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RATHER STRANGE.—Until lately, all per- | ture is the offer, by De Haven and Brother, sons holding the bills of broken banks were, 40 South Third street, Philadelphia, of four in whole or in part, losers thereby. But per cent. premium for bills of broken Naunder our National Banking system the tional banks. All who have such notes holders of bills of broken banks are secured will receive full information by addressing against loss. And a new and striking fea- the above named firm.
OUR SCIENTIFIC SUMMARY.
THE ANCIENT AND MODERN ENGLISH | years, buildings may be kept looking well MILE.- Professor De Morgan, in an elabor- at a small expense. ate article in the Penny Cyclopædia, has
INDIA RUBBER.–The India-rubber busishown that the old English mile, as spoken
ness is said to be in its infancy, and yet of in “Leland's Itinerancy," and other an. there are in America and Europe more than cient works, was, in round numbers, about
one hundred and fifty manufactories of equal to one-and-a-half of the modern stand rubber articles, employing some five hundred ard miles. This should be borne in mind
operatives each, and consuming more than in reading old books and documents.
ten million pounds of gum a year. To DETECT SULPHURIC ACID IN VINE
A FLYING DRAGON.-Among the remains GAR.- Make a solution of chloride of barium, discovered last year in Kansas by Profesand pour a little in the suspected vinegar;
sor Marsh and party, were bones of the if it remains clear, there is no adulteration Aying dragon. Professor Marsh judges that with sulphuric acid ; if a white cloud shows the dragons, to whom these fragments of itself, there is.
bone belonged, must have measured, from ELECTRIC LIGHTHOUSES. — In England tip to tip of their extended wings, some there are said to be three lighthouses, the twenty feet. illumination of which is by electric light;
An INCH OF RAIN.-An English acre, and there are three also in France.
the Builder, consists of 6,272,640 square land was the first to make use of this mode inches; and an inch deep of rain on an acre of lighthouse illumination, in 1862. In the
yields 6,272,640 cubic inches of water, which, United States there is no lighthouse in which at 277,274 cubic inches to the gallon, makes the electric light is used.
22,622.5 gallons; and as a gallon of disDISAPPEARANCE.—It is said that a few tilled water weighs 10 pounds, the rainfall weeks ago the creek under the great Natural on an acre is 226,225 pounds avoirdupois. Bridge in Virginia suddenly disappeared, As 2240 pounds are a ton, an inch deep of and subsequent investigation demonstrated rain weighs 100.933 tons, or nearly 101 the fact that the stream emptied itself into tons per acre. For every one hundredth the earth through a number of newly-formed of an inch a ton of water falls per acre. fissures of unknown depth.
The August METEORS. —- The meteorio CHEAP Paint.- According to the Scien- showers of the 9th, 10th, and 11th of August tific American, a cheap paint for out-build- last, were observed at several points on the ings may be made by taking milk and continent of Europe, and the following recement, or water-lime as some call it, and sults were obtained : At Turin, Italy, during mixing and applying three or four coats; a the first night 127 shooting stars were dry color may be added. This will last for counted; a fine aurora also took place, lastyears, and by renewing once in two or three ling thirteen hours. On the second night
334 meteors were noted, accompanied by an We have frequently seen, says the editor, in auroral light lasting three hours from mid the Forty-Mile Desert, east of the lower night. The third night being cloudy, but Sink of the Carson, not less than ten or fifty-four stars were observed. At Marseilles, fifteen of these tall sand columns moving France, 164 meteors were counted on the about over the plains at the same time. It first night, and 170 on the second. The is seldom that they come together, but when point from which all seemed to radiate was they do, they dart forward like two flashes in the constellation Cygnus. A faint auro- of lightning, and an explosion like a heavy ral light was remarked. At Geneva, nearly blast ends all, and the two columns of sand half of the stars composing the shower came at once fall to the ground. Those who have from different directions. At Alexandria, not been upon our great deserts, and have Egypt, 1167 meteors were noted on the second never witnessed these grand sandspouts or night, and at Barcelona, Spain, 88€. the wonderful mirages, have but little idea
of the romantic grandeur of these apparently AN INSTRUCTIVE BRICK.—By a micro
uninteresting wastes of sand. scopic examination of a brick taken from the pyramid of Dashour, says the Scientific
GOLD MINING BENEATH THE SEA.-The Monthly, a German philosopher has discov; Alta California says that the Pacific Subered many interesting particulars connected with the life and habits of the ancient about to employ the kind of diving bell so
marine Exploring Company of New York is Egyptians. The brick itself is made of
successfully used at Hell Gate, for the colmud of the Nile, chopped straw, and sand, lection of gold sand off the California coast. thus confirming the accounts of the Bible It is well known that at and off Gold Bluff, and Herodotus concerning the Egyptian
on the northern shores of California, the method of brick-manufacture. Besides these
sea beach has extensive ranges of golden materials, the microscope has brought to
sands, which have been worked for years, light the remains of river shells, fish, and and are now producing no small annual insects; the seeds of wild and cultivated flowers, corn, and barley, the field pea, and crop of gold, remarkable for its purity.
