Cognition Distributed: How cognitive technology extends our minds

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Itiel E. Dror, Stevan Harnad
John Benjamins Publishing, 2008 M12 17 - 258 páginas
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Our species has been a maker and user of tools for over two million years, but "cognitive technology" began with language. Cognition is thinking, and thinking has been "distributed" for at least the two hundred millennia that we have been using speech to interact and collaborate, allowing us to do collectively far more than any of us could have done individually. The invention of writing six millennia ago and print six centuries ago has distributed cognition still more widely and quickly, among people as well as their texts. But in recent decades something radically new has been happening: Advanced cognitive technologies, especially computers and the Worldwide Web, are beginning to redistribute cognition in unprecedented ways, not only among people and static texts, but among people and dynamical machines. This not only makes possible new forms of human collaboration, but new forms of cognition. This book examines the nature and prospects of distributed cognition, providing a conceptual framework for understanding it, and showcasing case studies of its development. This volume was originally published as a Special Issue of Pragmatics & Cognition (14:2, 2006).
 

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Contenido

Offloading cognition onto cognitive technology
1
A framework for thinking about distributed cognition
25
Distributed cognition
45
Distributed cognition
57
Radical changes in cognitive process due to technology
71
The grounding and sharing of symbols
83
Collaborative tagging as distributed cognition
93
Thinking in groups
99
Distributed cognition representation and affordance
137
Categorization and technology innovation
145
Crime scene investigation as distributed cognition
159
Web search engines and distributedassessment systems
185
Speech transformation solutions
207
Computeraided translation as a distributed cognitive task
237
Index
257
The series Benjamins Current Topics
259

Distributed learning and mutual adaptation
117

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