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sin-ta', n. the tamarack or hackmatack, the
American larch. This is probably so called because the gum is hard, i. e. sin tasaka. The original name seems to have been 'makan.'
S. W. P. sin-ta'-ka, n. the striped bass. sin-tka'-hu, n. the hip-bone, the os ilium. sin-tpan'-ka, n. a root that grows, it is said, in
low ground : sintpankahu, the stalk and root
above referred to. sin-sin', adj. wrinkled. sin-yan'-ta-ka-dan, n. the name of a small
bird which frequents the rice lakes. si-pa'. See kasipa, yusipa. si-pa'-han, part. broken off close, as the limbs of
a tree, the teeth of a comb, pins, etc. si-pa'-wa-han, part. Same as sipahan. si-pto', n. beads. śi-pto'-pto, n. beads. si-so'-ka, n. the robin. si-tki'-hda, v. n. to be angry; to be afflicted ;
šitkihda waun. si-tki'-hda-ya, v. to make angry; to afflict, to
punish,--sitkihdawaya. si-tki'-hda-ya, adv. in trouble, angrily, vered :
sitkihdaya waun). śi-ya'-ka, n. the teal, a kind of duck. The siya
ka are divided into siyaka tanka, mde siyaka, and
wakpa siyaka. ši-ya'-ka, n. a boil : siyaka o, hit by the siyaka,
which results in a boil, --siyaka mao. We have not been able to ascertain the origin of this ex
pression. ši'-yo, n.
the grouse or prairie hen, the Tetrao cupido. si-yo'to, n. the knees, the front part of the legs ;
the lap,-masiyoto. ska. See yuśka. ska-han', part, come untied of itself. skan, cont. of śkata ; śkan unpi. skan-ki'-ya, v. to cause to play,-śkanwakiya. skan, v. n. to do, to act; to move about : token
yaśkay he, what art thou doing?-waskan, unskanpi : śkan hinhda, to jump or flutter about, as
a bird when caught. skan-ki'-ya, v. a. to cause to move about,—śkan
wakiya. skan-skan', v. red. of skan; to stir, move about,
change place. skan-skan'-yan, v. a. to cause to move about,
skanskaŋwaya. skan-skan'-yan, adv. moving, in motion. śkan-yan', adv. moving. ska'ta, v. n. to play,—waśkata, unákatapi. ska-wa'-han, part. come untied of itself.
śke-ca', n. the fisher. śke-ca'-tan-ka, n. the wolverine. ske-du'-ta, n. the name of a small red bird. ske-han', adj. wild, prancing, as a horse; ambi
tious. ske-han'-han, adj. red. of skehan; jumping
round, frolicsome. śke-he', adj. Same as skehan. śke-he'-ca, n. an animal that is wild or un
steady. śke-he'-śni, adj. gentle. ske-he'-ya, v. a.
to make wild, make prance about,--skehewaya. ske-he'-ya, adv. ambitiously. śki-ca'. See yuskića. ski-ca'-han, part. squeezing, pressed. śki-ca'-wa-han, part. pressing, squeezed. skin-éi' ya, v. to move oneself, be industrious ;
i. q. miniheiệiya,—śkinmićiya. ski-ska', adj. rough, not smooth and level. ski-ske'-ya, v. a. to make rough, --śkiśkewaya. . ski-ske' ya, adv. roughly. sko-kpa', adj. hollowed out, concave. skom, cont. of skopa; škom iyaya. śkom-ya', v. a.
to make crooked,-skomwaya. śkom-ya', adv. crookedly; skomya wanka. śko'-pa, adj. crooked, warped ; concave. sko-sko'-pa, adj. red. of skopa. śko-tpa', adj. hollowed out, concave. sku, v. n. to be wholly or partially roasted ; to be
covered with red spots, as one who lies too close
to the fire in cold weather,-masku, nisku. sku-mna', adj. tainted, as meat; sour. śma, adj. deep, as water; dense, as foliage; thickly
set, as hair. śma-śma', adj. red. of śma. śmi, adj. bare ; i. q. hiŋ wanića: pa smi; said
of a head with only a few scattering hairs. śna. See yuśna. śna-han', part. dropped, missed. śna-wa'-han, part. dropped. śni, adv. of negation; not, no. It follows verbs,
nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, etc. śni-sni'-ża, adj. red. of śniza. śnis-ya', v. a. to make wither or dry up,-énis
waya, śniśunyanpi. Śnis-ya', adv. withered. śni-yan'-yan, adv. abundantly. śni'-za, adj. withered, dead, dried up, as leaves
by the sun, withered; blurred, indistinct : isto
masniža. śnun-śnun'-ża, adj. red. of śnuyża. śnun'-ża, adj. blurred, indistinct, as, istośnunza. sog, cont. of soka. sog-sog'-ya, adv. red. of sogya.