The sand is black, and contains titaniferthe common flax, cultivated probably both
ous iron and visible particles of gold. There for food and textile purposes, and the radish,
was a rush some years ago to these new with many others known to science. Manu
diggings, which failed because they fell factured products were also found, such as
short of extravagant expectations. The fragments of tiles and pottery, and small
gold was there, and provokingly visible. pieces of string made of fax and sheep's Bnt the tide was great, and the period of wool.
low water too short for working. Then the LAND SPOUTS IN Nevada.-There was re- wet sand had to be carted over roads of cently visible, says a Nevada paper, or Twen- dry sand, and up the cliffs, and thence miles ty-two-Mile Desert, five or six tall columns to water for washing out the gold in a of sand, sucked up by as many whirlwinds. crude way. This kind of work does not At sea these would have been waterspouts, suit the crowds who rush to new places, but upon the desert they were only what we expecting to toil little and pick up much. might, call sandspouts. The columns ap- As usual, the back-rush reported unfavor. peared to be ten feet in diameter, and one ably, and ever since, people only remember thousand feet in height. Although they the abandonment. It was found that the waltzed about over the plain for two or three sands grew richer the further the breakers hours, they never came together and never were penetrated, and life-boats that sounded lost their distinctive cylindrical form, and in six to ten fathoms beyond, found the when they did go down they went down sandy bottom still richer in gold of remarkat once-all falling together. These sand- able brightness. It seemed as if the gold spouts are well known to old prospectors, washed up on the beach came from these and seem to indicate a change of weather. submarine banks, but it was deemed impracticable to realize the riches covered by TREATMENT OF RHEUMATISM.—The treatsuch a depth of moving waters. Now it is ment of rheumatism varies, according as believed that this diving bell will place the the rheumatism affects the muscles or the gold within reach of the searchers.
joints, and relatively to the age of the pa
tient, and the general state of health. We HEALTH ITEMS.
can only indicate a few general principles up the additional food, thus giving the sys- air, says Dr. MacCormac, the dead metatem more work to do, instead of less. Stimu- morphic carbon will be retained pro rata lants seem to give more strength; they wake unoxidized within the organism. This effete up the circulation, but it is only tempora unoxidized carbon—this " detritus of degrarily, and unless a new supply is soon taken, dation" being retained-speedily becomes the system runs farther down than it would“ tubercle." have done without the stimulant; hence it He says that without adequate ventilation is in a worse condition than if none had we cannot possibly get rid of the ten or been taken. The better course would be twelve hundred cubic inches of carbonic acid to rest, take nothing but cooling fruits and which the lungs eliminate Lourly. He has berries and melons, and some acid drink also been at some pains to obtain the averwhen thirsty, adding, if desired, some cold age death rate from consumption in various bread and butter; the very next morning parts of the world. We learn from him that will bring a welcome change.
