Imágenes de páginas

pa-zi'-ća, v. a. to rub, roll out or stretch with the

hand, -wapazića. pa-zig'-zi-ća, v. red. of pazića. pa-zo', v. a. to show, present any thing to view

wapazo, unpazopi. pa-zo'-ki-ya, v. to cause to show,-pazowakiya. pa-zun', cont. of pazunta; pazun owatoy, I wear

it only run up. pa-zun'-ta, v. a. to sew or run up at the sides

some distance from the edge, as leggins, -wapa

zunta. pa-za', or pažan, adv. through: paza capa, to

stab through. pa-żan', adv. See paźa. pa-zan'-ya, adv. through and through. pa-za'-ta, v. a. to make forked by punching,

wapažata. pa-za'-ża, v. a. to wash, as a gun, by pushing

and pulling,-wapaźaza. pa-zim', cont. of pažipa; pazim iyeya. pa-zim'-żi-pa, v. red. of paźipa. pa-zin', v. to prevent. See ipažin, kipažin, wi

pažin, and wapazin. pa-zi'-pa, v. a. to prick with a pin ; to pinch ; to

bite, as mosquitoes do,wapazipa. pa-żo'-dan, n. a high knoll or hill, the top of a

hill. pa-żo'-ya, adv. hill-like, swelled up. pa-zun', v. a. to push down and pry up, as a

root; to pull up, as ducks do grass roots in

water,—wapazun. pa-żu'-żu, v. a. to rub out, cross out, erase, -wa

paźuzu. pće-ya', v. a. to cut and dry meat of any kind,

péewaya. See wapéeya. pe, the precatory plur. imperat. termination of

verbs, used commonly by women, as, ećon pe, do

ye do it. pe, n. the top of the head. pe, adj. sharp, as edged tools; pointed. pe-cus', cont. of pećuza: wi pecus wanka, there

are sun dogs. pe-cus'-ya, adv. wi pełusya wanka; said when

mock suns are observed. pe-cu'-za, n. sun-dogs, mock-suns. pe-ġe', n. the side or height of a vessel. pe-han', v. a. to fold up any thing,wapehan :

pehan ehnaka, to fold up and lay away. pe-han', n. the crane, of several species. . pe-han'-ġi-dan, n. the grey or sand-hill crane. pe-han'-han, v. red, of pehan; to writhe or

move about, as one does with the stomach-ache,

wapehayhan. pe-han'-ka-dan), n. a small slender bird which

frequents the water. Same as siyukansasa.

pe-han'-san, n. the large white crane. pe-Kni'-ga, v. n. to be red hot, heated to a while

heat. pe-Kni'-ġa, n. that which is heated to a red heat. pe-knik', cont. of pełniga. pe-Kni'-Kni-ġa, v. red. of pełniġa. pe-knik'-ya, v.a.

to heat red hot, -peliniliwaya. pe-ksu', n.

a kind of acorn. pe-ksu'dan, n. a species of acorn ; a kind of

grass with a red flower. pe-mni', adj. warped, twisted, crooked. pe-mni', v. n. to warp, twist; to become crooked,

become entangled. pe-mni'-mni, v. red. of pemni. pe-mni'-yan, adv. crookedly, perversely, twisting. pe-mnu'-mnu-ġa, n. the pit of the stomach.

See also pimnumnuga. pe-na'-kpa-kpa, v. n. to crackle, as a fire. pe-na'tpa-tpa, v. n. to crackle, emit sparks, as

fire. This and the preceding word may perhaps

be used as nouns, meaning small sparks. pe-pe', adj. red. of pe; prickly, jagged. pe-pe'-ya, adv. prickly, sharp, or rough, as &

frozen road : pepeya hiyeya. pe-sde'-te, n. the top of the head. pe-sde'-te-o-win-se, n. the curl of hair on the

top of the head. pe'-sto, adj. sharp-pointed. pe'-sto-dan, adj. sharp-pointed. pe'-sto-ya, adv. in a sharp-pointed manner. pe-ska', n. the air-bladder of a fish. This is

sometimes used for making glue, hence the name

conpeska. pe-śni'-ża, n. sparks of fire. pet, cont. of peta, as in petibkan, etc. pe'-ta, n. fire. pe-ta'-ġa, n. burning coals. pe-ta'-ga-i-ce-on-pa, v. to broil on the coals,

