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In which estate I ask no more of Fame,
Nor other monument of Honour claim,
Then that of your true friend, t'advance my name.

And if your many merits shall have bred
An abler pen to write your life when dead,
I think an honester cannot be read.

Jan. 17, 1672.

CHARLES COTTON..

* The author of “Scarronides, or Virgile Travestie," and of other poems. He composed the second part of “ The Complete Angler, or the Contemplative Man's Recreation;" being a. continuation of Isaac Walton's tract on the same subject. In this work he thus speaks of our Biographer: “I have the happiness to know his person, and to be intimately acquainted with “ him, and in him to know the worthiest man, and to enjoy the best and truest friend any “ man ever had : Nay, I shall yet acquaint you further, that he gives me leave to call him “Father, and I hope is not alhamed to own me for his adopted Son.".

COPY OF A LETTER

WRIT TO

MR. IZAAK WALTON,

BY

DOCTOR KING, LORD BISHOP OF CHICHESTER'.

HONEST IZAAK, THOUGH a familiarity of more than forty years continuance, and the

constant experience of your love, even in the worst of the late fad times, be sufficient to endear our friendship; yet, I must confess my affection much improved, not only by evidences of private respect to many that know and love you, but by your new demonstration of a public spirit, testified in a diligent, true, and useful collection of so many material pas{ages as you have now afforded me in the Life of venerable Mr. Hooker;

of

i Dr. Henry King, Bishop of Chichester, son of Dr. John King, Bishop of London, and great nephew of Robert King the first Bishop of Oxford, and the last Abbot of Osney, was the author of a new metrical translation of the Psalms, (of which he has given a modest account in a letter to Archbishop Usher, dated Oct. 30, 1651. User's Letters, p. 567,) and also of poems, elegies, paradoxes, sonnets, divers Latin and Greek poems, with some sermons and religious tracts. Whilft he was Dean of Rochester, he was suspected of favouring the Puritans: The king, desirous of gratifying that party, made him Bishop of Chichester: But during the time of Cromwell's usurpation, he suffered with his brethren, and was compelled to go abroad. He returned at the Restoration, and surviving that event nine years, died Oct. 1, 1669. He was advanced to a bishopric, when Episcopacy was in a sinking state; “ It being conceived,” says Jacob, “ the most effectual method for the resti“ tution of that order, to prefer persons not only of unblameable lives, and eminent for " their learning, but such as were generally beloved by all disinterested people. The king's “ choice amongst these was very happy in this great divine, who lived a most religious life, " and did not die till after his order was restored."

of which, since desired by such a friend as yourself, I shall not deny to give the testimony of what I know concerning him and his learned books; but shall first here take a fair occasion to tell you, that you have been happy in choosing to write the Lives of three such persons, as posterity hath just cause to honour; which they will do the more for the true relation of them by your happy pen: of all which I shall give you my unfeigned censure.

I shall begin with my most dear and incomparable friend Dr. Donne, late Dean of St. Paul's church, who not only trusted me as his executor, but three days before his death, delivered into my hands those excellent Sermons of his, now made public; profeffing before Dr. Winniff", Dr. Monford", and, I think, yourself then present at his bed-side, that it was by my restless importunity, that he had prepared them for the press; together with which (as his best legacy) he gave me all his sermon-notes, and his other papers, containing an extract of near fifteen hundred authors. How these

were

# Dr. Thomas Winniff, successively Dean of Gloucester and of St. Paul's, was promoted to the bishopric of Lincoln in 1641, on the translation of Dr. Williams to York. His mildness, meekness, and humility, were equalled only by his learning, integrity, and eloquence. He experienced vexation and trouble in his promotion, and was under the necessity of retiring to a country parish, Lambourn in Effex, where he died in 1654. A monument was there erected to his memory, on which he is described as one “ Ex eorum numero Episcoporum, quibus “incumbebat nutantis Episcopatûs molem pietatis ac probitatis suæ Fulcimine sustentare.” He has been censured, along with Usher, Prideaux, and others, for the moderation which he always displayed towards the Puritans, and indeed towards all those who were not well affected to the church of England. But surely such a moderation is more commendable than the harshness and acrimony of intemperate zeal. Lord Clarendon naming four other divines, who were appointed bishops at the same time with Dr. Winniff, characterises them as “of “great eminency in the church, frequent preachers, and not a man to whom the faults of “ the then governing clergy were imputed, or against whom the least objection could be “ made."

