3,000 Two Clerks, each.... ..1,400

Chief Clerk.....

.1,700 Home Bureau.

Two Examiners, each. .1,500 Two Clerks, each.... .1,400

TREASURY DEPARTMENT.
Salary.

Salary, Secretary $6,000 5th Auditor..

3,000 Chief Clerk. $2,000 Chief Clerk.

.1,700 Comptrollers.

Treasurer's Office. 1st Comptroller... ..3,500 | Treasurer...

.3,000 Chief Clerk... ..1,700 Chief Clerk.

.1,700 2d Comptroller.. ..3,000 Chief Clerk..

Register's Office.

.3,000 Auditors. Chief Clerk.

.1,700 Ist Auditor

.3,000 Chief Clerk.

.1,700

Solicitor's Office. 2d Auditor.

Solicitor. 3,000

.3,500 Chief Clerk.

..1,700

Land Office. 3d Auditor.

..3,000 Commissioner General....3,000 Chief Clerk, .1,700 Recorder

.2,000 4th Auditor. .3,000 Solicitor..

.2,000 Chief Clerk. ..1,700 | Chief Clerk.

..1,800 WAR DEPARTMENT. Salary.

Indian Affairs. Salary. Secretary

. $6,000 | Commissioner..... ..3,000 Chief Clerk..... .2,000 Chief Clerk... ....1,600 Pension Office.

Poymaster-General's Office. Commissioner..

.3,000 Paymaster-General .2,500 Chief Clerk....

..1,760 Chief Clerk..... ..1,700 Adjutant-General's Office.

Purchasing Department. Colonel and Adjutant-General. Com. General of Purch. ..3,000 Six Assistant Adjutants-Gen. Chief Clerk..... ...1,700 Clerk

.1,200 Surgeon-General's Office. Bounty Lands.

Surgeon-General .2,500 Principal .1,600 | Clerk..

..1,150

..1,700 Register:

Secretary
Chief Clerk.

NAVY DEPARTMENT.
Salary.

Salary.
• $6,000 Navy Commissioners.
.2,000 Three, each

.3,500 Secretary..

.2,000 Chief Clerk...

.1,720

SURVEY OF THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES.
Salary.

Salary. Principal....... •$6,000 Three others, each $2,000 Two Assistants, each.... 4,000 Three others, each.. .1,500 Two others, each..... .3,000 | Another....

.1,000

Post OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Assistant Postmaster-General, First Division....

Second Division..

Third Division.
Chief Clerk
Auditor of the Post-Office.
Chief Clerk

. $2,500 ..2,500 ..2,500 ..2,000 ..3,000 ..2,000

Salaries of the Officers of the Supreme Court.
Salary.

Salary. Chief Justice... $5,000 Reporter

$1,000 Eight Assoc. Justices, each 4,500 Clerk

11,000 Attorney-General .4,000 Marshal.

.Fees, &c. The Supreme Court is held in the city of Washington, and has one session annually, commencing on the 2d Monday of January.

Congress. The Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and must assemble, at least, once every year, on the 1st Monday of December, unless it is otherwise provided by law.

The Senate is composed of two members from each state; and of course the regular number is now 52. They are chosen by the legislatures of the several states, for the term of six years, one third of them being elected biennially.

The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. In his absence, a President pro tempore is chosen by the Senate.

The House of Representatives is composed of members from the several states, elected by the people for the term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different states ac

cording to population; and the 23d, 24th, 25th, and 26th Congresses have been elected in accordance with an act of Congress of 1832, one representative being returned for every 47,700 persons, computed according to the rule prescribed by the constitution; (five slaves being computed equivalent to three free persons.) The present regular number is 242 representatives, and 3 delegates.

Since the 4th of March, 1807, the compensation of each member of the Senate and House of Representatives has been $8 a day, during the period of his attendance in Congress, without deduction in case of sickness; and $8 for every twenty miles' travel, in the usual road, in going to and returning from the seat of government, The compensation of the President of the Senate, pro tempore, and of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, is $16 a day.

Votes for President and Vice-President. The following table, which we have prepared at the expense of some labor, will

be found useful for reference. It exhibits the electoral votes given for the most prominent candidates for President and Vice-President of the United States, at the different elections since Gen. Washington's retirement.

