Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

Brick on edge moulding, 78

making, 90
Brickwork measurements, 3, 106
Bridge, 78
Broken bond, 35

transverse joints, 11
Building mortar, 104
Bull-nosed bricks, 96
Bull's-eye arch, 69
Burrs, 96

Concrete, proportions for, 103
Coping bricks, 96
Coppers, 34
Corbelling, 30
Coring holes, 30
Cornices, 78

moulded bricks for, 78
Course, 3
Cripple in arches, 65
Cropped headers, 20
Cross joints, 4

· walls, 18
Crowding kiln, 93
Crown of arch, 49
Cubing dimensions, 108
Cupolas, 93
Cutting away and making good, 116

bricks to length, 45, 46
mark, 52
semicircular niche, 73
shed, 45

[ocr errors]

9

D

Camber arch, 57

moulded, 60
skewback for, 58, 59

Dampers, 33
Damp-proof courses, 37
Definitions, 1, 3
Dentils, 81
Diagonal bond, 10, 22
Disconnecting chamber, 41

trap, 42
Dividing short lines, 3
Dorking lime, 99
Dotting on, 109
Double-breasted walls, 28
Drain joints, 40

pipes, 40

soil, 40
Drains, fall of, 40

iron, 43
stoneware, 40

ventilation of, 42
Drainage, house, 40
Dressed bricks, 94, 96
Dry areas, 23

-, drainage of, 23

slip, 57
on circle arch, 61

curving bricks for, 62

development of, 61
Carbonate of lime, 88, 97

of magnesia, 88, 97
Carved work, 86
Caustic lime, 97
Cavity walls, 24
Cements, 96
Centres for arches, 54
Chamber, disconnecting, 41
Chimney bars, 29

bond, 31
breasts, 26
flues, 26
stacks, 31

height of, 32
Chuffs, 96
Circular corners,

22
Circumference of circle, 118
City and Guilds Examination Questions,
128

Syllabus, 127
Clamp-burning, 92
Clamps, 88
Cleaning down, 40

gauged work, 55
Clip moulds for labels, 77
Closer, king, 4

, queen, 4
Club hammer, 45
Cokebreeze lintels, 29
Colouring of bricks, 94
Compasses, 45
Compo, 104
Concrete, 7, 103

ventilation of, 23
Duo-decimals, 107
Dutch clinkers, 95
Dwarf walls, 25

[ocr errors]

ܕ

E

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Efflorescence on walls, 118
Egg-shaped sewer,

48
Elevation, 1
Ellipse-Gothic arch, 70
Elliptical arch, 65

, compass method, 65

filling in, 65
fixed rise, 66
master mould for, 67, 68
of stone and brick, 68
string method, 66

trammel method, 66
niche, 76
Encallowing, 90
English bond, 10
Equilateral arch, 63
Examination Questions, 128
Excavations, 5
Expansion joints, 43
Extrados, 50

Galvanized iron ties, 24
Gannister bricks, 96
Garden wall bond, 10, 21

English, 10, 22

Sussex, 10
Gauged work, 45

joint, 39
Gault bricks, 95
Gin, 89
Glazed or enamelled bricks, 95

salt, 95
Gothic arch, 63
Governing line, 12
Grease-trap, 43
Grey stocks, 94
Grizzles, 96
Grouting, 38
Gun for skewbacks, 51

F

H
Hacks, 91
Halling lime, 99
Headers, 4
Heading bond, 10, 22

courses, 8
Hearths, back, 30

front, 30
, mode of carrying, 29
Herring-bone bond, 10, 22
Hexagonal pilaster, 80
Hoffmann's kiln, 93
Hollow walls, 23
Hoop-iron bond, 37
Horse-shoe arch, 71
House drainage, 40
Hovel, 91
Hydraulic limes, 98

I

Face bond of arches, 62
Facings per foot super, 113, 117
Fair cutting, 116
Fareham reds, 95
Fender walls, 25
Field-moulded bricks, 57
Filling in arches, 52

in mark, 51
Fine stopping, 38
Fire bricks, 95

ranges, close, 32
Fireplace jambs, 28
Fireplaces, 29
Fixing or setting niche, 76
Flat joint jointed, 39

jointing, 39
Flemish bond, 10

double, 10, 17

single, 10, 19
Flues, bend in, 28

size of, 28
Flushing up, 38

tank, automatic, 43
Foot cube, 106

run, 106

super or square, 106
Footings, 6, 8
Foundations, 6

>

>

Indent toothing, 36
Inspection chambers, 41
Internal angles, 11

mitres, 81
Intersection of haunches, 72

of moulded soffit with moulded
reveal, 56

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Jambs, 28
Jennings' bonding bricks, 23
Joggling, 55
Joint upon joint, 11

struck, 38

weathered, 39
Jointer, 39
Jointing, 38

flat, 39
Joints, natural, 38
Junctions of walls, 14

K

Keene's cement, 102
Kerfs, 90
Key-brick, 50
Keys, projecting, 87
Kick, 91
Kilns, 88
King closer, 4
Kitcheners, 32