petaġa ićewaonpa. pe-tan', adv. on the fire : petan ekipeya, to throw

on or in the fire. pe-tan'-na, adv. in the fire. pet-i'-skan, v. n. to draw near the fire, warm

oneself,--petimaskan. pet'-i-zan-zaŋ, and petaizanżaŋ, n. a torch,

candle, lamp. pet-i'-żan-zan-i-hu-pa, n. a candlestick, lamp. pet-i'-żan-żan-i-yu-kse, n. candle-snuffers. pet-ka'-hda, adv. near the fire, by the fire. pet-ki'-ye-dan, adv. near the fire. pe-tu'-spe, n.

a fire-brand. pe-tu'-ste, n. a fire-brand. pe-yo'-han, n. a line running over the middle of

the head from the forehead, the parting of the hair.

pe-yo'-zan, n. the place which is left on the

head by separating the hair. pe-zi', n. grass, herbs, hay. pe-zi-hu'-ta, n. grass-roots, herbs ; medicines of

all kinds. pe-zi-hu'-ta-i-ya-tke, 1. something to drink

medicine out of; tea-cups. pe-zi-hu'-ta-i-yo-ka-stan, n. something to

pour medicine into ; a coffee-pot, tea-pot; a sy

ringe. pe-zi-hu'-ta-sa-pa, n. black medicine, i. e. cof

fee. pe-zi-hu'ta-si-ca, n. bad medicine, i. e. poison. pe-zi-hu'-ta-wi-ca-sta, n. a medicine man; a

physician. pe-zi-hu'-ta-zi, n. yellow medicine ; rhubarb. Pe-zi-hu'ta-zi-ķa-pi-wa-kpa, n. the Yellow

Medicine river, which joins the Minnesota from the Coteau des Prairies, about thirty miles below

Mdeiyedan. pe-zi'-Ho-ta, n. a kind of grass or herb of a

whitish or greyish appearance, which grows abundantly on the prairies. In our translations this

word is used for hyssop. pe-zi'-i-ca-sda, n. (pezi and kaśda) a scythe. pe-zi'-ka-áda, v. to cut hay or grass, to mow,

peziwakaśda. pi, the common plural termination of verbs, nouns,

pronouns, adjectives, and sometimes adverbs and

prepositions. pi, adj. good. This word is probably obsolete, but

words formed from it are in use, as yupi, etc. pi, n. the liver,-mapi, wićapi : tapi, the liver of

animals. pi'-ća, an auxiliary verb with the force of can.

It conveys the idea of power or possibility, as,

ećonpića, that can be done. pi-ća'-ka, an auxiliary verb, sometimes with the

force of pića, and sometimes with that of pića

śni. The 'ka'may in some cases be interrogative. pi-ća'-ka, adj. a little good, i. q. kitanna waste. pi-ća'-sni, v. it cannot be, it is impossible. pi-da', v. n. to be glad, thankful ; to rejoice,

piwada, piundapi. pi-da'da, v. red. of pida. pi-da'-ki-ya, v. a. to make glad, make thankful,

-pidawakiya, pidaunkiyapi : pidamakiya, he has

made me glad, I am thankful. pi-da'-ya, v. a. to make glad, -pidawaya, pida

unyanpi. pi-da'-ya, adv. gladly. pi-i'-ei-ya, v. reflex, of piya; to prepare oneself,

get ready,—pimiçiya, piunkiçiyapi. pi-ki'-ći da, v. to give thanks to, be glad for,


pi-ki'da, v. n. to be thankful, glad, -piwakida. pi-ki'-ya, v. a. to conjure, to powwow over the

sick, as the Dakotas do; to mend or make new

one's own,-piwakiya, piunkiyapi, pimakiya. pi-ki'-ya-pi, part. conjured, conjuring ; mended. pi-ksu'-dan, n. a kind of acorn. See peksudan. pi-mnu'-mnu-ġe, n. the pit of the stomach. pins-pin'-za, n. an animal about the size of a

mink, which is found near the Missouri, and is

said by the Dakotas to plant its own field. pins-pin'-za, v. red. of pinza; to squeal, as a

ground squirrel when caught. pins-pin'-ze-dan, adj. thin, scattering, as hair

or grass. pin'-za, v. n. to creak, as a shoe. pin'-ze-dan, n. an animal about the size of a

large ground squirrel, which is said to live on the prairie to the north-west, and to plant its own

field. pin'-ża, adj. destitute of hair, i. q. śmi. pi-pi'-ya, adv. red. of piya; well, anew, tho

roughly. pi-ska'-te, n. a small species of cranberry. S.

