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inform the mind, and strengthen the judgment: it may
be considered under the three heads of Theology, Natural Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, and the Belles Lettres. On these subjects, independently of the public lectures which are delivered by the several Professors in the University, the students attend the lectures of the Tutors of their respective Colleges ; and the instruction comprehended in the three general heads above named may be thus stated. In the first, Euclid's Elements, the Principles of Algebra, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Conic Sections, Mechanics, Hydrostatics, Optics, Astronomy, Differential and Integral Calculus, Newton's Principia, &c. &c. In the second, the Greek Testament, Paley's Evidences, Butler's Analogy, Paley's Moral Philosophy, and Locke's Essay on the Understanding. In the third, the most celebrated Greek and Latin Classics.
Besides a constant daily attendance on ' lectures, the Undergraduates are examined in their respective Colleges yearly, or half-yearly, in those subjects which have engaged their studies; and, according to the manner in which they acquit themselves in these examinations, their names are arranged in classes; and those who distinguish themselves, receive prizes of books of different value.
By this mode of procedure, the students are prepared for those public examinations and exercises which the University requires of all candidates for degrees.
UNIVERSITY AND COLLEGE PRIZES.
The prizes and scholarships for the encouragement of literature, free and open to the competition or the whole University, amount to upwards of 16001. per annum. Three-fourths of this sum is given for Classics and English Composition, the remainder for Theology and Mathematics.
The annual prizes in the different Colleges amount to about 600l., two-thirds of which is allotted for the encouragement of classical literature.
The following is a complete list of the UNIVERSITY PRIZES.
Two gold medals, value fifteen guineas each, are given annually by the Chancellor of the University, to two commencing Bachelors of Arts, who, having obtained Senior Optimes at least, acquit themselves the best in Classical learning. In addition to these, the Chancellor gives annually a third gold medal, to any resident Undergraduate, for the best English Poem.* The adjudicators of these prizes are the Vice-Chancellor, the Provost of King's, the Masters of Trinity, St. John's, Christ's, Clare Hall, St. Peter's, and the senior Fellow of Trinity who has gained
Several of these Poems have been printed under the title of “Cambridge Prize Poems ;” and may be had of the Publishers of this Guide.
a medal, the Public Orator, the Greek Professor, and the Professor of Modern History.
The Representatives in Parliament of this University give four annual prizes, of fifteen guineas each, which are adjudged by the Vice-Chancellor and Heads of Colleges, to two Bachelors of Arts and two Undergraduates, who shall compose the best Dissertations in Latin Prose; which are read publicly on a day appointed near to the Commencement.
Sir William Browne's Prizes.-1775. Sir William Browne, Knight, M.D. directed three gold medals, value five guineas each, to be given yearly to three Undergraduates on the Commencement day.
The first to him who writes the best Greek Ode in imitation of Sappho: the second, for the best Latin Ode in imitation of Horace: the third for the best Greek and Latin Epigrams, the former after the manner of the Anthologia, the latter after the model of Martial.* The subjects are appointed by the Vice-Chancellor, the sole adjudicator of these prizes.
The Rev. Thomas Seaton, M.A. formerly Fellow of Clare Hall, bequeathed to the University the rents of his Kislingbury estate, now producing clear 40l. per annum, to be given yearly to that Master of Arts who shall write the best English Poem upon a sacred subject. The Vice-Chancellor, the Master of Clare Hall, and the Greek Professor, determine the subject. The Poem is printed, and the expense deducted out of the product of the estate. The remainder is given as a reward to the composer.
* Some of these Exercises have been published under the title of Musæ Cantabrigienses, 1 vol. 8vo.
John Norris, Esq. of Witton, in Norfolk, by will bequeathed a premium of 121. per annum, 71. 4s. of which is to be expended upon a gold medal, the residue in books, to the author of the best Prose Essay on a sacred subject, which is to be proposed by the Norrisian Professor. The candidate must be above twenty years of age, and under thirty; and must have attended twenty of the Norrisian Lectures in the course of some one year. The prize is adjudged by the Master of Trinity, the Provost of King's, and the Master of Caius; and the Essay must be published within two months by the author, in default of which he forfeits the 121.
The Rev. Robert Smith, D.D., late Master of Trinity College, left two annual prizes of 251. each, to two commencing Bachelors of Arts, the greatest proficients in Mathematics and Natural Philosophy.
The adjudicators are the Vice-Chancellor, the Master of Trinity, the Lucasian, Plumian, and Lowndean Professors.
Hulsean Prize._1802. The late Rev. John Hulse, B.A. formerly of St. John's College, bequeathed to the University certain estates for the advancement of religious learning; and directed in his will, that out of the rents, an annual premium of 401. (since increased to 1001.) should be given to any member of this University, under the degree of M.A., who composed the best Dissertation in the English language on the Evidences, &c. of the Christian Religion. The Vice-Chancellor, and the Masters of Trinity and St. John's, adjudge the prize.
This Prize was instituted from a fund raised by the friends of the late Professor Porson, and
appropriated to his use, during his life. This fund (amounting to 4001.) was transferred, by the trustees, to the University, upon condition that the interest should be annually employed in the purchase of books, to be given as a Prize for Greek Verses. The verses are to be a translation of some passage in Shakspeare's Plays, or those of Ben Jonson, Massinger, or Beaumont and Fletcher.