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THE FIRST PART OF

KING HENRY THE SIXTH.

The first edition of this play known, is that of the folio 1623. It is generally supposed to be the same “ Henery the vj.," somewhat modified and improved by Shakespeare, which is entered in Henslowe's diary as first acted on the 3rd of March, 1591-2, and to which Nash alludes in his “ Pierce Pennilesse, his Supplication to the Devil,” 1592:—“How would it have joy'd brave Talbot (the terror of the French) to thinke that after he had lyne two hundred yeare in his tombe, he should triumph againe on the stage, and have his bones new embalmed with the teares of ten thousand spectators at least, (at severall times,) who, in the tragedian that represents his person, imagine they behold him fresh bleeding.” This opinion has, however, been strenuously impugned by Mr. Knight, in his able “Essay on the Three Parts of King Henry VI. and King Richard III.," wherein he attempts to show, that the present drama, as well as the two parts of the “Contention betwixt the two famous houses of Yorke and Lancaster," which Malone has been at such infinite pains to prove the works of earlier writers, are wholly the productions of Shakespeare.

The subject is of extreme difficulty, and one upon which there will always be a conflict of opinion. For our own part, we can no more agree with Mr. Knight in ascribing the piece before us solely to Shakespeare, than with Malone in the attempt to despoil him of the two parts of the “Contention.” To us, in the present play, the hand of the great Master is only occasionally perceptible; while in the “Contention,” it is unmistakeably visible in nearly every scene.

The former was probably an early play of some inferior author, which he partly re-modelled; the latter appears to have been his first alteration of a more important production, perhaps by Marlowe, Greene, and Peele, which he subsequently re-wrote, rechristened, and divided, as it now appears, into what are called the Second and Third Parts of Henry VI.

King HENRY VI.
DUKE of GLOUCESTER, Uncle to the King, and Protector.
DUKE of BEDFORD, Uncle to the King, and Regent of France.
THOMAS BEAUFORT, Duke of Exeter, Great Uncle to the King.
HENRY BEAUFORT, Great Uncle to the King, Bishop of Winchester, and afterwards

Cardinal.
John BEAUFORT, Earl of Somerset, afterwards Duke.
RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Eldest Son of Richard, late Earl of Cambridge ; afterwards

Duke of York.
Earl of WARWICK.
Earl of SALISBURY.
EARL of SUFFOLK.
Lord Talbot, afterwards Earl of Shrewsbury.
EDMUND MORTIMER, Earl of March.
Sir John FASTOLPE.
Sir WILLIAM LUCY.
Sir WILLIAM GLANSDALE.
Sir Thomas GARGRAVE.
Mayor of London.
WoodVILLE, Lieutenant of the Tower.
VERNON, of the White Rose, or York faction.
BASSET, of the Red Rose, or Lancaster faction.
A Lawyer.
Mortimer's Keepers.

CHARLES, Dauphin, afterwards King of France.
REIGNIER, Duke of Anjou, and titular King of Naples.
DUKE of BURGUNDY.
Duke of Alençon.
Bastard of Orleans.
Governor of Paris.
General of the French Forces in Bourdeaux.
Master-Gunner of Orleans, and his Son.
A French Sergeant.
A Porter.
An old Shepherd, father to Joan la Pucelle.

MARGARET, Daughter to Reignier ; afterwards married to King Henry.
Countess of AUVERGNE.
Joan La PUCELLE, commonly called Joan of Arc.

Lords, Warders of the Tower, Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, Messengers, and rdrious

Attendants both on the English and French, Fiends appearing to La Pucelle.

SCENE, -Partly in England, and partly in France.

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Dead March. The corpse of King HENRY the Than mid-day sun, fierce bent against their faces.

Fifth discovered, lying in State ; attended What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech : on by the Dukes of BEDFORD, GLOUCESTER, He ne'er lift up his hand but conquered. and EXETER ; the EARL of WARWICK; the Exe. We mourn in black, why mourn we not BISHOP of WINCHESTER, Heralds, &c.

in blood ?

Henry is dead, and never shall revive : Bed. Hung be the heavens with black,(1) yield | Upon a wooden coffin we attend ; day to night!

And death's dishonourable victory Comets, importing change of times and states, We with our stately presence glorify, Brandish your crystal tresses in the sky,

Like captives bound to a triumphant car. And with them scourge the bad revolting stars, What ! shall we curse the planets of mishap, That have consented unto Henry's death! That plotted thus our glory's overthrow ? King Henry the fifth, too famous to live long ! Or shall we think the subtle-witted French England ne'er lost a king of so much worth. Conjurers and sorcerers, that, afraid of him,

Glo. England ne'er had a king until his time. By magic verses have contriv'd his end ? (2) Virtue he had, deserving to command :

Win. He was a king bless'd of the King of His brandish'd sword did blind men with his

kings. beams;

Unto the French the dreadful judgment-day His arms spread wider than a dragon's wings; So dreadful will not be, as was his sight. His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathful fire, The battles of the Lord of hosts he fought : More dazzled and drove back his enemies, The church's prayers made bim so prosperous.

Glo. The church! where is it? Had not a Consented-] Steevens proposed to read concented, believing

churchmen pray’d, the word was not employed here in its ordinary sense, but as

Hi, thread of life had not so soon decay'd : concentus.

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