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An understanding simple and unschool'd :
For what, we know, must be, and is as common
As any the most vulgar thing to sense,
Why should we, in our peevish opposition,
Take it to heart? Fye! 'tis a fault to heaven,
A fault against the dead, a fault to nature,
To reason most absurd ;? whose common themę
Is death of fathers, and who still hath cried,
From the first corse, till he that died to-day,
This must be so. We pray you, throw to earth
This unprevailing woe; and think of us
As of a father : for let the world take note,
You are the most immediate to our throne;
And, with no less nobility of love,'
Than that which dearest father bears his son,
Do I impart toward you for your intent

In going back to school in Wittenberg,
It is most retrograde to our desire :
And, we beseech you, bend you to remain*
Here, in the cheer and comfort of our eye,
Qur chiefest courtier, cousin, and our son.
Queen. Let not thy mother lose her prayers,

I pray thee, stay with us, go not to Wittenberg.

Ham. I shall in all my best obey you, madam.

King. Why, 'tis a loving and a fạir reply; Be as ourself in Denmark. Madam, come; This gentle and unforc'd accord of Hamlet Sits smiling to my heart: in grace whereof,

2 To reason most absurd ; ] Reason is here used in its common sense, for the faculty by which we form conclusions from arguments.

3. And, with no less nobility of love,] Eminence and distinction of love.


to remain-] i. e. subdue your inclination to go from hence, and remain, &c.



No jocund health, that Denmark drinks to-day,
But the great cannon to the clouds shall tell ;
And the king's rouse“ the heaven shall bruit again,
Re-speaking earthly thunder. Come away.

[Exeunt King, Queen, Lords, &c. POLONIUS,

and LAERTES." Ham. O, that this too too solid flesh would melt, Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew !! Or that the Everlasting had not fix’d His canon 'gainst self-slaughter! 0 God! 0 God! How weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable

, Seem to me all the uses of this world! Fye on't! O fye! 'tis an unweeded garden, That grows to seed; things rark, and gross in nature, Possess it merely. That it should come to this ! But two months dead !--nay, not so much, not two: So excellent a king; that was, to this, Hyperion to a satyr :' so loving to my mother, That he might not beteem' the winds of heaven Visit her face too roughly. Heaven and earth! Must I remember? why, she would hang on him, As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on: And yet, within a month, Let me not think on't ;-Frailty, thy name is wo


A little month ; or ere those shoes were old,
With which she follow'd my poor father's body,

5 No jocund health,] The King's intemperance is very strongly impressed; every thing that happens to him gives him occasion to drink. 7.6 the king's rouse--] i.e. the King's draught of jollity,

resolve itself into a dew!] . Resolve means the same as dissolve,

merely.) Is entirely, absolutely. 9 Hyperion to a satyr :] Hyperion or Apollo is represented in all the ancient statues, &c. as exquisitely beautiful, the satyrs hideously ugly.

· That he might not beteem-] i. e. permit, or suffer.



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Like Niobe, all tears ;-why she, even she,
O heaven !: a beast, that wants discourse of reason,
Would have mourn'd longer,-married with my

My father's brother ; but no more like my father,
Than I to Hercules: Within a month;
Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears
Had left the flushing in her galled eyes,
She married :-O most wicked speed, to post
With such dexterity to incestuous sheets !
It is not, nor it cannot come to, good;
But break, my heart; for I must hold my tongue !

Enter Horatio, BERNARDO, and MARCELLUS.
Hor. Hail to your lordship!

I am glad to see you well: Horatio,mor I do forget myself.

Hor. The same, my lord, and your poor servant


with you.

Ham. Sir, my good friend ; I'll change that name* ! And what make you from Wittenberg, Horatio :Marcellus ?

Mar. My good lord,

Ham. I am very glad to see you ; good even, sir,“ But what, in faith, make you

from Wittenberg? Hor. A truant disposition, good my lord.

Ham. I would not hear your enemy say so;
Nor shall you do mine ear that violence,
To make it truster of your own report
Against yourself: I know, you are no truant.
But what is your affair in Elsinore ?
We'll teach you to drink deep,

to drink deep, ere you depart. I'll change that name~] I'll be your servant, you shall be


what make you—] A familiar phrase for what are you




Hor. My lord, I came to see your father's funeral. Ham. I pray thee, do not mock me, fellow.

student; I think, it was to see my mother's wedding.

Hor. Indeed, my lord, it follow'd hard upon. Ham. Thrift, thrift, Horatio ! the funeral bak'd

meats 4 Did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables. 'Would I had met my dearest foe in heaven 5 Or ever I had seen that day, Horatio ! My father,—Methinks, I see my father. Hor.


My lord?

Ham. In my mind's eye, Horatio. .
Hor. I saw him once, he was a goodly king.

Ham. He was a man, take him for all in all,
I I shall not look upon his like again.

Hor. My lord, I think I saw him yesternight,
Ham. Saw! who?
Hor. My lord, the king your father.

The king my father!
Hur. Season your admiration for a while
With an attent ear;' till I may deliver,
Upon the witness of these gentlemen,
This marvel to you.

For God's love, let me hear. Hør. Two nights together had these gentlemen, Marcellus and Bernardo, on their watch, In the dead waist and middle of the night,



4- the funeral bak'd meats-] It was anciently the general custom to give a cold entertainment to mourners at a funeral. In distant counties this practice is continued among the yeomanry.

dearest foe in heaven-] Dearest is most immediate, conscquential, important.

* Season your admiration--] That is, temper it. 7 With an attent ear;] Attent for attentive. 8 In the dead waist and middle of the night,] This strange

Been thus encounter'd. A figure like

your father, Armed at point, exactly, cap-à-pé, Appears before them, and, with solemn march, Goes slow and stately by them : thrice he walk’d, By their oppress’d and fear-surprized eyes, Within his truncheon's length ; whilst they, distill'd Almost to jelly with the act of fear, Stand dumb, and speak not to him. This to me In dreadful secrecy impart they did; And I with them, the third night kept the watch: Where, as they had deliver’d, both in time, Form of the thing, each word made true and good, The apparition comes: I knew

your father; These hands are not more like. Ham.

But where was this? Mar. My lord, upon the platform where we

watch’d. Ham. Did you not speak to it? Hor.

My lord, I did; But answer made it none: yet once, methought, It lifted up its head, and did address Itself to motion, like as it would speak: But, even then, the morning cock crew loud; And at the sound it shrunk in haste

away, And vanish'd from our sight. Ham.

"Tis very strange. Hor. As I do live, my honour'd lord, 'tis true; And we did think it writ down in our duty, To let you know of it.

Ham. Indeed, indeed, sirs, but this troubles me. Hold you

the watch to-night?


phraseology seems to have been common in the time of Shakspeare. By waist is meant nothing more than middle.

with the act of fear,] Fear was the cause, the active cause that distilld them by the force of operation which we strictly call act in voluntary, and power in involuntary agents, but popularly call act in both. Johnson.

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