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it more correct to appear in the full academical costume.
A Bachelor of Arts' gown is made of bombazine or poplin, with large sleeves terminating in a point, with apertures for the arms, just below the shoulderjoint. Bachelor-Fellow-Commoners usually wear silk gowns, and square
of other Bachelors are of cloth.
All the above, being Graduates, when they use Surplices in Chapel, wear over them their Hoods, which are peculiar to the several degrees. The hoods of Doctors are made of scarlet cloth, lined with rosecoloured silk ; those of Bachelors in Divinity, and Non-Regent Masters of Arts, are of black silk ; those
; of Regent Masters of Arts, and Bachelors in the Civil Law and in Physic, of black silk lined with white; and those of Bachelors of Arts, of black serge,
trimmed with a border of white lamb's wool.
The dresses of the Undergraduates, are the following:
A Nobleman has two gowns; the first, in shape like that of the Fellow-Commoners, is made of purple Ducape, very richly embroidered with gold lace, and is worn in public processions, and on festival-days: a square black velvet cap with a very large gold tassel is worn with it :-the second, or ordinary gown, is made of black silk, with full round sleeves, and a hat is worn with it. This latter dress is worn also by the Bachelor-Fellows of King's College.
A Fellow-Commoner wears a black prince's stuff
gown, with a square collar, and straight hanging sleeves, which are decorated with gold lace; and a square black velvet cap with a gold tassel.
The Fellow-Commoners of Emmanuel College wear a similar gown, with the addition of several gold-lace buttons attached to the trimmings on the sleeves :those of Trinity College have a purple prince's stuff gown, adorned with silver-lace, and a silver tassel is attached to the cap :-at Downing the
gown is made of black silk, of the same shape, ornamented with tufts and silk lace; and a square cap of velvet with a gold tassel is worn. AtJesus College, a Bachelor's silk gown is worn, plaited up at the sleeve, and with a gold-lace from the shoulder to the bend of
At Queens' a Bachelor's silk gown, with a velvet cap and gold tassel, is worn: the same at Corpus and Magdalene; at the latter it is gathered and looped up at the sleeve,-at the former (Corpus) it has velvet facings. Married Fellow-Commoners usually wear a black silk gown, with full round sleeves, and a square velvet cap with silk tassel.
The Pensioner's gown and cap are mostly of the same material and shape as those of the Bachelor's : the gown differs only in the mode of trimming. At Trinity College the gown is purple, with large sleeves, terminating in a point. At St. Peter's and Queens' the gown is precisely the same as that of a
Bachelor; and at King's the same, but made of fine | black woollen cloth. At Corpus Christi is worn' a
B.A. gown, with black velvet facings. At Downing and Trinity Hall the gown is made of black bombazine, with large sleeves, looped up at the elbows.
Students in the Civil Law and in Physic, who have kept their Acts, wear a full-sleeved gown, and are entitled to use a B.A. hood.
Bachelors of Arts and Undergraduates are obliged by the statutes to wear their academical costume constantly in public, under a penalty of 6s. 8d. for every omission.
Very few of the University Officers have distinctive dresses :- The Chancellor's gown is of black damask silk, very richly embroidered with gold. It is worn with a broad, rich lace band, and square velvet cap with large gold tassel.
The Vice-Chancellor dresses merely as a Doctor, except at Congregations in the Senate-House, when he wears a cope. When proceeding to St. Mary's, or elsewhere, in his official capacity, he is preceded by the three Esquire-Bedells with their silver maces, which were the gift of Queen Elizabeth.
The Regius Professors of the Civil Law and of Physic, when they preside at Acts in the Schools, wear copes, and round black velvet caps with gold tassels.
The Proctors are not distinguishable from other Masters of Arts, except at St. Mary's Church, and at Congregations, when they wear cassocks and black silk ruffs, and carry the Statutes of the University, being attended by two servants, dressed in large blue cloaks, ornamented with gold-lace buttons.
The Yeoman-Bedell, in processions, precedes the Esquire-Bedells, carrying an ebony mace, tipped with silver; his gown, as well as those of the Marshal and School-keeper, is made of black Prince's stuff, with square collar, and square hanging sleeves.
To give a more detailed account either of the studies or ceremonies of the University, would be foreign to a work like the present; but we refer the more curious reader to the ample and satisfactory information embodied in “the University Calendar.”
PUBLIC BUILDINGS. Having endeavoured to give as correct and comprehensive an account of the University, as the limits of our work will allow, we now proceed to describe the Public Buildings, Colleges, &c., beginning with those belonging to the University in general, and proceeding to the several Colleges, in the order of their foundation ; concluding with a concise account of the town and county of Cambridge, and such information as may be useful as well to those resident in the place, as to strangers who pay it a cursory visit.
The first public edifice that arrests the eye on entering Cambridge from London, is Addenbrooke's Hospital, with its Doric colonnade, nearly at the beginning of Trumpington Street. Next in order, the fronts of the Fitzwilliam Museum, and of St. Peter's College on the left, and of Pembroke College
on the right hand, present themselves to the view. To these succeed the elevation and highly-decorated tower of the Pitt Press, and to the right the elegant front of Corpus Christi College, and opposite to this, behind a small grove of trees, the quadrangle of Catharine Hall. Arriving in the centre of the town, the traveller finds himself in the midst of a group of magnificent buildings, consisting of Great St. Mary's Church, the Senate House, the University Library, and King's College, with its superb gothic Chapel. Further on, in a direct line, he passes a part of Caius College, the elegant gateways of Trinity and St. John's Colleges, which brings him into Bridge-street: and not many yards to the right, is Jesus-lane, leading to the College of that name on the Newmarket road.
The other principal street leads from Gogmagoghills, in the road from Colchester. Its south-east end is denominated Regent-street, and St. Andrew'sstreet, which contain Emmanuel and Christ's Colleges. Passing Trinity Church, with a slight bend in the same direction, we observe Sidney Sussex College in our progress to Bridge-street. Beyond the iron bridge across the Cam, is Magdalene College, and somewhat further are the remains of the ancient Castle. This is the road to Huntingdon; and another road, at the corner of St. Giles' Church, turns off to Ely, and the pleasant village of Chesterton.
As the Colleges are arranged in the order of their foundation, and not in that of their situation, it may