« AnteriorContinuar »
foundation of the world, that we should be holy, and without blame before him in love.
Q. 4. Shall all that are elected, be called and saved ?
A. Yes, the scripture is full and plain for it; Acts xüi. 48. And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord; and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, whom he did predestinate, them he also called, &c.
Q. 5. By whom are the elect saved ?
A. By Chrift, the only Redeemer ; Titus iii. 4, 5, 6. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour towards man appeared not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy, he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the holy Ghost, which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour.
Q. 6. Is there no other way of flvation but by Christ?
A. No, no other way is revealed in scripture ; Acts iv. 12. Neither is there salvation in any other; for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
Q. 7. What learn you from God's election ?
A. What cause we have to admire free-grace in our choice, who were no better than others; Eph. ii. 3. And were by nature children of wrath even as others.
Q. 8. What is the second instruction ?
A. It teaches us humility; we made not ourselves to differ, but the free-grace of God made the difference; 1 Cor. iv. 7. For who maketh thee to differ from another ?
Q. 9. What is the third instruction ?
A. It teaches us diligence to make our election sure to our. felves, by our calling ; 2 Pet. i. 10. Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election fure.
Q. 10. What is the fourth instruction ?
A. It is matter of comfort to God's elect, amidst all dan. gers in the world; 2 Tim. ii. 19. Nevertheless, the foundation of God ftandeth sure, having this feal, The Lord knoweth them that are his.
Of the Covenant of Grace. Queft. 1. Hat is the covenant of grace ?
A. It is a new compact, or agreement, made with finners, out of mere grace, wherein God promiseth to be our God, and that we shall be his people, and to give everlasting life to all that believe in Chrift; Jer. xxxi. 33. But
this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Ifrael, after those days, faith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
R 2. How doth this covenant differ from the covenant of works?.
A. They differ many ways ; but principally in three things. First, The covenant of works had no Mediator ; the covenant of grace hath a Mediator ; Heb. xii. 24. And to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant. Secondly, In the former, no place was found for repentance ; in the second, God admits it; Heb. viii. 10. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, faith the Lord, I will put my laws in their minds, and write them in their hearts, and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people ; v. 12. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their fins will I remember no more. Thirdly, In their condition, the former requires exact obedience; the latter faith and sincere obedience; Mark. xvi. 16. He that believeth, and is baptized, shall be saved.
Q. 3. May a finner that hath no worthiness at all of his own, be taken into the covenant of grace?
A. Yes, he may; Ifa. xliii. 25. I, even I, am he, that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own fake, and will not remember thy fins. This covenant is not of works, but of grace, Rom. xi. 6. And if by grace, then it is no more of works, otherwise
But if it be of works, then it is no more grace, other wife work is no more work.
Q. 4. Is this covenant changeable, or an unchangeable coverrant
? A. No, it is not changeable, but everlasting and unchangeable for ever; Ifa. liv. 10. For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed, but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace
be removed, faith the Lord, that hath mercy on thee.
Q. 5. What are the principal things bestowed in this cove
A. God himself, and in and with him pardon and salvation ; Jer. xxxi. 33. I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Q. 6. Can no fin be forgiven out of this covenant ?
A. No, God pardons none out of this covenant; John ii. 18. But he that believeth not is condemned already. Q. 7. What is is the first instruction hence ?
A. Humbled and believing finners have singular fuppen from this new covenant, 1 John ii. 12. I write unto you, little children, because your fins are forgiven you for his name's fake.
Q. 8. What is the second instruction from hence ?
A. That it is the great concern of all men to examine whe: ther they be in this covenant, or no; 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your ownfelves ; know ye not your ownselves, how that Jesus Chrift is in you, except ye be reprobates ?
Q. 9. What is the third instruction?
A. See here the miserable state of the wicked, which have no intereft in it; Psalm l. 16. But unto the wicked God faith, What hast thou to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldet take my covenant in thy mouth?
