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For He who felt the load which we are bear- nine, or even to a hundred. Look at these ing,

six articles : Who walked each step along the path we 1. The first article of this gospel relates to tread,

its Bible; and it denies the necessity of a Is ever for his weary children caring, revelation from God. It holds that all men And keeps the promise made us, when He are in some sense inspired, and hence that said,

every man is a Bible to himself, and needs He'd give us, all our way,

no special revelation from God. The ScripStrength for the day."

tures it rejects as of little binding authority. Forgetting that God, as an infinite Intelli

gence, is the highest Reason, and that the MAN'S GOSPEL.

revelation He has given in his word must,

when rightly interpreted and fully under. All the religions in the world may be stood, coincide with the discoveries of reaarranged under two heads, the true and son, and of science too, it proudly sets up the false, or the religion of God and the the human intellect as the judge and standreligions of men. The gospel of Jesus

ard of truth, and not only rejects what it Christ is of God, and it is the only true cannot understand, but what seems to it religion. But man is prone to invent and inconsistent with reason or science. Thus follow a gospel of his own.

However des

every man is made his own judge as to what titute of faith in Christ, he is a great be- and how much of the Bible he is to receive; liever in himself; and the more destitute he and the result is that the whole is rejected is of faith in God's gospel, the stronger is his and cast aside as of no binding authority. faith in his own. Because he feels the need Thus man is left to form a Bible for himof some kind of gospel, he knows he must self; and having the inspiration of reason, have some kind of religion. It is a want as this creed teaches, he is perfectly competent of his nature which must be met. All men

to do this; and of course needs no divine feel this want; and hence some of the most revelation, no revelation from God, no gosdecided unbelievers in Christianity are the pel given by revelation of Jesus Christ

, no strongest believers in something else which Bible given by inspiration of the Holy they substitute in its place. They do not Ghost. This is the first article in man's goslike God's gospel as revealed in the Bible ; pel—a rejection of the Bible-a denial of it is too humbling to their pride; it is op- the necessity of revelation. posed to their lusts; it interferes with their

2. And the second is like unto it, for it sinful indulgences. Neither its doctrines denies the depravity of man, and even rejects nor its duties are agreeable to them, and its the doctrine of depravity altogether. Huway of salvation accords not at all with

man nature may be a little worse than it their views and feelings, and so they reject once was, but by no means sinful. Evil it. But still they must have something; examples may affect it unfavorably, but vir. their very natures require a religion of some

tuous examples will elevate it, and correct kind, some kind of gospel, and hence they all its evils. The idea of a sinful nature is invent a gospel of their own, a gospel after altogether discarded; the doctrine of deman, a gospel of man and not from God. pravity, innate and total, is scornfully reGal. i. 11, 12

jected; and as, according to this creed, no And this gospel of man has its creed; for revelation is necessary; and as there is hence however much men may talk against creeds, no divine law, of course there can be no sin, it is nevertheless true that every man has a no transgression, and the distinction between creed. They will talk about what they be right and wrong is a vain imagination. lieve; and this, their belief, is their creed. Some things may be better than others as So the gospel of man has its creed; and this means of happiness; but moral distinctions creed may be reduced to six articles, though are set at naught. it would be easy to extend them to thirty- 3. The third article of this creed denies the necessity of an atonement. As there has one who continueth not in all things written been no law transgressed, except it may be in the book of the law to do them. He that some natural laws, which transgression offendeth in one point is guilty of all.” brings with it its own punishment; and as, 6. The sixth and last article of man's gostherefore, there is no law to be honored, no pel teaches that there is no eternal punishjustice to be satisfied, and no sin to be ment hereafter. Sin, if there be such a atoned for, of course no atonement is neces. thing, is atoned for by good deeds, by reforsary. Hence man needs no divine Redeemer mation, by a moral life, by suffering, sorrow, to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself; and penitence; or else it is either punished all he needs is a perfect example for imita- here in this life, or for a limited period tion. This he has in the life of Christ, but hereafter; so that, finally, all are saved. his death is of no avail; it was not designed Some go to heaven when they die, others, as an atonement for sin, but merely to seal when they have suffered sufficiently in th bis testimony as a witness to the truth, and future world. But none suffer forever; thus render his example more perfect, and eventually, all are received into heaven. A more impressive and effective.

