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Flu. The duke of Exeter is as magnanimous And let not hemp his wind-pipe suffocate ; as Agamemnon; and a man that I love and honour But Exeter hath given the doom of death, with my soul, and my heart, and my duty, and my For pax of little price. life, and my living, and my uttermost power : Therefore, go speak, the duke will hear thy voice; he is not, (Got pe praised and plessed !) any hurt And let not Bardolph’s vital thread be cut in the 'orld ; but keeps the pridge most valiantly, with edge of penny cord, and vile reproach : with excellent discipline. There is an auncient Speak, captain, for his life, and I will thee requite. lieutenant" there at the pridge, -I think, in my Flu. Auncient Pistol, I do partly understand very conscience, he is as valiant a man as Mark your meaning. Antony; and he is a man of no estimation in the Pist. Why then rejoice therefore. 'orld ; put I did see him do as gallant service. Flu. Certainly, auncient, it is not a thing to Gow. What do you call him ?
rejoice at: for if, look you, he were my prother, I Flu. He is called—auncient Pistol.
would desire the duke to use his goot pleasure, and Gow. I know him not.
put him to executions; for disciplines ought to
be used. Enter PISTOL.
Pist. Die and be damn'd; and figo' for thy
friendship! Flu. Here is the man.
Flu. It is well.
[Exit Pistol. The duke of Exeter doth love thee well.
Flu. Very goot. Flu. Ay, I praise Got; and I have merited Gow. Why, this is an arrant counterfeit rascal; some love at his hands.
I remember him now; a bawd, a cutpurse. Pist. Bardolph, a soldier, firm and sound of Flu. I'll assure you, 'a utter'd as prave 'ords heart,
at the pridge, as you shall see in a summer's day: *Of buxom valour, hath,—by cruel fate,
but it is very well ; what he has spoke to me, that And giddy Fortune's furious fickle wheel,- is well, I warrant you, when time is serve. That goddess blind,
Gow. Why, 'tis a gull, a fool, a rogue, that now That stands upon the rolling restless stone,- and then goes to the wars, to grace himself, at his
Flu. Py your patience, auncient Pistol. Fortune return into London, under the form of a soldier. is painted plind, with a muffler pefore her + eyes, And such fellows are perfect in the great comto signify to you that fortune is plind, and she is manders' names : and they will learn you by rote, painted also with a wheel, to signify to you, which where services were done ;-at such and such a is the moral of it, that she is turning, and incon- sconce, at such a breach, at such a convoy; who stant, and mutability, and variation : and her foot, came off bravely, who was shot, who disgraced, look you, is fixed upon a spherical stone, which what terms the enemy stood on ; and this they con rolls, and rolls, and rolls ;- in good truth, the poet perfectly in the phrase of war, which they trick up is make a most excellent description of it: Fortune, with new-tuned oaths : and what a beard of the look you,' is an excellent moral.
general's cut,(3) and a horrid suit of the camp, will Pist. Fortune is Bardolph's foe, and frowns on do among foaming bottles, and ale-washed wits, is him ;
wonderful to be thought on! but you must learn to For he hath stoln a pax,(2) and hanged must know such slanders of the age, or else you may be 'a be.
marvellously mistook. A damned death !
Flu. I tell you what, captain Gower ;-I do Let gallows gape for dog, let man go free, perceive, he is not the man that he would gladly make show to the 'orld he is ; if I find a hole in consider of his ransom ; which must proportion his coat, I will tell him my mind. [Drum heard.] the losses we have borne, the subjects we have Hark you, the king is coming; and I must speak lost, the disgrace we have digested; which, in with him from the pridge.
(*) Old text prefixes, And.
(1) First folio, afore his. R An auncient lieutenant-] If Fluellen were not designed to blunder, we may suppose that lieutenant having been inadvertently inserted in the first instance, and ancient afterwards interlineated, both by accident got printed in the text. The quartos read,
“ There is an ensigne there." • Buxom valour,-) The earliest meaning of this word was, pliant, yielding, obedient ; but in Shakespeare's time it was commonly used in the sense it appears to bear here, and in “Pericles," Act I. (Gower) that of lusty, sprightly, buoyant.
