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was thirsty, and ye gave me drink : I was a stranger, and ye took me in: naked, and ye clothed me : I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungered, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave
thee drink? When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in ? or naked, and clothed thee? Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. Then shall he say unto them also on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was an hungered, and
ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: I was a stranger, and
ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not : sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungered, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to, one of the least of these, ye did it not to
And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.” In this description of the day of judgment it is clearly announced, that the merciful Father of the
universe accepts as [a] manifestation of love toLwards himself, every act of charity and beneficence performed towards his creatures.
(See text already quoted, Matthew, ch. vii. ver. 12.) And apparently to counteract by anticipation the erroneous idea that such conduct might be dispensed with, and reliance placed on a mere dogmatical knowledge of God, or of the Saviour, the following declaration seems to have been uttered. Matthew, ch. vii. ver. 21 : “ Not every one that saith unto me, Lord ! Lord ! shall enter into the kingdom of heaven, but he that doeth the will of my Father who is in heaven. Many will say unto me in that day, Lord ! Lord! have we not prophesied in thy name; and in thy name have cast out devils ; and in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you; depart from me, ye that work iniquity. Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, who built his house upon a rock. And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand.” Matthew, ch. xii. " Whosoever shall do the will of my Father who is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother." Luke, ch. ix. “My mother and my brethren are those which hear the word of God and do it." Ch. xi. “ Blessed is the womb (said a certain woman to Jesus) that bare thee, and the paps which thou
hast sucked : but he said, Yea, rather blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.” John, ch. xv. “ If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love : even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love." What, then, are THOSE SAYINGS, the obedience to which is so absolutely commanded as indispensable and all-sufficient to those who desire to inherit eternal life? They are no other than the blessed and benign moral doctrines taught in the sermon on the mount, (contained in the 5th, 6th, and 7th chapters of Matthew,) which include therefore every duty of man, and all that is necessary to salvation; and they expressly exclude mere profession or belief, from those circumstances which God graciously admits as giving a title to eternal happiness. Neither in this, nor in any other part of the New Testament, can we find a commandment similarly enjoining a knowledge of any of the mysteries or historical relations contained in those books. It is besides plainly stated, that but a very small portion of the works of Jesus have been handed down to us by the Evangelists. John says, at the conclusion of his gospel, ch. xxi. ver. 25. “ There are also many other things which Jesus did, the which if they should be written every one, I suppose the world itself could not contain the books that should be written.” On the other hand, we cannot doubt that the whole spirit of his doctrines has been faithfully and fully recorded. The reason of this appears obvious :
--miracles must have had a powerful effect on the minds of those who witnessed them, and who, without some such evidence, were disposed to question the authority of the teacher of those doctrines. John, ch. xv. ver. 23: “ The works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me." Ver. 37 and 38: “If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not. But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works.” Had his doctrines of themselves made their due impressions, the aid of miracles would not have been requisite, nor had recourse to. In this country, the bare report of such miracles could have given no support to the weight of the doctrines ; for, as the Compiler has stated in his Introduction, miracles infinitely more wonderful are related of their gods and saints, on authorities that the Hindoos must deem superior to those of the Apostles.
We are taught by revelation, as well as education, to ascribe to the Deity, the perfection of those attributes which are esteemed excellent amongst mankind.
And according to those ideas it must surely appear more consistent with the justice of the Sovereign Ruler, that he should admit to mercy those of his subjects who, acknowledging his authority, have endeavoured to obey his laws; or shown contrition, when they have fallen short of their duty and love ; than that he should select for favour those whose claims rest on having acquired particular ideas of his nature,
and of the origin of his Son, and of what aftlic-
5. The Reviewer observes, (in page 24.) with every mark of disapprobation, that the Compiler has intimated in the Introduction, that the dogmatical and historical matters are rather calculated to do injury. The Compiler could not certainly overlook the daily occurrences and obvious facts which led him to remark, [in the Introduction,] that “ historical and some other passages are liable to the doubts and disputes of Freethinkers and Anti-christians, especially miraculous relations, which are much less wonderful than the fabricated tales handed down to the natives of Asia :" and to prove what the Compiler stated, I humbly entreat any one to refer to the numerous volumes written by persons unattached to any of the established churches against the miracles, the history, and some of the dogmas of Christianity. It has been the different interpretations of the dogmas that have given rise to such keen disputes amongst the followers of Jesus. They have not only destroyed harmony and union between one sect of Christians and another, and continue to do so ;