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What do you say to God, little bird,

When you sing your evening hymn,
When you see the red sun sink in the west,

And my little eyes grow dim ?

I thank Him for all my fine, fat worms,

For my beetles large and rare,
And I pray that He may never cease

To make little birds his care.

What do you say to God, little bird,

When the April showers come down,
When the south wind moans among the trees,

And the stormy heavens frown?

I thank him for drink, and for feathers warm,

And I smooth my ruffled coat,
And I'm glad I've wings to cut the air,

When the earth is all afloat.

But what do you say all this time, little bird ?

For your voice is never still;
And in forest and meadow I never miss

The sound of your happy trill.

I can never sing enough, little boy,

When my little ones break their shell,
And my tired mate chirps with joy to see

Her nurslings all hearty and well.

I can never sing enough, little boy,

I was only made to sing,
As I can not work, I'll make the aisles

Of the grand old forest ring.

But better far is the music of deeds,

Thinks the Father that dwelleth above,
And while he provides for your hourly needs,

Go labor and win his dear love.

Every heart that you lighten shall be, little boy,

Far gladder than my morning song,
All the lips that you tune to a moment's content,
In the choirs of angels belong.


Editor's Table.



ELIEVING that mutual advantages result from the intercourse of teachers

with each other, we have established, at the office of THE STUDENT_Room No. 10, Appleton's Building, 348 Broadway, New York—a “Teachers' Exchange,” where we shall be happy at all times to meet teachers visiting New York from any part of the country, as well as those residing in the vicinity. We keep a “ Teacher's Register," where all who thus call enter their names, residences, and present occupation; also have on hand all the Educational journals published in this country, together with a library of the principal school books in use, all of which are free to the examination of those who call.

Those who visit the city from a distance may here learn the location of the city schools, and other matters pertaining to Education, which might interest them. By consulting the “Register,” teachers frequently learn of the whereabouts and doings of many of their former acquaintances and fellow-laborers. Give us a call.

TEACHERS' CONVENTIONS.—The New York State Teachers' Association holds its ninth annual meeting at Oswego, New York, on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, the 1st, 2d, and 3d days of the present month.

The American Institute of Instruction will hold its twenty-fifth annual meeting at Providence, R. I., at the Railroad Hall, on the 8th, 9th, and 10th days of the present month. Lectures will be delivered by Rev. Dr. Wayland, President of Brown University; Rev. E. B. Huntington, of Waterbury, Ct.; Elbridge Smith, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass. ; Rev. Edward Beecher, D.D.; W. Hooper, of Yale College; and Geo. Sumner, Esq., of Boston. Gratuitous entertainment will be provided for the ladies.

Mount CARROLL SEMINARY.-Several weeks since we received a circular of the Mount Carroll Seminary, located at Mount Carroll, Ill., and under the supervision of the Misses Wood and Gregory. We are happy to learn that this Western institution is in such a flourishing condition. During the term recently closed it numbered over one hundred pupils. Preparations are making for more extensive accommodations during the fall term. Thirty copies of The STUDENT are sent to this institution monthly. We shall be glad to hear with what success it has been used as a reader. From other seminaries and schools, thus using THE STUDENT, we should esteem it a favor to receive their experience in regard to the interest it awakens, and its adaptation as a schoolreader.

NEW YORK STATE NORMAL SCHOOL.—This institution celebrated its closing exercises on the 13th of July. Its next term will commence on the 18th of September. Appointments to attend this school are made from each county by Town Superintendents of Common Schools.



Our Museum.


UGUST is the eighth month of our year, but the sixth month of the old

Roman year. The Jews and old Romans began their year with the month of March; hence the latter called this month (August) Sextilis, or sixth month. The name was changed to August in honor of the Roman Emperor Octavius Augustus, on account of his victories, and his entering upon his first consulate in that month.

DEBT AND CREDIT.-The word D-E-B-T is composed of the initials of “ Dun Every Body Twice.” C-R-E-D-I-t is formed of the initial letters of “ Call Regularly Every Day-I'll Trust.”