1796 - President, John Adams 71, Thomas Jefferson 68; VicePresident, T. Pinkney 58, Aaron Burr 50.

1800 — President, Thomas Jefferson 73, John Adams 64; VicePresident, Aaron Burr 73, T. Pinkney 58.

1804– President, Thomas Jefferson 162, Charles C. Pinkney 14; Vice-President, G. 'Clinton 163, R. King 14.

1808— President, J. Madison 152, C. C. Pinkney 45; Vice-President, G. Clinton 118, R. King 47.

1812– President, J. Madison 127, De Witt Clinton 89; VicePre lent, E. Gerry 128, Jared Ingersoll 58.

1816— President, ý Monroe 188, R. King 34;. Vice-President, D. D. Tompkins 113, opposition scattering.

1820 — President, J. Monroe 218, no opposition, except one vote given from New Hampshire ; Vice-President, D. D. Tompkins 212, opposition divided.

1824 Andrew Jackson 99, J. Q. Adams 84, W. H. Crawford 41, H. Clay 37. J. Q. Adams chosen by the house.

1828 — President, A. Jackson 178, J. Q. Adams 83; Vice-President, J.C. Calhoun 173, R. Rush 83.

1832— President, A. Jackson 219, H. Clay 49, John Floyd 11, Wm. Wirt 7; Vice-President, Martin Van Buren 189, John Sar geant 49, William Wilkins 30, Henry Lee 11, Levi Ellmaker 7.

1836 -- President, Martin Van Buren 170, W. H. Harrison 73, H. L. White 26, W. P. Mangum 11, Daniel Webster 14; Vice-President, R. M. Johnson 147, Francis Granger 63, scattering 84.

1840 — President, William Henry Harrison 234, Martin Van Bu. ren 60 ; Vice-President, John Tyler 334, Richard M. Johnson 48, J. K. Polk 1, L. W. Tazewell 11. (Harrison 19 states ; Van Buren 7 do.] The electors meet at the capitals of the respective states in which

29

they are chosen, on the second day of December, and give in their ballots for President and Vice-President.

Division.

Settled.

Population, Square Miles, &c. of the United States.

2,257,374 sq. m.; 17,357,226 INHAB. Capital, Washington, 23,346 inhab.; lat. 384 N., long. 77 W. New England States.

Dist. fr. Sg. m. Pop.

Capitul.

Pop. Wash. Maine. 35,000 501,793 1630 Augusta ..5,314 600 N. Hampshire .9,500 284,574 1632 Concord. 4,897 450 Vermont ....10,000 291,948 1724 Montpelier....3,725 500 Massachusetts..7,750 737,699 1620 Boston .... ..93,383 436 Riode Island ..1,250 108,830 1636 Providence...23,171 410 Connecticut. .4,760 309,978 1633 Hartford.....12,793 336

New Haven..14,390 320

Middle States. New York ....46,000 2,428,921 1614 Albany.. .33,721 387 New Jersey ..7,800 373,306 1624 Trenton.. 4,035 167 Pennsylvania ..47,000 1,724,033 1682 Harrisburg. .5,980 100 Delaware .2,100 78,085 1627 Dover. .3,790 100

Southern States. Maryland .10,000 469,232 1634 Annapolis . 2,792 33 Virginia.. .68,000 1,239,797 1607 Richmond ... 20,153 123 N. Carolina....50,000 753,419 1650 Raleigh ...

.2,244 288 S. Carolina....32,000 594,398 1670 Columbia.....4,340 490 Georgia.......61,000 691,392 1733 Milledgeville..2,000 635 Alabama ......

.52,000 590,756 1783 Tuscaloosa ...2,000 880 Mississippi .48,000 375,651 1716 Jackson ......1,000 1190 Louisiana 49,000 352,411 1699 N. Orleans..102,193 1260

Western States. Tennessee. .43,000 829,210 1765 Nashville.....6,929 720 Kentucky .40,000 779,828 1775 Frankfort ....1,917 565 Ohio.