W. P. pi'-sko, n. the night-hawk. pi'-sko-ta-han-pe, n. the ladies-slipper, a flower;

mushrooms, fungus, i. q. wićanlipi hinkpaya. pi-śni'-że, n. the spleen. See tapiśnize. pis-pi'-ża, adj. red. of piza; wrinkled, -mapis

piza. pis-pi'-że-dan, adj. wrinkled or shrivelled, as

one's hands from being long in water, withered,

-mapiśpizedan. pi-ya', v. a. to make anew, mend up, repair,

piwaya, piunyanpi. pi'-ya, adv. well, anew : piya hduha, to have

again, recover one's own ; piya kaga, to mend,

make anew. pi'-ya-e-han-ke-ća, adv. taller, longer than. pi'-ya-e-han-na-ke-cin-han, adv. presently ;

i... ehakedanke cinhaŋ, soon, again. pi-ya'-ya, v. n. to run well, as a canoe or hutina

cute. pi-ye', v. See piya. pi-ye'-des, adv. notwithstanding ; heedlessly;

i.q. iyowinyeśni. Said of one who does not listen

to what is said to him. pi-ye'-pi-ća, adj. reparable : piyepića śni, that

cannot be repaired. pi-zi', n. the gall,—mapizi. See tapizi. pi'-ża, adj. wrinkled,-mapiza. po, the plural termination of verbs in the impera

tive mood. po, v. n.

to swell, puff out,-mapo, wilapo. po-gan', adv.

on the nose.

po'-ġan, v. n. to spread out, as a bladder when

blown. po-ġa'-ske, n.

the external part of the nose, the sides of the nostrils. po'-ġe, n. the nose, -mapoġe, nipoge. po'-ge-o-kdo-ka, n. the nostrils. po'-ha-ha-se, adv. shaking. Said of a buffalo

shaking his head; pohahase inyanka, he runs

shaking his head, po'-hdi-co-dan, adv. (pa and ohde) head covered ;

i.q. pośmićodaŋ : sina pohdićodan hiŋmi, I wear

my blanket over my head. po'-hmi-co-dan, adv. Same as pohdiéodan. pok-a'-ske, n. (poġe and aske) the outside of the

nostrils. pok-can'-te, n. the cartilage between the nostrils. pob-yu'-ski, n. the inside of the nose, the nos

trils. po-ki'-mna-mna, v. a. to shake the head at one,

-powakimnamna. po-kpan'-ka, n. See potpanka. pom, cont. of popa; pom iyaya and pom hinhda,

to burst out, snap suddenly. po'-mna-mna, v.

to shake the head,-powamnamna. po'-mna-mna-ki-ya, v. a. to shake or wag the

head at ; to cause to wag the head,-pomnamna

wakiya. pom-ya', adv. snapping, popping. pom-yer', adv. with a snap: pomyel iheya, to

shoot and kill immediately: pomyeli iyeya. pom-ye'-bin, adv. snapping. pon, cont. of pota. pon-pon', adj. rotten, as wood. pon-pon'-na, adj. rotten, soft, as rotten wood. po'-pa, v. n.

to burst. See napopa. po-po', v. n. red. of po; to swell, puff out. po-po'-pa, adj. full of pith : tipsinna popopa, a

stringy turnip. po-po'-pe-se, adv. Said of nap on a blanket and

of fine fur on a robe. po-po'tka-dan, n. the screech-owl. po'-ptan-ptan, v. n. to shake the head, signify

dissent,-powaptanptan. po'-ptan-ptan-ki-ya, v. a. to shake the head at,

-poptanptan wakiya. See apoptanptan. po'-ski-ca, v. to clasp around the neck. See

pośkin. po'-skin, cont. of poskića; by the neck. po'-skin-i-ya-ka-ska, v. a. to tie round the

neck, as a halter. po'-skin-kte, v. to kill by choking,

-poskinwakte. po'-skin-ta, v. to die by being strangled. po'-skin-yu-ța, v. to put to death by hanging.