and remedies. People of a rheumatic conVACCINATION AND DISEASE.—The most stitution may greatly save themselves by experienced vaccinators, on the one hand, care in regard to a few particulars. First, and those who have had most to do with the the avoidance of exposure to.cold, and espetreatment of infantile ailment, on the other, cially to cold and wet together; fannel and agree in belief that disease is not commu- other kinds of warm clothing being obnicable by vaccination. Mr. Mason, an viously proper. Their food, while it ehould English physician, in the performance of be nourishing. should be simple.' Beer and more than fifty thousand vaccinations, “ has porter as a rule should be avoided, they are
seen other diseases communicated rheumatic drinks. When the patient can with the vaccine disease, nor does he believe command a change of climate, one that is in popular reports that they are so com- mild, uniform, and above all, dry, will be municated.” Mr. Lees, whose observations the best. Often one of the best remedies is were equally extensive, has borne similar to cover the affected part with a piece of testimony. Dr. W. Johnson, who in six flannel, and rub it over with a hot iron every years had some thirteen thousand sick night before going to bed. adults and children under observation, states “that in no case had he reason to believe, MYSTERIOUS INFLUENCES.—Persons someor even to suspect that any constitutional times feel remarkably well—the appetite is taint had been conveyed from one person to vigorous, eating is a joy, digestion vigorous, another by vaccination.” During a period sleep sound, with an alacrity of body and an of seventeen years Dr. West treated twenty exhilaration of spirits which altogether six thousand infants and children with a throw a charm over life that makes us similar experience; and Prof. Paget, after pleased with every body and every thing. an extensive familiarity with the diseases Next week, to-morrow, in an hour, a marof children, expresses the opinion that the vellous change comes over the spirit of the worst which can be charged upon vaccina- dream; the sunshine has gone, clouds portion is that by disturbing for a time the tend, darkness covers the face of the great general health, it may rarely give opportu- deep, and the whole man, body and soul, nity for the external manifestation and wilts away like a flower without water in complete evolution of some constitutional midsummer. When the weather is cool and affection which but for it might have re- clear and bracing, the atmosphere is full of mained rather longer latent.
electricity, when it is sultry and moist and Where every person in a community has without sunshine, it holds but a small been properly vaccinated, there is little amount of electricity, comparatively speakchance for small-pox to obtain a foothold; | ing, and we have to give up what little and it is also very certain that the presence we have, moisture being a good conductor; of the unvaccinated is a standing invitation thus, in giving up, instead of receiving more, to the development and spread of epidemics. as we would from the cool, pure air, the The opponents of vaccination, and a far change is too great, and the whole man lanlarger number who, from ignorance or care- guishes. Many become uneasy under these lessness, neglect the precaution, thus become circumstances ; they can't account for it;" so far as the public health is concerned, a they imagine that evil is impending, and "dangerous class," which like other dan- resort at once to tonics and stimulants. gerous classes, it is for the interest of the The tonics only increase the appetite, withcommunity at large to remove.
out imparting any additional power to work
in the Austrian capital phthisis prevails to
such an extent as to have been named THE CAUSE OF CONSUMPTION.—Dr. Henry morbus Viennensius; but he traces the cause MacCormac, of London, in a new book, puts readily enough to close stoves in stuffy forth the theory that tubercular disease of chambers, to doubly glazed and padded winthe lungs is caused solely by breathing air dows, which are never opened, ventilation which has already passed through the lungs being entirely unthought of. A similar state of either brutes or human beings, or air that of things he finds to exist nearly everywhere, is deficient in oxygen. If we assume the the death being from 28 per cent. in some quantity of air in the chest at about 230 parts of America to 10 per cent. in Paris, cubic inches, and that from twenty to thirty while in St. Petersburg, out of 5,000 deaths, cubic inches are changed and removed dur- 1,900 are occasioned by phthisis! “ Double ing each respiration, about ten breathings doors and windows, every interstice being will suffice to renew or exchange the gaseous carefully closed with wadder cloth or voilok, contents of the chest cavity. At each inspi- exclude the current, and, along with the ration from 4 to 5 per cent. of the oxygen close stove or petch, render stagnant utterly inhaled is, or should be, replaced by about the stinted, breath-fouled atmosphere, efthe same quantity of carbonic acid, an amount fectively hindering its replacement from which in a few hours would be represented by without, and, in fine, entailing the direful an appreciable weight of solid carbon. If scourge of tnbercle, from which no class or any portion of the inhaled air be rebreathed 'condition of the community finds escape."