happy company! 4. The fourth article denies the necessity This is man's gospel; as good without Christ of regeneration. If man's nature is not cor- as with him; as good without grace and the rupt, if his heart is not enmity against God, Spirit as with them; making heaven large deceitful above all things and desperately enough for the race, and hell—if there be a wicked, of course it follows that he does not hell-only a place of discipline and preparaneed to be born again. This creed, there- tion for that blessed abode; while there can fore, is but consistent in denying the neces- be no songs of praise there to redeeming grace sity of the new birth, and with this the divi. and blood, but either to morality, to sorrow on nity of the Holy Spirit and the doctrine of earth, or to sufferings in hell, as preparations the Trinity

If no divine Redeemer is for eternal rest! Such is man's gospel, the needed to make atonement, and no divine gospel which is after man and of man, with no Spirit to renew the heart, then there is no Christ and no Holy Spirit, no salvation, no place in this creed for the Holy Trinity ; so atonement, no grace, no forgiveness, no anthat, in man's gospel, every distinctive feathems of praise for redeeming love! But," ture of Christianity is rejected.

says Paul, “I certify you, brethren, that the 5. Hence, as its fifth article, this creed gospel which was preached of me is not after holds to salvation by works. There is in it man.

For I neither received it of man, no room for grace; its necessity is denied. neither was I taught it, but by revelation of Salvation is not of grace, but of works; an Jesus Christ.” Gal. i. 11, 12. outward reformation and a moral life are This gospel of God, which Paul preached, the only needed preparation for heaven. The is just the reverse of man's; for it takes the hopes of man must rest, not on Christ, but Bible for its guide, and it teaches ruin by on himself; not on believing, but on doing; Adam, redemption by Christ, and regeneraand hence he must work out his own salva- tion by the Holy Ghost. These three short tion. This is a fundamental article in man's articles comprise the whole of God's gospel : gospel; and this principle runs through the 1. Ruin by Adam. 2. Redemption by Christ. whole of it, and very consistently, too; for 3. Regeneration by the Holy Ghost. This if one is to be saved without Christ and the gospel is the power of God to salvation to Spirit

, he must, of course, depend wholly every one that believeth. Believe and be upon his works; and he is a debtor to do the saved ! whole law, for it is written, "cursed is every

W. J. M.

OUR

SCIENTIFIC SUMMARY.

SETTING Posts.-A correspondent of the haring to pay, at paper price, for eleven Iowa Homestead says he set, in 1840, two tons of it annually. oak fence posts, from the same tree. The one

1

COMETS AND METEORS.— The Council of the set butt end down, rotted off in thirteen years; the other is as good as ever.

Royal Astronomical Society, England, this

year awarded the Gold Medal to Prof SchiaSOURCE OF LABOR. — The new Popular parelli, of Milan, chiefly in recognition of Science Monthly has an article on the his service to the cause of science as the dis"Source of Labor," in which the writer

coverer of the law of identity of meteors and maintains that the source of all the labor per- comets, with the now generally accepted informed under the sun" is the sun itself- ference of the similarity of composition of its light and heat being, at least, the excit all the physical world of the universe— ing cause of all the work done in the econo- fact which the revelations of the spectroscope my of nature.

suggest, if they do not confirm. COLORS IN ANIMALS.- A writer in Nature

SETTING OUT TREES. If people setting thinks that some animals consciously imi- out trees or planting orchards, would give tate the colors of surrounding objects as orders to mark the north side of the trees seen with their eyes. Thus, such changes with red chalk before they are taken up, and by prawns are said to cease if their eyes when set out have the trees put in the ground are removed; while certain caterpillars are with their north side to the north in their found to change the color of the chrysalises natural position, a larger portion would formed, according to the color of the ground live. Ignoring this law of nature is the in which they are placed.

cause of so many transplanted trees dying. ARTESIAN Wells.—The practical uses to If the north side is exposed to the south, the which artesian wells may be put, belong, for heat of the sun is too great for that side of the most part, to the future. Hitherto such the tree to bear, and therefore it dries

up

and wells have been but a few inches in diame- decays. ter. But one is being made in Paris, at La