po'-skin-yu-za, v.

to take by the throat; to put the arms around the neck of one, to embrace,

poskinmduza. po-śdi'-śdi, v. to have one's face always covered :

pośdiśdi waun. po-śdi'-śdi-ka, n. one who keeps his face covered

with his blanket. po'-sin, v. n. to sniff, snuf up the nose, -po

wasin. po'-sin-sin, v. red. of posin. po'-smi-co-dan, adv. head covered, as with a

blanket: sina pośmibodan hiņmi, I wear my blanket over my

head, po'-stan, n. a hood, a child's cloak with a hood. po'ta, adj. worn out. See yupota. po-ta'-han, part. worn out, full of holes, . po-ta'-wa-han, part. full of holes. po-tkan'-ka, n. cranberries. Same as potpanka. po-tpan'-ka, n. cranberries, the Oxycoccus ma

crocarpus. po-tpan'-ka-hu, n. the cranberry-stalk. po-tpo'-ta, red. of pota ; worn out. po-tpo'-ta-han, part, red. of potahan ; full of

holes, torn, ragged, as a worn out garment. po-wa'-ya, n. nap, fur. po-wa'-ya, adj. having nap. po-wa'-ye-dan, adj. having nap; sa powayedan,

red flannel. po'-żan-zan, v. to snuf' up, as an animal snuffs

the wind; to snuff or scent, as a dog does. psa, n. a kind of rush or water grass, sometimes

used in making mats: Psa-mde-wanke-cin-wakpa, the little stream that empties into the Min

nesota just below Little Rock. psa'-ka, adj. broken. See yupsaka. psa-ka'-han, part. broken, as a string; said also

of the heart. psa-ka'-wa-han, part. broken, as a string. psa'-o-win-ża, n. rush mats. psa-psa'-ka-han, part, red. of psakahan. psa-psa'-ka-wa-han, part. red. of psakawahan. psa'-wa-pa-ha, n. palm or chip hats.

Snow-shoes. pse'-Ktiŋ, n. the ash. pse-pa'-ton-na, n. sharp-toed snow-shoes. pse-ya'-pi, n. the water-ash, so called because

used for making snow-shoes. psi'-ća, adj. jumping. See yupsića. psin, cont. of psića: psin iyaya, to jump or hop

away. psin, n. rice, wild rice : psiŋ ati, to pitch a tent

at the rice ; psiŋ ska, white rice, barley. psin-ca', n. a bulbous esculent root which grows

in marshes, about the size of a black walnut with the hull on.

pse, n.

the wren.

psin-ćin'-ća, n. a bulbous esculent root much

used by the Dakotas of the lower Minnesota. It is about as large as a hen's egg, and grows on

the margin of rivers and lakes. psin-ska', n. white rice ; barley. psi-psi'-ća, v. red. of psića ; to jump much,

to skip. psi-psi'-ca-dan, n. the grasshopper. psi-pšin', cont. of psipsića; psipsin ya, to go

jumping or skipping along. pso'-han, v. (pse and ohan) to put on or wear

snow-shoes,-psowahay, psounhan pi. pso-ka', n. a species of fish somewhat resembling

the pike. pso'-kšan, n. a kind of round-toed snow-shoes. pson-pson', adj. rounded off, having the corners

taken off pson-pson'-na, adj. rounded, having the corners

taken off ; said also of teeth on edge, as, hi pson

psonna. psun-psun'-na, adj. Same as psonpsonna. psa, v. n. to sneeze, -wapša, unpsapi. psa-pša', adv. pšapša se, huddled together ; pša

pša se iyaya, to make a noise, as when any thing

is poured into a vessel. See apsapša. psa-ya', v. a. to cause to sneeze, psawaya. psin, n. leeks, onions. psin-ca', n. the flying-squirrel. psun, adj. shed, fallen of, as horns; drawn out.