From Robert Carter & Bros. we have country, spend their lives and talents for received
the Master, receiving their reward in another TAE CURATE'S HOME. By Agnes Giberne, Author of world. The story, which is founded on fact,
"Aimee: A Tale of the days of James the Second, is very interesting from beginning to end.
This is the second edition of a thoroughly “TRADING." By the Author of the “Wide, Wide English work in its character and plan, dwelling particularly on the privations This completes the series, of which "What experienced by many Curates, who are often She Could," " Opportunities,” and “ House obliged to support large families with insuf- in Town,” are the previous volumes. No ficient means, and like many in our own better set of books for children can be found.
than these. The workings of a young heart one of his own faith. This cosmopolitan devoted to the Saviour are beautifully de- feature of the book may render it more lineated in the every day life of a little girl. available for its general distribution, for we Miss Warner's books have a charm which perceive it is furnished only by subscription. will always attract.
From Lee & Shepard, Boston. Wao Wox? By the Author of " Win and Wear."
THE YOUNG FOLK's HISTORY OF ENGLAND. By leg The books of this author are deservedly Craig Knox, With Illustrations, by R. E. Ga. popular in our Sabbath schools. The pre
The children of the present age have much sent volume is no less interesting. It is founded on the contest for a gold medal to interest them in works of science and hiswhich was to be given as : prize to the best tory. The present volume, written in plea
sant, forcible style, finely illustrated, and scholar in a large school; and as each one of the sixty most prominent scholars counted bringing events down to the present year,
is worthy of a wide circulation. It is a on gaining the prize, the strife was rather exciting, but ended most satisfactory to all. pleasant surprise, in opening this book of
history, to find an event set forth so recent Tae BEATITUDES OP TBE KINGDOM. By J. Oswald Dykes, M. A.
as the Thanksgiving for the recovery of the
Prince of Wales. The Christian Beatitudes are ably treated in nine chapters, prefaced by a Historical
For sale by Claxton, Remsen & HaffelIntroduction. The contents are : Spiritual finger, Philadelphia. Poverty; Mourning; Meekness; Hunger
From Alfred Martien, 1214 Chestnut St., for Righteousness; Mercy; Purity; Peace
Philadelphia. making; Persecution; Salt and Light.
RUTH CEE AND HER COMPANIOXN; or. WORKING FOR For sale by Alfred Martien, Philadelphia. God. By the Author of "The Two Lucyn." Pp. From the Presbyterian Board of Publica
Ruth, naturally sullen and despairing, tion.
learned at length, as many others have had THE WILDFORDS IN INDIA. By the Author of " Poke to do, that in this life we are expected to and her Sister," etc. Grandmother Wildford manages to convey such discipline as
improve present opportunities, and accept
our Heavenly Father a large amount of instruction as well as
chooses to send. She was led to learn the pleasant reading in this book. Having preciousness of a Saviour's love, and was lived in India as a missionary's wife, she could tell of the habits of the people, the state of the country, the animals, plants, That He who knows me best should choose for me,
“Henceforth my one desire shall be, and particularly of the difficulties and en
And so whate'er His love sees good to seni, couragements of the noble band, who, taking I'll trust 'tis best, because He knows the end." their lives in their hands, have gone among The MANTLE OF ELIJAB. By George Lee. the heathen to break to then the bread of
The readers of Our Monthly will be glad life.
to hear that this story, published last year From Porter & Coates, Philadelphia. as a serial, has been revised and brought out Suxdı Half-Hours WITH THE GREAT PREACHERS. in a volume, with the addition of several With Brief Biographical Notices, and an Index chapters. The fortunes of several of the By M. Laird Simons, Author of " companion
minor characters are followed to the end, Those who wish to see what the great and other matters are disposed of, which preachers of the world have said, from the could not be brought into the compass of days of the Christian Fathers to the present twelve magazine artic!es. In plot, incident time, may have an opportunity in this and delineation of character, Mr. Lee shows volume of fifty-two sermons,—one for every decided talent. He is humorous without Sabbath in the year. The discourses are caricature, piquant without sensationalism, mostly evangelical, though a Roman Catho- and brings us to a good moral when we are lic or a Unitarian may find something from least expecting it.
enabled to say,
Articles to the Pictorial Home Bible."