THUNDERBOLT.-Sometimes we hear this word used for lightning, as, & "thunderbolt fell,” etc. Thunder is only the sound or noise which follows a flash of lightning, as a report follows the flash of powder when a gun is discharged. Thunder never does any injury, except it may be to frighten; it is the lightning which kills. A thunderbolt is supposed by many to mean a mass of thunder or lightning which falls from the clouds and destroys whatever it comes in contact with ; but no such masses of matter fall from clouds. Yet there are frequently seen apparent balls of fire darting from a cloud heavily charged with electricity, and these, no doubt, have given rise to the popular error of thunderbolts.

Yes or No, TO ANSWER NEGATIVE QUESTIONS.-If I wished to answer the following negative question affirmatively, should I say yes, or no ? “ He is not coming, then ?" If the person is not coming, the answer should be No; but if he is coming, it should be Yes. The first answer would imply “No, he is not coming;” the second, “ Yes, he is coming."

USEFULNESS OF THE COCOA-TREE.—The cocoa-tree supplies the natives of South America with bread, water, milk, honey, sugar, oil, vinegar, wine, cups, spoons, basins, baskets, cloth, thread, needles, paper, ship-masts, sails, cord

age, etc.

REPEATING WORDS, and using them in different parts of speech. I never saw a saw saw as this saw saws. I said she said he said you said they said we said-nothing. That that that Mr. Brown used in that sentence that that gentleman quoted, corresponds with that that that was used in that sentence under discussion on that day that that gentleman visited our school.

ENIGMAS, CHARADES, ANAGRAM, REBUS.--An enigma is an ambiguous saying, or a composition in which something known is concealed under obscure language. A charade is an enigma made upon a word of two or more syllables. It usually consists of two parts, the first describing the syllables separately; the second alluding to the entire word, and combining the whole in some lively, poetic, and ingenious thought. An anagram is a word changed into another word of different or opposite meaning, or one word converted into two or more lesser words, as drapery, the letters of which, when transposed,.form per yard. A rebus is an enigmatical composition, in which figures or obj re alluded to, instead of words, and out of the combination thus produced, a written puzzle is contrived.

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Amusements of this kind were all in high favor with the ancients, and in the days of Pitt, Sheridan, Byron, and Johnson they were a fashionable amusement. The youth of the present day are also fond of these pastimes, and in our pages we shall endeavor to give this kind of amusement an instructive tendency.

Though I'm small, yet when entire,
I sure could set the world on fire.
Let but a letter disappear,
And I will guard a herd of deer.
Omit another, you'll find

What once took care of human kind. An Old PRECEPT USEFUL TO ALL-Composed of five words and 36 letters. Be careful in the 18, 1, 4, 34, 5, 14, 3, 16, 32, of your 19, 6, 30, 24, 13, 17, 11, 27, 33, 36, and 5, 16, 10, 18, 3, 29, 1, 21, well before you 29, 1, 5, 11, 29, 34 ; avoid the society of the 3, 21, 35, 1, 2, 34, 22, 1, 17, 25, and the 18,5, 27, 21, 10, 1, 22; follow not the 13, 29, 2, 15, 5, 34 of the 24, 35, 6, 9, 29, hut walk in the 36, 14, 1, 24, 18 of the just; so shall you enjoy 24, 1, 31, 5, 34 on earth, the 21, 34, 36, 24, 1, 19, 25 of the wise, the 26, 6, 20, 29, 27, 24, 15, 33, 3, 28, 17 of the 24, 21, 9, 29, 34, 17, 25, the favor of 26, 20, 29, and 4, 6, 2, 34 of 80, 1, 10. Answer to the Puzzle of the stars and the riddle in June number, page 71 :

My bright young friends ! here nine stars see;
Ten rows there are, in each row three.

Mo-no-syl-la-ble is the answer, yet the riddle is not strictly in accordance with the standard orthography, for the word is properly divided in this wise : mon-o-syl-la-ble.

Items and Events.


N AGED ELM.—The great elm tree, on Boston Common, is estimated to be

300 years old; hence it must have sheltered not only our forefathers, but the aborigines before them.

POSTAGE ON DAGUERREOTYPES.-Daguerreotypes may be sent by mail at the regular rates of letter postage, viz. : three cents for each half ounce in weight if paid by the person mailing it.

New York CITY SCHOOLS.—In the city of New York there are 112 public free schools, in which are employed 1,000 teachers. The whole number of chil. dren taught in these schools last year was 119,000. During the present month these schools have a vacation.

