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CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

Table 203.-Number of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race. (Study of employees)......... Table 204.-Number of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number of years, by sex and race of individual. (Study of households). CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Table 205.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born males who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 206.-Occupation before coming to the United States of foreign-born
females who were 16 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of indi-
vidual. (Study of households)..

Table 207.-Occupation of foreign-born male employees before coming
to the United States, by race. (Study of employees)..
Table 208.-Number of males 16 years of age or over in each specified
industry, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of house-
holds).

Table 209.-Number of females 16 years of age or over in each specified
industry, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of house-
holds).

Table 210.-Number of male employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified amount per day, by general nativity and race. (Study of employees).

Page.

522

523

524

524

525

526

527

.528,529

Table 211.-Number of male employees 14 and under 18 years of age earning each specified amount per day, by general nativity and race. (Study of employees)..

Table 212.-Number of male heads of families earning each specified amount per year, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

Table 213.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households). Table 214.-Amount of family income per year, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households).

Table 215.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..

Table 216.-Number of families having an income within the year from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households).... Table 217.-Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households)..

CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions:

529

530

530

531

531

532

532

Table 218.-Months worked during the past year by males 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households). .

533

CHAPTER VII.-Housing and living conditions:

Table 219.-Number and class of households, by general nativity and race
of head of household. (Study of households).
Table 220.-Number of households paying each specified rent per month
per apartment, by general nativity and race of head of household.
(Study of households).

534

534

Table 221.-Number of households paying each specified rent per month per room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

Table 222.-Number of households paying each specified rent per month per person, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)...

Table 223.-Number of households keeping boarders and lodgers, and number of boarders and lodgers, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)...

Table 224.-Number of persons per household in apartments of each specified size, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households).

535

535

536

.537, 538

Table 225.-Number of households occupying apartments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

539

CHAPTER VII.--Housing and living conditions-Continued.
Table 226.-Number of households and number of persons in apartments
of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of
household. (Study of households)............

Table 227.-Number of households of each specified number of persons, by
general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..
Table 228.-Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of
household. (Study of households).

Table 229.-Persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

Page.

539

540

540

541

Table 230.-Number of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households)..

541

CHAPTER VIII.-Salient characteristics:

Table 231.--Literacy of male employees, by general nativity and race. (Study of employees)......

542

Table 232.-Literacy of persons 10 years of age or over, by sex and gen-
eral nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)....
Table 233.-Literacy of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over, by
sex, years in the United States, and race of individual. (Study of
households)...

Table 234.-Literacy of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over, by
sex, age at time of coming to the United States, and race of individual.
(Study of households)..

Table 235.-Conjugal condition of male employees, by age groups and general nativity and race. (Study of employees)..

543

544

545

546-548

549-551

Table 236.-Conjugal condition, by sex and age groups, and by general
nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).
Table 237.-Location of wives of foreign-born husbands, by race of hus-
band. (Study of employees)...

552

552, 553

Table 238.-Visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees, by years in the United States and race. (Study of employees)... Table 239.-Number of persons within each age group, by sex and by general nativity and race of head of household. (Study of households). Table 240.--Number of male employees of each age or within each age group, by general nativity and race. (Study of employees)........ CHAPTER IX.-General progress and assimilation:

Table 241.-Number of families ning home, renting, boarding, etc., by general nativity and race of head of family. (Study of households).. Table 242.--General occupation of persons under 16 years of age, by sex and age groups, and by general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households)..

554

555

556

556, 557

Table 243.--Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race and length of residence. (Study of employees).....

Table 244.--Present political condition of foreign-born males who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race of individual and length of residence. (Study of households)..

Table 245.-Ability to speak English of persons 6 years of age or over, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. (Study of households).

558

559

559

Table 246.-Ability to speak English of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over, by sex, age at time of coming to the United States, and race of individual. (Study of households).

560

Table 247. Ability to speak English of foreign-born persons 6 years of age or over, by sex, years in the United States, and race of individual. (Study of households)..

561

Table 248.-Ability to speak English of foreign-born male employees, by age at time of coming to the United States and race. (Study of employees)

562

Table 249.--Ability to speak English of foreign-born male employees, by years in the United States and race. (Study of employees)....

563

LIST OF CHARTS.

VOLUME I.

Number of male employees for whom detailed information was secured, by
general nativity and race (General survey of the industry).
Number of employees of each general nativity for whom detailed information
was secured...

Page.

14

15

25

Per cent of males 16 years of age or over at the time of coming to the United
States who were in each specified industrial condition abroad...

Per cent of foreign-born male employees in the United States each specified number of years, by race..

Average earnings in dollars per day of male employees 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race.

Per cent of male employees 18 years of age or over earning less than $2 per day and per cent earning $2 and under $2.50 per day, by general nativity and

race..

Per cent of foreign-born male employees 18 years of age or over earning $2.50 or over per day, by race and years in the United States...

Average yearly earnings of males 18 years of age or over working for wages, by general nativity and race of individual..

Average yearly income of family, by general nativity and race of head of family.
Per cent which earnings of husband form of total yearly income of family, by
general nativity and race of head of family...

Per cent of males 21 years of age or over working for wages who are affiliated
with trade unions, by general nativity and race of individual...........
Per cent of households having 2 or more persons per room, by general nativity
and race of head of household...

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Per cent of households having 4 or more persons per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household...

131

Per cent of male employees who read and write, by general nativity and race.. Per cent of male employees 20 years of age or over who are single, married, and widowed, by general nativity and race..

138

146

Per cent of foreign-born employees who report wife abroad, by race of husband. Per cent of foreign-born employees who report wife abroad, by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States....

159

163

Per cent of foreign-born male employees reporting one or more visits abroad, by years in the United States and race..

Per cent of foreign-born male employees reporting one or more visits abroad, by race.....

Per cent of male employees 14 to 19 years of age, by general nativity and race.. Per cent of families owning home, by general nativity and race of head of family. Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at the time of coming, by race.

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Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States 10 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at the time of coming, by race..

Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States 5 to 9 years and who were 21 years of age or over at the time of coming, by race..

186

187

Per cent of foreign-born male employees who speak English, by race.
Number of lives lost per 1,000,000 tons of coal produced in the anthracite and
bituminous coal mines of the United States, 1895-1908...

197

210

Number of lives lost per 1,000 employees in the anthracite and bituminous coal mines of the United States, 1895-1908...

211

Number of lives lost per 1,000 employees in coal mines of the United States,
Prussia, Great Britain, Belgium, and France, 1901–1906....

214

48296°-VOL 7-11-39

601

Page.

Number of foreign-born employees and total number of employees for whom detailed information was secured, by locality.

221

Per cent of foreign-born male employees in mining and in farming or farm labor
before coming to the United States, by race..
Number of male employees for whom information was secured, by general
nativity and race (Pennsylvania)......

231

250

Bituminous coal production of mining company in Community A, Pennsylvania, 1898-1907..

474

Number of wage-earners of mining company in Community A, Pennsylvania, 1898-1907...

475

Number of male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race (the Middle West)..

579

VOLUME II.

Number of male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race (the Southwest)........

7

Number of male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race (the South)..

133

LIST OF MAPS AND DIAGRAMS.

VOLUME I.

Scope of the investigation.....

Community A, Pennsylvania..

Mine location C, Community A, Pennsylvania..

Plan of standard double house, mining company in Community A, Pennsylvania

Community B, Pennsylvania..

Page.

facing 3

472

494

495

facing 531

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