45,000 1,519,467 1788 Columbus....6,048 418 Michigan. .63,000 212,267 1670 Detroit.......9,102 556 Indiana .36,000 685,866 1730 Indianapolis ..2,692 603 Illinois 59,000 476,183 1749 Springfield ...2,579 850 Missouri .63,000 383,702 1663 Jefferson City 1,000 950 Arkansas .55,000 97,574 1685 Little Rock :.1,000 1000

Territories. Dist. of Col.......100 43,712 Washington .23,364 Florida.... .54,000 54,477 1665 Tallahassee...1,616 896 Wisconsin. .125,000 30,945

Madison .1,712 700 Iowa.....

.100,000 43,112 Burlington ...1,000 650 *Oregon......600,000 100,000 1811 Astoria

.30 2350 *Missouri.....548,000 108,800 Indian .190,000 94,860 Council Bluff...... 1050 Dacotah.

* Inhabited by Indians principally.
† Settlement commenced by John J. Astor, Esq., 1811.

Yean. 1821 1822 18 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830

Imports and Exports of the United States,

In each year (ending 30th September) since 1820.
Imports.
Exports.

Years. Imports.
$62,505,724 $64,974,382

1831 $103,191,124 83,241,541 74,160,281

1832 101,029,266 77,579,267 74,699,030

1833 108,118,311 80,519,007 75,986,657

1834 126,521,332 96,340,075 99,535,388

1835 149,895,742 84,074,477 77,595,322

1836 189,980,035 79,484,068 82,324,827

1837 140,989,217 88,509,824 72,264,686

1838 113,717,404 74,492,527 72,358,681

1839 162,092,132 70,876,920 73,849,508

1840 104,305,891

Exports. $81,310,583 77,176,943 90,140,433 81,024, 162 121,693,557 127,663,040 117,419,376 108,486,616 121,023,416 131,571,950

Pop. :

.228,691

Cities of the United States.

Por.
Portland, Me.. ..15,218 | Philadelphia, Pa.
Boston, Mass..

.93,383 Pittsburg, Pa... Salem, Mass.

.15,082 Lancaster, Pa. Lowell, Mass.

.20,796 Chicago, Ill... Providence, R. I.... .23,171 Baltimore, Md. New London, Ct. .5,519 | Annapolis, Md. Norwich, Ct.

..4,200 Washington, D. C. Hartford, Ct.

.12,793 Alexandria, D. C. New Haven, Ct. .14,390 | Richmond, Va.... Middletown, Ct.

.3,511 | Charleston, S. C.. New York, N. Y. .312,710 Savannah, Ga... Brooklyn, N. Y.. .36,233 St. Augustine, Fa. Hudson, N. Y.

.5,672 | Tallahassee, Fa..... Albany, N. Y.

.33,721 Mobile, Ala..... Schenectady, N. Y.. .6,784 New Orleans, La. Troy, N. Y..

19,334 Natchez, Miss... Utica, N. Y.

.12,782 St. Louis, Mo. Rochester, N. Y. .20,191 | Louisville, Ky.... Buffalo, N.Y..

18,213 Nashville, Tenn. Newark, N. J.

..17,290 | Cincinnati, O. Burlington, N. J., ..3,250 / Detroit, Mich.

.21,115 .8,417

-4,470 102,313 ..2,792 .23,364

.8,459 20,153 .29,261 ..11,214

.2,459 ..1,616 .18,741 102,193 ..4,800 .35,979 ..21,210

..6,929 ..46,338 ..9,102

Bop

Apportionment of Representation. By an act of Congress passed June, 1842, the States are entitled to one Representative for every 70,680 inhabitants. This will give a total of 223, besides three Delegates from the Territories. Each State is required to be divided into districts, corresponding in number to the representatives to be elected, each of which shall choose one.

Rep: Maine ..

States.

Stilles.

States.

Rep.

Maryland.
.6 Kentucky

10 New Hampshire...4 Virginia . ..15 Ohio

21 Vermont. .4 North Carolina....9 | Michigan

.3 Massachusetts. .10 South Carolina. .7 Indiana..

10 Rhode Island.... .2 Georgia

8 Illinois

.7 Connecticut. .4 | Alabama..

.7 | Missouri. New York .34 Mississippi .4

Territories. New Jersey .5 Louisiana. 4 Florida, (del.) .1 Pennsylvania .24 Arkansas

.1 Wisconsin 66 1 Delaware.. .1 | Tennessee 11 Iowa

« AnteriorContinuar »