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For his other two daughters I can learn little certainty, but have heard they both died before they were marriageable ; and for his wife she was so unlike Jephtha's daughter, that she staid not a comely time to bewail her widowhood; nor lived long enough to repent her second marriage; for which doubtless she would have found cause, if there had been but four months betwixt Mr. Hooker's and her death. But she is dead, and let her other infirmities be buried with her.
Thus much briefly for his age, the year of his death, his estate, his wife and his children: I am next to speak of his books, concerning which I shall have a necessity of being longer, or shall neither do right to myself or my reader, which is chiefly intended in this Appendix.
I have declared in his Life, that he proposed eight books, and that his first four were printed anno 1594, and his fifth book first printed, and alone, anno 1597, and that he lived to finish the remaining three of the proposed eight; but whether we have the last three as finished by himself, is a just and material question; concerning which I do declare, that I have been told almost forty years past, by one that very well knew Mr. Hooker, and the affairs of his family, that about a month after the death of Mr. Hooker, Bishop Whitgift, then Archbishop of Canterbury, sent one of his chaplains to inquire of Mrs. Hooker for the three remaining books of Polity, writ by her husband; of which she would not or could not give any account; and I have been told, that about three months after the bishop procured her to be sent for to London, and then by his procurement she was to be examined by some of her Majesty's Council, concerning the disposal of those books; but by way of preparation for the next day's examination, the bishop invited her to Lambeth ; and, after some friendly questions, she confefsed to him,“ that one Mr. Chark', and another minister that dwelt near Can
+ This could not be Mr. Ezekiel Chark, B. D. who married Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mr. Hooker. The person here meant was probably Mr. William Charke, a noted puritan, deprived of his fellowship at Peterhouse in the university of Cambridge, and banished from the university for having asserted in a Latin sermon, preached at St. Mary's, Dec. 3, 1572, " that the states of bishops, archbishops, metropolitans (patriarchs), and lastly of popes, were “ introduced into the church by Satan; and that among the ministers of the church one ought “ not to be superior to another.” (Strype's Whitgift, p. 43.)
“ terbury, came to her, and desired that they might go into her husband's “ study, and look upon some of his writings; and that there they two “ burnt and tore many of them, assuring her, that they were writings not “ fit to be seen, and that she knew nothing more concerning them.” Her lodging was then in King-street, in Westminster, where she was found next morning, dead in her bed, and her new husband suspected and questioned for it; but was declared innocent of her death..
And I declare also, that Dr. John Spencer (mentioned in the Life of Mr. Hooker) who was of Mr. Hooker's college, and of his time there ; and betwixt whom there was so friendly a friendship, that they continually advised together in all their studies, and particularly in what concerned these books of Polity: This Dr. Spencer (the three first books being loft) had 24.!sit delivered into his hands (I think by Bishop Whitgift) the imperfect books, or first rough draughts of them, to be made as perfect as they might be, by him, who both knew Mr. Hooker's hand-writing, and was best acquainted with his intentions. A fair testimony of this may appear by an epistle first and usually printed before Mr. Hooker's five books (but omitted, I know not why, in the last impression of the eight printed together in anno 1662, in which the publishers seem to impose the three doubtful, as the undoubted books of Mr. Hooker) with these two letters J. S. at the end of the faid epistle, which was meant for this John Spencer; in which epistle the reader may find these very words, which may give some authority to what I have here written.
“And though Mr. Hooker haftened his own death by hastening to give “ life to his books, yet he held out with his eyes to behold these Benjamins, “these sons of his right hand, though to him they proved Benonies, sons of “ pain and sorrow: but some evil-disposed minds, whether of malice or “ covetousness, or wicked blind zeal, it is uncertain, as soon as they were born, “and their father dead, smothered them ; and, by conveying the perfect co“pies, left unto us nothing but the old, imperfect, mangled draughts, dismembered into pieces : no favour, no grace, not the shadow of themselves
remaining in them. Had the father lived to behold them thus defaced, “he might rightly have named them Benonies, the sons of sorrow; but " being the learned will not suffer them to die and be buried, it is intended
" the world shall see them as they are: the learned will find in them some “ shadows and resemblances of their father's face. God grant, that as they “ were with their brethren dedicated to the church for messengers of peace, “ so, in the strength of that little breath of life that remaineth in them, “ they may prosper in their work, and that, by satisfying the doubts of such " as are willing to learn, they may help to give an end to the calamities of “ these our civil wars !
And next the reader may note, that this epistle of Dr. Spencer's was writ, and first printed within four years after the death of Mr. Hooker, in which time all diligent search had been made for the perfect copies; and then granted not recoverable, and therefore endeavoured to be completed out of Mr. Hooker's rough draughts, as is expressed by the said Dr. Spencer, since whose death it is now fifty years.
And I do profess, by the faith of a Christian, that Dr. Spencer's wife (who was my aunt, and fifter to George Cranmer, of whom I have spoken) told me forty years since, in these, or in words to this purpose, “ that her “ husband had made up or finished Mr. Hooker's last three books; and “ that upon her husband's death-bed, or in his last sickness, he gave them “into her hand, with a charge they should not be seen by any man, but be « by her delivered into the hands of the then archbishop of Canterbury, “ which was Dr. Abbot, or unto Dr. King, Bishop of London; and that “ she did as he enjoined her."
