Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

remarkably durable, very dark-colored wood, the “ Uhiuhi” of the natives. Leaves with about 3 pairs of primary pinne. Leaflets one or two inches long, } to finch wide, paler underneath, glabrous excepting the base of the midrib below in the young parts. Flowers purple, of an inch long. (M. & B.)

121. Cassia GAUDICHAUDII, Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 81; Gray, l. c. p. 463. (M. & B. 13; R. 680, 681.)

122. Acacia Koa, Gray, l. c. p. 480. Acacia heterophylla, Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 81. (M. & B. 78; Remy, 689.)

123.f Acacia FARNESIANA, Willd. Spec. 4, p. 1083. (M. & B.)

[ocr errors]

Saxifragacea. 129. BROUSSAISIA ARGUTA, Gaud. Bot. Freyc. Voy. p. 479, t. 69 ; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 683, t. 87; Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 84. B. pellucida, Gaud. Bot. Bonite, t. 9, sine descr. ; Gray, l. c. p. 685. The character of the more or less superior ovary is inconstant: that of the whorled leaves (in threes) in B. pellucida appears insufficient to warrant its separation as a distinct species, though, as far as known, it is constant. (M. & B. 320, 421, 529; Remy, . 515.)

Droseracea. 130. DROSERA LONGIFOLIA, Linn. pro parte; Fries Novit. p. 82 ; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 100. D. Anglica, Huds. Fl. Angl. p. 135; DC. Prodr. 1, p. 318; Hook. Brit. Fl., & Fl. Bor.-Am. 1, p. 81.

Halorageæ. 131. GUNNERA PETALOIDEA, Gaud. Bot. Freyc. Voy. p. 512 ; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 629, t. 78, 79. (M. & B. 626 ; Remy, 165.)

Myrtacee. 132. METROSIDEROS POLYMORPHA, Gaud. Bot. Voy. Freyc. p. 99, & 482, t. 108, 109; Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 82 ; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 562. (M. & B. 72, var. B; 96, var. y; 96", var. 8.) Var. LUTEA: floribus flavis. M. lutea, Gray, l. c. p. 560, t. 69, B. (M. & B. 212.)

133. METROSIDEROS RUGOSA, Gray, l. c. p. 561, t. 69, A.

134. METROSIDEROS MACROPUS, Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 83 ; Gray, l. c. p. 564, t. 70. (M. & B.)

135.f Psidium GUAJAVA, Linn. Spec. ed. 1, p. 470; Gray, l. c. p. 550. (M. & B.)

136.* EUGENIA (JAMBOSA) MALÁCCENSIS, Linn. Spec. p. 672 ; Gray, l. c. p. 510. Some trees bear only pure white flowers, though the more common color is red-purple. (M. & B. 119.)

137. Eugenia (Syzygium) SANDWICENSIS, Gray, l. c. p. 519. This is one of the largest forest trees, growing at times to a diameter of four or five feet at the base. (M. & B. 204.)

Lythracea. 138. LYTHRUM MARITIMUM, HBK.; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 606. (M. & B. 8; Remy, 632, 633.)

139.f CUPHEA BALSAMONA, Cham. & Schlecht. in Linnæa, 2, p. 363. (Remy, 635.)

Onagracea. 140.* JUSSIÆA VILLOSA, Lam. ; W. & Arn. Prodr. Fl. Penins. 1, p. 336. J. octofila, DC. Prodr. 3, p. 57. J. octonervia, Lam. ; Walp. in Rel. Meyen. p. 326 ; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 619. (M. & B. 46.)

Cucurbitacea. 111.* LAGENARIA VULGARIS, Ser. in DC. Prodr. 3, p. 299 ; Seem. Fl. Vitiensis, p. 106. · 142.* CUCURBITA MAXIMA, Duch. in Lam. Dict. 2, p. 151 ; Seem. Fl. Vitiensis, p. 107, adnot.

143. Sicyos (SICYOCARYA) PACHYCARPUS, Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 83 ; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 650, t. 80. (M. & B. 444; Remy, 537.)