• The poet is make-] Thus the quartos; the folio bas, "the poet makes," &c.
d Look you,-) These words are found only in the quartos.
e To executions; for disciplines, &c.] In the folio, to execution ; for discipline, &c. As Mr. Knight both here and in other instances in the present scene has adopted, though silently, the
reading of the quartos, it is not uncharitable to suppose that his objection to such a proceeding on the part of his brother-editors was a little more strongly expressed than felt.
f And figo for thy friendship!) This is simply "a fig for thy friendship;" as in the “Merry Wives of Windsor," Act I. Sc. 3, he says, "A fico for the phrase;" there is no allusion apparently to the loathsome gesticulation mentioned in note (C), p. 160, Vol. I.
g The fig of Spain !) From the corresponding passage in the quartos,-. the fig of Spain within thy jaw," and "the fig within thy bowels and thy dirty maw,"-Pistol obviously refers hure to the custom of administering poisoned figs, which appears to have been but too common both in Spain and Italy at one time:
“ It may fall out that thou shalt be entic'd
To sup sometimes with a magnifico,
“I look now for a Spanish fig, or an Italian sallad daily."
weight to re-answer, his pettiness would bow under. For our losses, his exchequer is too poor ;
for the effusion of our blood, the muster of his Enter KING HENRY, GLOUCESTER, and Soldiers.
kingdom too faint a number ; and for our disgrace,
his own person kneeling at our feet, but a weak Flu. Got pless your majesty!
and worthless satisfaction. To this add-defiance: K. Hen. How now, Fluellen ? cam’st thou
and tell him, for conclusion, he hath betrayed his from the bridge?
followers, whose condemnation is pronounced. So Flu. Ay, so please your majesty. The duke of
far my king and master; so much my office. Exeter has very gallantly maintained the pridge:
K. HEN. What is thy name? I know thy the French is gone off, look you, and there is
quality. gallant and most prave passages: marry,
Mont. Montjoy. athversary was have possession of the pridge, but
K. HEN. Thou dost thy office fairly. Turn he is enforced to retire, and the duke of Exeter
thee back, is master of the pridge: I can tell your majesty,
And tell thy king,—I do not seek him now, the duke is a prave man.
But could be willing to march on to Calais K. HEN. What men have you lost, Fluellen ?
Without impeachment : for, to say the sooth, Flu. The perdition of th' athversary hath been
(Though 'tis no wisdom to confess so much very great, reasonable great: marry, for my part,
Unto an enemy of craft and vantage,) I think the duke hath lost never a man, but
My people are with sickness much enfeebled ; one that is like to be executed for robbing a
My numbers lessen'd; and those few I have, church, one Bardolph, if your majesty know the
Almost no better than so many French ; man: his face is all bubukles, and whelks, and
Who when they were in health, I tell thee, herald, knobs, and flames of fire; and his lips plows at his nose, and it is like a coal of fire, sometimes plue, Did march three Frenchmen,—Yet, forgive me,
I thought, upon one pair of English legs [God, and sometimes red: but his nose is executed, and
That I do brag thus !-this your air of France his fire's out.
Hath blown that vice in me; I must repent. K. Hen. We would have all such offenders so
Go, therefore, tell thy master, here I am ; cut off :—and we give express charge, that, in our
My ransom, is this frail and worthless trunk, marches through the country, there be nothing My army, but a weak and sickly guard ; compelled from the villages, nothing taken but
Yet, God before, tell him we will come on, paid for ; none of the French upbraided, or abused in disdainful language ; for when lenity and cruelty | Though France himself, and such another neigh
bour, play for a kingdom, the gentler gamester is the
Stand in our way.
There's for thy labour, soonest winner.
Go, bid thy master well advise himself:
If we may pass, we will ; be hinderd,
We shall your tawny ground with your red blood Mont. You know me by my habit.
Discolour : and so, Montjoy, fare you well.
We would not seek a battle as we are,
Nor, as we are, we say, we will not shun it; K. HEN. Unfold it.
So tell your master.
[Exit Montjoy. did but sleep; advantage is a better soldier than Glo. I hope, they will not come upon us now. rashness. Tell him, we could have rebuked him K. HEN. We are in God's hand, brother, not at Harfleur, but that we thought not good to
in theirs. bruise an injury, till it were full ripe :—now we March to the bridge ; it now draws toward night: speak upon our cue, and our voice is imperial. Beyond the river we 'll encamp ourselves, England shall repent his folly, see his weakness, And on to-morrow bid them march away. and admire our sufferance. Bid him, therefore,
Thanks to your
A And Soldiers.] The folio has, souldiers,"
Enter the King and his poor
b Impeachment:) Hindrance.
