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Puddleford and its people; The Mas- Pease, Rev. L. M. (With Portrait.). 185
ter's House ; The Bud, the Flower, Poison Valley....

198
And the Fruit; The Bond Family ;
Our Educational Exchanges.,
108 Rain, The. By EVELINA.

53
Farmingdale; Hille, Lakes, and Forest

Rum-Drinker Caught, A...

87
Streams; Oldha 's Amusing

ader;
Right, Is it-Or is it Wrong?.

168

Chemistry of Common Life.

144 Sneer, Don't.

26

Outlines of History; Bertha and Lily; Shadow Buff-A Game.

27

Katherine Ashton; Fruits and far-

Story for Little Boys, A.

23

inacea the Proper Food of Man;

Sunday, How Broad is..

30

Compendium of Phonography; Na- School-Room, The Old. (Poetry.) By A.

tional Magazine; Putnam's Monthly.. 180 E. H..

41

Off-Hand Takings, Or, Crayon Sketches Selfishness, Reward of. (Poetry.).

59

of Noticeable Men of our Age; Fern Swiss Herdsman. (With an Illustration.) 73

Leaves ; Fashion and Famine; Chem- Scholar, The Penitent..

98

istry of Common Life....

212 School Dialogue. (Poetry.)...

103

Music-Mind makes the Man. By E. C.

"STUDENT'S" Greeting, The-From Hill-

HOWE...

86

brook Glen. (Poetry.).

118

Mendelssohn. (With Portrait.).

82 School-Room Song.

132

135

Martin, The Brown. (Poetry.) By Ada.. 97 | Sailors, Mathematical..

Mother. Never Forget Your.

156 Smith, Elizabeth Oakes. (With Portrait.) 153

Mind, The March of. By MILFORD BARD. 181 Scholar's Song By Mrs. J. H. HANAFORD, 171

Swallows. With Illustrations.)... 187

MICROSCOPIC VIEW8. By UNCLE GEORGE.

No. 1.-A Glance at the Caterpillar

Spinsters, The Three. A Tale from the

German. By ANNE P. ADAMS. 195

and Wasp. (With three Illustrations.) 20

No. 2.- Or Flowers and their Fruit Dust. 56 Teeth, Clean.

No. 8.-Seeds and Sand. (Two Illustra- Telescope, The Craig. (With Illustration.) 14

tions.).......

93 Turkish Titles.

15

No. 4.-Cuttings of Wood, (Three Il- Think Again..

63

lustrations.)

128 Temper, Keep your.

188

No. 5.-Shelly Infusoria. (Three Illus- Thoughts, not Words. (Poetry.) By M.

trations.)..

161

E. A...

151

No. 6.-Self-Division of Animalcules. Truth

194

(Illustration.).

199

USEFUL KNOWLEDGE, LECTURES ON. No.

Nettle Stings, Why the.

148 1.-Introduction..

54

No. 2.-Formation of Dew..

133

Ottomans, The..

50

Useful, How a Little Child may be.

Our MUSEUM.-May.--Languages and Al-

(Poetry.)..

66

phabets ; Agrarian Law; Punch and

Unkind Children, The..

187

the Czar; Matrimonial Pun; Curiosi-

ty; Loafers ; Curious Title; Canes;

Willow Tree, My. (Poetry.) By VESTA

Lamps; Epigram; Puzzle. ...32, 33

VIOLET.

June. ---Sirloin; Consols ; Chinese and

Water we Drink, The. By J. F. W. JOIN-

the Barrel ; Curious Statistics ; Origin

STON, M. A.

76

of Word Attorney ; Carthaginian
Water Cold, The. (Poetry.).

87
Names ; Blanket ; Thimbles; Our Wbat o'clock, is it?.

102
Country's Father; Forgiveness, Blind Washington. (With Portrait.) By Orrin

116
Girl's Definition; Strange; Toast by

P. ALLEN.
Saxe; Enigma; Puzzle of the Stars ;
Riddle

..69, 70, 71
July.-Five Vowels in One Word ;