Q. io. What is the last inítruction ?
A. That Christians are obliged to walk as people in covenant with God; 1 Pet. ii. 9. But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an boly nation, a peculiar people, that ye fhould thew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.
of the only Redeemer. Queft. 21. HO is the Redeemer of God's ele&t?
A. The only Redeemer of God's elect, is the Lord Jesus Chris, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man, and jo was, and continueth to be God and man, in two diflinét natures, and one person for ever.
Q. 1. What doth the name Redeemer signify?
A. It fignifies one that frees another aụt of captivity and bondage, as Cbrift did us; Matth. XX. 28. And to give his life a ranfom for many.
Q. 2 What was the mifery from which Christ delivered us?
A. A twofold misery, viz. Sin and hell. First, Sin; Matth. i. 21. Thou thalt call his name JESUS, for he fhall fave his people from their îns. Secondly, Hell; 1 Thes. i. 10. Even Jesus, who delivered us from the wrath to come.
Q. 3. How did Christ deliver us from this misery?
A First, By price. Secondly, By power. By price; 1 Pet. i. 18, 19. Ye are not redeemed with silver and gold from your vain converfation, received by tradition from your fathers; but with the precious blood of Chrift, as of a lamb without
. blemish, and without spot. By power; Col. i. 13. Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and halb translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son.
Q. 4. When was the redemption wrought by Christ?.
A It was decreed from eternity; it was actually wrought on the cross ; Col. i. 20. And (having made peace through the blood of his cross) by him to reconcile all things unto bimself, by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.
R 5. How then could they be redeemed that died before ?
A. Though Christ's blood was actually led after the Old Teftament believers died; yet the virtue of Christ's death extends to them, as well as us; Heb. xi. 39, 40. And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise, God having provided fome better things for us, that chey without us hould not be made perfect.
Q. 6. Why would not God deliver us without such a Redeemer ?
A. Because it was not so much for the honour of his justice; Rom. iii. 25, 26. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remiflion of fins that are past, through the forbearance of God. To declare, I fay, at this time his righteousness, that he might be just, and the juftifier of him that believeth in Jesus.
07. What is the first instruction from hence ?
A. That all that are out of Christ are in a miserable bondage and captivity ; John viii. 36. If the Son therefore thall make you free, ye fhall be free indeed.
Q. 8. What is the second instruction ?
A. Hence see the heinous nature of fin, which required such a price to fatisfy for it; 1 Pet. i. 18, 19. We were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish, and without spot.
Q. 9. What is the third instruction from hence ?
A. The wonderful love of Christ in redeeming us at such a rate; Rev.i. §. Who loved us, and walhed us from our Gns in his own blood.
Q. 1o. What is the last instruction ?
A. This strongly obligeth us to an universal holiness; I
Of Christ's Incarnation.
come man ?
true body, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the virgin Mary, and born of her, yet without hin.
Q. 1. Who is the only Redeemer of God's elect?
A. The Lord Jesus Christ is their only Redeemer, and there is no other Redeemer besides him ; Acts iv. 12. Neither is their salvation in any other; for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
Q. 2. How is he the Son of God, or can be, as no other is fo?
A. He is the Son of God by nature, from all eternity, and fo no angel or faint is ; Heb. i. 5. For unto which of the angels faid he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I be
Q. 3. Why was it necessary he should become man?
A. That he might be capable to suffer death in our room ; Heb. ii. 15, 16, 17. For verily he took not on him the nature of angels, but he took on him the seed of Abraham ; wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest, in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the fins of the people.
Q. 4. Why must the Redeemer be God as well as man?
A. Because the blood of a mere man could not satisfy and redeem us; Acts xx. 28. Feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
Q. 5. Do these two natures make two persons ?
A. No, the human nature is united to the second person,
A. No, it continues and abides for ever; Heb. vii. 24.
A. Hence we learn the transcendent love of God to poor finners; John iii. 16. God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Q. 8 What is the second instruction ?
A. Hence we learn the matchless love of Christ, that he should stoop to such a condition for us; 2 Cor. viii. 9. For ye