Dau. Then did they imitate that which I comSCENE VII.—The French Camp, near
posed to my courser; for my horse is my mistress. Agincourt.
ORL. Your mistress bears well. Enter the ConstABLE of FRANCE, the Duke of
Dau. Me well; which is the prescript praise ORLEANS, the DAUPHIN, the LORD RAMBURES, and perfection of a good and particular mistress. and others.
Cox. Nay, for methought yesterday your
mistress shrewdly shook your back. Con. Tut! I have the best armour of the Dau. So, perhaps, did yours. world.
Con. Mine was not bridled. Would it were day!
Dau. O! then, belike, she was old and gentle ; ORL. You have an excellent armour ; but let and you rode, like a kerne of Ireland, your French my horse have his duc.
hose off, and in your strait strossers. Con. It is the best horse of Europe.
Con. You have good judgment in horsemanORL. Will it never be morning ?
ship. Dau. My lord of Orleans, and my lord high- Dau. Be warned by me, then : they that ride constable, you talk of horse and armour,
so, and ride not warily, fall into foul bogs; I had Onl. You are as well provided of both, as any rather have my horse to my mistress. prince in the world.
Con. I had as lief have my mistress a jade. Dau. What a long night is this ! I will not Dav. I tell thee, constable, my mistress wears change my horse with any that treads but on four his own hair. pasterns." Ça, ha ! * He bounds from the earth, Con. I could make as true a boast as that, if as if his entrails were hairs; le cheval volant, the I had a sow to my mistress. Pegasus, qui a les narines de feu ! When I Dau. Le chien est retourné à son propre vomissebestride him, I soar, I am a hawk: he trots the ment, et la truie larée au bourbier : thou makest air; the earth sings when he touches it; the use of any thing. basest horn of his hoof is more musical than the Con. Yet do I not use my horse for my mispipe of Hermes.
tress ; or any such proverb, so little kin to the ORL. He's of the colour of the nutmeg. purpose.
Dau. And of the heat of the ginger. It is a Ram. My lord constable, the armour, that I a beast for Perseus : he is pure air and fire, and saw in your tent to-night,- -are those stars, or the dull elements of earth and water never appear
suns, upon it ? in him, but only in patient stillness while his
Con. Stars, my
lord, rider mounts him: he is, indeed, a horse, and all Dau. Some of them will fall to-morrow, I other jades you may call-beasts.
hope. Con. Indeed, my lord, it is a most absolute Con. And yet my sky shall not want. and excellent horse.
Dau. That may be, for you bear a many Dau. It is the prince of palfreys ; his neigh is superfluously, and 't were more honour, some were like the bidding of a monarch, and his countenance away. enforces homage.
Con. Even as your horse bears your praises, ORL. No more, cousin.
who would trot as well, were some of your brags Dau. Nay, the man hath no wit, that cannot, dismounted. from the rising of the lark to the lodging of the Dau. Would I were able to load him with his lamb, vary deserved praise on my palfrey ; it is desert !- Will it never be day? I will trot totheme as fluent as the sea ; turn the sands into
morrow a mile, and my way shall be paved with eloquent tongues, and my horse is argument for English faces. them all : 'tis a subject for a sovereign to reason Con. I will not say so, for fear I should be on, and for a sovereign's sovereign to ride on ;
faced out of my way: but I would it were moinfor the world (familiar to us, and unknown,) to lay ing, for I would fain be about the ears of the apart their particular functions, and wonder at English. him. I once writ a sonnet in his praise, and RAM. Who will go to hazard with me for twenty began thus : Wonder of nature,
prisoners ? ORL. I have heard a sonnet begin so to one's Con. You must first go yourself to hazard, ere mistress.
you have them.
(*) Old copy, ch, ha'. & On four pasterns.) So the folio, 1632, correcting the error of its predecessor, which has, poslures. b° And all other jades you may call-beasis.] Jade, it may be
noticed, was not invariably applied to a horse in a depreciatory
c His oton hair.) So the folio. In the quartos we have, “her own hair." His may have been used fir the impersonal pronoun, ils.
