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The several orders in the respective Colleges, are as follow :-GRADUATES, being,
1. A MASTER, or HEAD, who is generally a Doctor in Divinity; excepting in Trinity Hall, Caius College, and Downing College, where they may be Doctors in the Civil Law or in Physic. The Head of King's is styled Provost; of Queens', PRESIDENT. Several of the Colleges have Vice-Masters.
2. Fellows, who generally are Doctors in Divinity, the Civil Law, or in Physic; Bachelors in Divinity; Masters or Bachelors of Arts; and some few Bachelors in the Civil Law or in Physic, as at Trinity-Hall and Caius College. The Fellows are chosen by the Masters and Seniors of the several Colleges from amongst those Scholars who have distinguished themselves in Mathematical science and classical learning. The statutes of some few of the Colleges require the Fellows to be born in England, in particular counties, districts, &c.; but the fellowships at Trinity, Sidney, Downing, Clare-Hall, Jesus College, and Trinity-Hall, are perfectly open to all competitors, and for the most part at St. Peter's, Pembroke, Corpus Christi, St. John's, Magdalene, and Emmanuel Colleges. The Fellows have rooms and commons free of expense, and receive annual dividends of money, according to the several foundations on which they are placed, and varying with the rent of the College estates. The fellowships are, in most instances, tenable for life, but become void by marriage, succession to a College Living, or to
preferment, or property beyond a certain value. The number of fellowships in the University is somewhat above 400.
3. NOBLEMEN GRADUATES, Doctors in the several faculties, BACHELORS IN DIVINITY (who have been Masters of Arts), and MASTERS OF Arts, who are not on the foundation, but who retain their names on the boards for the purpose of being Members of the Senate.
4. GRADUATES who are neither members of the Senate, nor in statu pupillari, are those Bachelors in Divinity who are denominated Ten-year-men. They are allowed by the 9th statute of Queen Elizabeth, which permits persons, who are admitted at any college when 24 years of age and upwards, to take the degree of Bachelor in Divinity after their names have remained on the boards ten years. During the two last years they must reside in the University the greater part of three several terms, and perform the exercises which are required by the statutes.
5. BACHELORS in the Civil Law and in PHYSIC, who sometimes keep their names upon the boards till they become Doctors.
6. BACHELORS OF Arts, who are in statu pupillari, and pay for tuition whether resident or not, and generally keep their names on the boards, either as Scholars, with an intention of offering themselves candidates for Fellowships, or of becoming members of the Senate. If they erase their names, they save
expense of tuition and college detrimenta ; and nevertheless may take the degree of M.A. at the usual period, by putting their names on the College boards a few days previously to their incepting.
UNDERGRADUATES, or STUDENTS, being,
1. Fellow-COMMONERS, who are frequently the younger sons of the nobility, or young men of fortune, and have the privilege of dining at the Fellows' table, whence the appellation possibly originated.
2. PENSIONERS, who are usually sons of the Clergy and Gentry; pay for their commons, rooms, &c. and enjoy no pecuniary advantages from the College, unless they are Scholars.
3. SCHOLARS, who are elected on the foundation mostly in the same manner as the Fellows, and generally enjoy rooms rent-free, commons, and pecuniary dividends. They read the graces in hall, lessons in chapel, &c. The number of scholarships and exhibitions in the University is upwards of 700.
4. SIZARs are generally students of more limited means than the preceding. Those on the foundation usually have their commons free, and receive various emoluments.
The government of each College is vested in the Master and Senior Fellows, who appoint several officers from amongst the Fellows for the education of the Students, and the due administration of all matters belonging to the well-being of the respective foundations. The TUTORS undertake the direction of the Classical, Mathematical, and other studies of the junior members; prepare them for the public examinations, and furnish them with advice and assistance in other respects. Many of the Undergraduates have private Tutors, generally Junior Fellows, and Bachelors of Arts. The DEANS take cognizance of the moral conduct of the Students, and enforce regular attendance in hall and chapel. All gross offences against the University or College statutes are followed by expulsion ; minor ones by rustication, (which is banishment for a certain length of time from the University); and those of a more trivial nature, by fines, or literary tasks, termed impositions. The Lecturers assist in tuition, and especially attend to the exercises of the Students in Greek and Latin Composition, Themes, Declamations, Verses, &c. The BURSARS have the management of the College estates and other reve
The STEWARDS attend to the interior concerns and repairs of the Colleges. The CHAPLAINS read Prayers; and in those Colleges that have choirs, -singing clerks, choristers, and an organist belong to the foundation.
The University has for many years been increasing very rapidly. In 1748 the whole number of Members on the Boards, including residents and non-residents, was 1500; in 1804 they had increased to 2122; in 1813 to 2805; in 1825 to 4700; and in the present year, 1837, they amount to 5527. The
following is a SUMMARY of them arranged in Colleges, and shewing the numbers of Members of the Senate, and of Members on the Boards :
. 537 ·
of the Senate.
80 Sidney College
53 Downing College
25 Commorantes in Villâ 9
273 232 224 221 200 193 190 169 165 133 125 113 96 47
The number of members resident in the University, during Term, is generally about 2000. Besides these there are above 250 inferior officers and servants, who are maintained on the several foundations.
The ordinary course of study preparatory to the degree of Bachelor of Arts, is well calculated to