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Your Lordship appears as great in your private life, as in the moft important offices which you have borne. I would therefore rather chure to speak of the pleasure you afford all who are admitted into your conversation, of your elegant taste in all the polite parts of learning, of your great humanity and complacency of manners, and of the lurprizing influence which is peculiar to you, in making every one, who converses with your Lordship, prefer you to himself, without thinking the less meanly of his own talents. But if I should take notice of all that might be observed in your Lordship, I should have Dothing new to say upon any other character of distinction. I am,

My Lord,

Your Lord ship's most obedient,

most devoted, humble Servant,



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Hor. Ars POET. VER. 143.




Have observed, that a reader seldom or meadow, during the space of fix hun. knows whether the writer of it be a family, that when my mother was gone black or a fair man, of a inild or cho- with child of me about three months, beric disposition, married or a bachelor; the dreamt that she was brought-to-bed with other particulars of the like na of a Judge: whether this might proceed ture, that conduce very much to the from a law-suit which was then deright understanding of an author. To pending in the family, or my father's gratify this curiosity, which is so na being a justice of the peace, I cannot tural to a reader, í design this paper deterinine; for I am not fo vain as to and my next as prefatory discourses think it presaged any dignity that I to my following writings, and shall should arrive at in my future life, though give some account in them of the several that was the interpretation which the perions that are engaged in this work. neighbourhood put upon it. The goaAs the chief trouble of compiling, di- vity of my behaviour at my very first geting, and correcting, will fall to my appearance in the world, and all the time thare, I must do myself the justice to that I sucked, seemed to favour my open the work with my own history. mother's dream; for, as me has often

I was born to a small hereditary estate, told me, I threw away my rattle before which; according to the tradition of the I was two months old, and would not vilage where it lies, was bounded by make use of my coral until they had the same hedges and ditches in William taken away the hells from it. the Conqueror's time that it is at pre As for the rest of my infancy, there fent

, and has been delivered down from being nothing in it remarkable, I stall father to son whole and entire, without pass it over in filence. I find, that, the loss or acquisition of a fingle field during my nonage, I had the reputa.

my life as

tion of a very fullen youth; but was al. Lane and the Haymarket. I have been ways a favourite of iny schoolmaster, taken for a merchant upon the Exchange who used to say, 'that my parts were so for above thele ten years, and sometimes • lid, and would wear well.'. I had not pass for a Jew in the assembly of stockbeen long at the university, before I di jobbers at Jonathan's. In tho: t,wherever ftinguished myself by a moit profound I see a clutter of people, I always mix filence; for during the space of eight with them, though I never open my years, excepting in the public exercises lips but in my own club. of the college, I scarce uttered the quan Thus I live in the world rather as tity of an liundred words; and, indeed, Spectator of mankind, than as one of do not remember that I evei spoke three the species; by which means I have made sentences together in my whole life. mytelf a speculative statesman, soldier, Whilit I was in this learned body, I merchant, and artisan, without ever applied myself with to much diligence meddling with any practical part in life. to my studies, that there are very few I am very well verled in the theory of a celebrated books, either in the learned husband or a father; and can discern the or the modern tongues, which I am not errors in the æconomy, business, and acquainted with.

diversion of others, heiter than those Upon the death of my father, I was who are engaged in them; as standers-' resolved to travel into foreign countries; by discover blots, which are apt to and therefore left the university, with escape those who are in the game. I the character of an odd, unaccountable never espoused any party with violence, fellow, that had a great deal of learning, and am resolved to observe an exact if I would but thew it. An insatiable neutrality between the Whigs and Tothirst after knowledge carried me into ries, unless I shall be forced to declare all the countries of Europe, in which myself by the hoftilities of either side. there was any thing new or strange to In thort, I have acted in all the parts of be seen; nay, to such a degree was iny

a looker-on, which is the curiosity raised, that having read the character I intend to preserve in this controversies of some great men con paper, cerning the antiquities of Egypt, I made I have given the reader just so much a voyage to Grand Cairo, on purpose to of my history and character, as to let take the measure of a pyramid; and as him see I am not altogether unqualified foon as I had set inyíelf right in that for the business I have undertaken. As particular, returned to my native coun for other particulars in my life and adtry with great satisfaction.