sog-ya', adv. strongly, firmly, thickly: sogya
awaćin, to think intently. sog-yeh', adv. strongly, firmly ; greatly, much. so'-ka, adj. thick, applied to solids. so-ksan'-ka-dan, n. a species of duck, much
smaller than the mallard duck, the teal. so-ksan'-ka-tan-ka, n. a large species of the
teal. so-kso'-ka, adj. red, of soka. son-na'-gi, n. (smoke-ghost) soot. son-ya', v. a. to smoke, make smoky,--sonwaya. song-żo'-ya-ka, n. See sunżoyaka for the better
orthography of this word. son-ġi'-dan, n. See suņģidan. son'-ka, n. See sunka. son-pa', n. See sunpa. son'-son-na, adj. long-eared, hanging down, as
the ears of many dogs do; dogs whose ears hang
down. Hence, śuktanka sonsonna, a mule. son-te', n. the hole by which a beaver goes in and
out. so'-sa, adj. turbid, muddy, as water. so'-se, adj. Same as sośa : Minibose, the Missouri
river. so-se'-ya, v. a. to make turbid or muddy, to stir
up,—sosewaya. so-se'-ya, adv. turbidly. so-ska', n.
a species of pine ; a small kind of fish; i. q. hośka. so'-ta, n. smoke. so'-ta, v. n.
to smoke, as a fire. so-tka'-zi, n. soot. so-tka'-zi, adj. smoked black, sooty. šot-o'-zu, adj. smoky, full of smoke, applied to
a hazy atmosphere. spa. See yuspa. śpa-han', part. broken off.
. span, adj. cooked, as food; burnt or frozen, as
the face or parts of the body by heat or cold : noge maspan), my ears are frozen; siha niấpan,
thy feet are frozen. špan-ki'-ci-ći-ya, v. a. to cook for one,—span
wećićiya. span-ki'-ya, v. a. pos. to cook one's own food;
to cook for another,--spaŋwakiya, španunki
yapi. . span-yan', v. a. to cook, as food,-span waya,
spayunyanpi. spa-wa'-han, part. broken off. śpe. See spa. śpi. See yuśpi. śpi-han', part. fallen off, as berries. śpi-wa'-han, part. Same as śpihan. śpu. See yuspu. śpu-han', part. See śpuwahan. .
śpu-wa'-hay, part. fallen off of itself, as any
thing that adhered. śta, conj. although. See eśta. śtag, cont. of staka. śtag-ya', v.a. to mash up; to make preserves,
stagwaya. śtag-ya', adv. free from ice : stagya wanka. sta'-ka, adj. free from ice, as a river or lake when
the ice has broken up and run out : beaten, broken.
See kaśtaka. stan. See kastan, yuśtan. śtan, adj. blackish, dark-colored. stan, v. n. to become black, as berries by the heat
of the sun. śtan'-hay, conj. although : hi stanhan sdonwaye
śni, though he may have come I do not know it. śtan-han', v. n. to ooze out, as water from a sore,
to be sore and exude water. śta-śta', adj. weak, brittle, i. q. wankadan. śta-śta'-dan, adj. brittle. śta-śta'-ka, adj. red. of staka. śte, adj. deformed. See osteka. śte-da', v. to think there is much or many, to rate
high-stewada, steundapi. ste-da'-pi, n.
a great many, much. šte-i'-și-da, v. reflex. to think much of oneself. śte-ya', adv. deformedly. stu-ća', v. n. to thaw, as any thing that has been
frozen. See stunya. stun-ya', v. a. to thaw, cause to thaw,—śtun
waya : stunićiya, to thaw or warm oneself, —
stunmiçiya. štu-śta', adj. soft, as the flesh of an animal when
hard chased, wanting flavor. stu-ste'-ya, v. a.