Dau. 'Tis midnight, I'll go arm myself.
Enter a Messenger.
[Exit. ORL. The Dauphin longs for morning.
Mess. My lord high-constable, the English lie Ran. He longs to eat the English.
within fifteen hundred paces of Cox. I think he will eat all he kills.
Con. Who hath measured the ground ? ORL. By the white hand of my lady, he's a
Mess. The lord Grandpré. gallant prince.
Con. A valiant and most expert gentleman.Cox. Swear by her foot, that she may tread Would it were day !-Alas, poor Harry of out the oath.
England ! he longs not for the dawning, as we do. ORL. He is, simply, the most active gentleman ORL. What a wretched and peevish fellow is of France.
this king of England, to mope with his fat-brained Cox. Doing is activity, and he will still be followers so far out of his knowledge ! doing."
Con. If the English had any apprehension, ORL. He never did harm that I heard of. they would run away.
Con. Nor will do none to-morrow; he will Orl. That they lack: for if their heads had keep that good name still.
any intellectual armour, they could never wear ORL. I know him to be valiant.
such heavy head-pieces. Con. I was told that, by one that knows hiin Ram. That island of England breeds very better than you.
valiant creatures ; their mastiffs are of unmatchORL. What's he?
Con. Marry, he told me so himself; and he ORL. Foolish curs, that run winking into the said, he cared not who knew it.
mouth of a Russian bear, and have their heads ORL. He needs not, it is no hidden virtue in crushed like rotten apples! You may as well say, him.
—that's a valiant flea, that dare eat his breakfast Cox. By my faith, sir, but it is; never any on the lip of a lion. body saw it, but his lackey: 'tis a hooded valour, Con. "Just, just ; and the men do sympaand when it appears it will bate.”
thize with the mastiffs, in robustious and rough ORL. Ill-will never said well.
coming on, leaving their wits with their wives : Cox. I will cap that proverb with—There is and then give them great meals of beef, and iron flattery in friendship.
and steel, they will eat like wolves, and fight like ORL. And I will take up that with—Give the devils. devil his due.
ORL. Ay, but these English are shrewdly out Cox. Well placed ; there stands your friend
of beef. for the devil; have at the very eye of that proverb, Con. Then shall we find to-morrow—they have with-A pox of the devil.
only stomachs to eat, and none to fight. Now is ORL. You are the better at proverbs, by how it time to arm ; come, shall we about it? much- A fool's bolt is soon shot.
Orl. It is now two o'clock: but, let me see,Con. You have shot over.
by ten, ORL. 'Tis not the first time you were overshot. We shall have each a hundred Englishmen.
[Exeunt. 3 He will still be doing.] He will always be doing. This was intended between bale, the hawking technical, and bate, to dwindle, a familiar saying; doing being used equivocally.
'Tis a hooded valour, and when it appears it will bate.] The e There is flattery in friendship.] The usual form of the proallusion is to the ordinary action of a hawk when unhooded, verb is, “There is falsehood in friendship." which is to beat and futter with its wings; but a quibble may be
Now entertain conjecture of a time
And the third hour of drowsy morning name.* When creeping murmur and the poring dark Proud of their numbers, and secure in soul, Fills the wide vessel of the universe.
The confident and over-lusty French From camp to camp, through the foul womb of Do the low-rated English play at dice ; night,
And chide the cripple tardy-gaited night, The hum of either army stilly a sounds,
Who, like a foul and ugly witch, doth limp That the fix'd sentinels almost receive
So tediously away. The poor condemned English, The secret whispers of each other's watch.
Like sacrifices, by their watchful fires
The morning's danger; and their gesture sad,
The royal captain of this ruin'd band, Give dreadful note of preparation.
Walking from watch to watch, from tent to tent, The country cocks do crow, the clocks do toll, Let him cry,—Praise and glory on his head!
a Stilly sounds,- ] That is, gently, softly sounds. The word recals an illustration of " still music," which properly beJonged to note (e), p. 370, Vol. I. but was there accidentally omitted, taken from ** A true reportarie of the inost triumphant and royal accomplishment of the Baptisme of the most excellent, right high and mightie Prince, Frederik Henry," &c. &c.
(*) Old copy, nam'd.
(t) Old copy, Presented.
b Umber'd face :) That is, shadowed face.