ventures, I shall intert them in follow'I have paned my latter years in this ing papers as I shall sce cccasion. In city, where I am frequently seen in most the mean time, when I consider how public places, though there are not above much I have seen, read, and heard, I half a dozen of my select friends that begin to blame my own taciturnity; and know me; of whom my next paper shall fince I have neither time nor inclination give a more particular account. There to communicate the fulness of my heart is no place of general resort, wherein I in speech, I am resolved to do it in do not often make my appearance; tome- writing, and to print myself out, if times I am seen thruiting my had into possible, before I die. I have been often a round of politicians at Will's, and cold by my friends, that it is pity so listening with great attention to the many useful discoveries which I have narratives that are made in those lit- made should be in the pollution of a tle circular audiences. Sometimes I

filent man.

For this reason, therefore, smoke a pipe at Child's, and whilit I shall publith a sheet-full of thoughts I seem aitentive to nothing but the every morning, for the benefit of my Postman, overhear the convertition contemporaries; and if I can any way of every table in the room.

contribute to the diversion or improvepear on Sunday nights at St. James's ment of the country in which I live, I Coifee-house; and lometimes juin tie thall leave it, when I am summoned out little committee of politics in the inner of it, with the secret fatisfaction of thinkroom, as one who comes there to hearing that I have not lived in vain. and improve. My face is likewise very There are three very material points well known at the Grecian, the Cocoa which I have not bpoken to in this paTree, and in the theatres both of Drury per; and which, for several important


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reasons, I must keep to myself, at least the progress of the work I have under.
for some time: I mean, an account of taken.
my name, my age, and my lodgings. I After having been thus particular upon
mult confess, I would gratify my reader myself, I shall in to-morrow's paper
in any thing that is reasonable; but as give an account of those gentlemen who
for these three particulars, though I am are concerned with me in this work: for,
fenfible they might tend very much to as I have before intimated, a plan of it
the embellishment of my paper, I can is laid and concerted, as all other mat-
not yet come to a resolution of commu ters of importance are, in a club. How-
nicating them to the public. They ever, as my friends have engaged me to
would indeed draw me out of that ob. stand in the front, those who have a mind
{curity which I have enjoyed for many to correspond with me, may direct their
years, and expose une in public places letters to the Spectator, at Mr. Buck-
to several falutes and civilities, which ley's, in Little Britain. For I must
have been always very disagreeable to further acquaint the reader, that though
me; for the greatelt pain I can suffer is, our club meets only on Tuesdays and
the being talked to, and being stared at. Thursdays, we have appointed a com-
It is for this reason likewise, that I mittee to sit every night for the inspection
keep my complexion and dress as very of all such papers as may contribute to
great secrets; though it is not impossible the advancement of the public weal.
but I may make discoveries of both, in



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He firf of our society is a gentle coffee-house for calling him youngiter.

man of Worcestershire, of ancient But being ill used by the above-mendelcent, a baronet, his name Sir Roger tioned widow, he was very serious for de Coverley. His great grandfather was a year and a half; and though, his teminventor of that famous country-dance per being naturally jovial, he at lalt got which is called after him. All who over it, he grew careless of himself, and know that Ahire are very well acquaint- never dresled afterwards. He continues ed with the parts and merits of Sir Ro to wear a coat and doublet of the same ger. He is a gentleman that is very cut that were in fashion at the time of lngular in his behaviour, but his fin his repulse, which in his merry humours, gularities proceed from his good sense, he tells us, has been in and out twelve and are contradictions to the manners times Gnce he first wore it. It is said. of the world, only as he thinks the world Sir Roger grew humble in his desires is in the wrong. However, this hu- after he had forgot this cruel beauty, mour creates hin no enemies, for he insomuch that it is reported he has fredoes nothing with fourness or obstinacy; quently offended in point of chastity and his being unconfined to modes and with beggars and gypsies: but this is forms makes him but the readier and looked upon by his friends rather as more capable to please and oblige all matter of raillery than truth. He is now who know him. When he is in town, in his fifty-fixth year, chearful, gay, he lives in Soho Square. It is said, he and hearty; keeps a good house both in keeps himself a bachelor, by reason he town and country; a great lover of manwas crossed in love by a perverse beau- kind; but there is such a mirthful cast tiful widow of the next county to him. in his behaviour, chat he is rather beBefore this disappointment, Sir Roger loved than esteemed. His tenants grow was what you call a fine gentleman, rich, his servants look satisfied, all the had often supped with my Lord Roo young women profess love to him, and shester and Sir George Etherege, fought the young men are glad of his company; a duel upon his firit coming to town, when he comes into a house, he calls the apd kicked Bully Dawson in a public servants by their names, and talks all