to chase so as to make weary and render the meat flavorless,-stustewaya. stu'-ta, adv. thawed, warmed : nape mastuta, my
hands are warmed. suk-cin'-ca, n. a young wolf. See sunkcinéa. suk-cin'-ca-dan, n. a colt. See sunkéinéadan. suk-tan'-ka, n. (sunka and tanka) the horse,
horses. śuk-tan'-ka-a-kin, n. a saddle for a horse ; a
pack-saddle. suk-tan'-ka-i-i-yu-wi, n. a horse-bridle, a rope
for a horse's mouth. suk-tan'-ka-son-son-na, n. a mule, a jackass. suk-tan'-ka-wa-na-pin, n. a horse-collar. sun, n. the large feathers of birds' wings. sung, cont. of sunka. sung-a'-ħin, n. a saddle. sung-hu'-dan, n. a short-legged horse, a pony,
a small horse. sung-hu'-pte-pte-ce-dan, n. a short-legged
dog or horse.
sung-i'-ca-psin-te, n. a horsewhip. śung-mdo'-ka, n. the male of the horse or dog. sung-wa'-ķin-i-hu-pa, n. the apparatus for
packing on a horse or dog, pronounced often sungwaķunhupa and śungwaķinhupa. It is made by placing the ends of two or more poles (usually tent-poles) together, and inclining them at an angle of some forty or fifty degrees. The ends fastened together are placed on the back of the horse or dog, with a strap around the breast. Behind the horse's tail cross-pieces are tied, on which loads are packed and children placed. The Sisitonways and Ihanktonwans of the prairie keep
large dogs for the purpose of packing. sung-wi'ye, n.
a mare ; a bitch. sung-wi'-ye-dan, n. dim. of sungwiye. sun-gi'-dan, n. the fox. sun-Hpa'-dan, n. a puppy, a little dog. sun'-ka, n. a dog, commonly; a horse ; an ox
or cow, occasionally. This latter use obtains only in the language of the braves or warriors of
the nation,-mitasunke, nitasunke, taśunke. sun'-ka-wa-kan, n. a sacred dog or spirit-dog,
i. e. a horse. sunk-ein'-ca, n. a young wolf. sunk-ćin'-ca-dan, n. sunk-i'-ca-psin-te, n. a horsewhip. sunk-pa'-dan, n. See sunli padan. sunk-tan'-ka, n. (sunka and tanka). See suk
tanka. sunk-ta'-wa-na-pin-na, n. the name of a small
bird. sunk-to'-ke-ća, n. the other dog, i. e. the wolf. sunk-wi'-ye, n. a mare. sun-pa', v. n. to moult, shed, as geese their
feathers. sun-pa'-kdi-bdi, v. to have the feathers partly
grown. Said of geese, etc., when their feathers have grown so that they are almost able to fly ;
i. q. ećadan kihipi kta. sun-zo'-yag, cont. of śunzoyaka; sunżoyag iću,
to make a loop, noose, or lasso; suņżoyag iyakaśka,
to tie a noose or running knot. sun-zo'-ya-ka, n. a noose. šu-pe', n. guts, intestines. su-pe'-co-wo-żu, n. a species of duck, so called
because its entrails are always full. sup-tan'-ka, n. the large intestines. su-ska', adj. slow, tardy, good for nothing, worth
less,-masuśka, nisuśka. su-ska'-ka, n. a worthless fellow. su-ta', v. to miss, fail of, to be unable to obtain,
—śuwata, suuntapi. śu-te'-ya, v. to cause to fail or miss,
t, the twenty-third letter of the Dakota alphabet. ta, n. the moose. This may properly be considered
as the generic term for all ruminating animals, since it enters into the composition of the names of most of them; as, takinća, deer ; tatanka,
buffalo, etc. ta, a prefix to such nouns as signify the various
members of the body, limiting them to the corresponding parts in ruminating animals; as, ćeži, the tongue, tačeći, a buffalo tongue ; pa, the
head, tapa, a deer's head. ta, prep. in comp. at, to, on; suffixed to nouns it
gives them the force of adverbs; as, maka, the earth ; makata, on the ground. See also “ata'
and ‘yata. ta, pron. in comp. his, hers, its ; with 'pi' at the
end of the noun, theirs. ta, adj. one of, a pair : tawanżidan, one pair ;
tanonpa, two pairs. ta-ce'-sdi, n. the dung of ruminating animals,
especially the buffalo; the “ Bois de vache ” of
the French. ta-ce'-zi, n. the tongue of ruminating animals,
especially the buffalo. ta-cin'-ca, n. the young of deer, a fawn. ta-cin'-ca-dan, n.