Gutta Percha.—Gutta percha is not at Chapelle, St Denis, which is about six feet all the same thing as India rubber, though in diameter. It has already reached a depth uninformed people sometimes suppose it is. of over two thousand feet. If successful, it It can be melted and remelted, and repeatedly will be equal to a small river, and may in- remolded, without changing its properties troduce a new form of water-power.

for manufacture, or losing its virtue. It is ADULTERATION OF PAPER.—The Boston lighter than rubber, of finer grain, and is es. Journal of Chemistry has been analyzing tremely tough. In its crude state it has no the paper on which its exchanges are printed, -resemblance whatever to India rubber in apand finds that the paper makers mix a white pearance, nor are its chemical or mechanical clay with the paper-pulp to add to the properties the same; nor does the tree from weight. Its own paper has less than half which it is taken belong to the same botaniof one per cent of this matter; that of the cal family, or grow in the same latitude or

soil. Independent, 8.71 per cent.; and that of the Scientific American has 14 50 per cent. As THE BOTTOM OF THE SEA.-Careful sound. the paper sells by weight for more than ten ings, made between Ireland and Newfoundtimes as much as does the clay, the profit on land in order to lay the cable, have shown the clay is very large, the Scientific American that the bottom of the ocean is covered with

Dess.

fine white mud, the remains of microscopic and a half hours after the attack, on the insects. From the coast of Ireland there is average. In the fatal cases, the corresponding a sharp descent for about two hundred miles; duration of time was four and a half hours. from the coast of Newfoundland a more

A LARGE RUBY.-Prof. Shepard of Amgradual one for about three hundred. Between these there is a vast smooth plain, herst College, has just secured for his cabinet the depth of water upon which varies from the largest ruby in the world. The largest ten to fifteen thousand feet.

ever known before is the size of a man's fist,

but this is about two feet high, one foot in MARINE Plants. It is a singular fact diameter, and weighs three hundred and that the most brilliant-colored marine plants sixteen pounds. It is not a pure ruby, but are those which live in comparative dark- is mixed with sapphire, and was found in

Excess of light blanches them as lack the mountains of North Carolina, quarried of light does earth plants.

by nature out of rotten rock. Prof. Shepard MEDICAL SPRINGS.-Some of the springs

heard that it was on the way to Europe, and most famous for their therapeutic virtues, bid enough to secure it, paying $300 therelike those at Baden, and some in this coun: for, but many times that sum could not try, the celebrated Berkley Springs, of Vir- purchase it from him. Professor S. has also

received from Macon county, Georgia, a gioia, for example, or those of Gettysburg, Pa., are said to be remarkable for their sapphire weighing thirty pounds. chemical purity-being unadulterated water

SEA WEED OF THE TROPICS.— The Agassiz simply; and the secret of their beneficial expedition, at the latest accounts, was off effects is found in the fact, that to those ac- Sandy Point, Patagonia. Among the sciencustomed to drink impure water, as such tific curiosities noted by some members of multitudes do, really pure water is often the party were immense quantities of kelp, the best possible medicine and alterative of the “ Macrocystic pyrifera." This is the the system.

largest known alga or sea-weed, and grows GRAVITATION AT THE SUN.—The mass of on these coasts in from six to twenty fathoms the sun, in weight, is about 325,000 times as

of water, in vast beds, warning the mariner much as the earth. But as it is 1,250,000 to beware a near approach, unless he wishes times as bulky, it follows that, bulk for to be entangled in an inextricable net-work. bulk, it is as much lighter than the earth It throws up from the oceanic depths stems that is to say, its density is only about one of immense lengths, some of them from seven quarter that of the earth, and about one hundred to one thousand feet, the greatest and a half times that of water. Hence the development reached by any member of the solar gravity, or the force which attracts vegetable race now in existence. Patches of bodies to the surface of the sun is nearly this sea-weed were passed in open sea, with twenty-eight times as great as terrestrial large sea-lions lying on its surface, who were gravity. A weight let fall on the earth apparently navigating in this novel manner drops about 16 feet in the first second; on

with much satisfaction to themselves, and the sun it would fall 450 feet.