the way up-stairs to a visit. I must not reason, and great experience. His no. omit, that Sir Roger is a justice of the tions of trade are noble and generous, quorum; that he fills the chair at a quar- and (as every rich man has usually some ter-feffion with g eat abilities, and three sy way of jesting, which would make months ago g. ined universal applause no great figure were he not a rich man) by explaining a pariage in the gaine- he calls the sea the British Common. act.

He is acquainted with commerce in all The gentleman next in esteem and it's parts, and will tell you, that it is a authority among us, is another bache- ftupid and barbarous way to extend dolor, who is a member of the Inner- minion by arms; for true power is to be Temple; a man of great probity, wit, got hy arts and induiry. 'He will often and underftanding; but he has chofen argue, that if this part of our trade were his place of residence, rather to obey the well cultivated, we should gain from direction of an old humoursome father, one nation; and if another, from ano. than in pursuit of his own inclinations. ther. I have heard himn piove, that die He was placed there to study the laws ligence makes more lasting acquisitions of the land, and is the moft learned of than valour, and that sloth has ruined any of the fievove in those of the itzge. more nations than the word. Heabounds Aristotle and Longinus are much better in several frugal maxims, amongst which rinderfiood by him than Littleton or the greatest favourite is - A penny Coke. The father fenils up every post

• javed is a penny got.' A general questions relating to marriage articles, trader of good fente is pleasanter coinleases, and tenires, in the neighbour- pany than a general scholar; aud Sir hood; all which questions he agrees with Andrew having a natural unaffected eloan attorney to aniwer and take care of quence, the perfpicuity of his discourse in the luinp. He is itudying the pas: gives the same pleasure that wit would fions themselves, when he should be en in another man. He has made his forquiring into the debates among men tunes himself; and says that England which arise from them. Jle knows the may be richer than other kingdoms, by argument of each of the orations of De. as plain methods as he himfelt is richer mofthenes and Tully; but not one case than other men; though at the same time in the reports of our own courts. No I can say this of hini, that there is not a one ever took him for a fool, but none, point in the co bu: blows home a except his intimate friends, know he ihip in which he is an owner. has a great deal of wit. This turn Next to Sir Andrew in the club room makes him at once hoth disinterested fits Captain Sentry, a gentleman of great and agreeable: as few of his thoughts courage, good understanding, but in. are drawn from business, they are moit vincible modest;. He is one of those of them fit for convertation. His taste that deferve very well, but are very aukof books is a little too just for the age ward at putting their talents within the lie lives in; he has read all, but approves observation of such as should 1ake no. of very few. Ils familiarity with the tice of them. Ile was tome years a capcuttoms, manners, actions, and writings tain, and behaved himielt with great of the ancients, makes him a very deli- gallantry in several engagements, and cate observer of what occurs to him in at several fieges; but having a small the preient world. He is an excellent eslate of his own, and being next heir critic, and the time of the play is his to Sir Roger, he has quitted a way of hour of bulineis; exactly at five he life in which no man can rile suitably to pallies through New Inn, croses through his merit, who is not something of a Rutiel Court, and takes a turn at Will's courtier, as well as a fokir. I have till the play begins; he has his shoes' heard him often lainent, that in a pro. rubbed and his periwig powdered at the fellion where merit is placed in fo conbarber's as you go into the Rose. It is fpicuous a vic17, impudence should get for the good of the audience when he is the better of modity. When he has at a play, for the actors have an all talked to this purpose, I never heard bition to please lim.

hii make a fur expreflion, but frankly The rerfon of next confideration, is confels that he left the world because Sir Andrew Freeport, a merchant of he was not fit for it. A strict honesty, great eminence in ihe city of London; a and an even regular behaviour, are in person of indefatigable indultry, strong their delvis obtacles to him that mult


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