a fawn, a lamb. ta-cin'-ća-ha, n. a fawn-skin, calf-skin. ta-do', n. fresh meat, the fresh meat of ruminat
ing animals, as the deer and buffalo. ta-do'-hde-ska, n. the esophagus of the buffalo. ta-do'-ta-hu, n. the windpipe of animals. ta'-ġa, n. mini taga, froth, foam. ta-ġe', n. froth, foam, spittle, scum : taġe ekipeya,
to skim, throw off the scum. ta-ġi'-ća, n. a species of tortoise. ta-gi'-ća-ha, n. a buffalo robe ; chiefly used by
the Sisitonwans and Ihanktonways; i. q. ptehasina. Why a buffalo robe should be called tagicaha we have been unable to ascertain, except perhaps in contrast with the shell of the tortoise, may
be from some fancied resemblance in shape. ta-ġo'-sa, v. n. to spit, expectorate, -taġowasa,
tagounsapi. ta-gu', n. an old buffalo bull, a poor scabby bull,
whether old or not, a singed bull. ta-ha', n.
a deer-skin. ta-ha'-ba-Kdo-ke, n. the slits cut in a hide by
which it is stretched. ta-han', n. a man's brother-in-law, a wife's
brother, and a man's sister's husband ; my
brother-in-law : ditahan, thy brother-in-law. ta-han'-ki-bi-ya-yi, n. brothers-in-law.
ta-han'-ku, n. his brother-in-law. ta-han'-si, n. a man's male cousin, my cousin.
This does not include a father's brother's sons,
who are brothers,-nitahansi. ta-han'-si-tku, n. his male cousin. ta-han'-si-ya, v. a. to sustain the relation of
male cousin to one ---tahansiwaya. ta-han'-ya, v. a. to have for brother-in-law, sus
tain the relation of tahan to one,-tahanwaya. ta-ha'-sa-ka, n. dried skin, parchment. ta'-hdo-hu, n. the soft maple, Acer rubrum. ta-he'-ca-psun-wi, n. the moon in which the
deer shed their horns ; December. ta-he'-day, adv. on this side of ta-he'-dan-tan-han, adv. on this side of. ta-he'-na, adv. (Ihaŋk.) on this side, i. 9.
itato. ta-he'-na-tan-han, adv. from this side of. ta-he'-pi, adv. by the way, on the road, between
one place and another. ta-he'-pi-ya, adv. between places, in the space
between the earth and heaven. ta-hin', n. buffalo or deer's hair. ta-hin'-i-pa-stan, n. an instrument for scraping
or currying skins. ta-hin'-spa, n.
an awl, awls. ta-hin'-spa-ci-ķa-dan, n. a needle, needles. ta-hin'ye-te, n. the shoulder of animals. ta-hin'-yo-ki-be, n. the joints of animals. ta-ho'-co-ka, n. a court or open place.
See hoćoka. ta-ho'-ka-ta, n.
a spider's web. ta-ho'-ka-tan, v. (taha and okatan) to stretch
out, as a hide, with pins,—tahowakatan. ta-hu', n. the back of the neck. ta-hu'-ka, n. the hide of a buffalo, a green hide. ta-hu'-to-stan, n. the nape, the prominent arti
culation of the neck behind. ta-Kan'-hin-hda, v. n. of tage; to froth or foam,
as when any thing is thrown into water. ta'-Kća, n. cont. of takinća. ta'-Kin-ća, n. the common deer, Cervus capreolus. ta'-Lin-ca-ha, n. a deer-skin. See taha. ta'-kin-ca-ska, n. white deer, i. e. sheep. ta'-Kin-ca-wa-nun-yan-pi, n. tame deer, i. e.
