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7-9. Timbering for excavations

10. Depth of concrete 11-14. Footings .

15. Elevation of English bond
16. ditto Flemish bond
17. Sussex or garden wall bond
18. Stretching bond
19. Heading bond
20. Diagonal bond

21. Herring-bone bond 22, 23. The evil of broken traverse joints 24, 25. Method for drawing plans of alternate courses 26, 27. Plans of alternate courses, 2-brick wall, English bond 28, 29.

ditto, 2}-brick wall 30, 31. ditto, 3-brick wall 32, 33.

ditto, 3}-brick wall 34, 35. Plans of alternate courses, of reveal, 14-brick wall, English bond 36, 37. ditto, splayed jambs and reveal, 2-brick wall 38, 39. ditto, 2-brick wall, 9'' reveal 40, 41.

ditto, 1-brick wall, 2" recess 42, 43.

ditto, 2-brick pier 44, 45.

ditto, 24-brick pier . 46, 47.

ditto, 3-brick pier. 48, 49. Junctions of walls, 1 and 13-brick, English bond 50, 51.

ditto, 13 and 2-brick 52, 53. Plans of an obtuse angle, English bond. 54, 55. Plans of an acute angle 56, 57. Plans of alternate courses, 13-brick wall, Double Flemish bond. 58, 59. ditto, 2-brick wall 60, 61. Junction of 1} double Flemish, with 2-brick wall, English bond

10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 19

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68, 69,

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62, 63. Plans of alternate courses of reveal, 1-brick wall, double Flemish bond

19 64, 65. Plans of alternate courses of reveals, 13-brick wall, double Flemish bond

19 66, 67. ditto, 2-brick pier

20 ditto, 21-brick pier .

20 70, 71. Plans of obtuse angle, double Flemish bond

20 72, 73. Plans of acute angle, ditto

20 74, 75. Plans of alternate courses, 13-brick wall, single Flemish bond . 21 76, 77. ditto, 2-brick wall

21 78, 79. Plans of Sussex or garden wall bond .

22 80, 81. Plans of heading bond

22 82, 83. Plans of stretching bond.

22 84. Section of dry area or air-drain

23 85–87. Wall ties .

24 88. Section of hollow wall

24 89. Basement fireplace

25 90. Section of sleeper wall

26 91. Section of arch in basement fireplace

26 92. Elevation of chimney breast

27 93. Section through same 94-98. Plans through each floor of above

27 99. Chimney bar

29 100. Mode of carrying arch over fireplace opening.

29 101. Mode of carrying hearth .

29 102. Sectional plan through chimney breast .

30 103. Longitudinal section through hearth .

30 104. Cross-section through hearth

30 105. Reducing width of chimney breast

31 106, 107. Alternate courses through chimney stack, 9" work, English bond 31 108, 109. ditto, Flemish bond

32 110, 111. ditto, 4!" work, English bond

32 112, 113. ditto, Flemish bond

32 114, 115. Sketches of galvanized and copper pots .

34 116. Plan, showing ash-pit of copper

34 117. Horizontal section through middle of copper

35 118. Broken bond

35 119. Battering wall

36 120. Racking back

36 121. Toothings

36 122. Section of plinth

37 123. Brick-nogging

37 124. Lacing courses

38 125–131. Joints in brickwork

39, 40 132, 133. Sections through disconnecting chamber

41 134. Disconnecting trap

42 135. Putty tub.. 136. Reducing box for thickness .

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