Musical Taste in China; Number of
Languages; Labor of Historians;
Cork; Laws in China; Miniature
Oak; Bridal Mark of Japanese; An- SHORT PARAGRAPHS.-Punctiliousness, 16;

swers to Puzzle and Enigma.....106, 107 Be Tidy, 80; Good Nature, 44; Ap-
August.-Debt and Credit ; Thunder-

plication of Mind, 55; Goodness of
bolt; Negative Questions, How to

Heart, 58; Oome when the Birds Sing,
Answer; Usefulness of the Cocoa-

62; Respect the Old, 66: What we do
Tree: Enigmas, Charades, etc.; Repeat-

with the Hand, 81; Thoughts, 86;
ing Words ; Answer to Puzzle of Stars, 143 Mind, Room in, 92; The Vice which
September.-Miner's Grammar; Rec-

Bad Pergons Shun, 97; How to get
ommendation; Penny: Measures and

Wisdom, 101; Age of the World, 186;
Weights; Turkish Will ; Classical

Real Manners, 147; Parasites, 150;
Pun; Alliteration, or Siege of Bel-

Evil Company like Tobacco Smoke,
grade...

.176, 177, 178 151 ; English Language, 162; Tread
October.-Geological Fact; Wheelbar-

of the Camel, 154; Small Talk, 156;

row : Sophistic Logic; Transposition;

Education, 184; Don't be Idle, 198;

Mathematical ; Lady; Morse's Tele-

Satire and Satirists, 202; Effects of

graph....

211 Vices and Follies, 206.

25

THE STUDENT,

AND

FAMILY

MISCELLANY.

FEW WORDS INTRODUCTORY.

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propriate that we should say a few words relative to our enterprise, its past and present, its plans and aims. For this purpose, kind reader, we now solicit your attention.

Eight years ago the first steps were taken toward publishing THE STUDENT—a family and educational periodical-designed to be a colaborer with all upon whom devolves the training of the young for the duties and usefulness of life. Its plans combine something to please the tyro in reading, instruction rendered attractive to youth, and that adapted to those of riper years. Its earnest aims are to awaken a more universal and active desire for self-improvement in all that will make true men or true women.

Among its plans is its design as a reader for schools. By its monthly arrival it takes advantage of that awakening ardor always manifested on the part of children on the introduction of a new book into their class, and thus it enkindles in them a love for reading; that once established, they possess the key to knowledge. In its reading lessons, thoughts and subjects are presented which readily suggest the relation between schooleducation and the every-day scenes and realities of active life. At first this idea of a monthly reader was new, but it readily gained the approbation of those who tried it, and now the teachers and pupils of a hundred schools hail the arrival of THE STUDENT with enthusiastic delight; yet we trust that its mission in the school-room has but just commenced. Awaken a child's ambition, and implant in its mind a taste for literature, and more is gained than by years of school-room drudgery, where the heart works not in unison with the head.

As a Family Miscellany, THE STUDENT has grown into public favor, until it now numbers among its friends and readers more than ten thousand. Since its commencement several changes have been made, but in them all, our aim has been improvement, and the better adaptation which

VOL. IX.-NO. 1.-MAY, 1854.

2

CHARACTER, AND ITS FOUNDATION.

.

time and experience suggested for the accomplishment of the ultimate object. With the present number the work appears in a new form, and with thirty-six octavo pages, instead of thirty-two, as heretofore. Besides, it is now printed on new type, with the best of illustrations, and on fine paper. Whatever merits it possessed in the character of its reading during its past existence, we shall endeavor to retain, and change this feature only by adding such as we trust will improve its usefulness, and make it more acceptable to its patrons.

Having said thus much of THE STUDENT, of its past success and its aims, we now leave its pages to speak for themselves in regard to its promises for the future. Accepting the many wishes already freely offered for its prosperity and success in its worthy cause, we commend it to the kind encouragement and patronage of all who earnestly desire to aid in guiding the rising generation in the paths of virtue, knowledge, usefulness, and honor, and of increasing happiness in the family circle.

CHARACTER, AND ITS FOUNDATION.*

BY J. A. JAMES.

T is recorded of Francis I. of France, that, after his disastrous

defeat in the battle of Pavia, by the Emperor Charles V. of Germany, he announced the catastrophe to his mother in the following terse and magnanimous manner: "Every thing is lost but my honor.” It was a saying worthy of a greater and a better man. Similar to this has been the reflection and expression of others amid the calamities of human life: of men who, sitting down amid the ruins of their fortunes, their prospects, and their hopes, have wiped away their tears, and who, nobly rising in the consciousness of integrity above their misfortunes, have said, "I have lost every thing but my character;" and with that consciousness, such men are less, far less to be pitied than they who have risen to wealth upon the ruins of their reputation.

