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With the view of giving the British Navy Estimates for the current year, side by side with those of the leading maritime powers, it has been determined to postpone the publication of The Naval Annual to a later period of the year. It is hoped that the change will be approved, as facilitating those comparisons on which the policy of the Admiralty, as embodied in the Navy Estimates, must mainly depend.
It will not be necessary to enumerate once more in the Preface the ably-conducted and well-informed journals from which The Naval Annual is mainly compiled. It has been desired to acknowledge in each case in the body of the work the source from which matter has been borrowed.
As an annual summary of the events of the year, drawn from widely scattered sources, it is hoped that the compilation of The Naval Annual may be of real service to those interested in naval affairs.
The NEW PROGRAMME of construction is the great incident of the past year.
A forward movement on the part of the Naval Administration of the British Empire had become necessary in view of the active efforts of other Powers.
The year 1888 has been darkened by the loss of some distinguished ornaments of the naval profession. The members of Lord Northbrook's Board remember with affection their colleague, Sir Cooper Key. In Sir William Hewett the Navy has lost a great leader.
The distribution of work in the present volume is acknowledged on the title-page. The revision of the proofs has been undertaken by Mr. Barnes, with the assistance of Mr. J. Potter, the faithful secretary for many years of Lady Brassey.
relieved by Admiral Rodney, 1780; by Admiral Darby, 1781; and
by Admiral Howe, 1782
Defence of communications–Our Mediterranean position in 1779—
Alternative routes to the East-Lord Randolph Churchill's
pressure—The frontier of the empire-First line of defence-
Command of the Channel
Early contests for supremacy-Necessary result of our communications
with the colonies being cut off — Naval war with sailing ships-
Security of communications
RESOURCES AVAILABLE FOR MANNING THE FLEET.
Distribution of the Navy proper including marines Numbers of men
and officers increased as shown in Estimates for 1889-90—In-
sufficiency of lieutenants and engineers for war—Strength of the
Naval Reserve officers--Remedy for the deficiency of stokers-
Lieutenant Colwell's paper on Naval Reserves-Suggested reme-
dies for defects in present system of Naval Reserve
ROYAL NAVAL ARTILLERY VOLUNTEERS, AND HOME DEFENCE.
Lieutenant Colwell on Royal Naval Artillery Volunteers—United
States Congress Bill for a Naval Militia-Admiralty views on the
Naval Volunteer movement-Number of ships captured by
privateers 1793–1815—Volunteer Home Defence Association
Naval Volunteers for local defence of coaling stations-Sir Vesey
Hamilton's words of encouragement to the volunteers at Hong
Reasons for transferring the German sea-coast defences to the single
control of the Navy-French system-Suggested alterations in
Ships launched, on the stocks, and ordered, in 1888--Great Britain,
France, Germany, Austria, United States, Chili, Argentine Con-
Pareil-Jubilee gift from the Navy to Her Majesty the Queen .. 47-61
Armoured ships : France, Italy
, Germany, Spain, Russia, and United
ly-Torpedo boats, England, France, Russia, Germany, and
High explosives-Raft body-Armour belt-Packing, and effect of
tected ships compared-Table representing the two systems,
Special accounts to be kept of ships built in dockyards and by contract
- Proportion of cost for the new programme_Summary of the
Number required to bring present number to proposed standard