sheep. ta'-Kin-wa-nun-yan-pi, n. sheep. ta-lipa', n. the lower part of the neck and breast
of animals; the part between the shoulders of a
ta-Ku'-wa-pa-Bpe, n. the flesh that sticks to a
hide. ta'-ka, v. a. to roast off the hull, as of rice,-wa
táka, untákapi. ta-kan', n. the sinew taken from the back of the
deer and buffalo, which is used by the Dakotas
for thread, making bows, etc. ta-kan'-ġi, n. the knee-pan, the patella. ta-kan'-he-ća, n. raspberries. ta-kan'-he-ca-hu, n. raspberry bushes. ta-kan'-i-ta-zi-pe, n. a bow the back of which is
overlaid with sinew. ta-ka'-po-pa-pi, n. playing ball by striking. ta-ka'-psi-ca, v. to play ball by taking up the
ball in the club and throwing it, -tawakapsića. ta-ka'-psi-ca-pi, n. ball-playing. ta-ki'-ca-po-pe, n. a ball-club for striking. ta-ki'-ca-psi-ca, n. a ball-club, a stick with a
hoop at the end, interlaced so as to hold and carry
the ball in readiness to be thrown. tak-i'-Han, v. (taku and ihan): takihan yahi he,
what have you come to do? ta-kin', v. n. to lean : takin iyaya, to dodge. ta-kin'-yan, adv. leaning, not perpendicular:
wi takinyan ya, said of the sun when it is half
way up to the meridian. ta-ki'-yu-ha-wi, n. the moon when the deer
copulate; November. ta-ko'-da, n. Used with the pronouns ; as, mita
koda, my friend ; nitakoda, thy friend ; tako
daku, his friend. See koda. ta-ko'-da-ki-6i-ya-pi, n. particular friends. ta-ko'-da-ku, n. his particular friend. ta-ko'-da-ya, v. a. to have one for a particular
friend, -takodawaya. ta-ko'-mni, adv. nevertheless, still, always, at
any time, ever : with śni following, at no time. ta-kos', n. a son-in-law or daughter-in-law, my
son-in-law, etc. ; nephews and nieces by marriage. ta-kos'-ku, n. his or her son-in-law or daughter
in-law. ta-kos'-ya, v. a. to have for son-in-law or daugh
ter-in-law,—takośwaya. ta-ko'-ża, n. a grandchild, my grandchild,-mi
takoža, nitakoža. ta-ko'-za-kpa-ku, n. his or her grandchild.
Takozakpa is not used alone. ta-ko'-za-tpa-ku, n. his or her grandchild. ta-ko'-za-ya, v. a. to have for grandchild,—ta
kožawaya, takožauŋyanpi. ta-kpe', v. a. to come upon, attack ; sometimes
used in a good sense, to visit,- tawakpe, taunkpepi : takpe hi, to come to allack ; takpe i, to have been to attack ; takpe ya, to go to attack; takpe u, to be coming to attack.
ta-hpi'-yo-giŋ, n. ground-cherries. ta-Hipi'-yo-gin, adj. ripe, fully ripe : i. q. suton ;
talipiyoġin śni, not ripe. tak-ton', v. of taġe; to have scum. ta-hu'-ha, n. the scrapings of hides or skins. ta-lu'-śda-ha, n.
a summer robe.
