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turning to chess."'* Brother Smith answered, "So far, so good. I expected that too. “Often." "Well," continued the other, What else ?" “did you ever know of chess turning back "A sour acid on my stomach." again to wheat ?''
“A little hickory-ash tea will correct that. Brother Smith did no more boasting at What more ?" that time.
GEORGIA. “Broken straws in my head."
"That is a new symptom. It comes from * Chess is the name given to a kind of worthless the sour acid. Tell more.” grass that strongly resembles wheat. Many farm- She paused for a moment, then added, ers think it is the wheat itse.frun wild and become with a little hesitationWorthless.
"And I don't feel very well, myself."
G. A NEGRO ODDITY. Mom Judy was a perfect original—that
OUR AUNT'S HOMILY. is, she had her own way of looking at Our maiden aunt is a new Minerva, she things, and her own way of telling about discourses to us day by day of all things them. And she was as good as she was under the sun. Solomon might come to odd, honest as the day is long, and trans- take lessons of her, if he were yet in the parent as a spring stream.
flesh. Our aunt has her hands, head and One day she came to her former mistress, heart full, bringing up six girls, whom she having in company a fellow-servant, old fell heir to one hot summer when cholera was like herself, who was interested in some raging. Every morning there is a sewing confidential revelations she came to inake. hour, and our aunt's tongue keeps time with After having finished her story, and charged her needle. Hawthorne wrote a very pretty her listeners not to repeat it, she added, thing about a needle, but we are sure our counting her fingers as she spoke
aunt could do better. It is impossible to "Missy, listen-I one, you two, Mom give her homilies as she gives them ; still Nanny tree;" then pointing reverently up. one is not expected to do more than one's wards, “ God four. Now, God nebber tell best. nutten he hear, and I sure I nebber gwine Our aunt has her seat by the south wintell on myself. If dis ting ebber git out, I dow of the sitting-room. There is a large know it must git out from one o' you two." garden in the rear of the house, delivered The Doctor went once to see her when
over to grass and old apple trees. In the she was sick, and came back laughing. We tree-tops blue birds, wrens, jays and robins had tried to learn her symptoms, and his build, and our aunt holds her station at suceess may be inferred from the following the south window, because that commands dialogue:
the ancient garden, and shows her all prowl. "How do you do to-day, Mom Judy?" he ing cats alert for birds, or predatory boys, asked, on entering her hut.
with abnormal cravings for green fruit. "So, so, Mausser. I duh grunt, and I duh Said our aunt this morning, "Falling apgwine.” (I am grunting and I am going.)
ples are no more attracted by the centre of "I want you to tell me just how you feel, the earth, than the fallen boy is attracted by that I may do something for you."
the green apple. If there had ever been a "Don't know as I can tell you, Mausser; I paradisaic boy, he might have suffered the feel all about in spots.”
fruit to ripen in security. I have my hopes "Well, begin on one of the spots, and tell of the millennial boy, but between paradise me how you feel there."
and millennial days stretches a great waste One ting; I feel a limber looseness in of boydom, doomed to perplex parents and all my jints.”
the souls of fruit growers. The present boy "Very well. That is only what I ex- is a crude, unripe man; he seizes on halfpected. Tell me more."
grown fruit as his proper diet; there is an "A watery weakness in my back.” affinity between him and his dangerous pro
vender; we may call it natural selection. dismally so. Why does not each one choose There is a deal of talk now-a-days about such pursuits as she has aptitude for, and natural selection; by this, grains of star-dust really work at them, hainmer something have coalesced and become planets, and sys out of each theme by downright hard labor ? tems,
that would be to turn one's opportunities to "" That float along the tube which Herschel sways, account. But no; only one object is fully
Like pale-rose chaplets, or like sapphire mist, in the view of our young women; the great Or hang or droop along the heavenly ways
cry from the time they can brandish their first Like scarves of amethyst.'
rattle is—amusement; they will learn every"Ruskin tells us in his . Ethics of the Dust,'
thing that will amuse them; they visit, how left to rest and natural selection, an ounce of the black slime of a manufacturing read for amusement.