A.Dr. Thomas Mountfort, a Residentiary of St. Paul's, died Feb. 27, 1632. It appears from Strype's Life of Whitgift, that this person was suspended for having clandestinely married Edward, Earl of Hertford, and Frances Pranel, widow of Henry Pranel, Esq. without bans or license. Upon his fubmillion and earnest desire to be absolved, he obtained absolution from Archbishop Whitgift himself.

were got out of my hands, you, who were the messenger for them, and how lost both to me and yourself, is not now.seasonable to complain: But, since they did miscarry, I am glad that the general demonstration of his worth was so fairly preserved, and represented to the world by your pen in the history of his life ; indeed so well, that beside others, the best critic of our later time (Mr. John Haleso of Eaton College) affirmed to me, he had not seen a life written with more advantage to the subject, or more reputation to the writer, than that of Dr. Donne's'..

After the performance of this task for Dr. Donne, you undertook the like office for your friend Sir Henry Wotton; betwixt which two there was a friendship begun in Oxford, continued in their various travels, and more confirmed in the religious friendship of age: and doubtless this excellent person had writ the life of Dr. Donne, if death had not prevented him ; by which means his and your pre-collections for that work fell to the happy menage of your pen: a work which you would have declined, if imperious persuasions had not been stronger than your modest.resolu against it. And I am thus far glad, that the first life was so imposed upon you, because it gave an unavoidable cause of writing the second : If not; it is too probable, we had wanted both, which had been a prejudice to all lovers of honour and ingenious learning. And let me not leave my friend Sir Henry, without this testimony added to yours; that he was a man of as florid a wit, and as elegant a pen, as any former (or ours, which in that kind is a most excellent,) age hath ever produced.

And • The ever memorable John Hales, Greek Professor in the University of Oxford, and after-ward Fellow of Eton College, from his vast erudition, called “ The Walking Library,” was esteemed to be one of the greatest scholars in Europe. Having attended the Ambassador of James I. to the Synod of Dort, he composed, in a series of letters, a regular and most faithful narrative of the proceedings of that assembly. His adherence to the royal cause, involved him in distress. Obliged to fell his most valuable collection of books at a low price, he died in extreme misery, May 19, 1656, aged 73 years. It is justly remarked, that " it was none of the least injuries of those times, that so eminent a man as Hales should live and die una der such neceflities as he did, by which his life was shortened.”

This was spoken of the first edition of Ifaac Walton's Life of Dr. Donne, which was printed in 1640; and not, as Wood affirms, in 1653.

H.

And now having made this voluntary observation of our two deceased friends, I proceed to satisfy your desire concerning what I know and believe of the ever-memorable Mr. Hooker, who was Schismaticorum Malleus, o great a champion for the Church of England's rights against the factious torrent of Separatists, that then ran high against church-discipline; and in his unanswerable books continues to be so against the unquiet disciples of their schism, which now under other names still carry on their design', and, who (as the proper heirs of their irrational zeal) would again rake into the scarce-closed wounds of a newly-bleeding state and church.

And first, though I dare not say that I knew Mr. Hooker ; yet, as our Ecclesiastical History reports to the honour of St. Ignatius", “ that he lived in the time of St. John, and had seen him in his childhood.” So, I also joy, that in my minority I have often seen Mr. Hooker with my father, who was after Bishop of London ; from whom, and others, at that time, I have heard most of the material passages which you relate in the History of his Life ; and, from my father received such a character of his learning, humility, and other virtues, that, like jewels of invaluable price, they still cast such a lustre, as envy or the rust of time thall-never darken.

From my father I have also heard all the circumstances of the plot to defame him ; and how Sir Edwin Sandys outwitted his accusers, and gained their confession: and I could give an account of each particular of that plot, but that I judge it fitter to be forgotten, and rot in the same grave with the malicious authors'.

9 The Separátists from the Church of England, were originally called by a general term, « Puritans." ; Split into parties, they were soon discriminated by the various appellations of “ Presbyterians,” “ Independents,” “ Brownists,” “ Familists,” &c.

"Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, is in the list of the Apostolic Fathers, among whom were placed such Christian doctors as had conversed with the apostles themselves, or their disciples. This pious and venerable man, who being exposed to wild beasts by the order of Trajan, suffered martyrdom with the utmost constancy, was educated under the apostle and evangelist St. John, and intimately acquainted with St. Peter and St. Paul.

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Ole Paul.

s The writer of this letter experienced, in his own person, a pleasure equal to any, of which human nature is capable, that of vindicating the injured fame of a beloved parent. When

Dr.

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