American, 33
double-oven, 33
self-setting, 33

Magnesia, 89
Malm builders, 94

cutters, 89, 95
earth, 89

rubbers, 89
Man-holes, 41

bond for, 41

rendering for, 41
Mantel registers, 33
Marls, 89
Master mould for ellipse arch, 67
Matrix, 103
Measure of lime, 117
Measurements, 2
Measuring brickwork, etc., 106
Method of curving arch labels, 77
Mild clay, 89
Mitre lines, 12
Mode of carrying hearths, 29
Modified Gothic, 64
Moorish arch, 71
Mop-staff beaded bricks, 57
Mortar, 103

colouring, 105

mixing, 104
-, pointing, 105
Moulded camber arch, 60

reveals, 82
segment arch, 56
soffit to arch, 54

to niche, 76
Moulding boxes, 46
bricks, 91

for corpices, 78
Moulds for oriel window, 77

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

L

Labels for arches and niches, 76

clip.mould for, 77
Lacing courses, 10, 38
Laggings, 29
Lap, 4
Larrying-up, 38
Laying down to scale, 2
Leicestershire reds, 95
Lengthening box, 46
Lime in brickmaking, 88

kilns, 97
Limes, 97
Lining paper, 52
Lintels, 29, 47
Liquid shellac, 85, 86
Live holes, 92
Load of bricks, single, 117

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Quarter bond, 11

bonding line, 12
Queen closer, 4
Quick-lime, 97
Quoin header, 12
Quoins, 4

R

Pallet moulding, 91
Panelling, 85
Parallel file, 45
Pargetting, 28
Parian cement, 102
Party walls, 26
Paving, bond for, 23
Pediments, 86
Perforated gaults, 95
Perpends, 4
Pilasters, 79
Pipes, drain, 40
Pit sand, 102
Place bricks, 96
Plain arches, 46

ashlar, 46

facing, 46
Plaiting walks, 91
Plan, method of drawing, 1
Plaster of Paris, 99
Plastic clay, 89
Plinth bricks, 96
Plinths, 37
Pointing, 39

mortar, 105
Poling boards, 6
Polished bricks, 96
Poor lime, 98
Portland cement, 99

grouting, 55, 81
colour of, 101
manufacture of, 100
strength of, 101
tests for, 101

weight of, 101
Pressed bricks, 94, 96
Projecting keys, 87
Protection of walls, 23

Radial joints, 48
Radiated bricks, 96
Radiating boxes, 46, 75
Radius rod, 50
Raking lines, 9

moulds, 86
Recess, 14
Red builders, 94
Reduced work, 110
Reducing boxes, 45

bricks to thickness, 46
Register stoves, 33
Relieving arch, 47
Resistance of firm earth, 118
Retaining walls, 35, 118
Reveals, 14, 19

moulded, 82
Rich lime, 98
River sand, 102
Road drift, 102
Rod of brickwork, number of stocks in,
117

quantity of mortar for, 117
Roman cement, 99
Rough arches, 46

cutting, 116
Rubbers, 45

T, L, B's, 95
Rubbing stone, 45
Rule for ring arches, 118
Rules for bonding, 10, 11

>

>

S

Safe limit against crushing for brick

piers, 118
Salt-glazed bricks, 95
Sand in brickmaking, 88

pit, 102
river, 102

, sea, 102

Scale, construction of, 2

rule, 1 Scheme arch, 69 Scotch, 45

kiln, 93
Scribing saw, 45
Section, 1
Segment arch, 55
Self-setting range, 33
Semi-circular arch, 50
niche, 73

body of, 73
boss of, 74
fixing and setting, 76
hood of, 74

mode of cutting, 75 Semi-Gothic arch, 70 Setting kitcheners and close fire ranges,

Soffit bond, 53
Soil drains, 40

fall of, 40
Solid mitre, 81
Specifications, 114
Splayed jambs, 14
Springing line, 50
Square, 5, 45

angles, 16

piers, 14 Squaring bricks, 46

dimensions, 107
Squint bricks, 16, 96
Staffordshire blues, 93, 94, 95
Stages, 6
Stock board, 91
Stocks, 94, 96
Stone corbels, 31

and brick arch, 68 Stoneware drains, 40 Stopped ends, 14

returns, 81 Stopping, 39, 105 Straight arch, 57

edges, 45
Stretchers, 4
Stretching bond, 10, 22
Strike, 91
String method for getting ellipse curve,

66
Strong clay, 89
Struck joints, 38
Struts, 6
Subsoil, 7
Substitutes for sand, 102
Superstructure, 6
Sussex garden wall bond, 10

kiln, 93

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

T

32
Setting of arches, 54

of limes, 97
out a building, 5

board, 46

square, 5

trowel, 45
Settlement, 6
Sewer, egg-shaped, 48
Sheeting, 6
Shellacing bricks, 85
Shift stock, 52
Shippers, 96
Shoe moulds, 57
Silica, 88
Silicate of alumina, 88
Skewback for camber arch, 58, 59

or abutment, 55
Skewbacks for adjacent arches, 72
Slacked line, 97
Slaking or slacking, 97
Sleeper walls, 25
Slop moulded, 91
Slurry, 90
Soda, 88
Soffit, 51

Table for thickness of walls for dwelling-
houses, 118

for warehouses, 120
Taking off from scale, 2
Tee-irons, 30
Tempering brick earths, 91
Template, 50

bed of, 52
cutting side, 52
traversing, 51
trial, 50

>

>

« AnteriorContinuar »