144. Sicyos (SICYOCARYA) MACROPHYLLUS, Gray, l. c. t. 81.

145. Sicyos (Sicyocarya) CUCUMERINUS, Gray, l. c. p. 652, t. 82. (M. & B. 604, var. y.)

146. Sicyos (SICYOCARYA) MICROCARPUS (sp. nov.): foliis cordato-rotundis obtuse 4-6-angulatis serratis dentibus mucronulatis supra papilloso-scabridis subtus hispidulo-puberulis; pedunculis masculis elongatis paucifloris, fæmineis brevissimis ; fructibus perplurimis pusillis ovato-pyramidatis rostrato-apiculatis inermibus puberulis in capitulum globosum arcte congestis. - Oahu. — Stem slender, strongly angled. Leaves on slender petioles of more than their own length, 1 to 24 inches in diameter, membranaceous. Male panicles on very slender axillary peduncles, exceeding the leaves in length. Female flowers 30 to 40 in a head; the fruit but 2 lines long, and quite sessile on the apex of a peduncle only 2 or 3 lines long. — Known only from Remy's collection. (Remy, 541.)

Papayace. 147.* PAPAYA VULGARIS, DC. in Lam. Dict. vol. 5, p. 2. Carica Papaya, Linn.; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 640.

Begoniacea. 148. HILLEBRANDIA * SANDWICENSIS, Oliver, in Trans. Linn. Soc. 25, p. 362, t. 46. An interesting new genus, of a single species, first collected by Mr. Baldwin, of Lahaina, W. Maui, in the mountain valleys behind that town, where also Hillebrand obtained bis specimens; seen abundantly and collected by us on the mountains of Kauai. (M. & B. 583.)

Umbellifere. 149. HYDROCOTYLE INTERRUPTA, Muhl.; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 692. (M. & B. 28.)

* HILLEBRANDIA, Oliver, l. c. “Flores monoici. Masculi: Sepala 5. Petala 5, parva, cucullata, sepalis alterna. Stamina indefinita, filamentis liberis, antheris oblongis ellipticisve muticis rima marginali dehiscentibus. Fominei: Calyx tubo hemisphorico exalato, limbo perigyno 5 - partito. Petala 5, eis fl. masc. similia, perigyna, lobis calycis alterna. Styli 5, distincti, persistentes, lobis calycis oppositi, bifurcati, lobis spiraliter stigmatosis. Ovarium apice liberum, hians, subuniloculare; placentis 5 parietalibus bilamellatis utrinque ovuliferis plus minus basi irregulariter coalitis. Capsula membranacea, vertice exserta, foramine lato inter stylos aperta. Semina indefinita, oblongo-obovoidea, exalbuminosa, testa areolata ; embryone cotyledonibus brevibus, radicula obtusa. — Herba habitu omnino Begoniæ : differt floribus petaliferis, placentatione atque capsula apice hiante indehiscente."

150. SANICULA SANDWICENSIS, Gray, l. c. p. 705.

151.7 DAUCUS PUSILLUS, Michx. Fl. Bor.-Am. 1, p. 164; Gray, 1. c. p. 711.

Araliaceæ. 152. HEDERA GAUDICHAUDII, Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 719, t. 90. Aralia trigyna, Gaud. Bot. Freyc. Voy. p. 474, t. 98. Panax ? Gaudichaudii, DC. Prodr. 4, p. 253 ; Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 84. Var. B. Panax? ovatum, Hook. & Arn. 1. c. (M. & B. 379.)

153. HEDERA PLATYPHYLLA, Gray, 1. c. p. 720, t. 91. Panax ? platyphyllum, Hook. & Arn. I. c. (M. &. B. 605.)

154. HEPTAPLEURUM (PTEROTROPIA *) Kavaiense (sp. nov.): arboreum; foliis impari-pinnatis, junioribus inflorescentiaque dense furfuraceo-puberulis demum glabratis ; foliolis 15 – 19 coriaceis elongatooblongis acutiusculis integerrimis basi truncatis brevi-petiolatis ; panicula composita ; floribus racemoso-umbellatis ; umbellis 10 - 20 floris ; petalis per anthesin patentibus staminibusque 6; stylo longiusculo; ovario subsemisupero 4-loculari. — Mountains above Waimea, Kauai, at an elevation of 2000 – 3000 feet. — A large, soft-wooded tree, often 40 or 50 feet high. Leaves two feet long, leaflets 7 or 8 inches long, 2 inches wide. Flowers nearly half an inch across when expanded. Drupe 5 or 6 lines long, pointed with the sulcate style and stigma. (M. & B. 606.)