RAILROAD IN BRAZIL.--A railroad was recently opened near Rio de Janeiro. It is completed about nine miles in length. This is the first railroad in Brazil, and we believe the first in South America.



Literarp Motices.

Books noticed in THE STUDENT may be obtained by persons residing in any part of the United

States, at their own post-office, free of postage, by inclosing the price here given, in a letter, post-paid, and directing it to N. A. CALKINS, 348 Broadway, New York.


FARMINGDALE. By Caroline Thomas. Pub- embraced in the counties of Clinton, Franklin

lished by D. Appleton & Co., Nos. 346 and St. Lawrence, and Essex. The author relates 348 Broadway, New York. 12mo ; 892 pages. his own adventures in the solitudes of this forMuslin.

est, with no companion save his guide, dog, The merit of the work now before us is not and gun, and by his simple, unstudied deall contained in its title ; indeed, amid the scriptions of nature, and his experiences, forms multitude of promising titles to unpromising an interesting volume, and an excellent combooks of the present day, Farmingdale fails panion for summer travel. •Indeed, he who to convey any idea of its real character. Two reads it during these warm summer days will children-Mary and Thomas—were left or long to be away in the depths of forest shade, phans at a tender age, and taken to Farming- sporting on the banks of cooling streams. Price dale, the home of an aunt–a hard-working, by mail, $1 80. mercenary, unsympathizing woman. Mary is fond of learning, and even in childhood con- OLDHAM'S AMUSING AND INSTRUCTIVE READ

A course of Reading, Original and Seceives the idea of preparing herself to become

lected, in Prose and Poetry, wherein Wit, a school-teacher. From her aunt she receives Humor, and Mirth are made the means of no sympathy, and after toil, suffering, and cold awakening interest and imparting instruc


For the use of Schools and Acadeneglect, this hard-hearted woman, in a fit of

mies. By Oliver Oldham, author of "Huill temper, sends the orphan children of her

morous Speaker." Published by Ivison & own sister out upon the world alone. In spite Phinney, *178 Fulton Street, New York. of all discouraging circumstances, Mary grows

12mo; 384 pages.

Muslin, with leather

backs. up with energy of character, and a sweet and amiable disposition, and wins the friendship

The idea that children at school-fun-loving of many who are kind-hearted and benevo as they are—may be benefited by something lent. She finally succeeds in carrying out the amusing and humorous to relieve the general favorite plan of her childhood, and becomes gloom which too often is allowed to settle over the teacher of a flourishing school for young the school-room, giving it a sort of dread, is ladies, and thus aids her brother in his prep- here embodied in a practical and instructive arations for college.

form, with articles to arouse, gladden, cheer, The story is laid among the hills of Vermont, and even provoke laughter; yet its humor is and describes scenes peculiar to country life in of that genuine kind which serves to instruct New England. It conveys an excellent lesson and impress good principles. The work is for those parents who are completely absorbed prepared by a most successful and experiin preparing for the wants of the body--to enced teacher. We cheerfully commend it to the neglect of cultivation of the finer feeling all who would banish the clouds from their of their natures, regardless of the mind-the school-rooms. Teachers might use it profitmost important part of man. Price by mail, ably by reading selections from it to their pupre-paid, $1 25. The same, in paper cor- pils, accompanied with a few appropriate com

ments. Price by mail, $1.


Tramp in the Chateaugay Woods. By s. comprising “The Sweets we Extract ; The LiqH. Hammond. Published by J. C. Derby, uors we Ferment; and the Narcotios we Indulge No. 8 Park Place, New York. 12mo; 840 in,” is now ready. Published by D. Appleton pages. IUustrated. Muslin.

& Co., New York. We have, in previous numTo those fond of the country, and especially bers, already spoken in terms of high comif fond of the wild, unbroken grandeur of its mendation of this work, and now take pleasure forests, lakes, mountains, and streams, this vol- again in commending it to the attention of our ume will have its charms. It is descriptive of readers. Every parent and teacher, and son and the vast tract of almost unbroken wilderness daughter, should read it. We will send the three lying in that portion of the State of New York parts by mail, post-paid, for 80 cente each.

ers, $1.

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