walk, idle, pine-all for amusement. They town will, after time enough has elapsed,
"Johanna!" (this sharply,) “what book turn into 'a sapphire, an opal, and a dia
is that on your lap?". mond, set in a star of snow. Of course it
I humbly submitted the name of a popuwould take a great while; longer than any lar novel. of us finite creatures could wait. There has
Yes, that is it, amusement. You had been a great deal of foolish talk about much better study English language. Try natural selection, as well as some sound French on words, or on language; those sense. Nobody need ever try to convince
are books for you. You will find that whole me that that beterogeneous compound, man, histories of nations are shut up in their daily selected himself into his present state ; it is
speech. Pray, what language do you think a moral and a physical impossibility. Here our aunt sniffed indignantly.
our fathers spoke in Revolutionary times ?" "The same
we do now?” I suggested, “Now there is a fashion of natural selection
with meekness. to which young ladies should pay attention
“By no means!" said my aunt, triumphin their school days, and in doing so they antly: "They neither. phrased it, prowould greatly benefit society. I will say at nounced it, or wrote it, as you do. Go faronce that it does not concern either ribbons ther back to Shakspeare's day, you would or admirers; you can put that out of your hardly know your mother tongue; would minds, and prepare to listen to me.
not want to labor through a novel in it. "There is a grand fault in education, as I Then make another retrogression to Don view it. Young people go to school, and Chaucer, 'The Morning Star of Song;' or seem to suppose that they have an equal Tyndal's English Bible, ah! there was a difaptitude for every branch of arts and sci- ferent language for you. Why, what is this
One would imagine that an Admira I have in my desk? Here it is, an inscripble Chrichton was the rule, and not the ex
tion copied from an old tombstone up in ception of humanity. Take Maria Louisa. Westminster, Vermont; I found it in the She is sent to a seminary; she is taught church-yard there. It is that of a private every kind of fancy-work, as if she were to soldier of the patriots, William French, devote her whole existence to that, and who was killed March thirteenth, seventeen nothing else. She takes singing lessons, seventy-five ; probably the first blood shedwithout waiting to inquire whether she has in the Revolution : been gifted with voice and ear; she takes
“ * Here William French his Body lies, drawing, oil-painting and water colors, not
For murder his blood for vengeance cries; considering that each is a study worthy of
King George the Third his Tory crew individual attention, and that only those Tha with a bawl his head Shot Threw, can succeed who have what is called a For Liberty and his country's Good,
he lost his Life, his Deerest blood.' natural talent for art. Thus our girls run through the whole alphabet of education, " That is something different from what half learning-no, one ten-hundredth part we do now a days. I mean as to spelling learning each branch. They are superficial, and phraseology. Yes, the language changes,
times change, we change, very greatly. girls who have few domestic cares and reWhen I was young, people lived to do some-sponsibilities, ought to understand that freething better than kill time. Now I find that dom is not yours for indolence and self-seekvisiting and dressing is ever the order of the ing, but to be of use to others, to improve day; add novel reading, operas, theatres, yourselves. People don't wear out half so parties, visitors, and you have the whole fast working as they do idling; people don't round of many women's lives. This, when grow dull in being occupied with what is you consider the additional and magnificent honest and elevating; they get stupid dozing opportunities now accorded for culture and over that problem of self-serving, and amuseusefulness, is shameful. Go through the city ment-hunting. in July and August, and how many sons, "Go, iny dears," says our aunt, "study. brothers and fathers will you find plodding yourselves, select the occupations that you at their business all day, and going home at are best fitted for, and enter into them heartnight to lonely, dismantled, half-shut, ill- ily; make a fair mark on time; then you served houses ! The wives, sisters and will not be negatively, but positively good; mothers are off to the watering places. Not you will also be happy, and healthy, and that they have worked any harder than handsome."
