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Colleges, all Doctors in each faculty, the Orator, and all public Professors, the Proctors and Scrutators. They meet in the Library on the first Monday after the division of every term, and oftener if necessary; and to them, or the major part, not fewer than five, of whom the Vice-Chancellor must always be one, full powers are committed for the better regulating of the same.
All members of the Senate, and Bachelors in the Civil Law and in Physic, are entitled to the use of the Library, and may have as many as ten volumes in their possession at a time. Bachelors of Arts are allowed five volumes.
The present Library being found very inadequate to the purposes to which it is appropriated, a new edifice is in progress, which will occupy the site of the present Library, together with that of the old court of King's College, lately purchased by the University, for the sum of 12,000l.
N.B. The Library is open every day from ten till three, except on Saturdays, when it is open from ten till one, and on Saints' days from twelve till three. It is closed on Sundays, and on the following days: -Christmas-day; the Epiphany; the Purification; Ash-Wednesday; Good Friday; Easter Monday and Tuesday; Holy Thursday; WhitMonday and Tuesday; November the 5th; appointed Fast-days and Thanksgivings; the day after each Quarter-day; for four days after September
the 29th; and the Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, in the week after the Commence
Of this University were originally held in private houses, hired for the purpose every ten years; but this mode of engaging apartments being found inconvenient, the PUBLIC SCHOOLS were commenced in the year 1443, on, or near the spot where they now stand, at the expense of the University, assisted by liberal benefactions. These buildings form a small quadrangle underneath the University Library. On the west side is the Philosophy School, where disputations are held in term time by the Sophs; on the north is the Divinity School; on the south, the School for the Civil Law and for Physic, where the candidates for degrees in those faculties perform their statutable exercises; and on the east is a Lecture-room, which was fitted up in the year 1795 for the Norrisian and other Professors. Connected with the north end of the Philosophy School, is an apartment containing a valuable collection of fossils, shells, ores, minerals, and other rarities, given to the University in the year 1727, by John Woodward, M.D. the Founder of the Professorship of Geology. The Registrary's office adjoins the Divinity School, and in it is deposited the embroidered canopy of cloth and gold, which was carried over Queen
Elizabeth when she visited the University in 1564. In the Law School is an emblematical statue of Glory, executed by John Baratta, of Florence, in 1715, and presented to the University by Peter Burrell, Esq. It was removed hither, in 1812, from the Senate-House, to give place to the statue of Mr. Pitt. The following spirited lines were written on the occasion: the first were by a Lady :
"Sons of Sapience, you here a fair emblem display,
The answer is by a member of the University :
Why thus exclaim, and thus exert your wit,
"At making Glory here give place to Pitt?
In the project above mentioned respecting the New Library, the rebuilding of the Schools is also included, together with additional Lecture-rooms, Museums of Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and, if practicable, of Zoology; a new Office for the Registrary, an additional School for the Professor of Physic, and other purposes connected with the dispatch of the ordinary business of the University.
GREAT ST. MARY'S CHURCH,
Is so called to distinguish it from another, which bears the name of Saint Mary the Less, near Saint Peter's College. The University resort hither on Sundays and holidays, to hear sermons, which are preached by graduates appointed, according to a regular cycle. The afternoon sermons between October and May, inclusive, are usually delivered by select preachers, each taking a monthly course. These preachers are appointed by a Grace of the Senate.
In this Parochial Church the University has certain seats by faculty, and the parishioners have their distinct weekly service performed in it at those other parts of the day when it is not occupied by the University. This building was erected by voluntary contribution; but whether the charges exceeded the estimate, or delay arose from some other cause (not now known), the subscriptions were raised so slowly, that the structure was not completed till the expiration of more than 100 years. The body was commenced in 1478, under the direction of Bishop Alcock, and finished in 1519; but the tower was not finished till
* On the building were expended 795l. 2s. 1d., of which Dr. Thomas Barrow, Archdeacon of Colchester from 1483 to his death in 1499, gave 2407. In 1505, Henry the VII. coming to Cambridge, gave 40l. towards the building. The parishioners also contributed a portion of the amount. William Worts, Esq. in 1709, left 1500l. to accumulate for the building of the north and south Galleries.
1608.* It consists of a nave, chancel, and side aisles; the whole length is about 120 feet, the breadth 68. Over the western part of the chancel is an arched gallery, called the Throne, in which are the seats of the Vice-Chancellor, Heads of Colleges, Noblemen, Doctors, and Professors; in part of the nave is the Pit, containing seats for the Proctors, Masters of Arts, Fellow-Commoners, &c.; and over the side aisles are extensive galleries for the Bachelors and Undergraduates. At the west end, a gallery was erected in 1819, for the accommodation of the increased number of students;
* The completion is incidentally noticed in the following quaint Epitaph on the eastern wall of the Chancel, written in memory of John Warren, who held the office of Churchwarden in that year, and under whose management the work was brought to a conclusion.
A speakinge Stone
Reason may chaunce to blame
But did it knowe
Those ashes here doe lie
Which brought the stones
That hide the steepls shame
Stones should not speake
Before theyr builder die
For here John Warren
Who with the Church
Anno Domini 1608