155. HEPTAPLEURUM (PTEROTROPIA) DIPYRENUM (sp. nov.): arborescens ; foliis impari-pinnatis, junioribus inflorescentiaque dense furfuraceo-puberulis demum glabratis ; foliolis 13 – 15 coriaceis oblongis vel ovatis obtusis integerrimis basi cordatis brevissime petiolatis; panicula composita ; floribus racemoso-umbellatis ; umbellis 6-12floris ; stigmatibus 2 sessilibus ; ovario maxima parte supero biloculari (an semper ?). - Lanai. — A small tree, 15 or 20 feet high. Leaves a foot or more long. Leaflets 3 inches long, 15 to 20 lines wide. Inflorescence (in both species) compound racemose-umbellate, both the primary divisions, or peduncles, and the secondary, or pedicels, umbellate at the apex and racemose below. Immature drupe four lines long. Flowers unknown. (M. & B. 349.)

* Ovarium semisuperum. Folia impari-pinnata. — (Stylus aut longiusculus, aut nullus.) — Unless genera are founded upon the foliage merely, these two Hawajian species must apparently be referred to Heptapleurum, Gärtn. (Paratropia, DC.), in which, however, they form a marked section, on account of their pinnate leaves. The summit of the ovary is more or less free in several of the genuine species; in one of ours the drupe is about one third, in the other even two thirds superior. One of them has a conspicuous style and a 4-lobed stigma; the other two sessile stig. mas, just as Miquel's two sections differ; and one of them is remarkable for the extreme reduction in the number of the carpels.

156. REYNOLDSIA SANDWICENSIS, Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 724, t. 92. (M. & B. 607.)

157. TETRAPLASANDRA HAWAIENSIS, Gray, l. c. p. 728, t. 94. (M. & B. 378.)

158. Gastonia ? OAHUENSIS, Gray, l. c. p. 726. A small tree, 15 or 20 feet high, known to the natives as “Ohe mauka” (while Reynoldsia Sandwicensis is “Ohe makai”); seen by me in the Kaala mountains, but unfortunately without flower or fruit, so that the genus remains as doubtful as ever: probably it is no Gastonia. There are fragments of three other Hawaiian Araliaceæ in the collections.

Loranthacea. 159. Viscum MONILIFORME, Blume. Bijdr. p. 667, & Fl. Jav. Loranth. t. 25; Cham. & Schlecht. in Linnæa, 3, p. 202; Gray, Bot. S. Pacif. Expl. Exp. 1, p. 744. (M. & B. 7.)

Rubiaceæ. 160. COPROSMA RHYNCHOCARPA, Gray, in Proceed. Amer. Acad. 4, p. 48. (Remy, 333.)

161. COPROSMA LONGIFOLIA, Gray, l. c. p. 48. (M. & B. 132.)

162. COPROSMA FOLIOSA, Gray, l. c. p. 48. (M. & B. 531, 609; Remy, 629bis.)

163. COPROSMA PUBENS, Gray, l. c. p. 49. (M. & B. 561.)

164. COPROSMA MENZIESII, Gray, l. c. p. 49. (M. & B. 317, 454, 455 ; Remy, 334.)

165. COPROSMA ERNODEOIDES, Gray, l. c. p. 49. (M. & B. 453 ; Remy, 317, 318.)

166. NERTERA DEPRESSA, Banks, in Gärtn. Fr. 1, p. 124, t. 26. (M. & B. 128.)

167.1 RICHARDSONIA SCABRA, St.-Hil. (Remy, 319.) 168. PEDERIA FETIDA, Linn.; DC. Prodr. 4, p. 471. (M. & B. 522.)

169. Canthium LUCIDUM, Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. p. 65. Myonima umbellata, Hook. & Arn. 1. c. p. 86. (M. & B. 346; Remy. 329.)

VOL. VII.

22

« AnteriorContinuar »