See yupśun, kapsuŋ. psun-han', part. fallen off, dislocated. psun-ka', adj. round, short and thick. pšun-ka', n. a bulge, a knot on a tree; a pill. psun-ka'-dan, n. any little round thing. psun-ka'-ka, n. little round things, pills. psun-ka'ya, adv. in a bunch, in a heap, as an

animal curled up; pšunkaya wanka. psun-ka'-ya-ken, adv. in a bunch, drawn up

together. psun-wa'-han, part. dropped out, fallen off pta. See yupta. pta-han', part. cut off, cut out. ptan. See yuptan. ptan, n. the otter. In the sacred dialect it is

called 'hepan.' ptan-ptan', adj. unsteady, rocking, as a canoe. ptan-ptan'-na, adj. unsteady, tottering. Ptan-sin'-ta, n. the name of the village at the

upper end of Lake Traverse. ptan'-yan, adv. flurried. See éanteptanyan. ptan-ye'-tu, n. autumn. To summer and win

ter the Dakotas count five months each, and to

spring and autumn but one each. pta-wa'-han, part. cut off, fallen off Same as


pta'-ya, adv. together, collectively: ptaya unyan

pi kta, we will go together. pte, n. a cow, the female butt'alo. The bison or

buffalo is colloquially termed ‘pte,' irrespective

of sex. The counterpart is 'tatanka. pte'-a-san-pi, n. cow's milk. pte'-a-san-pi-i-hdi, n. butter. pte'-a-san-pi-ni-ni, n. thick milk, curdled milk. pte'-a-san-pi-ta-sa-ka, n. cheese. pte'-ce-dan, adj. short,---maptećedan. pte'-ce-ye-dan, adv. for a short time. pte'-ġa, n. a marsh, a low place, a swampy place. pte-ġan'-ni-ca-dan, n. pte-go'-pe-ca, n. a kind of hawk, so called be

cause it frequents marshes. ptek-wi'ta, n. firm land surrounded by a

marsh, a swamp-island. pten-ye'-day, adv. for a short time. pte-pte'-ce-dan, adj. red. of ptecedan. pte'-ta-ma-ka, n.

a lean cow. pte'-ta-wo-te, n. a prairie plant which bears

juicy berries. pte-wa'-nun-yan-pi, n. tame cattle. See nun

yan, to tame. pte-zi'-ća-dan, n. (pte and cinéadan) a calf. ptin'-han, n. last autumn : ptinhaŋ ićima, the

fall before last. ptu-ha', v. n. to crumble down. ptu-Ka'-Ha, v. red. of ptuba. ptu-ptu'-ża, red. of ptuża. ptu-ptu'-za-han, part. red. of ptuzahan. ptu-ptu'-za-wa-han, part. red. of ptużawahan. ptu'-ża, adj. split, cracked. See yuptuża. ptu-za'-han, part. cracked of itself. ptu-za'-wa-han, part. cracked of itself. pu-kpa', adj. boiled up, not clear, mixed up, said

of water or soup which contains floating particles. pu-sa', adj. dry: pusa ehnaka, to lay aside to

dry or season. pu-skem', cont. of puskepa: puskem okastan, to

strain or filter,-puskem owakastan. pu-ske'-pa, v. a. to strain or filter,—wapuskepa. pus-ki'-ya, v. a. to dry or cause to dry, as wet

clothes or fruit,-puswakiya, pusunkiyapi : puski

cićiya, to dry for one,-puswećićiya. pu-spa', v. a. to stick on, glue ; to seal,-wapuspa. pu-spe'-ki-ya, v. a. to cause to glue or seal,

puspewakiya. pu-spe'-ya, v. a. to cause to seal or glue. pus-pu'-za, adj. red. of puza. pu-stag', cont. of pustaka; pustag iwanka, to

squat down ; pustag ekpeiçiya, to get down so as

to hide, bow down, squat down. pu-stag'-tu-ken, adv. squatting down. pu-sta'-ka, v. n. to squat down,wapustaka.

pus-ya', v. a. to dry, cause to dry,-puswaya,

pusunyaŋpi. pus-ya', adv. in a drying manner. pu-ski', adv. in a bunch, i. q. pšunkaya yanka. pu-ski'-ca, v. a. to press or rub out with the

hand, -wapuskića. pu-ski'-dan, adv. dim. of puśki. pu-skin', cont. of puśkića; puśkin yanka. pu-skin'-ya, adv. pressed, squeezed. pu-tag', cont. of putaka; putag ilipaya, to fall

down with the hands on the ground. pu-ta'-ka, v. a. to touch, as with the hand when

one falls-waputaka. pu-te', n. the upper lip ; the snout or nose of an

animal. Pu'-te-wa-ta, n. p. the Potowatomies. Pu'-te-wa-ta-dan, n. Same as Putewata. . pu-tin', n. See putinhan. pu-tin-hin, m. the beard, especially what grows

on the upper lip, the mustache. pu-tpa', adj. Same as pukpa. pu-tpe'-ya, adv. scattering, scattered over. pu'-za, adj. dry, thirsty; dry, as cloth, ground,

etc., not wet ; shallow, as a stream, run dry.