I do conceive, that from Dr. Spencer's and no other copy, there have been divers transcripts, and were to be found in several places, as namely, in Sir Thomas Bodlie's library, in that of Dr. Andrew's late Bishop of Winton, in the late Lord Conway's, in the Archbishop of Canterbury's, and in the Bishop of Armagh's, and in many others; and most of these pretended to be the author's own hand, being much disagreeing ; being, indeed, altered and diminished, as men have thought fittest to make Mr. Hooker's judgment suit with their fancies or give authority to their corrupt designs; and, for proof of a part of this, take these following testimonies: Tt
Dr. Dr. Barnard, sometime chaplain to Dr. Usher, late Lord Archbishop of Armagh, hath declared in a late book, called “ Clavi Trabales," printed by Rich. Hodgkinson, anno 1661, that, in his search and examination of the said bishop's manuscripts, he there found the three written books, which were the supposed sixth, seventh, and eighth, of Mr. Hooker's books of “ Eccle“ fiastical Polity;" and that, in the said three books (now printed as Mr. Hooker's), there are so many omissions that they amount to many paragraphs; and which cause many incoherencies; the omissions are by him set down at large in the said printed book, to which I refer the reader for the whole; but think fit in this place to insert this following short part of them :
“ First, As there could be in natural bodies no motion of any thing, un“ less there were some first which moved all things, and continued unmove" able; even so in politic societies there must be some unpunishable, or else “ no man shall suffer punishment; for, fith punishments proceed always “ from superiors, to whom the administration of justice belongeth, which “ administration must have necessarily a fountain that deriveth it to all “ others, and receiveth not from any, because otherwise the course of juf“ tice should go infinitely in a circle, every superior having his superior “ without end, which cannot be, therefore, a well-spring; it followeth, “ there is a supreme head of justice whereunto all are subject, but itself in “ subjection to none. Which kind of pre-eminency if some ought to have “in a kingdom, who but the King shall have it? Kings, therefore, or no “man, can have lawful power to judge.
“ If private men offend, there is the magistrate over them which judgeth; “ if magistrates, they have their prince; if princes, there is Heaven, a tribu
a Or, “ Nails fastened by some great Masters of Assemblies,” &c. published by Nich. Bernard, D. D. London, 1661. It is a collection made by Archbishop Usher of tracts written by himself, Mr. Richard Hooker, Dr. Lancelot Andrews, Adrian Saravia, &c. with a preface by Bishop Sanderson. This volume contains the Lord Primate's Original of Bishops and Metropopolitans; wherein he proves from Scripture, as also from the most ancient writings and monuments of the church, that they owe their original to no less authority than that of the apostles; so that there never was any Christian church founded in the primitive times without bishops: which discourse was not then, nor perhaps ever will be, answered by those of a contrary judgment. (See Dr. Parr's Life of Archbishop Usher, p. 41.)
"nal, before which they shall appear; on earth they are not accountable to “ any."- Here,' says the doctor, “it breaks off abruptly.'
And I have these words also attested under the hand of Mr. Fabian Philips', a man of note for his useful books:
“ I will make oath if I shall be required, that Dr. Sanderson the late Bi" shop of Lincoln did, a little before his death, affirm to me he had seen a “ manuscript, affirmed to him to be the hand-writing of Mr. Richard “ Hooker, in which there was no mention made of the king or supreme
governors being accountable to the people ; this I will make oath that " that good man attested to me.
FABIAN PHILIPS.” So that there appears to be both omissions and additions in the said last three printed books; and this may probably be one reason why Dr. Sanderson, the said learned bishop (whose writings are so highly and justly valued), gave a strict charge near the time of his death, or in his last will, " that nothing of his, that was not already printed, should be printed after « his death.”
It is well known how high a value our learned King James put upon the books writ by Mr. Hooker, as also that our late King Charles (the martyr for the church) valued them the second of all books, testified by his commending them to the reading of his son Charles', that now is our gracious Tt2
King; e A barrister of some eminence in his profession, and noted for his loyalty. From his diligent search of records and papers deposited in the public offices, he obtained a most extensive knowledge of the history and antiquities of England. When the bill for taking away the tenures was depending in Parliament, he publiihed a work highly valued by professional readers ; “ Tenenda non Tollenda ; or, the Necessity of preserving Tenures in Capite,” &c. London, 1660. 40. He was also the author of “ Veritas Inconcussa; or, a most certain Truth af“ serted, that King Charles I. was no Man of Blood, but a Martyr for his People.” He concludes this tract with the following extraordinary passage: “ The Scavern, Thames, Trent, and “ Humber, four of the greatest rivers of the kingdom, with all their lesser running streams of " the island in their continual courses, and those huge heaps of water in the ocean and girdie " of it, in their restless agitations, will never be able to scour and waili away the guilt and itain " of it (the King's death), though all the rains which the clouds shall ever bring forth and in“ part to this nation, and the tears of those that bewail the loss of a King of so eminent graces “ and perfection shall be added to it.”
Dr. Gauden in his Dedication of Mr. Hooker's Works to Charles II. thius addrcfics the King: “I shall need nothing more to ingratiate tliis incorr.parble piece to your Majelty's ac