J. M, N. W. their abandoned relations, but the whole end of their lives is amusement, and they are gone to seek it. Don't prate to me of THE PARTISAN AND THE RELIGIOUS health, Johanna, if they are well enough to
PRESS. eat late suppers, and waltz until two in the An editor is often in a position fairly to morning, they are able to stay at home and contrast the spirit of the partisan and relimake all happy for those who cannot get a gious press, and such contrasts are instrucholiday; and then they can take their little tive. Nor are editors alone so happily siturecreation as a whole family in some simple ated that they may look on this picture manner, and be better mentally, morally, and then on that," with a wholesome moral and spiritually for it.
at the conclusion of their review. So much "Perhaps you girls think I am old. Sixty is said or insinuated by secular writers years looks to you a long while to have against what is called the "jarring of the lived; it seems short to me, very short to sects,” that it is well, when opportunity of. do any good in, but altogether too long to fers, to examine into the truth of the charge. be spent aimlessly, indolently. Every one The result of our observation is, that there of you girls shonld blush to have the world is at the present time no such evil among no better for your living in it. People waste the denominations as that so incessantly their opportunities, and then grumble be- harped upon by semi-infidel writers and cause the Lord takes them away. There is newspaper scribblers, under the name of reyour Cousin Fannie. She pines and frets, ligious acrimony, or the odium theologicum. and says she is so tied up; her four little Nearly every religious newspaper we take children keep her from study, from church- up shows zeal in denominational work, with work, from reading, from teaching in the a friendly attitude towards neighbors. This Sunday-school, from so many things she is preeminently true of the evangelical jourwants to do. Your Cousin Fannie was nals. We are proud of our Christianity. twenty-five the day she was married. Until A presidential contest, from present indicathat time she had done nothing but amuse tions likely to be a heated one, is fairly comherself. She had never done one of the menced, and as we look from the religious to things sbe now mentions as desiring. She the partisan papers, and note the difference, had ample leisure, and spent it all—amus- we see enough to show that the spirit of the ing herself. Now the Lord has given her world and the spirit of Christianity are not other work to do, and fortunately, her affec- from one and the same source. We shall tions are engaged on the side of her doing it not particularize, but we have two suggeswell. What I want to suggest is, that you tions to make; first, let those who are given to philosophize keep their eyes open during participate in the words and deeds of par the fall season now before us, with special tisan extravagance and violence. Honor reference to the two classes of newspapers in your sacred calling. We are about to be their accordancy with the Golden Rule; visited by a moral cyclone of considerable and, secondly, let all professing Christians power and virulence; take your bearings, be on their guard against the temptation to spread all sail, and steer clear of the centre.
OUR SCIENTIFIC SUMMARY.
More New AsteroIDS.—Two new aste- | immediately above the snow, 13° below roids, the 122d and 123d, were discovered zero; immediately beneath, 19° above zero; by Dr. Peters, of the Litchfield Observatory, under a drist two feet deep, 27° above zero. Hamilton College, on the night of July 31st.
Cotton. Air drawn The first was in right ascension, 21 h. 48' 51"; and south declination, 11° 40'; and through cotton or wool will be found to be its magnitude, eleven minutes and eight deprived of its ammonia. Cotton will reseconds. The second was in 21 h. 58', right
tain 115 times its own weight of ammonia. ascension; and south declination, 10° 4';
A NEW GREEN.-A new green has been and its magnitude, twelve minutes. Quite a discovered, which is said to be brilliant number of the asteroids have first been seen
enough to replace the poisonous color proat this Observatory, and by Dr. Peters.
duced by arsenic. It is composed of twenty ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS.—Some idea parts of oxide of zinc and one of the sulphate of the amount of labor involved in astro of cobalt, mixed into a paste with water, and nomical observations may be formed from a exposed to a red heat. statement of the British Astronomer Royal,
COAL EXPOSED TO THE WEATHER.-A that in reducing the Greenwich observations German, who has made some careful experiof the moon, no less than 21,000 forms, as
ments to ascertain the amount of loss that large as grave-stones, at a cost of $15,000, coal undergoes when exposed to the weather, were filled with figures, before the numeri- finds that ordinary bituminous coal loses cal value of an important co-efficient for nearly one-third in weight and nearly oneeclipse calculations could be determined.
half in gas-making quality. Anthracite and MARVELS OF THE MICROSCOPE.—A beau-cannel coal suffer less. But all coal should tiful and easily produced exhibition of crys- be kept dry and under cover. tal formation may be seen under the micro
POWER OF MACHINERY.—By the invention scope as follows :-Upon a slip of glass of machinery, one man can now spin more place a drop of liquid chloride of gold or than 400 men could have done in the same nitrate of silver, with a particle of zinc in time in 1769, when Arkwright, the best the gold, and copper in the silver. A growth cotton spinner, took out his first patent. of exquisite gold or silver ferns will vege- One man can make as much flour in a day tate under the observer's delighted eye.