See puzeda, and ipuza. pu-zan', cont. of puzata; puzan iyaya : puzan

iyayeya, to run one ashore ; to show that one has

told a falsehood. pu-zan'-zan, red. of puzan; puzanzan iyekićići

yapi, and puzanzan iyayekićiyapi, they run each

other aground. pu-za'-ta, adv. on dry land. pu'-ze-day, adj. shallow, as a stream of water.

s'a, an auxiliary suffix to verbs, signifying frequency

of action, or a habit formed, as, wai s'a, wakage s'a. It frequently gives verbs the force of nouns of the agent; as, wamayon, to steal ; wamanon

s'a, a thief. s'a, v. n. to roar, as the waves : s'a wanka. Sag-da'-sin, n. the English, the name which the

Dakotas give to the British, the inhabitants of Red River, etc. This word is probably from some

other Indian language. sag-ye', n. something used in walking, a staff:

can sagye, a cane ; maza sagye, a sword. sag-ye'-ki-ton, v. to use a staff in walking, as

an old person,-sagyeweton. sag-ye'-ton, v. to use a staff,—sagyewaton. sag-ye'-ya, v. a. to use any thing for a staf,

sagyewaya. sak, cont. of saka; sakowasiŋ yutapi, eaten raw. sa'-ka, adj. raw, uncooked; hard, dried ; as,

waćoni saka, dried meat. sa'-ka-dan, adj. green, limber. Hence, can

sakadan, a switch. sa'-ka-yu-ta-pi, n. what is eaten raw, i. e. me

lons, cucumbers. sa-kim', adv. both, two, both together. sa-kim'tu, adv. two together. sa-kim'-tu-ken, adv. both together. sak'-o-wa-sin, adv. entirely raw. sam, adv. cont. of saypa; more, beyond, more

than : sam iyaya, to go beyond, surpass ; sam

iyeya, to make go over or beyond. sam'-i-ye-ya, adv.

more than. sam-sam', adv. red. of sam. sam-san'-pa, adv. red. of sanpa. gam-ya', v. a. of sapa; to blacken, color black,

samwaya, samunyanpi. sam-ya', adv. beyond, further ; black, dark :

samya wanka, it lies darkly. sam-ya'-han, adv. dark, blackish, as water at a

distance. sam-ya'-ken, adj. blackish ; in sight, far off. san, adj. whitish or yellowish : maka saŋ, white

earth : hi san, to show the teeth. san-ksan'-ki-ton, v. n. to wear or put on a

skirt,-sanksan weton. san-ksan'-ni-ca, n. a Dakota woman's skirt. san-ksan'-ya, v. a. to use for a skirt, make a

skirt of, -saŋksan waya. san-ni', adj. of one side, on one side : nape sanni,

one hand ; si sanni, one foot. san-ni'-ca, adv. on one side. san-ni'-na, adv. of only one side. san-ni'-na-tan-han, adv. from only one side. san'-o-pa-pa, adj. grey hairs here and there in

one's head, turning grey.


P, the twentieth letter of the Dakota alphabet. It

has a click sound like that of ¢, ķ, and ţ. pe, n.

the elm; pe can, elm-wood; pe ikćeka, the common water-elm; pe itazipa (bow-elm) the

rock-elm; pe tutupa, slippery-elm. pe-i'-kće-ka, n. the common elm. pe-tu'-tu-pa, n. the slippery-elm. po, n. fog, mist. po, adj. foggy, misty. po'-po', adj. red. of po; foggy. po-sa', adj. foggy, not clear ; said when the air

is filled with particles of snow. po'-ze-ća, v. n. to be out of humor,-mapozeća.


8, the twenty-first letter of the Dakota alphabet,

having the soft sound of the English c. When marked thus (s”), the sound is prolonged.

« AnteriorContinuar »