affording much amusement to their scientific

observers. AMMONIA AB A CURE FOR SNAKE BITES.— We recently called attention to the fact THE LARGEST TELESCOPE.—The largest that as many as 8,000 persons die annually, refracting telescope in the world is in in the in British India and Burmah, from the process of manufacture by Alyan Clark and effects of snake bites. The Inspector of Sons in Cambridgeport. It is designed for Police to the Bengal government now re- the United States Naval Observatory at ports that of 939 cases, in which ammonia Washington, and will cost $46,000, one half was freely administered, 702 victims have of which will be for the object glass, which recovered; and in the cured instances, the is twenty-six inches in diameter. The tube remedy was not administered till about three is to be of sheet steel, thirty-two and one

eyes. The

half feet in length. The two glasses—for the very quick, by kneadings and remorseit requires two to make an object glass- less scrubbings." weighed in the rough about two hundred and fifty pounds, and cost $7,000, about $28

READING IN THE CARS.-A medical jour. per pound. They arrived in this country

nal accounts for the painfulness and the about six months ago, from Birmingham, danger which attends the practice of reading

in the cars, by the fact that the exact disEngland, and ever since the work of polish

tance between the eyes and the paper cannot ing and preparing them has been continued unremittingly. Over fifty pounds have been be maintained. The oscillations of the train cut from the fint glass, which now weighs

disturb the powers of vision, and any variaone hundred and ten pounds, and the other tion, however slight, is met by an effort at

accommodation on the glass has been reduced to seventy-three

of the

part pounds, and neither will vary much from constant exercise of so delicate an organ of these weights when finished. It is expected

course produces fatigue, and if the practice is the telescope will be ready for mounting in persisted in must tend to produce permanent 1874. Next to this, the largest instrument

injury. of the kind heretofore operated is the one TEN RULES FOR KEEPING GOOD HEALTH.owned by Mr. Newhall at Gateshead, Eng. Some one gives these ten rules for preserving land, the object glass of which is twenty-five health. Of course everybody knows that inches in diameter. The largest in this they ought to be obeyed, but please count country belongs to the Dearborn Observa- off on your fingers as you read, and see if tory of the Chicago University, of which the you can claim to do it: First, keep warm. object glass is eighteen and one half inches Second, eat regularly and slowly. Third, in diameter.

maintain regular bodily habits. Fourth, take early and very light suppers, or, better

still, none at all. Fifth, keep a clean skin. HEALTH ITEMS.

Sixth, get plenty of sleep at night. Seventh, RHEUMATISM.-Some one professes to have keep cheerful and respectable company. found a cure for rheumatism. it is easily Eighth, keep out of debt. Ninth, don't set tried and can hardly do harm, even if worth- your mind on things you don't need. Tenth, less, as it consists in bathing the parts affect- mind your own business. ed, just before going to bed, with very hot water in which potatoes have been boiled.

EXERCISE.--As our grandparents were Quite possibly just as much good would not, as a general thing, accustomed to very come from very hot water in which potatoes frequent bathing, and as they were a healthy had not been boiled, and, quite certainly, in folk, Dr. Nichols concludes that the explanamany cases of rheumatism neither would tion is found in the fact that they kept the afford any permanent relief.

pores of the skin open by exercise and per

spiration, in the open air. He thinks that Turkish Baths.—Dr. Hall says of Turkish dry friction over the whole surface of the baths, that they so frequently kill people body, once a day, or once in two days, is that it would be better never to take one, often of more service than the application of unless by the special advice of your family water. A proper and judicious use of water physician; and even then, it should be sub- is to be commended; but human beings are mitted to only when under the special per- not amphibious. Nature indicates that the sonal superintendence of an educated medi- functions of the skin should be kept in orcal man.

He thinks they may be very good | der mainly by muscular exercise, by exciting for dirty people, such as have not had a natural perspiration by labor; and delicious good cleaning off in a year ; but he "never as is the bath, and healthful, under

proper could imagine the utility of putting a decent regulations, it is no substitute for that exman into a steam boiler hot enough to skin ercise of the body without which all the a lobster, and then filing off all his hide, to functions become abnormal.

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