No man can be said to be in abject penury who is rich in whatsoever things are lovely and of good report ; while, on the other hand, neither wealth, nor learning, nor science can dignify a man without character. This is the best capital with which to begin life; it affords the most reasonable hope of success in passing through it, and will yield the sweetest reflections at the close of it.

* Extract from a lecture delivered in Birmingham, England, to an audience of about 4,000, the majority of whom were young men.

CHARACTER, AND ITS FOUNDATION.

3

If it were granted you at your own expense, and under your own directions, to lay the foundations and to raise the walls of some magnificent structure, which should attract the admiration of the world, defy the assaults of time, and hand down your name to future ages, what an object of ambition would thus be placed within your reach! But how much nobler in itself, how much more valuable to you, and how much more enduring, is that which is actually proposed to you by the will of God, in the foundation and construction of your own character!

By character we mean the prevailing and habitual qualities or dispositions of the mind, which express themselves in appropriate conduct, and distinguish their possessor from other men.

A mere occasional act, however splendid an instance of good conduct it may be, does not constitute character, even though it should be repeated occasionally at long intervals. A miser, for instance, may, under some very peculiar circumstances, be induced to perform an act of even munificent liberality, but it is not his character to be liberal.

Acts are sometimes done by men so unlike their prevailing disposition, that we are astonished at them, as phenomena which exceedingly perplex us when we make inquiry into their cause. Even good men, under the power of temptation, occasionally do things which are very unlike themselves, and contrary to their character; which, however, still survives the shock of these aberrations. A fitful virtue is of little value, and yet it is all that some men have. Their minds seem to be ever in an intermittent fever, in which their cold and hot fits are in constant alternation.

Its foundation.—This word is suggestive : the foundation of a building is laid in the earth. How much labor is bestowed in digging and throwing out the soil, and getting a trench ready to receive the materials which are to compose the fabric! How much material is lodged out of sight that is totally forgotten by the ignorant observers of the structure! Who, for instance, in passing St. Paul's Cathedral, and admiring its lofty dome and gilded cross, dreams of the masses of stone on which the whole rests, and without which the building must soon have been a heap of ruins ? Yet there is the foundation, vast and deep, though buried, hidden, and nearly forgotten.

So it must be with character. The foundation must be laid in the mind, and heart, and conscience, and memory. There must be a digging into the soul ; a throwing out of much that is in the way

4

CHARACTER, AND ITS FOUNDATION.

of what must be introduced ; a making room for much material to be laid there; and a careful and laborious deposit of a suitable substratum. Something strong, broad, firm, must be buried and hidden in the soul. A lofty superstructure of character can no more be raised, which shall stand and be permanent, without this, than a towering building can be a permanent one, that is erected upon the surface of the ground, and not beneath it.

The soul, not in its intellectual aspect and capacity merely, but in its moral and immortal one ; the soul, with its affections, passions, and propensities; the soul, the seat of will and conscience; the soul, as the ground in which the basis of character is laid, must be a subject of serious consideration. Many men carry about their minds with less solicitude than they do their watches, knowing and caring almost as little of the faculties and power of the one as they do of the mechanism of the other. This must not be with those who would form a good character.

Of what materials, then, must the foundation of character be formed ? What is the mighty granite which must be deposited for a character that is to stand for eternity ? Science ? Literature ? The Arts ? No. These may do for the intellectual, but not for the moral character. It is principle, moral principle, that must form the basis of this mighty foundation. Moral character can not rest on astronomy, geology, chemistry, electricity, magnetism. These things are admirable, useful, noble, sublime ; but they can no more do for the basis of character, than jewelry, or diamonds, or the telescope, or the galvanic battery, or the magnet would do for the foundation of a pyramid or a temple. By principle, I mean not opinions only, but convictions ; not speculative theories on morals, but practical conclusions ; not sentiments floating in the judgment, but rooted in the heart. To attempt to form a character without established principles, is like erecting a building without a foundation.

In the construction of character there are decorations to be studied and acquired. To advert again to the construction of a building, it may be made of substantial materials, and may have many good rooms,

and

answer well enough the purpose of a habitation, but all the while it may have a barn-like appearance. There are none of the tasteful ornaments of architecture about it: no Ionic grace ; no Corinthian elegance; nor even Doric chasteness. Or, to refer to the human form, there may be symmetry, strength, even beauty, but the bearing may be low and vulgar, the manner repulsive, and the address unprepossessing. Is it not sometimes thus with character ?

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