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The ARTS of

L OG I CK

AND

RHETORICK,

I L L O STRATED
By EXAMPLES taken out of the best
AUTHORS, Antient and Modern,

In all the Polite Languages.

INTERPRETED and EXPLAIND
By that Learned and Judicious CRITICK,
Failer BOUHOU RS,

To which are added,
PARALLEL QUOTATIONS
Out of the Most Eminent English AUTHOR s in

VERSE and PROSE : Wherein the like Observations
are made on their B E A UTIE S and BLEMISHES,
in all the various Kinds of THOUGH T and
EXPRESSION.

As all is Darkness when the FANCY's bad ;
So without Judgment FANCY is but mad.

D. of BUCKS.

I O N D O N. * Printed for JOHN CLARK and RICHARD Hett, JOHN PEMBERTON, RICHARD FORD, and JOHN GRAY.

M.DCC. XXVIIK

"

PRESENTED

BY
THE HON. SOC.

Os
LINCOLN'S INN

AN

29 APR 330

Lie

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George Dodington, Esq; One of the Lords of the Treasury,

A N D

Lord Lieutenant of the County

of SOMERS E T.

SIR,

HE Loss of my intended Patron, Sir Samuel Garth, who put me upon this work, was such a Discouragement to my Studies, which he was always pleas'd to favour, that I thought no more of Pere

Boubours, or Right-thinking, till I had the Honour of your Conversation, which reviy'd in my Memory all those Ideas A 2

of of it that are the Ornament and Use of the French Critick's admirable Treatise.

THE Inducements I shou'd have had to have made the like Address to my deceas'd Friend, were his fine Learning, Genius, Tafte, Wit, Judgment, Vivacity, and Humanity, which are but a Part of your Character, heighten’d by a perfect Knowledge of Men, and the Business of the World, by superior Dignity and Fortune; where we find verify'd what Mr. Pope said in Flattery of one of the late Queen's latest Minifters, A Genius not more distinguish'd in the great Scenes of Business, than in all the useful and entertaining Parts of Learning : But it was those other valuable and amiable Qualities which wou'd have induc'd me to have had Recourse to the Protection of Sir Samuel Garth, as they necessitate me to desire Yours: For without Learning, Genius, Taste, Wit, and Judgment, no Patron cou'd have protected a Book which treats of nothing else, and that in the most Delicate and Instructive Manner.

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It was impossible for me not to think of You, in a Case of this Nature; and that Beneficence which is so conspicuous in all Your Actions, confirm'd me in an Opinion that you wou'd not deny me Your Patronage; it being as necessary to me, as it is glorious to others : For in every Ar ticle of Right-thinking, You will, with a Glance of Your Eye, see if Father Bouhours and my self are not mistaken ; and if You approve of

what

what we have done, we shall have nothing to fear from Criticism.

I DARE not flatter my self with such Hopes, and that this will be our good Fortune ; Your Penetration being too quick to let the least Slip, or Negligence escape You, and much less any Error, or Misjudgment; but then we are sure to fuffer nothing by Jealousy and Prejudice, which Your Judgment is as much above, as any Perfor, mance of ours can be beneath them; and Your Candour, so peculiar to Great Minds, will put the good Intention into the Scale, when the Merit of the Work wants more Weight there,

I AM far from a vain Imagination that I have perform’d my Part as a Translator, or as an Author, with the Perfection the Subject deserves; but there being little or nothing concerning it in our Language, and both Authors and Readers confounding the various Manners of Thinking in the general Term Thought, by which great Confusion happens, and much is loft both of Instruction and Pleasure, I could not help fancying that an Attempt of this kind would be equally useful and agreeable and having mrade greater Collections for it, than perhaps any other Man had done, I was willing to offer them to the Publick for those Improvements and Embellishments which may be expected from better Talents, and more Opportunities,

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