now, as 150 men could a century ago. One PROTECTION BY Snow.-A Mr. Prindle, of woman can make now as much lace in a Vermont, has made an experiment designed day as 100 women could a hundred years ago. to ascertain how far soil is protected from It now requires only as many days to refine cold by snow. For four successive winter sugar as it did months thirty years ago. It days, there being four inches of snow on a once required six months to put quicksilver level, he found the average temperature, 'on a glass, now it needs only 40 minutes.
POLLUTED ATMOSPHERE.—It is said by run with them; and what was most extraeminent scientific men, that "the decompo- ordinary, they were of every color from sition of a single potato or wilted turnip black to yellow, and some tortoise-shell." will breed disease if the vapors of the decay. ing substance are confined to the walls of a
A New Ink PLANT.-A plant growing in house.” The same is said of decaying sub- New Granada, and known there under the stances in alleys, streets and yards. The name of chanchi, yields a juice said to vapors arising from manure and rubbish possess superior qualities as a writing ink. piles, will so impregnate the atmosphere as
Letters made with it are at first of a reddish to make it unhealthy, and thereby spread color, but turn to a deep black in a few disease and death. This is the cause of so
hours. It is also represented as less injurimany diseases breaking out that baffle the ous to steel pens than common ink, and skill of physicians. Filthiness causes de much more durable. In the case of some struction wherever it exists.
papers, part of which were written with
this vegetable juice and the remainder with Tue Rays Of The Sun.-The rays of the ordinary ink, after being long exposed to sun are now generally believed to exhibit the action or sea-water, the letters made three forces; light, or luminous power; heat, with the juice came out clear and apparently or calorific power; and actinism, or chemi- unimpaired, while those traced with the cal power. Whether these are regarded as common ink were almost illegible. The bodistinct forces, or only as modified forms of tanical name of this remarakle plant is one, the three are essentially dissimilar, Coryaria thymifolia. Attempts have been representing respectively the heat-giving, made to grow it in other countries, but thus the light-giving, and the chemical rays of far have signally failed. the sun. The chemical principle of the sun's rays is relatively most active during the
GERMINATION-ITS RELATION TO LIGHT. spring; as summer advances, this power The theory of the germination of plants, diminishes, and the luminous force increases; which has been heretofore admitted, rewhile in autumn the calorific radiations are quires that the germinating seed be exrelatively increased. Thus the conditions cluded from direct sunlight. Late experiof the sun's light are varied with the vary. ments appear to establish the fact that, ing seasons, to suit the necessities of vege
while exclusion from the luminous rays of able life.
the solar spectrum is necessary to the A WALKING Fisa.—Mr. Foord, of the cal or actinic rays are indispensable to that
healthy germination of seeds, yet the chemiAustralian Eclipse Expedition, tells a wonderful story, attested by several witnesses, the soil than do the luminous rays. The
process. These penetrate much deeper into of a fish found on the north of that great exclusion of the chemical rays, and not the continent, which had four hands. It was absence of oxygen alone, is assumed to be found crawling on a piece of coral, dredged the cause of seeds failing to grow when up from the bottom of the sea. The body buried too deeply in the earth. Will our was like that of a fish ; but wonderful to agricultural colleges settle this question by relate, in the place of fins it had four legs, careful experiments ? Let us have all that terminated with what might be called
can be known of the mysteries of plant life. hands, by which it made its way rapidly over the coral reef. When placed on the
INFLUENCE OF VARIOUSLY COLORED LIGIT skylight of the steamer, it stood up on its on VEGETATION.-As the result of a sefour legs, a sight curious to behold, looking ries of experiments upon the influence of something like a small lizard, with the body variously colored light upon vegetation, Dr. of a fish. Mr. White, of the same expedi- Bert has arrived at the following conclution, tells equally strange tales about the sions: 1. That green light is almost as fatal rats they saw.
"A small island," he says, to vegetation as darkness. 2. That red "on which we pitched our tents, was over- light is very detrimental to plants, though