ta-kpe'-ya, adv. attacking. ta'-ku, n. something. ta'-ku, interrog. pron. what? taku yaćin he, what
dost thou want ? ta-ku', n. a relative, kindred. See takuya. ta'-ku-ća, pron. interrog. what? ta'-ku-dan, n. din. of táku; a trifle, nothing,
mostly followed by śni, as, takudan waćin śni, I
want nothing. ta'-ku-da-śni, v. a. to count as nothing, not to
regard; to be patient, submissive in suffering,
takuwadaśni. ta-ku'-ki-ci-ya-pi, n. relatives, relationship. ta'-ku-ku, n.red. of táku; small articles, trinkets. ta'-ku-ma-ni-ni-na, n. moths and other small
grubs. ta-ku'-mna, v. n. to have taste or smell; taku
mna śni, to be without smell, taste, or aroma ; un
palatable. ta'-ku-ni-śni, v. n. to come to nothing, fail,
perish,-matakuniśni. ta'-ku-ni-sni-yan, adv. gone to nothing, perish
ing. ta'-ku-sa-sa, n. bed-bugs ; any red thing. Ta'-ku-skan-skan, n. one of the Dakota gods,
the moving god or god of motion. ta'-ku-śni, n. nothing. ta'-ku-sni-sni, n. small articles. ta-ku'-ya, v. a. to have one for a relation,--ta
kuwaya, takuunyanpi, takumayan, takućiya. ta-ku'-ye, n. a relative,-mitakuye, unkitaku
yepi. ta'-ma-he, n. the pike, a kind of fish. ta'-ma-he-ća, adj. poor, lean, not fat,-matama
heća, untamahecapi. ta'-ma-hen, adv. See taŋmahen. ta'-ma-hen-he-ća, adj. red. of tamaheća. ta'-ma-hen-ya, adv. poorly, not in a fat state. ta'-ma-ka, adj. poor, lean : pte tamaka, a lean
ta-na'-kpan, n. the fleshy part on the leg below
the knee of an animal. ta-na'-su-dan, n. the brain of animals. ta-na'-tpa-he-ća, n. Same as tanakpaheća. ta-na'tpa-hu-te, n. Same as tanakpaheća. ta-na'-wi-ti-ce, n. the little bulbous piece of
meat on the fore-leg. ta-ni', adj. old. See tanni. ta-ni'-ge, n. the paunch of a buffalo, etc. ta-ni'-han, adv. long ago. See taynihan. ta-nik'-yu-sku, v. to empty the paunch of a
buffalo, etc. ta-ni'-ka, adj. old. See tannika. ta-ni'-ya, n. his or her breath or life. See wo
niya. tan, cont. of tanćay; as, tanton. tan, cont. of tanka; as, minitan. tan. See yutan. tan, prep. or adv. su ffixed ; as in hećiyatan. tan, n. the side of an animal, the meat taken off
the ribs : tan wanżiday, one piece of meat. tan-a'-ta-ye-dan, adv. individually, directly,
in person : tanatayedan hdaźuzu, to pay each
one for himself. tan-can', n. the body,-mitanćan, untanćanpi :
the body or principal part of any thing, as of a
tree, etc. tan-can'-ka, n. the chief, the principal. tan-can'-ki-ya, v. a. to make great ; to prefer,
consider chief,—tanćanwakiya. tan-ćan'-ton, v. to have a body; to be ripe, full
grown. tan-co'-co-dan, adj. red. of tayćoday. tan-col-dan, adj. naked, nearly naked, poorly
clad ; tan coda, waun. tan-co'-ka, adj. See taŋcokadan. tan-co'-ka-dan, adj. naked, without clothing,
tanćomakadan, tan counkapidan. tan-da', v. a. to love, honor, respect; to be pa
tient,—tanwada, tanundapi. tan-da'-ka, v. a. Same as tanda. tan-han', prep. from; as, hećiya tanhan. tan-hda'-kin-yan, adv. crosswise, across some
thing else. tan-hdu'-s'a-s'a-se-ca, v. to be frightened, as at
a ghost, frightened at any thing; to be made sick
by seeing any thing,—tanmahdus'as’a seća. tan-hdu'-s'a-s'a-ya, adv. in a state of fright. tan-in', v. n. to appear, be manifest, be visible,
matayin. tan-in'-in, v. n. red. of tayin ; to appear occasion
ally, as one passing under a hill, or as the sun
through clouds. tan-in'-in-yan, adv. red. of taninyan; appearing
occasionally : tanininyan iyaya.
ta-mda', n. See tanmda. ta'-mdo-hu, n. the shoulder-blade of animals. ta-mdo'-ka, n. the male of the common deer, a
buck. tam-ki'-ya, v. a. to say much to one about any
thing, to blame, talk roughly to,-tamwakiya,
tamu kiyapi, tammakiya. ta-mni', n. the womb. ta-mun'-ka, v. 1st pers. sing. of tawanka. tam-ya', v. n. to talk earnestly, vociferate ; to
complain, murmur, blame one,-tamwamda, tam
yada, tamunyaŋpi. ta-na'-ġi-dan, n. a species of humming-bird. ta-na'-kpa-he-ca, n. a species of flag with a
large root growing in water.